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Revised December 14, 2020 ernie1241@aol.com 





I always knew that I would wait as long as possible before writing the last major chapter of 
my JBS Report which was intended to discuss Racism and the JBS because it would be the 
most difficult to write. 


For many years I procrastinated because I was not able to decide how to organize the huge 
volume of data I wanted to present. 


Interestingly, my dilemma finally resolved itself after I saw several totally ridiculous messages 
posted online by several JBS members. I decided to write major rebuttals to their nonsense 
and those rebuttals became chapters 1 and 2 of “Racism and the JBS”. 


My third and final chapter became my most ambitious and time-consuming chapter. 


I decided to review many dozens of FBI files which I acquired over the past five decades to 
pull out all the references to racial and religious bigots who joined or endorsed the Birch 
Society AND also discuss the bigots who wrote arguments which the JBS accepted, 
recommended, or published. 


The end-result was a massive compilation of such data organized in chronological sequence 
along with a summary of the basic arguments used by the Birch Society which facilitated and 
promoted racial and religious bigotry and validated racial stereotypes. This third chapter (by 
itself) currently consists of 119 pages and it is still being updated with new listings. 


THIS NEW COMBINED REPORT 





This new PDF updates, revises, expands and then combines several different chapters of my 
JBS Report which discuss the Birch Society’s relentless 6-decade attack upon our civil rights 
movement and its leadership. I also incorporate pertinent sections from other reports I have 
written over many years so that everything is in one continuous narrative. 


The chart appearing below reflects all of the individual sections which now comprise my 
Report on Racism and the John Birch Society. 


However, I am combining all these sections into one PDF document which will also be online 


on my Internet Archive webpage at: https://archive.org/details/@ernie1 241 


My Reportis the culmination of 50+ years of research. Most of the supporting documentation 
comes from FBI investigative files which, in many cases, I was the only person to obtain via 
FOIA requests. 


Comments/questions: ernie] 241@aol.com 


My Research Homepage: https://sites.google.com/site/ernie124102/home 


JBS-003 FBI vs JBS on Our Civil Rights Movement and Its Leadership 58 


The topics discussed in this newly revised section include: 


e JBS on Communist Civil Rights Strategy — “Negro Soviet Republic” 
and 

e Alan Stang's 1965 book, “It's Very Simple: The True Story of Civil 
Rights” and 

e Highlander Folk School as a “Communist Training School” and 

e Gary Allen's article on August 1965 Watts Riots entitled, “The Plan 
To Burn Los Angeles” and 

e Birch Society Exploitation of Racial Fears in Utah and 

e The Birch Society Attack Upon African-American Labor Leader, A. 
Philip Randolph and 

e FBI vs. JBS re: NAACP and its Leadership (including attacks upon 
NAACP by Communist Party USA) and 

e J. Edgar Hoover, the FBI, and House Committee on Un-American 
Activities statements re: our Civil Rights Movement and 

e JBS Arguments Against Accusations That It ls Bigoted Organization 
(re: Black and Jewish JBS members) and 

e Rev. Delmar Dennis (FBI informant/JBS member inside KKK) 

e FBI vs JBS on Persons JBS Considers Experts 

e (This section includes a detailed analysis of former African 
American FBI informants who subsequently became paid JBS 
speakers---such as Julia C. Brown and Lola Belle Holmes) 

e 1966 JBS Film — “Anarchy USA” 











JBS-007 Racism and the JBS-1 (Rebuttal to JBS member Jim Smith) 49 
JBS-008 Racism and the JBS-2 (Rebuttal to JBS member LL-98) 21 
JBS-009 Racism and the JBS-3 119 


(Critique of Basic JBS Arguments Against Our Civil Rights Movement and 
Chronology re: JBS links to racial and religious bigots) 
[NOTE: The Chronology starts on page 24 and continues thru page 119] 

















Chapter 6 = FBI vs J BS on Civil Rights Movement 


Chapter 7 = FBI vsJ BS on Persons J BS Claims To Be "Experts" on Communism 


Revised 12/12/20 J BS-003 





J) BS on Communist Civil Rights Strategy - “Negro Soviet Republic” and 

Alan Stang's 1965 book, It's Very Simple: The True Story of Civil Rights and 

Highlander Folk School as a “Communist Training School” and 

Gary Allen's article on August 1965 Watts Riots entitled, “The Plan To Burn Los Angeles” and 
Birch Society Exploitation of Racial Fears in Utah and 

The Birch Society Attacks Upon African-American Labor Leader, A. Philip Randolph and 

FBI vs. J BS re: NAACP and its Leadership and 


J. Edgar Hoover, the FBI, and House Committee on Un-American Activities statements re: Civil Rights 
Movement and 


J BS Arguments Against Accusations That It Is Bigoted Organization (re: Black and J ewish J BS members) 
and 


Rev. Delmar Dennis (FBI informant/) BS member inside KKK) 
1966 J BS Film, “Anarchy USA” 


Control and domination of the civil rights movement by subversive elements is a constant theme in J BS 
literature during the 1960's. 


According to Robert Welch in “The Time Has Come”, a 1964 J BS pamphlet, the Communist civil rights strategy 
since 1928 was to stir up racial bitterness and rioting while promising “to convert the Dixie states into a 
Negro Soviet Republic...” This theme was echoed in a Birch Society national newspaper ad from 
August 1965 captioned “What’s Wrong With Civil Rights?” and it also was repeated by other JBS- 
recommended sources such as Dan Smoot and Alan Stang. 


According to Dan Smoot: 


"In 1928, J oseph Stalin gave specific directions: the communist goal was to confiscate the property of all 
whites in the © black-belt' region of the American southern States, detach the region from the Union, and 
establish it as a Negro Soviet Republic. This communist objective has never been altered." (Dan Smoot 
Report, 2/22/65, page 57; my emphasis in red type) 


Alan Stang devoted chapter 3 of his 1965 J BS-published book, It’s Very Simple: The True Story of Civil Rights, 
to discussion of this “strategy”. [See “The Communist Position on the Negro Question”, pages 28-37] 


By contrast, J. Edgar Hoover pointed out in his J anuary 1960 testimony before the Senate Internal Security 
Subcommittee that the 17th National Convention of the Communist Party USA held in New York 
City on December 10, 1959 had discarded that position: 


"The Negro resolution adopted by the convention discarded the party's historic position advocating 'self- 
determination’ meaning that Negroes should be given the right to form a separate nation in the Southern 
States...The 1959 convention resolution hence represents a party admission that its position concerning 
Negroes is bankrupt. Time itself has shown that the party is not interested in the welfare of the Negro, 
but only in using him as a tool to advance party interests." [J. Edgar Hoover: An Analysis of the 17th 
National Convention of the Communist Party USA; Statement made to Senate Internal Security 
Subcommittee, 1/17/60, page 7; Also see: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, March 1960 - for same comment. ] 


In August 1963, the FBI prepared a comprehensive 76-page summary regarding Communist strategy with 
respect to our civil rights movement. | copy below the pertinent section regarding the Communist strategy 
regarding “self-determination” 


“By this theory of ‘self-determination’, communists meant that in many counties of the southern states 
Negroes composed a majority of the population and, as a separate race, they constituted a nation with 
the right, if they so desired, to secede from the United States and form their own nation and 
government. This concept was adhered to and developed by the CPUSA for nearly 30 years...The policy 
of ‘self-determination’ was questioned more and more in Party circles following Stalin’s death in March, 
1953. In December, 1958, some members pointed out that the Party, through its adherence to such a 
position, was in effect advocating the segregation of Negroes from the rest of the population. Members 
of the Party’s National Committee recommended that the policy of ‘self-determination’ be modified or 
abandoned. However, they did not dare make a change without Soviet approval. As a consequence, in 
February 1959, J ames J ackson, a top leader of the CPUSA and a delegate to the 21* Congress of the CP 
of the Soviet Union in Moscow, presented the proposed change to the Soviets for their 
endorsement. Upon his return to this country, J ackson reported to Party leaders that the Soviets had 
approved discontinuing the policy of ‘self-determination’. In December 1959, the CPUSA, at its 
17 National Convention, adopted a resolution which brought an end to the 30-year-old policy of ‘self- 
determination’. The resolution replaced it with a call for equality for the Negro throughout the United 
States in all phases of political, social, and economic life---in other words, full and complete 
integration.” [HQ 100-3-116, #253X = 8/23/63 FBI monograph “Communist Party USA—Negro Question”, 
page 5-6]. See images below. 


11. CPOM POL OC) QUST ENT ES “emma ES 








Even the KKK newspaper, The Fiery Cross, recognized this change of Communist strategy! 


"With the CPUSA steadily declining in open membership, the official doctrine was changed from creating 
a separate Negro state in the U.S. to one of full integration. (Ben) Davis [National Secretary CPUSA] had 


argued for this change in order to obtain maximum Negro support. The party line change became official 
in 1959." [The Fiery Cross, "Communist Exploitation of the U.S. Racial Crisis", August 1964, page 1] 


Furthermore, this change of Communist strategy was confirmed by FBI informants who subsequently testified 
before the House Committee on Un-American Activitiesncluding Lola Belle Holmes---a J BS member who had 
infiltrated the CPUSA for the FBI! 


Lola Belle Holmes testified about the internal CP dispute at its 17th National Convention in New York City over 
a document entitled "Theoretical Aspects of the Negro Question In the United States’. 


Lola told the House Committee on Un-American Activities that: 


"This document was a very controversial document and the theoretical aspect of the Negro question was 
a very controversial question. It took up more time in the national convention than any other question 
because the CP does not fight for equal rights of Negroes; only in theory; it is not especially interested in 
the Negro problems; it does not want to solve the Negro problems. Therefore, it was a problem to get the 
Communist Party to act on a Negro resolution supporting the civil rights movement, that is, integration 
for Negroes. The Communist Party, when | went into the Party in 1957...advocated Negro nationalism, 
and a separate State for the Negroes, self-determination, and we fought to get the Communist Party to 
do away with Negro nationalism and fight for integration." [Communist Activities in the Chicago IL area, 
Part 1; Hearings Before the Committee on Un-American Activities, May 25, 1965, page 360. ] 


Nevertheless, Robert Welch continued, in his speeches around the country, to circulate the falsehood about 
the CPUSA working within our civil rights movement for the objective of creating a Negro Soviet Republic See, 
for example, newspaper coverage of Robert Welch's 1965 speech before the Congress of Conservatives in 
Chicago at the Sheraton Hotel when Welch declared that the aim of our civil rights movement was a "separate 
Negro Soviet Republic to be carved right out of the United States." [FBI-Milwaukee file 100-13570, serial 
#61 which is copy of article entitled "Welch Says Nation is Run By the Insane" in Milwaukee WI 
Sentinel article, 5/1/65, page 1]. 


In the June 1965) BS Bulletin, Mr. Welch observed: "Our task must be simply to make clear that the 
movement known as ‘civil rights’ is Communist-plotted, Communist-controlled, and in fact...serves only 
Communist purposes." 


In July 1965, Welch declared that the civil rights movement is not only infiltrated by Communists, "it is run 
by Communists, planned by Communists and developed by Communists:" [Boston MA Traveler, 07/ 26/ 65, 
page 2, “Welch: Reds Hold Key Posts”; FBI-Boston 100-32899, serial #353]. 


In August 1965, the | BS ran a full-page ad in many U.S. newspapers entitled “What’s Wrong With Civil 
Rights?” One of the answers provided by the J BS was: 


“For the civil rights movement in the United States with all of its growing agitation and riots and 
bitterness, and insidious steps toward the appearance of civil war, has not been infiltrated by the 
Communists, as you now frequently hear. It has been deliberately and almost wholly created by the 
Communists patiently building up to this present stage for more than thirty years.” [FBI-HQ 62-104401, 
serial #2621, 8/31/65 airtel from SAC Birmingham to J. Edgar Hoover with attachment of ad from Sunday 
8/ 29/ 65 Birmingham AL News. ] 


In the November 1965 J BS Bulletin, page 44, Robert Welch declared: 


“We have said many times, and we repeat now, that if you can fully expose the civil rights fraud, you will 
break the back of the Communist conspiracy. But the word ‘fully’ is important in that sentence. It calls 
for bringing a preponderant majority of our fellow citizens really to grasp the fact that the ‘civil 
rights’ program has been designed by Communists, is controlled by Communists, and will be used by the 
Communists as a vital part of their total strategy for taking over our country.” 


In May 1969, Robert Welch sent a financial appeal to J BS members and friends wherein he boasted about what 
he considered to be the major accomplishments of the Society: 


“We have, we believe, done more to show the Communist plans and hands behind the so-called civil 
rights movement than all other groups in America put together. Through books, pamphlets, films, 
filmstrips and speakers we have worked incessantly on this problem since the Society was 
founded.” [Robert Welch: “To Our Members and Friends”, 5/ 20/69, page 4, paragraph 7d] 


In the November 1965 J BS Bulletin, Mr. Welch strongly recommended Alan Stang's book entitled "It's Very 
Simple: The True Story of Civil Rights" because, in Welch's words, "It gives the whole picture of the ‘civil 
rights' development, as a part of Communist strategy, more completely and convincingly than anything 
else available." 


Again, in May 1966, Mr. Welch used the J BS Bulletin to heap praise upon Stang’s book: 


"This book, because of its thoroughness, its comprehensive coverage of the whole ‘civil rights' story, and 
its meticulous documentation, is the best single searchlight we have for exposing the 'civil rights’ fraud." 


According to Alan Stang, the “civil rights movement was not only planned by the Communists, but was 
begun, is staffed, and is conducted by the Communists—and has only one real purpose: the destruction 
and communization of America.” 


In May 1965, the Special Agent in Charge of the Boston FBI Field Office forwarded proof sheets of the Stang 
book to FBI Headquarters, two months before its scheduled publication. An evaluation of the book was 
prepared for Assistant Director W.C. Sullivan by F.J. Baumgardner: 


"It's Very Simple is an attempt to rationalize today's civil rights movement in this country as primarily a 
communist operation...Practically all his documentation is to public source material and there is no 
significant information in the book which appears to be new and previously unknown to the Bureau. Stang 
makes frequent use of literary license and importantly fails to include documentation for key passages 
(examples appear on pages 101 and 185). An entire chapter (14) is devoted to an attack on civil rights 
legislation and the book, in general, is critical of all Administration and other efforts aimed at improving 
the lot of the Negro." [HQ 100-106670, serial #1412, May 28, 1965, and 100-106670, serial #1525, J une 24, 
1965, both F.J. Baumgardner to W.C. Sullivan]. 


The concluding "Observations" paragraph states: 


'The details of the book do not support the strong conclusions reached by the author. We have had 
available to us all the material which Stang has plus considerable additional data from our investigations 
and we could not arrive at such conclusions. The impression is received that Stang may have well started 
with his conclusions and then developed the information and manner of presentation which he hoped 
would prove his point. This work must be viewed in the light of the author's apparent close connections 
with Robert Welch and the J ohn Birch Society." [Ibid] 


ALAN STANG RESEARCH HABITS 


At this point some context about Alan Stang's research habits might be appropriate to supplement the FBI's 
evaluation. 


Alan Stang authored the American Opinion magazine article that resulted in an historic precedent-setting libel 
lawsuit by Chicago lawyer Elmer Gertz against Robert Welch, Inc. [The article by Stang was entitled, "Frame- 
Up-Richard Nuccio and the War on Police" which was published in the April 1969 issue of the Birch Society 
monthly magazine, American Opinion. Richard Nuccio was a Birch Society member and Section Leader. His 
family later harshly criticized the J BS for what they claimed was its lack of proper support. ] 


Two juries on two separate occasions found the Alan Stang article to be libelous and the second jury awarded 
Gertz $300,000 in punitive damages in addition to $100,000 compensatory damages. Ultimately, the Gertz 
matter wound up being heard before the U.S. Supreme Court. 


http://www. oyez.org/ cases/ 1970-1979/ 1973/ 1973_72_617 


During the Oral Arguments before the U.S. Supreme Court on 11/14/73, the Birch Society was represented by 
Clyde J. Watts (a J BS National Council member). 


https://www.oyez.org/cases/1973/72-617 
During the oral arguments, Clyde Watts was asked by a J ustice: 


"| understand Counsel brought a petition to say that it had been conceded at the trial that the article was 
libelous - do you deny that?" 


Watts observed that he did not think the article was libelous but he acknowledged that during the original 
trial 


At 35:04 ="It was conceded that some of the remarks in the article were false." 
At 36:01 =Watts admits that: 


"Under Illinois law, the inference and impact of the article, absent the New York Times concept, would 
be libelous in Illinois. | think the Court is accurate in that observation." 


The Birch Society's defense was not that their article was truthful and accurate! Instead, the J BS wanted the 
Supreme Court to allow the J] BS to claim the protection of the then-prevailing so-called "New York Times 
standard” with respect to discussion of "public figures". As Watts confirmed above, absent the protection of 
the New York Times standard, the article was FALSE and LIBELOUS. 


On 6/ 25/74, U.S. Supreme Court J ustice Lewis F. Powell delivered the U.S. Supreme Court decision [docket 
number 72-617] which pertained to the appeal of the first Gertz trial verdict. 


https://www.oyez.org/cases/1973/72-617 


Justice Powell stated that this case "involves a libel action by a reputable attorney against a magazine that 
falsely libeled him ‘a Leninist' and a 'Communist-fronter'." 


Finally, just for clarification: 


The Gertz trial jury was not permitted to award punitive damages for libel unless there was a showing 
of "malice" which in legalese is "reckless disregard for the truth". Gertz was able to demonstrate to the 
satisfaction of the jury, an Appeals Court, and the Supreme Court that such punitive damages were applicable. 


The 1982 Appeals Court decision made the following comments about Scott Stanley Jr. (editor of American 
Opinion) and Alan Stang (the author of the defamatory article about Gertz). 


"In summary, Stanley conceived of a story line; solicited Stang, a writer with a known and unreasonable 
propensity to label persons or organizations as Communist, to write the article; and after the article was 
submitted, made virtually no effort to check the validity of statements that were defamatory per se of 
Gertz, and in fact added further defamatory material based on Stang's 'facts'. There was more than 
enough evidence for the jury to conclude that this article was published with utter disregard for the truth 
or falsity of the statements contained in the article about Gertz." [U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh 
Circuit, No. 81-2483, Elmer Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc., 6/16/82, page 20]. 


There is also a footnote appended to this paragraph in which the Appeals Court observed that: 


"Furthermore, Stang's conduct in investigating and researching the article also is evidence of actual 
malice."... 


The following links will give readers additional factual information concerning this historic, precedent-setting 
libel action against the Birch Society's publishing arm: 


FULL TEXT OF APPEALS COURT DECISION (J une 16, 1982) 


https://archive.org/stream/7thCircuitC ourtAppealDecisionReEImerG ertzVRobertWelchinc./7th%20C irc uit%20C ourt%20A ppeal%20Decision% 20re%20E Ime 
1%20G ertz%20v% 20R obert%20Welch%20Inc.#page/n0/mode/2up 


FULL TEXT OF DEPOSITION BY ALAN STANG (103 pages) -- the author of the libelous article: 


https://archive.org/stream/AlanS tangDeposition101675R eEImerG ertzVRobertWelchinc./Alan%20S tang%20Deposition%2010-16- 
75% 20re%20E Imer%20G ertz% 20v%20R obert%20Welch%2C %20Inc.#page/n0/mode/2up 


ARTICLES ABOUT THIS CASE IN CHICAGO LAWYER NEWSPAPER: 


https://archive.org/stream/C hicagoL awyerArticlesReE ImerG ertzVR obertWelchinc./Chicago%20Lawyer%20Articles %20re%20E Imer%20G ertz%20v%20Rob 
ert%20Welch%2C%20Inc.#page/n0/mode/2up 


Copied below is an excerpt from the Supreme Court decision on the Gertz libel lawsuit. “Petitioner” refers to 
Gertz. 


“According to the article, the police file on petitioner took ‘a big, Irish cop to lift? The article stated that petitioner had 
been an official of the ‘Marxist League for Industrial Democracy, originally known as the Intercollegiate Socialist 
Society, which has advocated the violent seizure of our government.’ \t labeled Gertz a ‘Leninist’ and a ‘Communist- 
fronter? it also stated that Gertz had been an officer of the National Lawyers Guild, described as a Communist 
organization that ‘probably did more than any other outfit to plan the Communist attack on the Chicago police during 
the 1968 Democratic Convention.’ 


These statements contained serious inaccuracies. The implication that petitioner had a criminal record was false. 
Petitioner had been a member and officer of the National Lawyers Guild some 15 years earlier, but there was no 
evidence that he or that organization had taken any part in planning the 1968 demonstrations in Chicago. There was 
also no basis for the charge that petitioner was a Leninist'or a 'Communist-fronter.'And he had never been a member 
of the Marxist League for Industrial Democracy'or the ‘Intercollegiate Socialist Society." 

See 1974 Supreme Court Decision at: 


http://supreme.justia.com/us/418/323/case. html 


Additional Appeals Court comments from 1972 and 1982 are copied below: 


7 Circuit Court of Appeals: 
http://ftp. resource. org/courts. gov/c/F2/471/471.F2d.801.71-1175.71-1174. html 


August 1, 1972; 471 F.2d 801 


“Plaintiff [Gertz] is a reputable lawyer. Defendant [Robert Welch, Inc.] published an article describing 
him as a "Communist-fronter," "Leninist," and participant in various "Marxist" and "Red" activities. The 
author of the article [Stang] is not a party and did not testify. We assume, without deciding, that, as the 
district court held, the article was libelous per se as a matter of Illinois law and that its author was either 
deliberately or recklessly mendacious.” 


“In December, 1968, Stanley requested Stang to prepare an article on the murder trial of a Chicago police 
officer named Nuccio. Stang accepted, came to Chicago to make an investigation, consulted with Stanley 


over the long distance telephone a few times, and submitted his sro ane ae on on 18, 1969, 
in time for inclusion in the April edition which was scheduled for distr arch. Stanley 
made no effort to verify the accuracy of anything said in Stang's article. Based on stz 
Stanley drafted an introductory comment and captions for illustrations. Before the ait 
Stanley, whose office is in Boston, had never heard of the plaintiff.” 







icle | was conceived, 





“About 42,000 copies of the magazine were distributed nationally and about 86,000 reprints were 
printed, of which about 5,000 were sold or given away in Illinois.” 


“Ruling on various pretrial motions, the district court held as a matter of law that the publication was 
libelous per se, and that applicability of the New York Times standard depended on issues of fact that 
could not be resolved on summary judgment. 





“At the trial plaintiff established that defendant had made no independent verification of any of the 
statements in Stang's article, that critical comments about plaintiff were false and unsupported, and that 
plaintiff was a well known and well regarded member of the Illinois bar. Defendant sought to prove that 
it was justified, on me basis of past experience, in assuming, without checking before publishing it, that 

g's article wa urate. Defendant also offered to prove that it did in good faith seek to verify the 
state ents ab t ‘pele iff after the suit was filed, but the court sustained plaintiff's objection to the 
relevance of this testimony.” 













From J une 16, 1982, 7‘ Circuit Court of Appeals: 
http://bulk. resource. org/ courts. gov/c/F2/680/680.F2d.527.81-2483.html#fn15 


“in April, 1969, shortly after Nuccio's initial conviction, an article appeared in American 
Opinion entitled "Frame-Up-Richard Nuccio and the War on Police." American Opinion is a monthly 
magazine published by defendant Robert Welch, Inc. ("Welch"), a Massachusetts corporation which is an 
affiliate of the J ohn Birch Society. The article alleged that Nuccio was being "railroaded" as part of a 
Communist conspiracy to undermine local police so as to pave the way for a national police force which 
would support and enforce a Communist dictatorship. 






The article named Gertz as one of the members of this conspiracy. He was identified as the lawyer for 
the Nelson family and one of the leaders of the "attack on Nuccio." Gertz was described as a "Communist- 
fronter," a "Leninist," and a "Marxist." 


The assertion that Gertz was a Communist or part of a Communist conspiracy was false. Many of the other 
statements concerning his membership in particular organizations also were false. 


After a six-day trial, the jury found in favor of Gertz and awarded compensatory damages of $100,000 
and punitive damages of $300,000. It is from this judgment that Welch appeals. ... 


“Furthermore, Stang's conduct in investigating and researching the article also is evidence of actual 
malice. Stang's conduct is attributable to Welch because of the agency relationship between them. Stang 
was solicited to write this specific article, was given the story line and background material, was 
reimbursed for his expenses, and kept in contact with Stanley during the preparation of the article. These 
facts, particularly the significant control exercised by Stanley over the content and focus of the article, 
are sufficient to establish an agency relationship. See City of Evanston v. Piotrowicz, 20 Ill.2d 512, 518- 
19, 170 N.E.2d 569, 573 (1960); J ohnston v. Suckow, 55 Ill.App.3d 277, 280, 12 Ill.Dec. 846, 849, 370 
N.E.2d 650, 653 (1977); Reith v. Gen. Tel. Co., 22 Ill.App.3d 337, 339, 317 N.E.2d 369, 372 (1974). The 
implications of that relationship are that the acts of the agent are attributable to the principal. Gomien 
v. Wear-Ever Aluminum, Inc., 50 Ill.2d 19, 21, 276 N.E.2d 336, 338 (1971); Windsor Lake, Inc. v. WROK, 
94 Ill.App.2d 403, 410, 236 N. E.2d 913, 917 (1968) 














Stang's research for this article was akin to the ‘slipshod and _ sketchy investigatory 
techniques’ condemned in Curtis Publishing Co. v. Butts, 388 U.S. 130, 169-70, 87 S.Ct. 1975, 1998- 
1999, 18 L.Ed.2d 1094 (1967) (Warren, C. J., concurring). 


Stang visited Chicago twice to research the article. None of the persons he interviewed told him that 
Gertz had been involved in the criminal prosecution of Nuccio. He did not interview any of the lawyers 
involved in the criminal or civil actions against Nuccio. He read the transcript of Nuccio's criminal trial 
and looked at the pleadings filed in the civil case, which had the names of Gertz and Ralla Klepak on 
them. He also talked to an unnamed Chicago police officer who gave him notes taken from Gertz's police 
intelligence file. Stang admitted at trial, however, that he had no knowledge of the source of the 
information in the files or whether the information was accurate. Stang also testified that he consulted 
government documents about the organizations listed in Gertz's police intelligence file. This was not an 
exhaustive search of government records, but rather a selective use of particular reports of certain 
congressional committees published twenty to thirty years earlier. The only facts verified in these reports 
were Gertz's membership in the National Lawyers’ Guild to 1950, and that the Guild had been identified 
as a Communist-front organization. Stang made no effort to find out if Gertz was still a member of the 
Guild, nor did he attempt to contact or interview Gertz.” 








BIRCH SOCIETY ON 1965 WATTS RIOTS 





Another example of how the Birch Society circulated false and inflammatory information can be found in an 
article appearing in the May 1967 | BS magazine, American Opinion, by one of its most prolific writers, Gary 
Allen. The article was entitled “The Plan To Burn Los Angeles”. A reprint of this article was often sold on 
literature tables at | BS-sponsored events such as J] BS speakers appearing under the auspices of the J BS-front 
group, Truth About Civil Turmoil. 


Gary Allen claimed in his article that a group of “40-50 Negroes sent by the Communists into the Los Angeles 
area from all over the United States” was known to the Los Angeles Police Department as “The 
Organization”. According to Allen, this group was “a board of revolutionary strategy” which “planned, 
engineered, and instigated the Watts rebellion...” in August 1965. Allen further stated that, “It was this 
team of highly trained Communists - The Organization - which planned and directed what happened in 
Watts.” 


By contrast, investigative reporters for the Los Angeles Times contacted the Los Angeles Police Department 
Intelligence Division for comment. Its senior officer, Harold E. Yarnell Jr. stated that the Allen report was 
false. [See Los Angeles Times, 4/28/67, part Il, pA6, “Watts Riot As Rehearsal For Red Coup 
Discounted”. ] 


The following excerpt from the L.A. Times article pertains to comments made by Gary Allen: 


“Police Chief Tom Reddin has disputed a J ohn Birch Society magazine article citing unnamed police as 
authority that the 1965 Watts riot was a rehearsal for a nationwide Communist revolution to be touched 
off by total burning of Los Angeles. ‘The facts as stated in the article are not based on information in 
our files’ Reddin said. ‘We do not reach the same conclusions the writer does. We do not make the same 
reading’...Allen writes that his information came from Los Angeles police officers, and particularly the 
intelligence division of the Police Department. 


‘We have investigated to determine whom he may have talked to’ Reddin said. ‘It was nobody in a 
position of authority---not |, the intelligence captain nor the former police chief (the late William H. 
Parker).’ 


Reddin conceded the writer may have talked to ‘someone at the working level’. But Captain Harold E. 
Yarnell, Jr., head of the intelligence division, said an investigation failed to turn up any officer to whom 
the writer had talked. ‘If we had such information, we wouldn’t talk to a writer’ Yarnell pointed 
out. Yarnell said the article ‘attempts to recite some history we believe is not based on fact’, and then 
attempts to recite a major plot in the making. ‘It is not our position that the August 1965 riot was 





Communist-inspired’ he said. ‘We have never been able to isolate any group as being the motivating 
forces or manipulators’. ... 


Said Yarnell: ‘We haven’t been able to establish that any organization had anything to do with it. Three 
or four groups wanted to take credit. But when someone seriously became interested in talking to them 
about it, they backed down. I’m sure the Communist Party is gleefully watching every bit of dissension. 
But they haven’t gone out in front’. 


The article specifically mentions reports that during the rioting, men wearing red armbands and speaking 
through bullhorns gave directions to the mobs. Yarnell said thorough investigation has failed to 
substantiate such reports. 


The article also claims the rioters used stolen loot to build up an arsenal of weapons to be employed in 
the forthcoming major Communist revolution. ‘The only arsenals we’ve found have been those of 
paramilitary right-wing groups’ Yarnell said. 


Furthermore, the 12/65 McCone Commission Report on the Watts riot concluded that no outside agents were 
responsible for the riot. 


http://www.usc.edu/libraries/archives/cityinstress/mccone/contents. html 
Specifically: 


“After a thorough examination, the Commission has concluded that there is no reliable evidence of 
outside leadership or pre-established plans for the rioting. The testimony of law enforcement agencies 
and their respective intelligence officers supports this conclusion. The Attorney General, the District 
Attorney, and the Los Angeles police have all reached the conclusion that there is no evidence of a pre- 
plan or a pre-established central direction of the rioting activities. This finding was submitted to the 
Grand J ury by the District Attorney.” 








LOS ANGELES FBI FIELD OFFICE FILE 
“COMMUNISM IN RACIAL MATTERS” 





The FBI's Los Angeles field office file entitled “Communism in Racial Matters” contains the following pertinent 
details and observations which refute the Birch Society’s analysis of the Los Angeles Watts Riots of 1965. 


| . Edgar Hoover to Los Angeles Special-Agent-in-Charge 


“Concerning the rioting which has been taking place in a Negro section of Los Angeles the past two days, 
by return airtel...advise whether or not there have been any indications of subversive involvement. You 
should also canvas informants in the security field to determine whether or not any subversives are 
involved and what the attitude is of subversive groups relative to these riots.” [Los Angeles file 100-66078, 
serial #305 (8/ 13/65 airtel |}. Edgar Hoover to SAC Los Angeles). 


Los Angeles Field Office Reply to Hoover 


“Close contact has been maintained with informants in the security field, particularly those who are in 
the Communist Party (CP) since the outset of the rioting which started on the night of 8/11/65, and to 
date, there is no indication of subversive involvement or direction in the rioting or that the CP intends 
to participate in any way.” 


“[Name redacted] advised on 8/13/65, that at a meeting of section organizers, Southern California District 
Communist Party (SCDCP) held on the evening of 8/13/65, [name redacted] SCDCP, instructed those 
present to stay away from the riot area and that the SCDCP would take no action until things had calmed 





down, at which time ‘they’ would know how to proceed. Two Negro CP members present at this meeting 
were specifically instructed by [name redacted] to stay out of the riot area.” 


“Close contact has been maintained with [name redacted], a CP member who lives in the Watts area, 
where the rioting is centered and this informant knows of no CP involvement in the rioting and has 
received no instructions from the CP.” 


“[Name redacted], a CP Club in the Moranda Smith Section, SCDCP, has been in continuous daily contact 
since the rioting began. This informant has personally been in the riot areas and mingled with the rioters 
and has furnished information about the intentions of some of the rioters which has been promptly passed 
on to the Los Angeles Police Department and interested military agencies. This informant has stated that 
there has been no domination, direction, or involvement by the CP in the rioting. [name redacted] a long- 
time CP functionary who belongs to a CP section covering part of the area of the rioting and who is 
employed in the general vicinity of the riot area, has been alerted since the outset of the rioting and this 
informant knows of no domination, direction or involvement by the CP in the rioting.” 


“[Name redacted - but identified as security informant], advised on the night of 8/13/65, that the Muslim 
leadership in Los Angeles has issued instructions to their membership not to get involved in the rioting 
and to keep out of trouble...” 


“Racial sources have been contacted concerning the rioting and none of them have any information that 
the CP is involved in any way in the rioting.” [Los Angeles 100-66078, sereial #366, 8/14/65 airtel SAC Los 
Angeles to}. Edgar Hoover. ] 


Los Angeles 100-66078, serial #387 (8/27/65 SAC Los Angeles to J. Edgar Hoover) summarizes 
“reliable” informant report of 8/24/65 concerning a meeting of the Southern California District Communist 
Party leadership: 


“[Name redacted] also advised on 8/24/65 that at a meeting of the SCDCP Negro Commission held on 
8/18/65, the Los Angeles riots were discussed and it was agreed that with the attitude of the Los Angeles 
Police Department following the riots there would probably be a bigger flare up in the near future. [name 
redacted] said that the riots which were of a class nature rather than a race nature were not channeled 
in any way but were spontaneous. After the first two days, however, a number of gangs moved in and it 
became obvious that the local criminal element had taken over...” ... 


“Los Angeles has canvassed logical Cl, PCI, PSI and SI’s concerning this matter. These sources had no 
additional information which would indicate that subversives were involved in the recent Los Angeles 
riots.” [The abbreviations refer to various categories of informants used by the FBI. ] 


“Los Angeles has no additional pertinent information concerning the involvement of subversive elements 
in the riots in Watts and South Los Angeles during the period August 11-15, 1965. A canvass of logical 
criminal and security informants and racial sources has been completed and no additional information 
has been obtained.” [Los Angeles 100-66078, serial #390 (9/ 6/ 65 SAC Los Angeles to J]. Edgar Hoover. ] 


With respect to the larger issue raised by Gary Allen and the J BS - namely the extent and scope of CPUSA 
involvement within civil rights organizations in the Los Angeles area, the following lengthy February 1965 
FBI-Los Angeles report provides pertinent details: 


FBI Los Angeles file 100-66078, serial #88, 2/3/65 


Pg 5: Discusses 10/5/64 meeting of Communist Party West Adams Club of Moranda Smith Section. The club 
discussed recent speech by “Henry Winston, a national functionary of the CPUSA...The club noted that the 
affair was poorly attended by Negroes and discussion was had on why it was impossible to get Negroes to 
attend affairs sponsored by the CP. No one could offer an acceptable reason, but the consensus was that 


the CP was not attractive to the Negro and did not present a program which could help the civil rights 
struggle as much as the present day Negro organizations and churches.” 


Pg 7: “The sources who are familiar with CP plans and activities on all levels of the Southern California 
District of the Communist Party (SCDCP) in the Los Angeles area, advised that for a number of years to 
the present time the SCDCP has on numerous occasions at all levels of the organization discussed the 
racial situation in the general Los Angeles area and has put forward proposals, made resolutions and/or 
suggested plans of action.” 


Pg 8: “However, none of these plans have been put into effect and at top level meetings of the SCDCP in 
recent months the district leaders have frankly admitted that the District and the CPUSA in general have 
been unable to provide any leadership and have been generally ineffective in the civil rights struggle and 
the Negro freedom movement. These leaders further recognize that the SCDCP and the CPUSA are still 
without any effective plan that may be implemented to gain for the CP a leadership position in the 
movement.” 


(Informant name redacted but described as someone “in her position within the SCDCP”) “also advised that 
the SCDCP has very little influence as an organization on the civil rights movement...The recent success 
according to (name redacted) of the SCDCP in recruiting young people into the CP has not extended to 
members of the Negro race, with a few exceptions, and this is due primarily to the fact that the appeal 
of the CP program has been to young intellectuals and there are but few Negroes in this category who 
find any merit in CP theory.” 


Pg 16 on NAACP: “The Los Angeles Branch, NAACP, is the dominant and most active branch of the NAACP 
in the southern California area. The SCDCP has no current program to infiltrate or attempt to gain 
domination of the Los Angeles Branch, NAACP. (Informant name redacted) further informed that the 
SCDCP has no current program to infiltrate or attempt to gain domination of any other NAACP branch in 
the Southern California area.” 


Incidentally, in the summer of 1961, the Los Angeles FBI office reported on the makeup of the Communist 
Party in the southern California District: 


“An analysis of the composition of the general membership of the Southern California District to date 
indicates there are 50 negroes who are current active CP members, regularly attending CP meetings and 
generally contributing to the programs of the CP. Of these, 22 are informants of the Los Angeles 
office.” [Los Angeles file 100-54554, serial #780; 7/3/61 SAC Los Angeles to J. Edgar Hoover. ] 


Overall, the FBI had 433 live informants within the Communist Party USA. [HQ 67-149000-1, serial #161x3x1; 
11/ 30/ 1960 Inspection Report on Domestic Intelligence Division, by J ohn F. Malone, page 4; copy of report in 
personnel file of Assistant Director, Alan H. Belmont. ] 


Yet another example which illustrates how the Birch Society sought to exploit and inflame racial animus 
concerns an LDS Church Conference in Salt Lake City. 


As members of the Church of J esus Christ of Latter-Day Saints prepared for their General Conference in 
October of 1965, rumors swept through northern Utah that busloads of black rioters were on their way to 
storm Temple Square. The rumors were begun by J BS Coordinator Reed Benson. 


Benson sent a letter to Utah J BS chapters dated 9/2/65, captioned “Memo to Utah Chapters” stating that: 


“It is common knowledge that the Civil Rights Movement is Communist-controlled, influenced and 
dominated. Our founder and guide, Mr. Robert Welch, has instructed us that when necessary we must 


adopt the Communist technique in our ever-present battle against Godless Communism. It is urged that 
in the coming weeks the Utah chapters begin a whispering campaign to foster rumors that the civil rights 
groups are going to organize demonstrations in Salt Lake City in connections with the forthcoming LDS 
Conference...A few well-placed comments will soon mushroom out of control and before the Conference 
begins there will be such a feeling of unrest and distrust that the populace will hardly know who to 
believe. The news media will play it to the very hilt. No matter what the Civil Rights leaders may try to 
say to deny it the seed will have been sown and against the Civil Rights movement will suffer a telling 
blow.” [Excerpt from Benson’s letter appears at 4:27 of Radio West Films video program entitled “History 
Repeats Itself: Riots, Race and Rumors in Utah 1965” at: 


https://films. radiowest. org/film/history-repeats-itself-utah-race-riot-conspirac 





For additional details see: 


D. Michael Quinn: “Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts”, in Dialogue: A Journal 
of Mormon Thought, Summer 1993, page 36 

“Race Riots in Utah?" Daily Utah Chronicle, 9/28/65, page 5. 

"NAACP Chapter Claims Riot Report 'Malicious'" Ogden UT Standard-Examiner, 9/28/65 page A- 
6. 
"Rumors of Riot Hit by Area NAACP," Deseret News, 9/28/65, page B-1 

"NAACP Assails Rumors of Protest at LDS Meet," Salt Lake Tribune, 9/29/65, page 18 








J OHN BIRCH SOCIETY ATTACKS UPON A. PHILIP RANDOLPH 








The Birch Society's evaluation of African American labor leader A. Philip Randolph's career may be gleaned 
from its lengthy litany of Randolph's alleged “affiliations” with organizations and causes which the J BS 
describes as “subversive and Communist” or “Communist front”. 


Randolph is but one of about 1200 people and organizations discussed in a 4-volume book series which the 
Birch Society published under the title Biographical Dictionary of the Left. 


The concluding sentence of the J BS summary about Randolph epitomizes the manner in which the J BS slimes 
the reputation and character of people through malicious and sinister innuendo: 


“Randolph learned his lessons well as he rubbed elbows with Communists over the past three 
decades.” [Francis X. Gannon, Biographical Dictionary of the Left, Volume 1, page 488; Western Islands 
Publishers, 1969] 


The following quotations come from the FBI’s 198-page “correlation summary” document about Randolph. 
This is serial #46, dated 1/12/65, of Randolph's main file which is HQ file #100-55616. 


A “correlation summary” consists of excerpts from all FBI files which mention a subject and it then identifies 
the specific file number, serial number and date along with a synopsis of the content. 


In the following excerpts, “CP” or “CPUSA” refers to Communist Party in the United States. The “Daily 
Worker” is the Communist Party USA newspaper. “NALC” refers to Negro American Labor Council, an 
organization which A. Philip Randolph created. Much of the data contained in the FBI's file on Randolph came 
from its informants inside the CPUSA who often attended secret, closed CP meetings. 


Page 78: 


“TCP informant name redacted] advised on 10/20/50, that it was the direct order of the CP that the Harlem 
Trade Union Council was organized. The organization was set up to counteract the anti-communist labor 
group in Harlem organized by A. Philip Randolph and Frank R. Crosswaith which was known as the Negro 
Labor Committee.” 


“The DW [Daily Worker] dated 11/14/50, carried an article by J ohn Pittman, captioned ‘Right To Chose 
Your Friends’. This article stated that Negro mis-leaders such as Willard Townsend, A. Philip Randolph. 
Roy Wilkins of the NAACP, and Gloster B. Currant of the NAACP, by joining the anti-communist pack and 
attempting to impose the loyalty program on the Negro people, bore direct responsibility for every case 
where a Negro worker was deprived of his livelihood on the pretense of ‘disloyalty’.” 


Page 114: 


[CP informant name redacted] advised that on 7/29/62, Irving Potash met in Chicago with a group of CP 
persons in industry and the Negro American Labor Council [NALC] at Chicago. Potash pointed out that in 
New York certain CP members were expelled from the NALC...As a result, A. Philip Randolph had called 
for removal of all communists from the NALC...There was also a move within 3 or 4 branches of the NALC 
to have Randolph removed as head of the organization, and the CP supported this move. Chicago, 
Cleveland, NY, Buffalo, and California branches of the NALC would secede if Randolph persisted in 
removing the communists.” 


Page 120: 


“The following references in the file captioned ‘CPUSA’ contain information pertaining to the activities 
of A. Philip Randolph. Randolph was founder of the MOWM [March on Washington Movement], the 
NALC [Negro American Labor Council] and was active in the struggle for a permanent Fair Employment 
Practices Act, and the fight against segregation in the Armed Forces. The CP, although in favor of civil 
rights for Negroes, attacked Randolph and accused him of being a ‘Trotskyite’ because Randolph was 
extremely anti-communist and refused to allow them in his organizations. The CP attempted to infiltrate 
the NALC and the MOWM.” 


Page 135: 


“The following references in the file captioned the ‘Harlem Trade Union Council’ which later became the 
National Negro Labor Council (NNLC), file #100-367632, contain information pertaining to the activities 
of A. Philip Randolph. The NNLC was organized by the Communist Party to counteract the anti-communist 
group in Harlem headed by Randolph and Frank A. Crosswaith. This anti-communist group, the Negro 
Labor Committee, issued a press release signed by Randolph and others which denounced the NNLC.” 


Page 143: 


“The following references pertain to the activities of A. Philip Randolph with the March on Washington 
Movement. The MOWM was founded by Randolph as an anti-communist group that split off from the NNC 
[National Negro Congress] in the Fall of 1940. The group planned on a March on Washington in order to 
present grievances of the Negro to Government officials and for the abolishment of discrimination. In 
June 1941, Randolph called off a March on Washington at the request of Government officials but the 
organization set up was retained.” 


Page 151: 


“The following references in the file captioned National Negro Congress, file 61-6728, contain 
information pertaining to the activities of A. Philip Randolph, an officer of this organization. Randolph 
was one of the founders of the NNC and became its first President. He resigned in 1940 as President 
because of the communist influence that had become apparent in the NNC.” 


Page 154: 


“The following references in the file captioned ‘Racon’ [Racial Conditions] file #100-135, contain 
information pertaining to the activities of A. Philip Randolph in the struggle for Negro rights...Randolph 
was bitterly anti-communist and the communists attack him repeatedly for his red-baiting. He had 
organized the NNC in 1936 and resigned in 1940 when CP influence became noticeable.” 


Page 164A: 


“The following references in file 62-101087 pertain to Segregation...He [Randolph] met with President 
Eisenhower and other Negro leaders in J une 1958 to discuss school integration problems and on 3/22/60 
he addressed the New York Youth Committee For Integration. At this meeting he told the group that the 
communists had infiltrated the organization and that they should dissolve it. They followed his advice 
and dissolved the organization.” 


Page 170: 


“The following references in the file captioned ‘Cominfil of the Railroad Industry’, file #100-348159, 
contain information pertaining to the activities of A. Philip Randolph. Randolph, President of the 
BOSCP [Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters], had been associated with (either as a member of, or sponsor 
of), various CP fronts until 1940 when he quit the NNC [National Negro Congress] because of CP influence 
in the organization. He was considered very anti-communist and was attacked by the CP for his stand on 
communism. The CP tried to infiltrate the NALC [Negro American Labor Council], but failed because 
Randolph controlled it completely, The President of the Dining Car and Railroad Food Workers Union, an 
alleged CP member, also attacked Randolph because of an award he had presented to AFL President 
William Green for his fight against discrimination.” 


Page 177-178: 


“The following references are newspaper clippings of or quotations from articles which were written by 
A. Philip Randolph: 


“Communists: A Menace To Black America” in The Northwest Enterprise, Seattle WA, 11/26/46 
“The Menace of Communism” in The American Federationist, March 1949, p19 


Page 184: 


“The following references on A. Philip Randolph pertain to his activities in connection with FEPC [Fair 
Employment Practices Committee] legislation. From 1943 to 1952 he traveled to various sections of the 
U.S. speaking to groups and organizations urging them to support FEPC legislation and to write their 
Congressmen and Senators to enlist their support. He founded the National Council For a Permanent 
FEPC. Randolph was attacked by the CP as an enemy because of his popularity with the Negroes and 
because he refused to work with the CP.” 


Randolph’s FBI HQ file [100-55616] also contains a memo dated 10/ 18/ 63 (no serial number), which is a copy 
of a New York City FBI memo concerning Communist infiltration of the NAACP. 


This memo is a summary prepared by the Special Agent in Charge of the FBI’s New York City field office for 
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover concerning data in New York City FBI files on A. Philip Randolph—most of which 
came from FBI informants who attended secret closed CPUSA meetings. 


Although this memo appears in the HQ file on Randolph [100-55616] it originated in the HQ and NYC files on 
the NAACP [HQ 61-3176, and NYC 100-7629, sub D]. 


Excerpts from the NYC summary are quoted below: 
Page 1: 


“On page 122 of the Guide To Subversive Organizations and Publications, revised and published as of 
December 1, 1961, prepared and released by the Committee on Un-American Activities, U.S. House of 
Representatives, Washington DC, there appears in part the following concerning National Negro Congress: 


‘A. Philip Randolph, President of the Congress since its inception in 1936, refused to run again in April 
1940 on the grounds that it was ‘deliberately packed with Communists and Congress of Industrial 
Organizations members who were either Communists or sympathizers with Communists.’” 


Page 2: 


“The J uly 19, 1943 issue of the Daily Worker, page 3, column 6, contains an article entitled ‘A. Philip 
Randolph Waves The Whole Redherring’. According to the article, Randolph stated that persons were 
barred from the March on Washington because ‘We don’t want Communists in the organization.’ “ 


“In the July 16, 1948 edition of the New York Times, there appears an article which reflects that A. 
Philip Randolph accused American Communists of having used the fight against racial discrimination as a 
device to advance the cause of Russia.” 


“On April 22, 1959, a second source advised that J ames J ackson, CPUSA Secretary in charge of Southern 
and Negro affairs, stated on April 22, 1959, that he and other top CP functionaries had concluded that 
the CP was defeating its own purpose in aiding the Youth March For Integrated Schools, which was held 
on April 18, 1959 at Washington DC. In doing so, the CP was providing A. Philip Randolph with the 
opportunity of planting seeds of Fascism in the youth groups. J ackson described Randolph as a dangerous 
Capitalist agent and the most outspoken anti-Party personality in the Negro movement.” ... 


Page 3: 


“On November 23, 1959, a fifth source advised that the District Convention of the Illinois District of the 
Communist Party was held on November 21 and 22, 1959 in Chicago. Claude Lightfoot on November 21, 
1959, cautioned against CP support of the Negro organization then being organized by Randolph. He 
stated that Randolph had a history of being anti-Communist, however, he was not above wanting to use 
the CP.” 


Page 4: 


“On J une 13, 1960, an eighth source advised that a meeting of all trade union members of the CP, along 
with the Negro Commission and Youth Commission of the Baltimore CP, was held on June 8, 1960 in 
Baltimore, Maryland. George Meyers stated at this meeting that Randolph had been a militant fighter all 
his professional life and had been red baiting most of the time.” 


“On J uly 19, 1960, a tenth source advised that a meeting of the Illinois State Committee of the CP was 
held on J uly 8, 1960 in Chicago at which a report was given by Claude Lightfoot on a recent convention 
of the NAACP held in Minneapolis MN. Lightfoot reported that Randolph gave the keynote speech at the 
convention banquet and that there was complete lack of ‘red-baiting’ until Randolph spoke. He stated 
that Randolph felt it was his duty to oppose Communism.” 


Page 5: 


“On April 27, 1961, the sixth source advised that a meeting of the CP Caucus of the NALC [Negro American 
Labor Council] was held on April 21, 1961 in New York City at which William L. Patterson was invited to 
discuss the CP’s role in the NALC. Patterson pointed out that the CP had four of its members on the 
Executive Board of the New York chapter NALC and another four members serving on various 
committees...Patterson stated he believed the Party would have to move slowly as it can only be effective 
if it did not attract the attention of Randolph and this other individual.” 


Page 6: 


“On April 18, 1962, a fifteenth source advised that a press release was issued on April 18, 1962 by 
Randolph when it was determined that there was Communist infiltration and domination of the Buffalo 
Chapter, NALC. The release stated in part: 


‘The leadership of NALC is fully aware of the fact that Negro workers can never win their central 
objective, namely, the abolition of second-class status in the labor movement and in industry, except 
within the framework of freedom and democracy, and hence, consider Communists and Communism as 
the kiss of death.’ 


Randolph stated finally that he would rather not have a chapter of NALC in Buffalo than one under 
Communist control.” 


Page 15: 


Summarizes testimony of ex-Communist Louis Rosser which he gave during Hearings of the House Committee 
on Un-American Activities in San Francisco, 12/1/53. During his testimony, Rosser explained the CPUSA 
position on Randolph during World War II, particularly in relation to Randolph’s activities in support of a Fair 
Employment Practices Committee. This data may also be seen in the 1954 report of the House Committee on 
Un-American Activities entitled “The American Negro in the Communist Party”, page 29. 


“The Communist Party said that he [Randolph] had to be muzzled, and he was coming to Los Angeles in 
1942, and | and Pettis Perry were given the job of working out a plan how we could discredit Randolph...So 
he was getting a medal that the NAACP gives each year to some outstanding American Negro, white, or 
any nationality in the field of human relations, and he was getting it for his work on integration of Negroes 
into industry...We wrote a speech that praised the Soviet Union, that called for the opening of the second 
front and that said Randolph was a traitor to his country...But it [the speech] gave the Party not only the 
opportunity to discredit this Negro leader, but it gave the Party the opportunity to reach the top negroes 
in America with the program of the Communist Party at that time.” [The speech was delivered by Charlotta 
Bass, whom Rosser described as a CPUSA fellow-traveler “who already was close to the Communists”. | 








FBI vs. J OHN BIRCH SOCIETY ON NAACP 





George Schuyler on NAACP 


George Schuyler is yet another J ohn Birch Society speaker and writer whose views about the NAACP and its 
leadership prior to joining the J BS refuted standard dogma promoted by the J BS. For example, in a 1947 
column Schuyler wrote the following about the NAACP: 


“Unlike many other organizations that screamed for justice for Negroes, it had no ulterior motives, no 
axes to grind, foreign or domestic, only a deep desire to further the advancement of colored people, 
socially, politically, and economically.” 





Then, referring to the problems of racial discrimination still in existence after World War Il came to a close, 
Schuyler observed: 


“These evils have to be combated with skill and intelligence and the NAACP is the only sincere and capable 
organization prepared to do it. Unlike such organizations as the National Negro Congress, it is not 
connected with any foreign ideology or power, and it shies far away from the Communist Party line which 
is the way to group suicide...no one can deny that the NAACP is THE great champion and defender of our 
rights in this civilization and its long and remarkable record in this connections obligates every libertarian, 
regardless of color or creed, to give it this fullest support year in and year out.” [Schuyler column “Views 
and Reviews”, Pittsburgh (PA) Courier, 2/15/47]. 


FBI and HUAC on NAACP 
In April 1947, |]. Edgar Hoover replied to a letter from NAACP Executive Secretary Walter White: 


"Equality, freedom, and tolerance are essential in a democratic government. The National Association for 
the Advancement of Colored People has done much to preserve these principles and to perpetuate the 
desires of our founding fathers." [FBI-HQ 61-3176, serials #378X thru #383, 4/14/47 thru 4/21/47, White 
to Hoover and Hoover reply to White; Also see FBI-HQ 61-3176, serial #1076, where White's letter is discussed 
in 10/19/55 memo from FBI Assistant Director Louis Nichols to FBI Associate Director Clyde Tolson. ] 


In 1954, the House Committee on Un-American Activities published a report entitled “The American Negro 
in the Communist Party” which concluded that “The fact that the Communist conspiracy has experienced 
so little success in attracting the American Negro to its cause reflects favorably on the loyalty and integrity 
of the vast majority of the 15,000,000 Negro citizens.” 


The HCUA report goes on to state that the “CPUSA has exploited issues of genuine concern to the American 
Negro and all Americans...” 


The HCUA summarized the testimony of two African Americans (Sheldon Tappes and Louis Rosser) both of 
whom detailed how the CPUSA fought the NAACP during World War Il. 


Rosser also mentioned how the Party worked to “discredit” and “muzzle” A. Philip Randolph by publishing a 
hostile article about him when he received a NAACP medal for his work seeking integration of blacks into 
industry. Randolph was described by the Communist press as a “traitor to his country”. [HCUA, The 
American Negro in The Communist Party, pages 7-9] 


In 1962 FBI Assistant Director William C. Sullivan gave a speech in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He subsequently 
was attacked because of favorable comments he made about the NAACP during a Q&A after his speech. The 
attack was launched by W.H. (Bill) Rutledge of Shreveport LA. Rutledge was Executive Director of Citizens 
Councils of Louisiana, Inc. Sullivan wrote a memo to summarize his encounter. The memo points out that 
Rutledge “has connections with the Ku Klux Klan.” 


According to Sullivan: 


“In a question period at Baton Rouge, | was asked if the NAACP had been cited as a Communist front 
organization on the Attorney General’s List. | replied that it had not. | was then asked if any communists 
had ever infiltrated the NAACP. | replied that communists had infiltrated certain local chapters of the 
NAACP and explained that because of such infiltration in the Chicago chapter, it had been expelled from 
the parent organization. | further pointed out that the NAACP was a constant target of communist 
infiltration, while at the same time, responsible leaders of the NAACP on a national level were attempting 
to resist communist infiltration and that only the future knew the answer to the final outcome of this 
encounter. | was then asked if the NAACP was controlled on the national level by communists. | replied 
that it was not, but again emphasized that the fact remains all levels of the NAACP, as well as all other 
mass organizations in the United States, had been and will continue to be a target for communist 


propaganda and infiltration. When asked to disclose the identity of communists who had infiltrated the 
NAACP, | replied that this information was classified and could not be divulged.” [HQ 105-40774, #40 = 
5/ 18/62 memo by W.C. Sullivan to A.H. Belmont pertaining to Citizens Council of Greater New Orleans. ] 


The Bureau prepared two comprehensive monographs on the history of "The Communist Party and the Negro". 
In the October 1956 edition, the Bureau concluded: 


"Persons identified with the Communist Party and the NAACP have, in the past, acted jointly and 
frequently engaged in parallel activities. However, it must be kept in mind that the ultimate aims of these 
two groups are entirely distinct. The CP seeks to foster discord and discontent among the Negro race by 
agitation and propaganda...whereas the goal of the NAACP is to achieve full racial integration and equality 
within the present form of government. It is to be noted that the CPUSA, in order to confuse the American 
people, is attempting to make its policies parallel to those of the NAACP on controversial, racial 
issues.... The NAACP held its 47th annual convention in San Francisco CA from J une 26 to J uly 1, 1956. It 
re-affirmed its anti-communist position and at the same time extended its policy of non-cooperation 
with communist-controlled groups to declare communists ineligible for membership in the NAACP." 


The monograph then goes on to discuss attempts by Communists to infiltrate and use NAACP chapters around 
the country and how local NAACP leaders repulsed such attempts. 


Similarly, J. Edgar Hoover discusses the anti-Communist policies of the NAACP in his book, Masters of Deceit: 


"The (Communist) Party has made vigorous efforts to infiltrate the NAACP. This organization in 1950 
authorized its board of directors to revoke the charter of any chapter found to be communist- 
controlled." ... Hoover then discussed several such infiltration attempts and how NAACP officials thwarted 
them. []. Edgar Hoover, Masters of Deceit, Henry Holt, 1958, pages 229-230]. 


Numerous documents in FBI investigative files reveal the unhappiness of senior CPUSA leaders with the NAACP 


and the failure of the Communist Party to have any significant impact upon both the NAACP and other civil 
rights organizations. FBI 


In J uly 1963, |. Edgar Hoover sent a memo to all FBI field offices which advised them of the creation of a new 
HQ file (100-3-116) which was to be used to capture information regarding “Communist Influence In Racial 
Matters” as a consequence of the Party’s renewed interest in exploiting opportunities presented by the civil 
rights movement. 


Hoover’s memo portrayed the CPUSA as outsiders seeking to exert influence within legitimate civil rights 
organizations and it quoted comments by CP leaders lamenting the lack of CP involvement within the civil 
rights movement. One pertinent excerpt of Hoover’s memo follows: 


“In recent weeks functionaries of the CPUSA have made statements which indicate their concern over 
the lack of Party participation in the current Negro movement. Benjamin J. Davis Jr. remarked on 
6/19/63 while attending a meeting of leading CPUSA functionaries, ‘We are witnessing a revolutionary 
movement in our country, but we are just not in it...’ Irving Potash, on this same date, remarked 
that ‘we’ are not coming forward. Not writing and not giving leadership. The leadership of the Party, 
according to Potash, should explore all ways and means for the purpose of playing a bigger role in the 
struggle.” [Chicago 100-46624, serial #1; 7/18/63]. Edgar Hoover memo to all Special Agents in Charge of 
FBI field offices. ] 


A few days later, the Chicago field office sent its first report to headquarters on the status of CPUSA efforts 
at infiltrating civil rights groups. Chicago reported that one CP member had infiltrated NAACP’s Illinois state 
headquarters, “however he has not influenced the organization in any specific direction as far as Party 
policy is concerned.” [Chicago 100-46624, serial #2, 7/24/63 SAC Chicago memo to J. Edgar Hoover] 


On February 13-14, 1960, there was a meeting of senior Communist Party officials in the midwest. 


Twenty five Party officials representing Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Missouri, and Wisconsin attended this 
closed meeting. Claude Lightfoot, Vice-Chairman of the Illinois CPUSA, chaired the meeting. 


Each representative present gave a summary of their attempts to infiltrate the NAACP. The following 
comments are from what is described an FBI informant who attended the meeting but it may have been a 
technical device which recorded the conversations. The page numbers shown below reflect the page numbers 
of the FBI summary memo where the comments cited are made. 


Pg.9, Cleveland rep: "He referred to a period of the late 40's and said at that time the CP had five members 
on the Executive Board of the NAACP. Now the CP has no members on the Executive Board of the NAACP 
in Cleveland." Rep also referred to the "constant red-baiting of local NAACP leaders.’ “ 


Page 11: Chicago rep: "The problem confronting the CP is how to work now in an organization in which it 
is very difficult to get on a committee and in which the committees do not function." 


Page 11-12: Detroit rep: "He said it is hard to work in the NAACP in Detroit...He stated that the big problem 
as far as he is concerned is that the CP says that members should work in the NAACP, but how do you do 
it? Every time we make a move, we are stopped and stifled. As a result, we are demoralized...In regard 
to the role of the CP in the NAACP (name redacted) feels that it is correct to work in the NAACP, but it is 
necessary to do so from a position of strength. But the CP does not have strength at the present time." 


Page 13: St. Louisrep: “He stated that the CP has no one consistently working in the NAACP in St. 
Louis." [NYC 100-80640, unrecorded; 2/17/60 SAC Chicago to J. Edgar Hoover re: 2/ 13-14/ 60 CP meeting]. 


Although the Birch Society is incorporated as an “educational” organization, and although Robert Welch and 
all senior | BS officials effusively praised J}. Edgar Hoover, the J BS never told its membership about the 
conclusions reached by the FBI regarding our civil rights movement and its leadership---because those 


conclusions contradicted and falsified J BS assertions. 


In 1965, J. Edgar Hoover described the civil rights movement as "a great and too long neglected cause of 
human rights" in our country. [FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Introduction, April 1965]. 


After warning about radicals that had no genuine interest in advancing civil rights, Hoover observed in a 
December 1964 speech, that: 


"Let me emphasize that the American civil rights movement is not, and has never been dominated by the 
communists--because the overwhelming majority of civil rights leaders in this country, both Negro and 
white, have recognized and rejected communism as a menace to the freedoms of all." [J . Edgar Hoover 
speech, 12/12/64, Our Heritage of Greatness, page 7 - Hoover speech before Pennsylvania Society and the 
Society of Pennsylvania Women; bold emphasis on "not" and "never" in original document]. 


In November 1966, Hoover received an inquiry from a self-identified ] BS member who saw the above quote in 
a letter-to-the-editor of his local newspaper and he wanted to know if the quote was an accurate reflection 
of Hoover's judgment both in 1964 and 1966. Hoover replied affirmatively and concluded: “This position 
remains essentially unchanged today.” [FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial #3021, 11/15/ 66 Hoover reply to incoming 
Bircher inquiry]. 


Also see following Hoover/ FBI and other comments : 


“It would be absurd to suggest that the aspirations of Negroes for equality are communist inspired. This 
is demonstrably not true...” [J]. Edgar Hoover speech, Faith In Freedom, 12/ 4/ 63, page 6]. 


“In general, legitimate civil rights organizations have been successful in excluding Communists, although 
a few have received covert counseling from them and have even accepted them as members...The CP is 
not satisfied with this situation and is continually striving to infiltrate the civil rights movement at every 
level. "[J. Edgar Hoover, U.S. News and World Report, 11/1/65, page 46]. 


“It is no secret that one of the bitterest disappointments to communistic efforts in this Nation has been 
their failure to lure our Negro citizens into the party. Despite every type of propaganda boomed at our 
Nation’s Negro citizens, they have never succumbed to the party’s saccharine promises of a Communist 
‘Utopia’. This generation and generations to come for many years owe a tremendous debt to our Negro 
citizens who have consistently refused to surrender their freedoms for the tyranny of communism.” [J . 
Edgar Hoover testimony before U.S. Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, 01/17/60, reprinted in March 
1960 FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, page 7] 


"The Communist Party USA, despite its concentrated efforts, has failed to attract even a significant 
minority of the Negroes in the United States to its program". [FBI monograph, "The Communist Party and 
the Negro 1953-1956", page ii] 


See: https://archive.org/details/F BIMonographCommunistPartyNegro19531956 


"Communists in the United States have attempted to infiltrate and gain control of legitimate Negro- 
fraternal, protest-and-improvement organizations. To date, their efforts have been unsuccessful on a 
state or national level, although there have been some instances where the Communist Party has gained 
control of isolated chapters." [page v, "The Communist Party and the Negro 1953-1956"] 


“The Communist Party in this country has, from its inception, endeavored to attract Negroes to its ranks. 
At one stage of its existence the Party even undertook to establish a Negro nation in the deep South and 
through its Southern Conference for Human Welfare made an all-out effort to recruit large numbers of 
the Negro people. This attempt, like the Communist attempt to penetrate and control the N.A.A.C.P., 
resulted in failure.” [Eleventh Report of the California Senate Fact-Finding Subcommittee on Un- 
American Activities, 1961, page 136]. 


Also see the following comments by the House Committee on Un-American Activities: 


“The Communist Party in the United States of America, in its continuing efforts to infiltrate and destroy 
the Constitutional government of this country, has made the minority groups in the United States prime 
targets of attack...The fact that the Communist conspiracy has experienced so little success in attracting 
the American Negro to its cause reflects favorably on the loyalty and integrity of the vast majority of the 
15,000,000 Negro citizens. To attest to this fact we restate the words of Mr. J. Edgar Hoover, Director 
of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, which appeared in the Congressional Record of J anuary 26, 1953: 


‘We recently reviewed the origins of 5,395 of the leading members of the Communist Party. The results 
were most interesting. Only 411 were Negroes but of the remaining 4,984, we found that 4,555, (or 91 
14 percent) were either of foreign birth or born of foreign parents...The fact that only 411 Negroes were 
found in this select group is strong evidence that the American Negro is not hoodwinked by these false 
messiahs.’ 


“In furtherance of its traitorous design the Communist Party of the United States has exploited issues of 
genuine concern to the American Negro and all Americans.” [Committee on Un-American Activities, U.S. 
House of Representatives, “The American Negro in the Communist Party” 12/22/54, page 1] 


And in its “Conclusion”, the Committee observed: 


“From the facts set forth in this report, the committee can only conclude that the vast majority of 
Americans of the Negro race have consistently resisted the blandishments and treacherous promises 
offered them by the Communist conspirators.” [Committee on Un-American Activities, U.S. House of 
Representatives, “The American Negro in the Communist Party” 12/22/54, page 13] 


As all these comments make clear, Hoover and the FBI and our other internal-security-related entities saw 
Communists as OUTSIDERS seeking ways to exert influence and control within the civil rights movement 
whereas the J BS portrayed them as INSIDERS who created and controlled the movement from the beginning. 








Martin Luther King J r. Allegedly Attending a “Communist Training School” 





See expanded version of this topic at: https:// sites. google. com/ site/ ernie124102/ hfs-1 


The Birch Society and its front-organization TACT (Truth About Civil Turmoil) were responsible for widespread 
distribution of a postcard showing a photo of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. "attending a Communist training 
school." In addition to postcards, Birchers also were responsible for billboards which contained the photo and 
for hundreds of instances when J BS speakers referred to King's attendance at a "Communist training school." 
The school was identified as Highlander Folk School (HFS) in Monteagle, TN. 


Alan Stang discusses HFS and the photograph in his J BS-published book where he described Highlander as "this 
Communist school". [It's Very Simple: The True Story of Civil Rights; Western Islands Publishers, 1965, 
page 114) 


What the Birch Society is very careful to suppress is the story behind who took the picture and the background 
of the persons responsible for describing HFS as a "Communist training school" 


The famous photograph of Dr. King at Highlander was taken by Edwin Hugo Friend of Atlanta GA. Friend 
described himself as "an undercover agent" for the Georgia Commission on Education (GCE). He also was the 
official photographer for the United Klans of America chapter in Georgia headed by Grand Dragon Calvin F. 
Craig. 


The GCE was organized in 1953. The most prominent Commission members were Georgia Governor Marvin 
Griffin, Georgia Lt. Gov Ernest Vandiver, and Roy V. Harris. 


MARVIN GRIFFIN was a life-long segregationist and co-founder of the States Rights Council of Georgia. The 
Council was an organization, like the GCE itself, that was devoted to preventing integration and preserving 
segregated public schools in Georgia. Toward that end, Governor Griffin was a welcomed featured speaker at 
White Citizens Councils and States Rights Council functions. 


In a May 1956 speech, Governor Griffin made the following observations: 


“Let me say to you tonight as we counsel together, do not be concerned by what is said by the 
Communists, the pinkos, the radicals, the NAACP, the ADA, the one-worlders and all that motley group 
of crackpots who are clamoring for desegregation and mongrelization. These groups of organized 
minorities are chanting a chorus that opposition to the fraudulent order of the Supreme Court is defiance 
of law. Of course, that is not true. The decision of May 17, 1954 is not law. It is an attempt to make law 
where none existed before by a non law-making body.” ... 


“You may take the map of the world today and look at all of the countries. Wherever you find a country 
that is populated by a black race, a colored race, or a mongrel race, the Christian religion has not been 
able to survive...l say without fear of contradiction, that the white race is the only race of people in 
history who have been able to perpetuate the Christian religion. Mongrelization of our people here 
in America will follow integration of the races in school and on the social level. When mongrelization of 
the races occurs---and God grant that it will never occur---it will bring with it the destruction of the 
Christian religion.” ... 


“There are obvious and well-known differences between whites and blacks which no amount of glossing- 
over and covering up by subversive so-called anthropologists and pseudo-scientists can hide...There are 
many reasons why the white people object to their children having this close association with nigger 
children. Among them are: health; the Nigra’s high crime rate and disrespect for law; the lower mentality 
level; and the high rate of illegitimacy among Nigras.” ... 





“I would like to, for just a moment, if you please, tell you very briefly what we are attempting to do in 
our State of Georgia. First, in Georgia, the Constitution and the laws of our state prevent the expenditure 
of state tax funds for the operation of mixed schools. Also, our General Assembly will never appropriate 
one dime for mixed schools. And let me say to you definitely and unequivocally, Georgia will have 
separate public schools or no public schools.” [Transcript of May 1956 Griffin speech before Southern 
Regional Citizens’ Council of New Orleans, pages 3-4. ] 


ERNEST VANDIVER was elected Governor of Georgia in 1958. His campaign platform included this statement: 
“When | am your Governor, neither my three children, nor any child of yours, will ever attend a racially 
mixed school in the State of Georgia. No, not one.” 


ROY V. HARRIS published the Augusta GA Courier, a white supremacist weekly paper. He was National 
President of the Association of Citizens’ Councils of America, a white supremacy organization as well as 
President of the segregationist Georgia States’ Rights Council. 


Edwin Friend attended a 1957 Labor Day weekend seminar at HFS and took a picture of a group of individuals 
seated in an auditorium, one of whom was Dr. King. 


When the GCE published its pamphlet on Highlander, it described the HFS seminar as being "held to discuss 
methods and tactics for precipitating racial strife and disturbances." [FBI-HQ 61-7511, serial #206 is copy 
of GCE publication, “Highlander Folk School: Communist Training School—Monteagle TN” J. 


Subsequently, Edwin Friend testified before a Tennessee legislative hearing concerning what he 
"learned" during his "investigation" of Highlander. The excerpt appearing below, reveals his underlying 
motivation and the basis for describing HFS as "Communist". 


"Q: Mr. Friend, was that a subversive meeting there at that time? 
A: It was subversive, sir, to the way that I have been taught to live in America. 
Q: Explain that to the committee. 


A: | have been taught by southern tradition to keep the races separate. | was taught to go to Sunday 
school and Church. | was taught to respect the other fellow's habitat, and that is what | have always tried 
to do. Up here it seems like all of those things weren't even considered. It is the primary motive of this 
group to tear down the forces that were trying to keep the races separate in the South." 


[Joint Legislative Investigating Committee, State of Tennessee: Investigation of Highlander Folk School, 
Grundy County Tennessee, 3/ 4/59, page 447. ] 


Mr. Friend was asked another question which produced a revealing answer: 


“Q. Do you believe that anyone that espouses the things that you have just said to promote integration 
for that kind of motive, could possibly be a good Tennessean, a good Southerner, or a good American?” 


A. | can guarantee you he is not what | would call a good American, Sir.” [Ibid, p451] 


Mr. Friend also testified about one of his photos which revealed another matter at Highlander that greatly 
disturbed him: square dancing! 


“This is a square dance held at night in one of the buildings on this estate of Mr. Horton...The approach 
to this square dance seemed to be very harmless, in that you get a person in the square dance and the 
caller can call it in such a way that the Negro boy will wind up dancing with the white girl...This was called 
and invariably he always wound up with one of the Negro boys dancing with one of the white girls in order 
to get them familiar, and these doctrines were teached in this school, and in order to break down the 
resistance to integration in that you had to do it anyway that a person really wouldn’t be conscious of 
it...” [Ibid, page 443. ] 


Aside from the candid description of his bias cited above, Mr. Friend is also on record in a deposition submitted 
in November 1959 for Tennessee court proceedings. Friend said that his assignment as a Georgia “undercover 
agent” was “to go to Monteagle, Tennessee to the Highlander Folk School and find out whether that 
malignancy of the NAACP and Communism was leaking out over Georgia.” [John Edgerton, The Trial of 
the Highlander Folk School, Southern Exposure magazine, Spring 1978, page 86.] 


In short, like the Birch Society itself, Ed Friend (the “investigator”) started with a conclusion and then was 
only interested in evidence if it conformed or could be twisted toward his pre-determined conclusion. 


In 1957, the FBI responded to an inquiry about Highlander from Tennessee State Senator R.L. Peters Jr. 
The notation on the Bureau file copy states: 


“The Bureau has known of the Highlander Folk School for years and has investigated numerous allegations 
concerning its activities. While it permits Communists to attend, there has been no indication that it 
teaches courses along the Communist line or has ever employed any Communists on its staff. It is primarily 
designed to teach economics and related subjects.” [HQ 61-7511, serial #212, 11/12/57]. 


AJ uly 1963 FBI memo summarizes their file on Highlander Folk School: 


"Due to the interracial character of the School, it has been the subject of numerous allegations that it 
represented the headquarters of communism in east Tennessee. An extensive investigation was 
conducted in 1941 and 1942 as a result of the allegations. These allegations have never been 
substantiated and much of the information of a subversive derogatory nature concerning this School was 
later repudiated by the individuals who previously furnished the information...This organization has 
continuously been involved in the integration movement and as a result charges are being continuously 
made that it is ‘communist’. These charges are based mainly on the opinion of the individuals making the 
charges that being pro-integration is being pro-communist." [64-7511, serial #286, J uly 26, 1963, F.J. 
Baumgardner to W.C. Sullivan]. 


In 1963, Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett testified before the U.S. Senate Commerce Committee against a 
proposed public accommodations bill. Governor Barnett raised the issue of Dr. King's attendance at HFS. An 
FBI memo on the controversy concludes: 


"FBI files concerning the HFS show that this school was the subject of a security investigation which was 
closed in 1943...No information was developed that the school offered courses of instruction on 
communism nor that the Communist Party ever succeeded in gaining control of the school. Due to its 
interracial character, however, the HFS has been the subject of numerous past allegations that it 
represents the headquarters for communism in eastern Tennessee." [J uly 13, 1963 FBI memo from J.F. 
Bland to W.C. Sullivan]. 


In May 1961, Martin Luther King's attendance at Highlander's 1957 event was discussed in an internal FBI memo 
which produced blistering comments (and censure letters) by J. Edgar Hoover to members of the Bureau's 
Name Check Section -- the unit which prepared summary memoranda for high government officials. On May 
22, 1961, FBI summaries were sent to the Attorney General on five individuals -- one of whom was MLK Jr. The 
summary memo on King stated that King had "attended a Communist Party training school seminar". 


J). Edgar Hoover asked for an explanation of why the summary memo had stated that King had not been the 
subject of a security investigation if, as the summary memo stated, he attended a Communist Party 
school. The subsequent explanation produced the following explanation by the Supervisor of the Name Check 
Unit, George H. Scatterday: 


"Reverend King has established himself as of one the most vocal and nationally prominent leaders on 
behalf of integration for the Negroes. In his efforts along these lines he has accepted financial 
contributions from all types of organizations, including groups cited as subversive; lent support to left- 
wing causes; and has associated with representatives of cited organizations and Communist Party 
members. This activity, however, has apparently been in the furtherance of his integrationist 


aims. There is no evidence that he has ever been affiliated with the Communist Party...The synopsis of 
referenced memorandum contained the statement concerning MLK Jr., that in 1957 he attended a 
Communist Party training school seminar and reportedly gave a closing speech. The 
Director [Hoover] has asked 'Let me have more details.’ " 


The foregoing brief statement did not convey the full facts concerning the nature of the meeting attended 
by King. In our efforts to be brief we did not put in sufficient detail. We should have indicated that the 
term 'Communist Party training school’ was a descriptive term which had been utilized by the Georgia 
Commission on Education to describe the Highlander Folk School, Monteagle, Tennessee, where the 
seminar was held and was not a characterization of the specific meeting attended by King...A review of 
the Bureau file concerning the Highlander Folk School reveals that a security investigation on the school 
was Closed in 1943...No information has been received that the school has offered courses of instruction 
in communism, nor has information been received that the Communist Party ever succeeded in gaining 
control of the school. Due to its interracial character, however, it has been the subject of numerous past 
allegations that it represents the headquarters for communism in Eastern Tennessee." [HQ 67-318195, 
#210, 5/23/61 memo from G.H. Scatterday to A. Rosen -- copy in Scatterday's personnel file. ] 


J). Edgar Hoover handwrote two comments on this memo: 


(1) With respect to the original memo's characterization that King “attended a Communist Party school 
seminar", Hoover observed: "This is the understatement of the year. You deliberately made an erroneous 
statement of fact." 


(2) With respect to the description of Highlander originating with the Georgia Commission on Education, 
Hoover observed: "This is astounding. Upon what the first memo said, I orally advised A.G. [Attorney 
General] that King had been associated with Communists and had been at a Communist meeting. " 


Hoover then approved a recommendation on the memo that Section Chief Scatterday should receive a letter 
of censure because his summary memoranda and synopsis regarding King "did not accurately set forth" the 
correct details regarding King's attendance at the Highlander event. 


At this point, Hoover did not know that the description of Highlander which was published by the Georgia 
Commission on Education in its pamphlet on Highlander, actually originated with Edwin H. Friend, the official 
photographer of the Georgia KKK! 


There are numerous examples of online statements by J BS officials and sympathizers who are outraged when 
J) BS critics refer to the J BS as having links to racial or religious bigots. Some of the more recent examples may 
be seen at links below: 


PAUL DRUGA (J BS Communications Director) 
Lincoln Project RINOs Lie About Trump and J ohn Birch Society (10/19/20) 
https://thenewamerican.com/ lincoln-project-rinos-lie-about-trump-and-john-birch-society/ 


ALEX NEWMAN (Senior Editor, J BS magazine, The New American 
Neocon Tobin Dupes NY Post & Haaretz Readers on Birch Society (12/10/19) 


https://thenewamerican.com/ neocon-tobin-dupes-ny-post-haaretz-readers-on-birch-society/ 
WaPo: White Supremacist Buckley Defines “Respectable Right” (09/07/17) 
https://thenewamerican.com/wapo-white-supremacist-buckley-defines-respectable-right/ 








The arguments presented by the J BS employees boil down to 4 basic premises: 


1. The J BS has black and J ewish members so it is not possible for it to be linked to bigotry 

2. AJBS member (Rev. Delmar Dennis) was an FBI informant inside the KKK and he helped put bigots 
into jail 

3. The J BS has always expelled bigots from the Society 


4. A1963 California Senate report exonerated the J BS from all charges of bigotry 


| have written lengthy rebuttals to all of these defenses but | will condense them down into the most salient 
points. 


1. BLACK/] EWISH J] BS MEMBERS 


Even Robert Welch and other senior | BS officials acknowledged in private correspondence and in public 
interviews that the J BS never was able to attract any significant number of black or J ewish members. 


Robert Welch told a Washington Post reporter on 11/5/65 that “1/10 of 1% of J BS members were Negro” 
and Welch claimed that the J BS had 80,000-100,000 members. [Washington DC Post, Phil Casey: “Welch 
Denies Birch Society Far Right”, 11/5/65, page B-2]. 


In addition, in 1965, the J BS Eastern Regional Director (Thomas J. Davis) told a North Carolina newspaper: 
“aS Mr. Welch says humorously, about 60 percent Protestant, 40 percent Catholic and one percent 
Jewish, which he admits adds up to 101 percent, but that means we have very few J ews—though the 
ones we have are fine people, good members...The Society also has a few Negro members” [8/19/65 
Charlotte NC Observer article entitled “Birch Society Public Relations Man Comes Here to Seek Members” and 
FBl-Charlotte 100-9548, serial 142]. 


However, as of 12/31/64. the Birch Society’s CPA firm (Spark, Mann and Company) reported in its annual 
financial statement that the J BS received $536,566.35 in member dues during 1964. | BS dues were $24 year 
for men and $12 year for women so using an $18 average, that would mean the actual J BS membership would 
calculate to approximately 29,809 members. There probably were another 1000-1500 “lifetime” J BS 
members who were not counted in the dues-paying category so, let’s round up the approximate total 
membership to 32,000. 


Consequently, based upon J BS membership dues payments at that time, the following calculation could 


be made 





Protestant membership (60%of 32,000 =19, 200) 
Catholic membership (40% of 32,000 =12, 800) 
Jewish membership (1% of 32,000 = 320) 

Black membership (1/ 10" of 1% of 32,000= 32) 


BLACK J BS MEMBERS 


The J BS wants us to believe that the J BS could not possibly be described as facilitating racism or pandering 
to racists j ust because of the number or presence of black Americans who were members of, or paid speakers 
for, the J BS. 


However, the Communist Party USA had at least 30-45 times (depending upon the year) as many black Party 
members as the J BS had black J BS members---and even more significantly---UNLIKE the Birch Society, the 
Communist Party elevated many black Party members into senior positions within the Party. 





For example: Benjamin Davis J r. was Editor of the CPUSA newspaper, The Daily Worker, and he also served 
on the CPUSA National Board. Henry Winston was Chairman of the CPUSA from 1966-1986. Pettis Perry was 
Chairman of the California Communist Party. ] ames J ackson was Chairman of the Party in Louisiana and then 
National Educational Director and International Affairs Secretary. Claude Lightfoot was the Party’s Illinois 
Executive Secretary and he also served on the National Executive Committee of the Party. 


NEVERTHELESS, it is very clear that there were MAJ OR disputes within the CPUSA between white and black 
members — particularly between their African-American leaders such as Claude Lightfoot, Benjamin Davis] r., 
Pettis Perry, and J ames J ackson and white leaders like Gus Hall. 


Often, the black CPUSA leaders characterized the white CPUSA leadership as racist in their beliefs and 
practices. Black Party members complained bitterly about “white chauvinism” within the Party. See for 
example, Pettis Perry: “Struggle Aginst White Chauvinism”, Political Affairs, J) une 1949. 


Some of the corroboration for this situation within the CPUSA can be found in testimony by African Americans 


who later became | BS members and speakers--such as J ulia Brown and Lola Belle Holmes! 


For example, J ulia Brown told the FBI that: 

“She has stated that she has found absolutely as much ‘racial prejudice’ and ‘white chauvinism’ in the 
CP as ‘there is in Mississippi’. And that many Negroes who have been duped by the CP and who have 
become ‘tools’ of the Party, need to have ‘their eyes opened’. [FBI-Los Angeles 100-54554, serial #489; 
2/5/60, in CPUSA-COINTELPRO file re: Julia C. Brown] 


During her J une 4, 1962 testimony before the House Committee on Un-American Activities J ulia declared she 
was not allowed to attend her neighborhood Communist club meetings “because it was a J im Crow club.” 


Significantly, however, during Robert Welch’s lifetime, no black, Asian, latino, or woman was appointed to 
the | BS National Council OR to the | BS Executive Committee or the J BS Finance Committee. There do not 
appear to have been any paid Coordinators/ Major Coordinators who were black or other minorites or female. 


The J BS did use African Americans as paid speakers for the J BS but those speakers never spent time discussing 
the pervasive discrimination and oppression which black Americans faced in their everday lives in our southern 
states. Instead, the SOLE reason that the J BS employed those black speakers was because they did everything 
possible to affirm and promote the J BS position which discredited and disparaged our entire civil rights 
movement and its leadership. Often, J BS literature and J BS speakers referred to the “civil rights fraud”. 





So, the arguments by Birchers which are based merely upon the number or presence of black members within 
the J BS are not relevant. 


J EWISH J BS MEMBERS 


Many of the J ewish members of the J BS were not known to be practicing J ews nor were they involved in the 
Jewish community or in Jewish fraternal organizations. Robert Welch gave his explanation in private 
correspondence dated April 4, 1962 to Verne Kaub: 


“Actually, and | am sorry to say, we do not have too many J ews in the J BS. This is partly because a smaller 
percentage of the Jewish people in America as a whole are true conservatives, than of the total 
population. But it is even more because of the greater pressures and dirtier pressures, which are put on 
them, against standing up for what they believe...But when you get into the Zionist picture, | repeat that 
you cannot think any less of the whole government of Israel or of the whole Zionist conspiracy than | do; 
except that | think its relative importance in the total importance in the whole picture has greatly 
decreased over the past three decades.” 


The following comments by J BS officials help to explain why so many J ews recoiled in horror from the 
J) BS - and why they believed it was an anti-semitic organization: 


Robert Welch in the November 1965 J BS Bulletin. 


“Let’s suppose you happen to believe, for instance, that the Anti-Defamation League, always under the 
guise of protecting the J ews from anti-Semitism - and certainly with that intention on the part of many 
of its leaders - has actually done more to cause and promote anti-Semitism than any other group or force 
in America. Suppose you go even further - as do some of my J ewish friends - and believe that the ADL 
was originally designed by Communists for that very purpose...then why on earth help them, and the 
Communists behind them, to carry out this nefarious scheme, by yourself reacting in exactly the way the 
Communists have planned and wanted?” 


Thomas J. Davis, Eastern Regional Manager of Public Relations for the | BS (White Plains, NY), gave a speech 
at Wesleyan Methodist Church in San Antonio TX on 08/ 09/ 66 entitled “The J ewish Community and the J ohn 
Birch Society”. 


According to Davis, the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith was guilty of promoting bigotry and anti- 
semitism for profit. Quoting Davis: 


“The Anti-Defamation League is a ‘Gestapo-type’ organization that operates a vast intelligence network 
in the U.S. for the purpose of smearing anyone who dares oppose its philosophies and goals.” 


“The ADL’s methods are aimed not only at the J ohn Birch Society, but also are alien to the system under 
which the American people live. It seeks to destroy all anti-Communist and patriotic effort, together 
with the free institutions of our society and government.” 


“The ADL is a ‘Himmler’ agency; it spies on other Americans and compiles information with which to 
attack them, if they don’t happen to agree with the ADL.” 


According to Davis: 


“The Anti-Defamation League is guilty of professionally promoting bigotry, hatred, and anti-Semitism for 
profit.” [Houston TX Post, 8/9/66, “Bircher Says J ewish Group Spreads Hate”; FBl-Houston 62-1521, serial 
#126 and San Antonio TX Express, 8/10/66, p12-A, “Bircher Scores J ewish League”; FBI-San Antonio 100- 
9455, serial #138; Similar accusations made by Davis during his Houston speech as reported in 8/ 8/ 66 Houston 
TX Chronicle; FBl-Houston 62-1521, serial #125]. 


Robert Welch: 

"In our opinion, for instance -- and we might add, in the opinion of many of the best informed and most 
courageous J ews themselves -- the so-called Anti-Defamation League, which ostensibly was founded to 
prevent or diminish anti-Semitism, has actually done more over the past few decades to promote anti- 
Semitism than all of the Gerald L.K. Smiths and Richard Cottens put together. For the ADL's power and 
prosperity as an organization has depended on an increase rather than a decrease of anti-) ewish feelings. 
And in subtly provoking this increase, they have, of course, mightily helped the Communists which has 
certainly been the purpose of some of those involved." and 


"For many years, the Communists, using the ADL as a front, tried by extremely intensive and expensive 
propaganda to have the American people simply take for granted that the J BS was a racist and anti- 
Semitic organization." [Robert Welch, J BS Bulletin, May 1993 - "If You Want It Straight" which reprints a 
speech made by Welch in 1969. "Promote" italicized in original document for emphasis. ] 


In addition, the Birch Society hired anti-semites as paid speakers (such as Eric Dudley Butler) and it 
recommended and sold books by anti-semitic authors (such as the British fascist essayist, Nesta B. Webster). 


BY CONTRAST 


FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover served as a member of ADL’s 50* Anniversary Honorary Committee on 
J anuary 31, 1963 


Page 257 of Hoover’s 1958 book Masters of Deceit: 


“Some of the most effective opposition to communism in the United States has come from J ewish 
organizations such as B’nai B’rith, the American J) ewish Committee, the Anti-Defamation League, and a 
host of other J ewish groups.” 


. Edgar Hoover on ADL to all FBI Field offices [1/17/68 FBI HQ airtel to FBI field offices] 





“The Anti-Defamation League, 315 Lexington Avenue, New York City, maintains regional offices 
throughout the United States. As you know, this organization, like the Bureau, is opposed to groups and 
individuals espousing bigotry, prejudice and extremism. It seeks to bring the true facts concerning such 
groups and individuals to light.” 


J. Edgar Hoover reply to an inquiry about the ADL contains the following notation on the Bureau file copy: 


“There is no indication that the ADL of B'nai B'rith is other than a legitimate J ewish fraternal order.” [FBI- 
HQ 105-9621, serial #476 dated 6/ 17/ 60. ] 


(2) J] BS MEMBER, REV. DELMAR DENNIS, FBI INFORMANT INSIDE THE KU KLUX KLAN 


As often is the case with the Birch Society, J BS defenders like Communications Director Paul Druga, artfully 
select only certain isolated superficially positive data about the |] BS as a means of presenting their self- 
congratulatory arguments but they deliberately OMIT all the unpleasant but more relevant details - because 
they are NOT helpful for their narrative. 


FBI documents make it clear that Rev. Delmar Dennis was was an adherent of the prevailing racist values of 
white Mississippians during the 1950's and 1960's. These are the folks that elected and re-elected U.S. Senator 
J ames Eastland, a life-long white supremacist who sought and received KKK support for his political campaigns. 
These are the same folks who repeatedly elected racist bigots as Governors such as Ross Barnett of Mississippi. 


In March 1964, (many months before he became an FBI informant) Dennis became the 32" member of a 
Meridian, Mississippi Ku Klux Klan chapter and in April he became Chaplain, of Unit 1, of the Lauderdale MS 
Ku Klux Klan Klavern. Prior to actual membership he attended KKK meetings. He was also a] BS member at 
this time. 


Before becoming an FBI informant, he also was a member of the racist group, Americans for the Preservation 
of the White Race. In 1964, Dennis wrote a pro-segregation pamphlet entitled “The Unconquerable Land”. 
He also was Chairman of the White Citizens Council chapter in Lauderdale County MS as well as Chairman of 
the Public Affairs Committee of the White Citizens Council chapter in Meridian MS. 


In J uly 1965, Dennis accepted the position of Exalted Cyclops in his local United Klans of America chapter. 


In November 1965, Dennis attempted to organize a new pro-segregation group in his community, called the 
Patrick Henry Society. 


Dennis also served on the Board of Directors of the White Christian Protective and Legal Defense Fund which 
was a Klan front group that was used to raise funds for the defense of Klan members who had murdered civil 
rights workers. 


The FBI Special Agent in Charge of the J ackson MS field office wrote in a summary memo about Delmar Dennis 
that he was “widely known in rural Mississippi as an ardent segregationist...He founded the First Southern 
Methodist Church in Mississippi, which church was founded for the sole intent of maintaining racial 
segregation." [FBI-HQ 170-249, serial #1, page 2; 11/9/64 SAC J ackson MS to J. Edgar Hoover. ] 


Rev. Dennis told his FBI case agent that: “...1 have learned that the Klan uses meetings of the J ohn Birch 
Society, Masons, and Americans for the Preservation of the White Race to solicit members for the Klan. 
The Auxiliary Police in Neshoba County is a front for Kian membership in Neshoba County.” [FBI-) ackson 
197-17905-5 (Byron de la Beckwith file), no serial number, Sub-A file, section 1, 11/7/64 Dennis report]. 


After he surfaced as an FBI informant against the Klan in Mississippi, Dennis told the Special Agent in Charge 
of the J ackson MS FBI field office that there were “numerous resignations by other members” of the J ohn 


Birch Society in the Meridian MS area because they were Klan sympathizers! [Note: the ] BS Coordinator for 
Mississippi at this time (J .Vernon Pace) confirmed this to the FBI. ] 


Dennis declared during one post-FBI newspaper interview: 


“Iam doing nothing now but am going on a speaking tour with the (J BS) American Opinion Speakers 
Bureau. | will be telling Americans everywhere the truth about what goes on inside the klan...] am 
definitely a segregationist and | also believe in obeying the laws of the land.” [Carthage MS Carthaginian, 
12/14/67, p1]. 


What the J BS is very careful not to report is that Rev. Dennis was never opposed to Klan ideology about the 
moral and intellectual inferiority of African Americans. His objection to the Klan was not to its racism but 
solely to its violent and criminal activities (because of his religious convictions). Nevertheless, Dennis was 
hired by the J BS as a Coordinator and as a paid speaker on the J BS lecture circuit. 





The FBI recognized the danger which the J BS and its anti-civil-rights front group (TACT) represented. In one 
document, the FBI predicted that “Dennis, by virtue of his work in behalf of the Bureau, will continue to 
be tempted by organizations such as the J ohn Birch Society who will want to selfishly exploit him”. [FBI- 
Jackson 197-17905-5 (Byron de la Beckwith file), no serial number, 01/16/68 Special Agent in Charge FBI- 
J ackson field office to]. Edgar Hoover. ] 


The FBI fear re: J BS exploitation of Dennis became real when Dennis started working for the J BS as a paid 
speaker for its anti-civil-rights-movement front-group TACT (Truth About Civil Turmoil). Dennis sent the 
Bureau a copy of a J BS flyer advertising his speech entitled “I Was In The KKK for the FBI”. 


The flyer quotes Dennis stating that: 


“The Ku Klux Klan has become an important tool of Communist agitators who want to bring a race war to 
America. | know this from personal experience.” 

[NOTE: There is not a single reference to this in any of the dozens of oral and written reports he submitted 
to the Bureau over a period of 3 % years! Dennis never associated the Klan with “Communist agitators” until 
after he became a paid employee of the J BS so that his public statements would conform with J BS ideology. ] 





A similar situation occurred with respect to African American FBI informants inside the CPUSA who 
subsequently became paid J BS speakers (Julia C. Brown and Lola Belle Holmes). They contradicted their 
sworn public testimony and their numerous oral and written reports to their FBI case agents so that their J BS 
speeches would conform to J BS ideology. 


The FBI's evaluation of Lola Belle Holmes after she became a paid speaker for the J BS: 


"After she was discontinued as an informant, she displayed signs of emotional instability and it was 
necessary to admonish her to cease making false statements which were embarrassing to the Bureau." 
[FBI HQ file 134-4473; 10/3/66 "Office of the Director" note]. 


AND 


“It has on previous occasions been necessary to admonish Holmes not to make untruthful statements in 
which she involved her association with the FBI." [] . Edgar Hoover memo to FBI-Boston field office on J uly 
23, 1969]. 


The late William H. Mcllhany was a JBS member who wrote a book (Klandestine) about Rev. Dennis's 
experiences in the Klan. Mclilhany wrote the following email to me in April 2006 about the J ohn Birch Society 
magazine, American Opinion: 


"| was disappointed that editor Scott Stanley NEVER reviewed Klandestine in American Opinion. He also 
published an article in AO praising Elmore Greaves, who ran the KKK-fundraising front | described in 
Klandestine, the so-called White Christian Protective and Legal Defense Fund. When I asked Scott about 
this, he said, 'You can fight the klan if you want. I'll fight the Communists.’ Which indicated he had not 
read my book. 


"Medford Evans, father of M. Stanton Evans, wrote many articles and book reviews in AO, many of which 
were excuses for essays he wanted to write rather than real book reviews. He had expertise about Soviet 
theft of the atomic bomb. But he was also heading up the White Citizens Councils in Mississippi, which | 
thought was rather embarrassing. | visited him when I lectured in J ackson, Mississippi, in the early 70s. 
It was clear that he did not like what Delmar did. The Mississippi J BS coordinator at that time also said 
that some J BS members did not like what Dennis did. | always made a point of telling the truth on these 
matters whenever I had a chance. Bill” [4/5/06 email from William H. Mcllhany] 


NOTE: Medford Evans was a] BS Coordinator in Louisiana and Texas. He was also a regular contributor to the 
J BS magazine American Opinion. In addition, he was the Editor of the national magazine of the segregationist 
Citizens Council movement, and he was described by the FBI as a “strong supporter of segregation” [FBI- 
New Orleans 105-1499, serial #2 which is SAC New Orleans memo to]. Edgar Hoover, 2/9/60, page 2] 





(3) THE J BS EXPELLED RACIAL AND RELIGIOUS BIGOTS 


Well, yes and no. 
The J BS expelled racists when they said or did something which might publicly embarrass the Birch Society. 


However, the | BS always welcomed and often invited racists into its ranks which is why (for example) at least 
4 of the original J BS National Council members were life-long segregationists (T. Coleman Andrews Sr., A.G. 
Heinsohn J r., Dr. Thomas Parker and Thomas]. Anderson). 


e Parker, was President of his local white supremacist Greenville SC Citizens Council. 

e T. Coleman Andrews Sr. ran as the States Rights Party candidate for President in 1956. The Party 
motto at that time was “Segregation Forever”. Robert Welch left the GOP in 1956 to campaign and 
vote for Andrews. Andrews and his son formed a segregationist organization in Richmond VA called the 
Patrick Henry Group. 

e |n 1955, Heinsohn was on the Advisory Committee of the pro-segregation organization, Federation for 
Constitutional Government. The FCG was organized to coordinate its anti-integration efforts with such 
organizations as the White Citizens’ Councils in southern states. In 1958, the same year that the J BS 
was formed, Heinsohn became State Chairman of a new pro-segregation group known as “Tennessee 
Independents” with headquarters in Memphis. 

e Anderson wrote a pro-slavery article for “The Councilor” entitled “Tom Anderson Says Blacks Should 
Be Grateful to Whites”, The Councilor, 7/21/72, page 1]. The Councilor was the official publication 
of the racist Citizens Council of Louisiana. Ned Touchstone was its Editor. Touchstone was described 
by the FBI as a KKK member and as a “rabid segregationist” [FBI-HQ 105-44536, serial #37 dated 
7/27/66]. In 1976, Robert Welch voted for Anderson for President when he ran on the American Party 
ticket. 


IN ADDITION; Many J BS members came from the White Citizens Councils movement. In fact, several prominent 
Citizens Council officials were | BS Coordinators or members -- including, for example, Medford Evans (a J BS 
Coordinator who also was editor of the Citizens Council magazine), William J. Simmons (Executive Director of 
the Citizens Councils of America), and Louis Hollis (Executive Director, Jackson MS chapter of the White 
Citizens Council and Secretary of Citizens Council Forum.) Many White Citizens Councils chapters and KKK 
members purchased and showed J BS anti-civil rights filmstrips or distributed J BS literature at their events. 


There are HUNDREDS of examples of racial and religious bigots attaching themselves to the | BS and some even 
became paid speakers and writers for the J BS. 


For details see the detailed Chronology which appears on pages 24-119 of the PDF copy of the following Report 
(“Racism and the J ohn Birch Society”) at bottom of the following webpage. Most of the documentation in 
that Report is based upon data appearing in FBI investigative files: 


https://sites. google.com/site/aboutxr/home/jbs-racism3 


(4) THE CALIFORNIA SENATE REPORT 


For many decades, Birchers like Alex Newman and Paul Druga have suggested that readers review the 1963 
Report of the California Senate Factfinding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities because (Birchers claim) 
the Report “exonerated” the J BS from accusations that it was a racist, or anti-semitic, or fascist organization. 


| wrote a very detailed analysis and rebuttal to J BS assertions regarding what is contained in that California 
Report...out rather than re-type it all here, please see: https:// sites. google.com/ site/ aboutxr/ home; j bs- 
racism3/jbs-newman-2 


Significantly, the Birch Society never informed its readers about what the same Subcommittee reported about 
the J] BS in the next edition of its Report in 1965. 


Nor did the J BS ever inform its readers about the pejorative comments about the J BS which were made by 
the Subcommittee Chairman (Hugh M. Burns) or by its Chief Counsel (Richard E. Combs). Combs wrote the 
California Senate Report. The link above includes that material. This is another example of how the J BS 
carefully omits inconvenient evidence if it tends to undermine the conclusions which the J BS wants 
readers to believe. 





Debating a J ohn Birch Society (J BS) member or sympathizer can be very difficult because, to inflate their 
credentials as an organization relying upon carefully documented and factual material, the J BS often cites as 
"experts" persons who testified, under oath, before state or national legislative committees as well as persons 
who had some connection to the FBI (either as former Special Agents or as security informants) or persons 
who were informants for local police departments. 


Some of these folks became J BS members, endorsers, speakers, or authors and they lent an aura of authority 
and special "inside knowledge" to J BS assertions. 

Since the Birch Society purports to be an "educational" organization and "an army fighting with facts", "whose 
only weapon is the truth" it seems appropriate to consider new data, available for the first time, which 
originates from sources that, heretofore, even the Birch Society accepted as knowledgeable, authoritative, 
and reliable---such as the FBI during J. Edgar Hoover's tenure. 


FBI INFORMANTS, SPECIAL AGENTS, and THE BIRCH SOCIETY 

The FBI had very negative evaluations about the post-FBI endeavors of its former security informants or Special 
Agents or Police Department informants who subsequently attached themselves to the |] BS as members, 
endorsers, speakers, or authors. Examples include: Dan Smoot, W. Cleon Skousen, Julia Brown, David 
Gumaer, Gerald W. Kirk, Matt Cvetic, and Karl Prussion. 


In an FBI memo dated J anuary 21, 1964, the Bureau proclaimed that... 


"As a matter of fact, the Bureau will not approve any individual for development as a confidential 
informant if he is a member of the J ohn Birch Society." [HQ 62-104401, serial #2027,1/ 21/64 memo to Mr. 
Callahan from (nameredacted)]. 


The memo also points out that “No information is available to indicate membership of any Bureau employee 
in the J BS.” This was based upon employee submission of annual “Personnel Status Forms” which required 
them to list organizations to which they belonged. 


It is also clear from Bureau internal memos that a JBS member would not be considered desirable as a 
prospective FBI employee. Wire service reports in December 1966 quoted Hoover as stating no J BS members 
were employed by the Bureau. A Birch Society member wrote to Hoover to challenge "the veracity of that 
statement" and he questioned why |] BS membership would even be a concern. Hoover's 12/ 22/66 reply re- 
iterated that "no Special Agents of the FBI are members of the J ohn Birch Society." 


Many Birchers conflated FBI informants with FBI Special Agents and they assumed there was no qualitative 
difference between the two categories and this mistaken judgment often continues today. 


Informants supply raw_information. Raw information can be fragmentary, ambiguous, contradictory, 
exaggerated, deceptive or false -- which is why it has to be analyzed, evaluated, interpreted, weighed, and 
compared to other data including data from other informants. 


Nevertheless, many "FBI informants" subsequently became paid speakers and earned a lucrative living from 
claiming special expertise that they did not actually possess or expertise which was limited in time, place, 
and scope. 


The FBI frequently used the description “professional anti-Communists" to characterize persons and 
organizations whom exploited the genuine concerns of ordinary citizens about Communism primarily to 
generate income for themselves but (from the Bureau's perspective) without much regard for the accuracy of 
information they disseminated. 


The FBI's list of such persons and organizations included the following who were associated with, endorsers 
of, or who were recommended by, the J BS: 


Billy J ames Hargis (Christian Crusade), Edgar Bundy (Church League of America), Fred Schwarz (Christian Anti- 
Communism Crusade), Dan Smoot (former FBI Special Agent and later publisher of Dan Smoot Report) and Karl 
Prussion (former FBI security informant.) 


As reports came into the Bureau of statements made by former FBI security informants or Special Agents (such 
as Dan Smoot, W. Cleon Skousen, J ulia Brown, Karl Prussion, and Gerald Kirk)---it became apparent that these 
folks were presenting their PERSONAL opinions which were not supported by data in FBI files or from FBI 
investigations and thus contradicted conclusions reached by the Bureau from its investigations. 


During a February 1967 appearance before the House Appropriations Committee, |. Edgar Hoover was asked 
if he approved of former FBI security informants speaking under the auspices of "extremist groups" such as 
the J BS-front group TACT (Truth About Civil Turmoil). 

Hoover accepted the premise that TACT was an extremist group and he then said: 

‘It is an improper attempt to capitalize on the name of the FBI." 

Congressman Andrews then asked: 

“In other words, this certainly does not indicate what it would to the average American, that the ‘ex-FBl 


undercover agents’ are so frustrated in their work in the Agency that they leave and sign-up with 
extremist organizations in order to try to protect America.” 


Hoover replied: “Nor does it indicate | in any way condone the use of the name ‘ex-FBl-undercover agent’ 
in such endeavors.“ [HQ 62-104401, serial #3135, 5/31/67]. 


Hoover objected to former informants seeking to inflate their credentials to persuade audiences that they 
had some sort of special expertise when, in reality, they simply provided raw information, of varying quality, 
to the Bureau. 


J BS National Public Relations Director Reed Benson wrote to Hoover on 11/ 30/ 67 to ask Hoover to clarify his 
objection. Benson mentioned that JBS publicity releases on J BS speakers included descriptions of their 
association with the FBI. Examples: Julia Brown was described as former "FBI Undercover Agent" and Lola 
Belle Holmes and Ruth Gordienko were described as "an FBI undercover operative". 


Hoover's terse reply to Benson was that "it is improper for individuals who have voluntarily furnished 
information to the FBI on a confidential basis, for which they may or may not have been compensated, 
to capitalize on the name and reputation of this Bureau." [HQ 62-104401, serial #3215; 11/30/67 Reed 
Benson letter and 12/5/67 Hoover reply. ] 


Many FBI memos make clear that former FBI informants would often speak on matters about which they had 
no knowledge OR where their knowledge was limited to a specific place or time frame. But organizations such 
as the J BS rarely bothered to determine what, exactly, such persons did or did not know i.e. the extent or 
limits of their expertise. 


DAN SMOOT, a former FBI Special Agent, is a unique star in the Birch Society stable of "experts". However, 
from the Bureau's perspective, Smoot's post-FBI endeavors wrongly sought to capitalize upon his relatively 
brief FBI career. The Bureau thought Smoot was in the habit of making “unfactual and inaccurate 
statements...concerning national and international problems." 


A detailed 20-page report about Smoot may be seen here: 
https://sites. google.com/site/ernie124102/smoot 


In early 1964, the Bureau sent Dr. Harry Overstreet material to assist him and his wife with their forthcoming 
book entitled "The Strange Tactics of Extremism." One chapter of the book discussed Dan Smoot. When 
the Overstreets furnished advance excerpts of the book to the Bureau in the summer of 1964, the Bureau's 
Domestic Intelligence Division reviewed the highly critical excerpts and concluded: 


"The material from the Bureau’s point of view appears to be satisfactory...The material has been 
reviewed and checked previously by the Domestic Intelligence Division. From our point of view there 
does not appear to be anything objectionable." 


FBI Assistant Director C.D. DeLoach handwrote the following observation on the review memo about the 
Overstreet's chapter on Dan Smoot: "I'm glad they're doing this. It's about time someone called his hand." [HQ 
62-1-2576, unrecorded, 7/ 23/64 memo from M.A. J ones to Mr. DeLoach] 


According to Bureau memos, shortly before his retirement Smoot was the subject of disciplinary action. One 
memo has the following summary: 


"Howard D. Smoot was employed with the Bureau as an Agent from March 23, 1942 toJ une 15, 1951. 
Shortly before Smoot's resignation, he was censured, placed on probation, and transferred due to several 
unfounded charges against his SAC [Special Agent in Charge of a Field Office]. His attitude before and after 
resignation was extremely antagonistic, and he was not recommended for re-instatement." [HQ 62- 
102576, unrecorded, 8/30/61 memo from N.P. Callahan to The Director; also see HQ 62-102576, serial 
#1, 9/ 13/55] 


With respect to Smoot's knowledge of communism and communist activities, it isn't clear how much FBI 
experience Smoot actually had. Smoot's 1993 autobiography states that he was assigned to the "communist 
squad" in Cleveland for 3 years but speaking engagements and training "took up much of my time during the 


remaining months of my tenure in the Cleveland office (and) gave me considerable relief from Communist 
duty..." [Dan Smoot: People Along The Way, Tyler Press, 1993, page 162]. 


From Cleveland, Smoot transferred to Bureau HQ in Washington DC and became a desk supervisor for CIA 
applicants which he described as "doing clerks work on Agents salaries". [Ibid, page 166. ] 


Subsequently he was transferred to the Bureau's Crime Records Section "where I served as a ghost writer of 
magazine articles, newspaper guest columns, prefaces, patriotic endorsements and speeches for J . Edgar 
Hoover." [Ibid, page 169]. Then he transferred back to Dallas for 31 months concentrating on "police schools 
and special assignments" but he worked on only 2 cases---neither of which was assigned to him. Shortly 
thereafter he resigned. [Ibid, page 177]. 


In May 1962, |]. Edgar Hoover responded to an inquiry about Smoot's FBI background by stating: 


"| welcome this opportunity to make it perfectly clear that former Special Agents of the FBI are not 
necessarily experts on communism. Some of them have sought to capitalize on their former employment 
with this Bureau for the purpose of establishing themselves as such authorities. | am firmly convinced 
there are too many self-styled experts on communism, without valid credentials and without any access 
whatsoever to classified, factual data, who are engaging in rumor mongering and hurling false and wholly 
unsubstantiated allegations against people whose views differ from their own. Such activity makes more 
difficult the task of the professional investigator." [HQ 62-102576, serial #107, May 23, 1962 Hoover reply 
to incoming inquiry about Smoot] 


In 1994 | wrote to Mr. Smoot to inquire about several matters, including the circumstances of his resignation 
from the FBI. His reply does not correspond to the data contained in his FBI personnel file. 


For example: Smoot denied that he had ever been subject to disciplinary action at the end of his service, and 
he denied being placed on probation. However, his personnel file shows that he initialed a performance 
evaluation which explicitly mentions the disciplinary action and his probationary status. In addition, |. Edgar 
Hoover's letter of censure was mailed to him at the FBI Dallas office. 


Mr. Smoot refused to reply to my inquiry concerning whether or not he had access to (and saw) FBI HQ summary 
memos, reports, or monographs concerning the "Communist Party and the Negro". Like the Birch Society, 
Smoot claimed the civil rights movement was Communist created and controlled and served only Communist 
purposes—but the Bureau's internal reports do not reflect such conclusions--so, again, this seems to be merely 
his personal speculation which is not substantiated by Bureau investigations and informant reports. 


W. CLEON SKOUSEN: A November 1965 FBI memo discusses a J BS advertisement which lists several persons, 
including Skousen, who endorsed the J BS. Skousen, a former FBI Special Agent, is described in the FBI memo 
as someone "who has exploited his former Bureau career for personal gain."[HQ 62-104401- 
unrecorded, 11/ 16/ 65 memo from name-deleted to W.C. Sullivan]. 


Another source of Bureau irritation about Skousen was biographical material he distributed in which he 
described himself as a “top aide” to Hoover or as an "Administrative Assistant to J]. Edgar Hoover." He 
was neither. 


In October 1961, the Bureau sent out replies to several inquiries about Skousen and stated that "there is no 
position in the FBI entitled Administrative Assistant to J. Edgar Hoover". [FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial 
#1448, 10/ 4/61 Hoover reply to inquiry]. (Former FBI Special Agent Dan Smoot also used this title in his 
biographical sketches.) Some Skousen admirers described him as "third in the chain of command" within the 
FBI which is also false. 


Birch Society "experts" often could not get simple data about themselves correct. See Karl Prussion, David 
Gumaer, and J ulia Brown below for more examples. 


See the following 50-page report (revised 2018) for a detailed discussion of Cleon Skousen’s FBI career and 
the mythology about it: https://sites. google.com/site/ernie124102/skousen 


An October 1964 FBI internal memo discusses whether or not the Bureau should acknowledge receipt of an 
article written by Skousen about J. Edgar Hoover which was published in the September 1964 issue of the 
Birch Society magazine, American Opinion: 


"The activities of Skousen are well known to the Bureau...In recent years he has been aligned closely with 
the extreme right-wing such as the J ohn Birch Society and has been characterized as an ‘unprincipled 
racketeer in anticommunism' who is 'money-mad' and who is doing everything and anything to exploit 
the subject of anticommunism. Bureau files reveal Skousen has always been a strong supporter of the 
Bureau and the Director; however, he has not hesitated to trade on his former association with the Bureau 
in order to achieve stature as a writer and lecturer on anticommunism. In view of this, it is not felt we 
should acknowledge his favorable comments about Mr. Hoover." [HQ 62-104401-2280, 10/ 8/64 memo from 
M.A. J ones to C. DeLoach. ] 


Almost all of Skousen’s performance evaluations while in the FBI rate him as "excellent" and, at one time, he 
was discussed by senior FBI officials as someone who might be considered for promotion to Assistant Special 
Agent in Charge of a field office. 


However, from the time he entered the FBI (as a clerk and messenger in 1935) through his retirement in 1951 
most of his assignments were primarily administrative and educational but not investigative! 


Skousen served as a Supervisor in the Communication Section (training new employees, writing manuals for 
switchboard operators, etc.) He also was responsible for the teletype section plus he edited two internal FBI 
employee publications. 


As late as 1944 there is a memo by J. Edgar Hoover chastising Skousen for problems in the Mail Review and 
Dispatch Unit which was under Skousen's supervision. 


While assigned to the Crime Records Section at FBI HQ, Skousen was a speaker before various community 
groups where he discussed FBI jurisdiction, crime-fighting techniques, juvenile delinquency matters and he 
conducted tours of FBI HQ for VIP's. He also spent considerable time preparing and presenting material for 
police training schools. However, most of his performance evaluations discuss his NON-investigative 
assignments and responsibilities. 


The investigative experience shown in his file was limited to a brief period in April 1944 when he worked 
temporarily in the Washington DC field office and dealt with "white slave traffic", "impersonation", "theft of 
government property" and "bank robbery" cases. 


In April 1945, Skousen transferred from Washington DC to the FBI’s Los Angeles field office for health reasons 
(stomach ulcers). His duties in Los Angeles were described as primarily liaison with local police departments, 
selective service investigations, juvenile delinquency-related matters, and assignment “to a special squad 
dealing with black market activities.” 


KARL PRUSSION 


Karl Prussion claimed to have been lured into the CPUSA in 1933 by his professors at Wayne State University 
in Michigan. 


However, when the FBI interviewed Prussion in February 1942, in Michigan, he denied ever being a Communist 
Party member, but he did acknowledge fomenting strikes and unrest at auto plants in Michigan. 


Then, in 1949, Prussion told San Francisco FBI agents that he had been a Communist Party member during 
1942. 


Then, in J une 1964, Prussion contacted the FBI in Los Angeles. He stated that he was an active member of the 
Communist Party from 1933-1938. 


In his publications and during his speeches around the country, Prussion claimed to have been a CPUSA member 
for “26 years” --- but “for 12 years” of that time he claimed to have been an “FBI counterspy” - which, by 
subtraction, leaves 14 years when he supposedly was a CPUSA member by his own choice --- versus his claim 
to the FBI in 1964 that he only was a member from 1933-1938 (5 years). 


In February 1959, Prussion appeared disguised as “Mister X” on the Tom Duggan TV program (KCOP-TV, 
Channel 13, Los Angeles). During his interview, Prussion made the following observations about the Communist 
Party [CP] in California. 


“| would say that the 2000 members of the CP in California are members who attend Party meetings, that 
is, they belong to clubs; they are people who work in an organized manner. However, there are many 
more than 2000 members throughout the State of California - | would say four times or five times as many 
- who are what they call individual Communists who are using their knowledge of Communist methods 
and techniques, Communist strategy, who work strictly on their own, and they figure their own methods 
of operation within many organizations which they try to get to work for the best interests of the CP and 
the Soviet Union.” [Transcript of Tom Duggan interview of Karl Prussion (“Mr. X”) on 2/26/59, page 3.] 


Thus, in total, Prussion claimed that there were between 10,000-12,000 Communists and Communist 
sympathizers living in California in early 1959. 


Prussion’s speculation regarding the number of Communists in California and nationwide dramatically changed 
depending upon which audience he spoke to. 


A brief recap: 


2/ 26/59 = According to Prussion, 2000 CPUSA members in California plus 4-5 times as many sympathizers who 
advanced the interests of the CPUSA. 


10/ 23/ 62 =During a speech at a Rossmoor, CA school, Prussion said "there are 36,000 hard core Communists 
in the United States, half of them in California." [Long Beach CA Independent, 12/24/62, p1B: "Counterspy 
Raps Mosk Statements". So, according to Prussion, the number of “Communists” in California increased 
900% from 1959 to 1962! 


11/14/ 63 =Prussion said there were 45,000 Communists in the U.S. during a speech to the South Bay Club of 
Federated Republican Women in Redondo Beach CA. [South Bay Daily Breeze, Redondo Beach CA, 11/ 15/ 63, 
page 19, "Reds Pose Big Internal Danger"] 


Unlike Prussion, the FBI had access to CPUSA membership statistics because of two very highly placed moles 
inside the CPUSA with access to CPUSA headquarters documents in New York City (Morris and J ack Childs). 


The FBI also had copies of CPUSA mailing lists, their dues payments records, and other pertinent primary 
source documents. 


1959: 


Prussion = 2000 CP members in California plus about 8,000-10,000 more sympathizers working to advance 
CPUSA interests, for a total of 10,000-12,000 in California. 


FBI = According to the FBI Security Index, the correct total number of Communists and Communist 
sympathizers in California (combining the stats of the 4 FBI field offices covering the State), was 3300. [HQ 
100- 358086, serial #2603, Security Index stats from 4/ 12/59 Report]. 


Put in a different context, Prussion’s estimate of 10,000-12,000 in California alone, actually approximates the 
correct total for the entire country according to the FBI Security Index Monthly Report for February 1959. The 
national total was 11,107! [HQ 100-358086, serial #2585, 2/20/59]. 


The correct total number of CPUSA members in California, as of 9/30/59, was 1143 (411 in Northern 
California, and 732 in southern California) according to semi-annual membership statistical report by FBI. The 
total membership in the United States as of 9/30/59 was 5766. [FBI-NYC 100-80638, serial #1654, 9/30/59 
summary chart of CPUSA membership by state, by Communist Party District, and by FBI field divisions. ] 








1962: 
Prussion = 36,000 hardcore Communists in the United States and 18,000 in California alone. 
FBI = 5164 inthe U.S. and 989 in California - See FBI chart below [New York file 100-80638, serial #1933, 


page 1, 3/31/62 summary of CPUSA membership by state, by FBI field division, and by Communist Party 
districts. ] 














. o 
-mya km : 
carter RES LE es | 
= $ Ses ery ue 
& if ifs 
urag a Eae = 
E lE {zs 
tis = ei 
Perici} 
Bie Y Bia d Sim a | 
dia d pe mme E| 
EE { Ere T Rir i 
Be if 4 Ee 4 | 
m Ibe 4 =~ | 
= = 4q 
1963: 


Prussion = 45,000 CP members in the United States. 


FBI =The reality, according to the FBI, is that there were about 4453 CP members in the U.S. as of August 
1963. 


NOTE: In September 1966, |. Edgar Hoover sent a memo to Associate Director Clyde Tolson regarding the Los 
Angeles field office. In his memo, Hoover mentioned that there were 545 CPUSA members in the territory 
covered by the FBI's Los Angeles field office as of May 1966. The Los Angeles office had the second-largest 
CPUSA membership in the country (after New York). [FBI-HQ 67-188613, serial #457; Hoover to Tolson, 
9/ 16/ 66] 


KARL PRUSSION and the BIRCH SOCIETY 


In a September 1962 interview, Karl Prussion answered questions concerning his evaluation of Robert Welch 
and the Birch Society: 


“| have spoken at many of their chapter meetings” and “I have great respect for Mr. Welch” and “Well, 
as I say, | think the man is building an organization which is a credit to the United States and really, Tom, 
I think if it weren’t for such organizations, the United States would be in a much more critical condition 
today than it is.” [Transcript of 9/10/62 Tom Duggan interview of Prussion, Channel 11, KTTV—Los Angeles, 
pages 10 and 15] 


In a 1965 Racine WI speech sponsored by Racine Patriots, Prussion said ] BS “has my respect, and I’m grateful 
to them as the type of conservative organization that can develop in America and save our 


country.” [Racine Journal Times, 5/11/65, “Ex-Communist Assails Reuther As Greatest Problem For 
U.S." ] 


In December 1959, J ohn Birch Society founder, Robert Welch, wrote to}. Edgar Hoover about the background 
of Karl Prussion because Welch was considering hiring Prussion. 


Welch stated that Prussion told him (Welch) that he worked as an informant for the FBI for 12 years. In a 
9/ 28/ 63 affidavit that Prussion signed "under oath and penalty of perjury", Prussion claimed he was an "FBI 
counterspy" for 12 years beginning in 1947 and ending in 1960. 


By contrast, J. Edgar Hoover's reply to Robert Welch stated that Prussion was an informant for less than 9 
years (November 1949 to J uly 1958). [FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial #27, 12/1/59 letter from Welch to Hoover and 
12/8/59 Hoover reply]. 


A February 1959 message to J]. Edgar Hoover from the Special-Agent-In-Charge of the FBI's San Francisco Field 
Office summarized their judgment about Prussion: 


"The Agent handling this informant has noted that Prussion does not have a good memory for names, 
dates and places and it is his opinion that Prussion would not be inclined to make an effective witness 
because of this feeling." [FBI-HQ 61-9152, serial #73, 2/10/59 from SAC San Francisco to J. Edgar Hoover] 


In a 33-page Prussion publication in 1962 entitled "California Dynasty of Communism", the foreword by 
George Racey J ordan declared that: 


“, Karl Prussion secured permission to leave the service of the Bureau in order to carry his story to the 
public.” 








The reality is starkly different. 


Prussion never requested or secured permission from the FBI “to carry his story to the public”. Instead, in 
J uly 1958, Prussion was abruptly terminated as an informant by the FBI because he publicly disclosed his status 
to a newspaper reporter, even though he promised, in writing, never to do so without prior Bureau 
approval. [His 3/10/53 non-disclosure affidavit appears below]. 





Prussion was frequently described by the FBI as “a professional anti-communist". His entire income depended 
upon his ability to entice audiences to pay to attend his speeches around the country and then subscribe to 
his self-published newsletter, Heads Up. 


In another blow to his credibility, a January 1964 California Appeals Court decision discussed Prussion's 
testimony in a case where he appeared as an "expert witness". 


See: RITA J UDD MACK et al., Plaintiffs and Appellants, v. THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION, Defendant and 
Respondent. Court of Appeals of California, First District, Division Two, Docket No. 20828, J anuary 28, 1964. 


“The board now agrees with petitioners that ‘the witness Karl Prussion is an unreliable witness and that 
his testimony be eliminated from consideration by the court in deciding this case.’ " 


Prussion attempted suicide in December 1965, claiming that he was a target for assassination by Communists. 
Local psychiatrists diagnosed Prussion as mentally ill and subject to paranoia. [Sacramento FBI file 157-1993, 
serial #2, 6/3/71]. 


MATT CVETIC was an endorser of the J BS. His book, The Big Lie, was recommended by the J BS. Cvetic was a 
chronic alcoholic who was dropped as an informant by the Bureau for various indiscretions. While initially 
useful in several court cases, Cvetic’s handlers at the FBI and Dept. of J ustice ultimately concluded he was 
"unreliable", "dishonest" and "neurotic". |. Edgar Hoover advised subordinates that it would be "most 
unfortunate" to utilize Cvetic in future court proceedings. 


[For a complete account of Cvetic’s anti-Communist career, see Daniel J. Leab’s book: “I Was A Communist 
For The FBI—The Unhappy Life and Times of Matt Cvetic”, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000]. 
Professor Leab acquired FBI and Dept of J ustice files on Cvetic and interviewed numerous associates of Cvetic. 


DAVID GUMAER infiltrated Students For A Democratic Society and W.E.B. DuBois Clubs and was an undercover 
operative for the Chicago Police Department. Gumaer joined the J BS in 1964 and subsequently gave speeches 
under the auspices of American Opinion Speakers Bureau. He was also a Contributing Editor to the J BS weekly 
magazine, Review of the News. 


In 1970, the FBI’s Savannah GA office forwarded a copy of a flyer to HQ which advertised a 9/ 16/ 70 speech 
by Gumaer under J BS auspices. The flyer described Gumaer as an undercover operative for police intelligence 
and also stated that “His services were also called upon by the FBI and Committees of both Houses of the 
U.S. Congress.” Upon learning about this false description of his association with the FBI, HQ directed its 


Chicago field office to contact Gumaer “and advise him to cease and desist from making statements that 
his services have been requested by the FBI.” [HQ 62-113743, serial #1, Hoover to SAC Chicago, 9/ 18/ 70]. 


Subsequently, in October, FBI HQ instructed its Los Angeles field office to contact Gumaer to again demand 
he stop referring to himself as being associated with the FBI. 


The quality of Gumaer’s analytical skills may be assessed from his speech in Norfolk VA in December 1970 
where he predicted that “a dictatorship will be in control of the United States by 1972...Rioting will start 
on campuses and ghettoes. Communications will be cut off and the stock market will go broke. The people 
will call for law and order in the streets. Martial law will be declared and we will have a dictatorship. The 
wave of assassinations and kidnappings will begin before that.” Furthermore, according to Gumaer, “The 
Conspiracy is ahead of schedule. By 1973 it will take over unless we can expose the full scope of it before 
then.” [HQ 62-113743, unrecorded, 12/11/70 article in Norfolk VA Ledger-Star by Larry Bonko. ] 


During a February 1971 speaking engagement in Reno NV under the auspices of the J BS front-group, Support 
Your Local Police, Gumaer again stated that he had been an informant for the FBI. FBI HQ instructed its San 
Francisco field office to immediately contact Gumaer “and once again admonish him for referring to the 
FBI in his speech in Reno and direct him to immediately cease and desist from making any further 
reference to the FBI in his talks.” [HQ 62-113742, serial #10, M.A. Jones to Mr. Bishop]. During 
his Reno speech, Gumaer announced his personal choices for President and Vice-President as pro-segregation 
candidates, George Wallace and Lester Maddox. 


In October 1973, the FBI’s Washington DC Field Office sent a memo to HQ advising that it had been contacted 
by “a confidential source who has provided reliable information in the past” and this informant advised 
that Gumaer “is alleged to be organizing right-wing airlines pilots to fly ‘hit teams’ around the United 
States to assassinate certain individuals. Henry Kissinger, Secretary of State, was the only name 
mentioned.” The field office described Gumaer as “a right-wing anti-Semitic extremist.” The informant 
was further described as someone who “has on numerous occasions provided information on security 
matters which has been analyzed to be 95 percent accurate.” [HQ 62-113743, serial #16, 10/ 26/ 73; SAC 
WFO to Hoover]. 


In November 1973 an informant told the FBI Dallas Field Office that he met Gumaer in Maryland during a March 
1972 | BS-sponsored speaking tour. Significantly, the informant is identified as a fellow-Bircher who also was 
a paid speaker under the auspices of the J BS Speakers Bureau! He was employed by a public relations firm in 
Dallas that promoted conservative politicians. 


Gumaer was described by this informant as “a nut and a crook”. The informant stated that Gumaer had 
misused a passport secured through his employment with Congressman J ohn Schmitz (Birch Society National 
Council member) “for the purpose of smuggling gold into the U.S. and this offense allegedly led to Gumaer 
being fired.” The informant also stated that Gumaer had stolen an electric typewriter from Schmitz’s 
office. [FBl-Dallas 62-4577, serials #14 and #15 which are 11/5/73 teletype from SAC Dallas to Hoover and 
11/7/73 Dallas Special Agent report on discussion with informant]. 


In January 1967 Gumaer was convicted on charges of battery and subsequently received one year probation. 
In May 1976 he was convicted of filing a false tax exemption certificate and served 30 days with 2 years 
probation. [Phoenix FBI file 100A-8715, SubG6, #2, 8/ 26/85]. 


In October 1984 FBI HQ authorized a full field investigation of Gumaer and during November 1985 Gumaer was 
under FBI surveillance because of his association with Arizona Patriots (AP). 


An FBI HQ summary memo on Gumaer contains the following comments: 


“A review of Bureau indices determined numerous references for Dave Emerson Gumaer. A review of 
Bureau file 62-113743 determined that Gumaer, who was never an FBI employee or an FBI informant, is 
allegedly a right-wing, anti-Semitic extremist. Gumaer was an undercover operative of the Chicago Police 
Department in the 1960’s being directed against ‘new left’ organizations. He came to the attention of 


the Bureau in 1970-1971, when he undertook a multi-state speaking engagement on behalf of the J ohn 
Birch Society, of which he was a member. During these speeches, wherein Gumaer would indicate his 
prior undercover activities and relationship with the Chicago Police Department, Gumaer also identified 
himself as an FBI informant working matters of a similar nature for the Bureau. These speeches were 
generally of an alarmist nature, intended to arouse the wrath of conservative America to the ever growing 
threat from ‘new left’ and ‘Communist backed’ movements in the U.S. Considerable correspondence was 
received at FBIHQ, due to Gumaer’s purporting to be an FBI informant, in addition to his inflammatory 
rhetoric during these speeches.” [Phoenix 196B-1603, serial #42 =4/ 30/85 airtel from J. Edgar Hoover to 
SAC Phoenix, pages 1-2] 


The Phoenix FBI field office files on Gumaer also reported: 


“Subject is presently a member of the Arizona Patriots organization. He is employed by American Federal 
Bullion and Coin Inc...Will conduct a very loose surveillance of subject...Subject should be considered 
armed and dangerous.” [Phoenix 100A-8715, Sub G6, serial #8, 11/7/85 Special Agent Report to Special 
Agent in Charge, Phoenix FBI office] 


Another serial describes Arizona Patriots as follows: “The Arizona Patriots are an anti-tax, neo-Nazi, 
paramilitary organization whose philosophy resembles the Aryan Nations, Posse Comitatus, and other 
right-wing extremist groups to advocate the armed revolution and the overthrow of the United States 
Government. The actual size of AP is unknown, but leaders claim to have more than 4000 individuals who 
are members or sympathizers, among these being current and retired members of law enforcement and 
the military.” [FBl-Phoenix 100A-8715, Sub G6, serial #55, 9/ 26/ 85] 


In December 1986, Gumaer was arrested by BATF and FBI agents in Phoenix. 

“On 12/17/86, Federal Grand J ury, Denver CO, returned indictment against Stephen Christiansen and 
Gumaer for violation of Title 26, U.S. Code Section 5861(e) and Title 18, U.S. Code Section 2” - which 
pertain to illegal weapons transfers. 


Christiansen, a co-worker of Gumaer at Western Monetary Consultants in Denver, Colorado, had told Gumaer 
about Uzi machine guns he had for sale: 


“According to transcripts of secretly taped conversations by an FBI informant in the Arizona Patriots case, 
Gumaer attended some meetings of the fringe group, which planned to rob an armored truck leaving a 
Laughlin NV casino and bomb a Phoenix synagogue and the IRS center in Ogden UT...Gumaer mentioned 
to the undercover informant, a former Sheriff’s Deputy who infiltrated the Arizona Patriots in 1984, that 
he knew a man in Colorado who could sell them eight Uzis. The informant...passed the information to 
federal agents who then used Gumaer to set up the sale.” [FBl-Phoenix 100A-8715, Sub G6, serials #84 and 
#86, Phoenix to SAC Denver, 1/ 26/ 87 and Rocky Mountain News, 2/ 24/87, page 13] 





Also see the following reports for additional details concerning J ulia's false assertions regarding our civil 
rights movement: 


Dan Smoot report: http:// ernie1241. googlepages. com/ smoot 


Highlander Folk School report: http:// ernie1241. googlepages. com/ hfs-1 


In the summer of 1960 J ulia Brown expressed the desire to be released from her role as an FBI informant due 
to the strain on her health and her desire to restore the confidence of her friends and relatives who had no 
idea of her FBI informant status. 


The Special-Agent-In-Charge (SAC) of the FBI'sLos Angeles office sent an inquiry to the SAC of the 
Cleveland office to inquire about Julia Brown. Julia had recently moved from Cleveland to Los Angeles. 
Cleveland SAC's reply was: 


“It would appear that while she may be somewhat concerned about her reputation among her friends and 
relatives, this factor did not seem to be of much concern to her in the past. Former (J ulia's FBI code 
name deleted) gave the impression of being financially ambitious, and now may feel that she can 
capitalize on her experience in the Communist Party to her financial advantage, and for the prestige she 
may believe such publicity will afford her." [Los Angeles file (no number provided), serial #A-12, SAC 
Cleveland to SAC Los Angeles, 8/17/50. ] 


It was also the SAC Cleveland's judgment that J ulia, with only a 10th grade education, was not intelligent 
enough to write for publication, as she originally proposed. [Los Angeles file, (no number provided), serial A- 
21, SAC Cleveland to J. Edgar Hoover, 10/ 7/ 60. ] 


In her 1966 book "I Testify: My Years An An FBI Undercover Agent" published by the Birch Society (which 
actually was ghost-written by Carleton Young), J ulia gives a fictitious account of her marital history as well 
as false details concerning joining and leaving the Communist Party. Other details in the book are also wrong. 


According to J ulia, she married her first husband (Edward Harris) while she was a teenager but he died. [J ulia 
Brown, I Testify: My Years As An Undercover Agent For The FBI, Western Islands Publishers, 1966, page 11] 


Her next mention of marriage is many years later to Curlee Brown of Cleveland. In reality, however, J ulia 
divorced Edward Harris, then married J ack Latimer and divorced him, then married Fred Brice and divorced 
him the same year she married him, and then married Curlee Brown but considered divorcing him as well. 


When Carleton Young submitted two chapters of "Il Testify" to J ulia for review, she initially rejected the 
material. J ulia told the Los Angeles FBI field office that Mr. Young was expressing his personal political views 
rather than her views and she characterized Young as an adherent of the “lunatic right" which she described 
as “Birchers’. 


[For "lunatic right" comment, see Los Angeles file (no number provided), serial #4-129, SAC Los Angeles to J . 
Edgar Hoover, 8/ 8/63 and for J ulia's reference to "Birchers" see serial #A-119, SAC Los Angeles to J. Edgar 
Hoover, 3/ 28/ 63. ] 


Julia's opinions about the civil rights movement, and prominent persons and organizations within it, underwent 
a stunning reversal after she associated herself with the Birch Society as a paid speaker. 


In a March 1961 magazine interview, Julia stated that Communists had “little or no influence" within the 
NAACP and she concluded that: 


"I'm 100 percent with the NAACP and | think they are doing a wonderful job. Top government officials 
are aware that the NAACP is legal and is working in the American way for first class citizenship for all 
Americans." [Ebony magazine, "| Was A Spy For The FBI", March 1961, page 102]. 


Ebony magazine also reported that during her interview, J ulia stated that: 


"The extent of Communist penetration among Negroes is sometimes exaggerated by well-meaning but 
uninformed persons. She disagrees with former President Truman who was quoted as saying the sit-in 
movement was Communist-inspired. Mrs. Brown, who attended state and national Party conventions 
says: 'The sit-in movement was not Communist-inspired, but the Communists have tried to infiltrate it. 
Truman was wrong. The Communists would have never inspired a movement based on passive 


resistance. They don't believe in that. They don't do anything that's decent. But after it started, they 
tried to jump on the bandwagon.'" [Ebony magazine, "I Was a Spy For the FBI, March 1961, page 96] 


FBI Headquarters received an advance copy of J ulia's Ebony magazine interview which it reviewed for errors. 
InaJ anuary 16, 1961 FBI memo, the Bureau stated that J ulia should limit her comments to what she personally 
observed and experienced in Cleveland because "she is not qualified to assert herself as a spokesman for 
what is happening in the CP across the country." 


Among J ulia’s errors discussed in the Bureau’s review memo were: 


the number of “Negroes” J ulia claimed were in the Communist Party 


her claim that the Communist Party was sending young members to school to become ministers 
which the Bureau described as an “isolated” example rather than common practice, and, 


J ulia’s claim that Communists used white women as sex bait to lure blacks into the Party, which 
the Bureau thought was false. [FBI-HQ 100-382107, serial 70, M.A. J ones to C. DeLoach, 1/16/61]. 


In another magazine interview, J ulia said: "I don't think the Communists have appeal to Negroes. | feel that 
American Negroes are awakened to the menace of Communism." [Sepia magazine, "Communist For The 
FBI", 09/ 62, p12] 


However, AFTER associating herself as a paid speaker for the Birch Society, J ulia claimed that the NAACP was 
"badly infiltrated" by Communists and she routinely denounced the NAACP during her | BS-sponsored speeches 
as representative of the problem of Communist infiltration of the civil rights movement. 





As one example of J ulia's comments about NAACP, J ulia was the featured speaker at a J BS-sponsored event, 
Truth About Civil Turmoil (TACT) in Spokane WA in 1967. The local newspaper article observed: "Mrs. Brown 
said there is no civil rights movement, but there is a Communist revolution ‘using the Negro to attain 
this end. If you can't see this, you are stark blind'." And: "Mrs. Brown disclosed names and organizations 
in describing the Communist infiltration. Among them was the NAACP." ["Communist Infiltration Said 
Heavy", October 10, 1967, Spokane WA Spokesman-Review, p6 in FBl-Seattle file 100-24754, serial #290] 


| have been unable to find any Birch Society speaker who ever had anything favorable or pleasant to say about 
the NAACP (after they became paid J BS speakers or authors). 


In December 1963, a J BS member wrote a letter to J . Edgar Hoover to inquire if Hoover agreed with statements 
attributed to Attorney General Robert Kennedy about insignificant Communist infiltration of the civil rights 
movement. The Bircher asked: “Certainly you must be aware of the high degree of Communist infiltration 
into the NAACP, CORE, etc.?” [FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial #1981, 12/5/63 letter to Hoover. ] 


About a month later, the Bureau received another letter which observed: 


“| have just attended a meeting where two members of the J ohn Birch Society spoke. They said the 
NAACP is run by Communists, all of the top people are Communist and Mrs. Elanore (sic) Roosevelt belongs 
to 30 Communist fronts over the last 23 years.” 


Julia served as "Honorary Chairman" of the J BS-front group in Cleveland called TACTIC (Truth About Civil 
Turmoil In Cleveland). In August 1966, TACTIC sent a request to FBI HQ asking permission to reprint a Bureau 
poster entitled "What YOU Can Do To Fight Communism". 


Normally, the Bureau routinely approved such requests or even sent hundreds of copies to requesters. 
However, in this case, the Bureau produced an "“in-absence" reply. In-absence replies were used as a means of 
distancing the FBI from a person or group perceived as repugnant and not deserving a response with a signature 
by J. Edgar Hoover. Hoover's secretary (Helen Gandy) signed in-absence replies. Gandy’'s response to TACTIC 
was Curt: "as a matter of policy, he [Hoover] would prefer you not reprint the poster..." 


Julia's past services to the Bureau were no longer considered deserving of either a direct Hoover reply with 
his signature nor permission to reprint a poster. [HQ 62-104401, serial #2938, incoming 8/17/66 inquiry to J. 
Edgar Hoover and Gandy reply] 


Here is the FBI's official description of J ulia Brown in response to an April 1965 inquiry about her status: 


"Concerning Mrs. Julia Brown, she furnished information on subversive activities to the FBI on a 
confidential basis from 1951 to 1960. Although she was not an employee of this Bureau, she was 
compensated for her services. Her current views are strictly her own and do not represent the FBI in any 
way." [HQ 62-104401, serial #2499, 4/24/65] 


During her FBI informant period J ulia was paid varying amounts on a monthly basis for her services plus actual 
expenses. Those payments commenced in August 1951. For the month of J uly 1954, J ulia received $175 for 
services and $31 in expenses - which was a fairly typical month until November 1956 when her monthly services 
payment increased to $190. In J anuary 1957, her monthly payment increased to $225 but then fluctuated to 
amounts between $90 and $225 during her final three years as an FBI informant. 


Significantly, Julia made considerably more money (monthly and annually) as a paid speaker for the Birch 
Society (usually $100 per speech) than she ever made working as an informant for the FBI. 


In November 1966 an attorney contacted the FBI about a reference by Julia in her book, I Testify, to a person 
Julia cited as a “founding member" of the Communist Party. The attorney represented the person Julia 
identified and he disputed J ulia's description. A Bureau memo concluded that: 


"It appears probable that the name (deleted for privacy)...is a misprint and that the person intended to 
be mentioned was actually (name deleted for privacy)." 


By all accounts, during her service as an informant for the FBI, J ulia was quite effective and provided valuable 
information. One Cleveland memo to FBI HQ has the following summary: 


"Information Furnished Of Unusual Value: The twelve page 'Report of the Ohio State Board to the State 
Committee' dated November 11, 1956, furnished by informant, was not received from any other source 
in the Cleveland Division. Informant's information re CP funds, CP infiltration of NAACP, and CP 
Organization in the Cedar-Central Section is not duplicated by any other informant of this division. 
Information furnished by [J ulia's code name deleted] has been of considerable value in relation to a 
technical source close to an Ohio CP functionary." [FBI-HQ 100-382017, serial #44; 1/14/57 SAC Cleveland 
to J. Edgar Hoover. ] 


One wonders, however, what accounts for Julia’s association with the JBS given her pre- 
J) BS favorable recollections of persons and organizations which the J BS despised. 





According to J ulia's December 1950 statement to the FBI, she was approached by a Communist Party member 
in the summer of 1947 requesting her permission to place a poster about the CP candidate for City Council on 
her front porch. She then became interested in local politics and she attended political rallies. Subsequently, 
she was visited by Frieda Katz, the Communist Party's Cuyahoga OH County Organization Secretary and J ulia 
was invited to several CP social functions. 


Then, around Christmas 1947 J ulia signed an application for membership in the Communist Party while at 
Katz's home. She paid her 50 cent dues and received Communist Party literature. She then attended a number 


of Party meetings including one in the spring of 1948 where Gus Hall was the principal speaker. [FBI-HQ file 
100-382107, serial #1, SAC Cleveland report to]. Edgar Hoover, 6/27/51. ] 


"She stated that a regular membership card for the CP had been issued to her, but that she had destroyed 
it after she decided to leave the Party in the summer of 1948". [Cleveland 66-35, Sub 264, serial #2; 6/ 27/51 
SAC Cleveland to J. Edgar Hoover, page 1, re: "Mrs. J ulia Forston Brown nee J ulia Forston aka Mrs Curlee 
Brown, Mrs. Edward Harris, Mrs. J ack Latimer, Mrs. Fred Brice". ] 


In J une 1951, the Cleveland FBI field office again interviewed J ulia and a Special Agent prepared a summary 
memorandum for the Special Agent in Charge of the Cleveland field office. The pertinent portion is quoted 
below. 


J ulia’s story concerning how she became a Communist Party member is worth recounting in detail because it 
illustrates how many decent and patriotic Americans were seduced into supporting political candidates, 
organizations, and causes which they later rejected or which they later discovered were Communist-inspired 
and controlled. 


The Birch Society rarely, if ever, acknowledges the legitimate concerns or the serious and genuine 
social/ economic problems which made people like J ulia Brown receptive to Communist propaganda. Instead, 
the Birch Society (and extreme rightists in general) attempt to de-legitimize and demonize anyone connected 
to organizations which they describe as “Communist” or “Communist front”. 


In the J BS scheme of things, if person “x” supposedly joined such an organization---the mere fact that their 
name appears as a member or endorser on a letterhead or on a petition or in a newspaper ad, etc. tells 
you everything you need to know about the character, loyalty, patriotism, and intelligence of that individual. 
[Note: Communists often added the names of prominent persons from their communities to Communist- 
sponsored petitions or Communist-front publications without the knowledge or approval of those persons —-- 
just to create the impression of support from such respected and/ or well-known members of the community 
or to create the impression of widespread public interest in Communist Party-originated proposals. ] 


6/51 Cleveland Special Agent Report on Julia Brown: 


“Mrs. J ulia Brown, 3196 East 123 Street (use T-symbol), on June 3, 1951, verbally informed Special 
Agent [name redacted] that in the Summer of 1947, one J oseph Hill, who was representing Albert Young, 
then running for councilman in her ward, requested her permission to place an election poster about 
Young on her front porch. Mrs. Brown stated she then became interested in politics and was visited by 
Hill on two or three occasions afterward and discussed politics with him. She stated that after attending 
a few political rallies on behalf of Albert Young, she was visited by Frieda Katz, who spoke to her about 
politics. Subsequently, Mrs. Brown was invited to several social affairs at the home of Fried Katz and 
about Christmas of 1947, Mrs. Brown signed an application for admittance to the Communist Party in the 
kitchen of the home of Frieda Katz, 3692 East 146 Street, at the request of Katz. At that time, Eugene 
Bayer was present and approved Mrs. Brown’s application. Mrs. Brown stated that she believed that she 
had also signed a Communist Party application for her husband, Curlee. Mrs. Brown stated that she joined 
the Communist Party in 1947 because she felt at that time that the Party was the only answer to racial 
discrimination. Mrs. Brown stated that after joining the Communist Party sometime around Christmas of 
1947 she attended many of the club meetings and many of the larger meetings. In the Spring of 1948 she 
attended a meeting at the Croatian Hall on St. Clair, at which time Gus Hall was the principal speaker. She 
stated that it was at this particular meeting that she subscribed to the ‘Daily Worker’ and to ‘The 
Worker’. She also stated that she had a regular membership card in the Communist Party but that she 
destroyed it after quitting the Party in the middle of the Summer of 1948. She stated that the reason 
she quit the Party and stopped attending the meetings was because she had a change of heart and felt 
that the Communist Party was not the answer she was looking for in regard to race discrimination.” [FBI- 


Cleveland 66-35, Sub 264, SA-serial #6; 6/27/51 Cleveland Special Agent summary memo to Special Agent in 
Charge of FBI Cleveland Field Office, pages 1-2. ] 


However, in her | BS-sponsored speeches during the 1960’s and in her 1966 book she claims that she 
did not know she was joining the Communist Party. Instead, she thought she had just joined a civil rights group 
called “Civil Rights Congress”. 


According to her book, the day after she joined the “civil rights group”, J ulia’s husband (Curlee) saw her 
membership card and he told her that it was a Communist Party membership card - to which J ulia claims to 
have responded: 


“I don’t know anything about this Communist Party and | don’t want to have anything to do with it. It is 
bad, isn’t it?” [| Testify, pages 16-17, 19] 


According to J ulia, her husband replied: 


“All | know is that some fellow came to me on one of my jobs and tried to talk me into joining. | asked a 
friend of mine about it and he told me to stay clear of the Communist Party. There must be something 
wrong with it.” [I Testify, page 19] 


Julia married her fourth and final husband, Curlee L. Brown, in May 1944. In 1940, Curlee "was listed as a 
signor of a Communist Party petition filed with the Board of Elections. A Cleveland Police Department 
report of January 18, 1948, reflects that an automobile bearing license MV 563, listed to Curlee 
Brown...was observed in the vicinity of the Lenin Memorial meeting on J anuary 18, 1948 at the Public 
Auditorium, Cleveland, at which William Z. Foster, was the featured speaker." [Cleveland 66-35, Sub 264, 
#2; 6/27/51 memo from SAC Cleveland to J. Edgar Hoover re: J ulia Brown, page 3.] Note: Foster was the 
Communist Party candidate for President in 1924, 1928, and 1932. In J uly 1948, Foster was indicted under 
the Smith Act for subversion, but he did not go on trial because of a serious heart condition. ] 


Although during her Birch Society period, J ulia claimed that she did not know she had joined the Communist 
Party - it is significant that she told the FBI that she did know it was the Party - and, furthermore, she 
subscribed to Communist newspapers, attended speeches by Communist Party officials, received Communist 
Party publications, signed Communist Party petitions, and worked closely with Cleveland-area Party 
members. 


LOLA BELLE HOLMES 


Lola Belle Holmes, is another former member of the Communist Party who subsequently became an FBI 
informant, and later, a paid speaker for the J ohn Birch Society. 


During her 1965 testimony before the House Committee on Un-American Activities, Lola stated that she was 
born in Waterproof, LA on April 22, 1916. However, a grandchild of hers told me that she was actually 
born April 12, 1912 and that birthdate also is reflected on her death certificate. 


Lola moved to Chicago circa 1941. From 1946 to 1958 Lola was a member of Local 212, International Ladies 
Garment Workers Union, as well as a delegate to Chicago Federation of Labor for 7 years. Lola testified that 
in 1958 the ILGWU Executive Board discovered that she was a Communist and they terminated her union 
membership. 


From August 1957 to J anuary 24, 1963, Lola worked inside the Communist Party in Chicago and she provided 
information about Communist Party matters to the FBI. 


Lola attended the Communist Party's 17th National Convention (December 10, 1959 in New York City) as an 
Alternate Delegate for the State of Illinois. She was a member of the Illinois State Committee and the Illinois 
State Executive Board of the CPUSA. She also served on the CP's National Negro Commission. Lola also helped 
organize and then became the first woman Vice-President of the Negro American Labor Council. 


Lola surfaced on] anuary 24, 1963 to testify before the Subversive Activities Control Board against Claude 
Lightfoot, the CPUSA Chairman in Illinois. She also was a principal witness at May 1965 hearings in Chicago of 
the House Committee on Un-American Activities. 


LOLA’S HUAC TESTIMONY REVEALS MANY CONTRADICTIONS OF J BS DOGMA 


During her HUAC testimony, Lola made a number of statements that contradict Birch Society dogma. One has 
to wonder why she associated herself with the Birch Society? 


Her primary speech under the auspices of the J BS was entitled “Is The Civil Rights Movement Directed From 
The Kremlin?". The answer to the question was a foregone conclusion. 


The Birch Society publicity release on Lola described her civil rights activities as follows: 


"During that time she carried out orders from Moscow to gain control of the ‘civil rights' movement and 
use it as the torch to light a fire of revolution in America." 


One is struck by the contradiction between standard | BS dogma versus the aforementioned claim that she was 
instructed to "gain control" of the civil rights movement. 


Standard J BS dogma maintains that the civil rights movement was “created" and "controlled" by Communists, 
and it "serves only Communist purposes"... so why was it supposedly necessary for Lola to work toward 
"gaining control" of something that the CPUSA supposedly had created and was using from its inception? 


Not long after Lola's J anuary 1963 testimony before the Subversive Activities Control Board against Illinois 
Communist Party Chairman Claude Lightfoot she entered the orbit of the J ohn Birch Society. A Birch Society 
section leader in the Chicago area invited Lola to attend | BS meetings---and thus began her indoctrination 
into J BS dogma. However, her alarmist and inflammatory statements and assertions during her | BS-sponsored 
speeches produced numerous inquiries to the FBI which requested the Bureau's evaluation of her 
credibility. By 1966, one note from FBI Director Hoover's office observed: 


"After she was discontinued as an informant, she displayed signs of emotional instability and it was 
necessary to admonish her to cease making false statements which were embarrassing to the 
Bureau." [FBI-HQ file 134-4473; no serial number, 10/3/66 "Office of the Director" note]. See copy here: 





Lola's NAACP comments parallel those made by FBI informant (and Birch Society speaker) J ulia Brown. (see 
summary above) 


Prior to appearing on the Birch Society's lecture circuit as a paid speaker Lola (like J ulia Brown) characterized 
CPUSA attempts to infiltrate NAACP as unsuccessful due to the anti-Communist leadership of the NAACP. 
Only after joining the J BS as paid speakers did both Lola and J ulia dramatically change their tune. 


Lola discussed CPUSA attempts to infiltrate NAACP and Negro American Labor Council on during her HUAC 
testimony: 


"I was on the NAACP caucus of the Communist Party from 1957 until 1959. I was nominated as secretary 
for the NAACP against the incumbent, and at that time we lost the election. .. Subsequently, the national 
office declared the election valid and the Party slate was thrown out. After the Party slate was thrown 
out, the Party caucus had a meeting in 1960 and decided to pull its forces out of the NAACP because they 
realized they could not work in the NAACP effectively." [Communist Activities in The Chicago Illinois 
Area, part 1; Hearings before the House Committee on Un-American Activities; May 25-27 and J une 22, 1965, 
page 372.] 


HUAC Chairman Edwin Willis then asked Lola: 


"Do I take it that these caucuses in the NAACP were not with the knowledge or approval of the leadership 
of the NAACP?" [Ibid] 


Lola replied: 

"It definitely was not with the knowledge...I want it to be very clear the leadership of either organization 
did not know that the CP had caucuses working in their respective organizations. When they found it out, 
they found out who they were, they immediately dropped them from the membership list." [Ibid] 

Lola Belle Holmes (like Julia Brown) changed her views after she became a paid speaker for the Birch 


Society. The reason is obvious: Both Lola Belle and Julia made considerable income from promoting J BS 
dogma. 


| BS AFRICAN-AMERICAN SPEAKERS 


The two black J Bs members who gave the most J BS-sponsored speeches (usually via the J BS-front group, 
Truth About Civil Turmoil (aka TACT) were Lola Belle Holmes and J ulia Brown. 


Both Lola Belle and J ulia dramatically changed their views after they became paid speakers for the Birch 
Society. The reason is obvious: Both Lola Belle and J ulia made a very lucrative living from parroting J BS 
viewpoints (usually $100 per speech). 


Some references to Lola's beliefs AFTER she associated herself with the J) BS appear below. Each of her 
statements about our civil rights organizations and our civil rights movement were falsified by the FBI. 


The FBI's evaluation of Lola after she ended her association with the FBI was as follows: 


"After she was discontinued as an informant, she displayed signs of emotional instability and it was 
necessary to admonish her to cease making false statements which were embarrassing to the 
Bureau." [FBI HQ file 134-4473; no serial number, 10/3/66 "Office of the Director" note]. 


AND 


“It has on previous occasions been necessary to admonish Holmes not to make untruthful statements in 
which she involved her association with the FBI." [J. Edgar Hoover memo to FBI-Boston field office on 
July 23, 1969]. 


Furthermore, despite what J) BS publicity releases said, Lola was never an “FBI agent” nor even 
an "undercover agent". She was simply an informant who provided raw information to the FBI. 


06/05/66 = Lola appeared on the J oe Pyne TV program in Los Angeles. She stated that the civil rights 
movement was “controlled and inspired by the Communists” [Barnard College Bulletin, 10/ 28/66, page 5] 


1/20/67, Phoenix AZ Republic, page 48: “Ex FBI Agent Says Civil Rights Movement Communist Inspired” . 
Lola told “Phoenix audiences...that the American Negro civil rights movement is Communist controlled.” 


BY CONTRAST: J. Edgar Hoover declared that: 


"It would be absurd to suggest that the aspirations of Negroes for equality are communist inspired. This 
is demonstrably not true...” [J . Edgar Hoover speech, Faith in Freedom, 12/4/63, page 6] 


2/7/67, Tucson AZ Daily Citizen, page 28: “Reds Seen In Control of Civil Rights Work” re: Lola’s speech 
to Tucson Press Club Public Affairs Forum: 


“The civil rights movement in the U.S. is ‘dominated and controlled’ by the Communist Party according 
to a Negro woman who spent 7 years as an undercover agent for the FBI.” 


02/13/67, El Paso TX Herald-Post, pA2: “Commies in Civil Rights Movement Says Former FBI Undercover 
Agent” 


3/21/67, Pocatello ID State Journal, page 2, “Speaker Says Reds Leading Civil Rights 
Movement” reporting on Lola speech: 


“The Communist Negro Commission took over the civil rights movement in this country between 1959 
and 1963. All the major civil rights groups are controlled by Communists. CORE was taken over 
completely in 1960. The NAACP is influenced and controlled by Communists. They have also taken over 
the Negro American Labor Council.” 


Lola also claimed that Communist strategy was to set up a Negro Soviet Republic in our southern states - 
but J. Edgar Hoover pointed out in 1959 that the CPUSA discarded that position at its 17th Convention. 


J). Edgar Hoover also declared that: 


“Let me emphasize that the American civil rights movement is not, and has never been, dominated by 
the communists—because the overwhelming majority of civil rights leaders in this country, both Negro 
and white, have recognized and rejected communism as a menace to the freedoms of all.” [J. Edgar 
Hoover speech, 12/12/64, Our Heritage of Greatness, pg 7 - Hoover speech before Pennsylvania Society 
and the Society of Pennsylvania Women; bold emphasis in original document on “not” and “never”] 


and 


“In general, legitimate civil rights organizations have been successful in excluding Communists, 
although a few have received covert counseling from them and have even accepted them as 
members...The CP is not satisfied with this situation and is continually striving to infiltrate the civil 
rights movement at every level. “ [J . Edgar Hoover, U.S. News and World Report, 11/1/65, page 46] 


and 


“It is no secret that one of the bitterest disappointments to communistic efforts in this Nation has been 
their failure to lure our Negro citizens into the party. Despite every type of propaganda boomed at our 
Nation’s Negro citizens, they have never succumbed to the party’s saccharine promises of a Communist 
‘Utopia’. This generation and generations to come for many years owe a tremendous debt to our Negro 
citizens who have consistently refused to surrender their freedoms for the tyranny of communism.” [J . 
Edgar Hoover testimony before U.S. Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, 01/17/60, reprinted in March 
1960 FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, page 7] 


05/30/67 Port Angeles WA Evening News, page 2 - Elizabeth J ohnson column “A Political Viewpoint”. 
J ohnson reported on her attendance at speech by Holmes where Lola made following comments: 


(1) Holmes stated she was “born into poor circumstances, attended segregated schools and lived in 
segregated neighborhoods. She sees no harm in this and feels it did not hurt her a bit.” 


(2) “She realized in her youth, she said, that the same opportunities were available to her as to anyone 
and set about to better herself.” 


(3) “Miss Holmes feels the Negroes as a race have done more to retard their own progress than the white 
people. She said Communists in the USA have wanted Negroes to go to the streets to demand their rights 
rather than build for themselves. Negroes have been misled into thinking they have no rights, she stated, 
but they do. Being on relief keeps them down.” 


(4) “Asked about civil rights legislation, she said it isn’t necessary because Negroes already have the 
same Constitutional rights as all American citizens.” 


Significantly, item #3 above from Lola’s Washington speech conforms to the position of all white 
supremacist organizations. With respect to item #4, it should be recalled that J). Edgar Hoover declared 
in November 1964 that: 


"Around Philadelphia Mississippi, law enforcement is practically nil and many times sheriffs and 
deputies participate in crimes." [New York Times, 11/28/64, p34] 


Fellow Birchers like George Schuyler (an African American columnist and author) correctly identified the 
real problem which Lola Belle lied about. 


Schuyler's comments appeared in one of our country's oldest and most respected African-American 
newspapers, --but the Birch Society never told its members about this state of affairs: 


THE WHITE Citizens Council which has branches or cells everywhere, controls by terror such states as 
Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, and to a lesser extent, Virginia. It has 
castigated the Supreme Court in general and the Chief J ustice in particular. It has defied and disrupted 
the operation of the laws of the land. It has used threats and vicious economic reprisals. It is as 
undemocratic as the J ohn Birch Society and it exacts large sums of money from its followers. It has 
become a legal arm of Mississippi's Government. Why no furore to investigate the White Citizens 
Council?” [George S. Schuyler: “Views and Reviews”, New Pittsburgh Courier, National edition; [Pittsburgh 
PA] 04-22-61, page 8]. 


Many J BS members enjoy quoting comments made by J BS African American speakers. But J BS speakers 
never think it is noteworthy to acknowledge that ALL those black J BS speakers never once discussed the 
discrimination and oppression that black Americans confronted (as described by Schuyler above). 


Instead, those black Birchers focused exclusively in their speeches upon what they claimed was 
"Communist" influence, control, and domination of our civil rights movement or alleged 
"Communist" involvement in racial disturbances. 


For example, see: 5/3/68 Seattle Times, p19: "Communists Blamed for U.S. Rioting" - regarding speech 
by J BS speaker, Rev. E. Freeman Yearling OR speeches by Charles E. Smith whose J BS-sponsored speech 
was entitled "Civil Rights is a Fraud" [also see Winnetka IL Talk, 2/17/72, p3 article on Smith speech 
entitled “Civil Rights A Red Movement”], OR speeches by Leonard Patterson, Alvin D. Smith, Rev. J. L. 
Ward, Rev. Henry Mitchell, Donald L. J ackson, C. Fain Kyle, and George S. Schuyler. 


J BS black speakers never discussed or even acknowledged what Schuyler described as the threats and 
economic reprisals confronted by African Americans in southern states and they certainly did not discuss 
or even acknowledge such situations as the one published in the Petersburg VA Progress newspaper 
which reported that the Chairman of the White Citizens Council of Selma, Alabama (Alston Keith) boasted 
that thanks to Citizens Council pressure, 16 of 29 African Americans who signed a petition favoring de- 
segregation of public facilities in Selma were fired from their jobs. Instead, the Birch Society hired a 
racist bigot like Selma AL Sheriff J ames A. Clark as a paid J BS speaker to present J BS views. 


Nor did any of the Birch Society's black speakers ever discuss or even acknowledge the massive presence 
of racist bigots and segregationists within the J BS such as White Citizens Councils supporters—including 
Sheriff Clark, and senior Citizens Councils officials who were Birchers such as Medford Evans, William J. 
Simmons, Louis W. Hollis. 





THAT is why Robert Welch declared in 1965 that the percentage of JBS members who were African 
American amounted to only 1/10th of 1% of overall J BS membership. Welch then stated that the J BS had 
80,000-100,000 members in 1965 so that would mean 80-100 black J BS members. [Washington Post, Phil 
Casey: “Welch Denies Birch Society Far Right”, 11/5/65, page B-2] 


By contrast, the J BS description of the NAACP and its leaders (Walter White and Roy Wilkins) focused on all 
the alleged "Communist affiliations" which NAACP officials had. 


For example, the following comments are excerpts from the Birch Society's summary about the NAACP which 
is published in Volume 1 of its Biographical Dictionary of the Left (pages 140-153): 


"In 1923, the NAACP began to receive grants from the Garland Fund which was a major source for the 
financing of Communist Party enterprises." 


"The indefatigable Walter F. White, NAACP Executive Secretary, was weekly in Washington cultivating 
white power which was often Red." 


"(Walter] White, as George Schuyler noted, worked hand-in-hand with the Communists. Wilkins, on the 
NAACP's staff since 1931, went out of his way to praise the Communist Party for the help it gave to the 
Negroes. And from 1937 until 1949, Wilkins was affiliated with a number of Communist fronts and 
enterprises. " 


In commenting upon Manning J ohnson, (another African-American who had been a Communist Party member 
but who later associated himself with the J ohn Birch Society) the J] BS observed: 


"He did testify as to the Communist character of the NAACP since he has been assigned the job of bringing 
Negro organizations into the Communist orbit." 


In December 1958, Manning J ohnson testified at hearings conducted by the Arkansas Legislative Council 
Committee which was investigating possible links between communism and racial unrest in Arkansas. He 
previously testified in March 1957 at hearings conducted by the Louisiana J oint Legislative Committee on 
Segregation. 


The FBI summary concerning J ohnson’s Arkansas testimony pointed out that “...he is not in a position to speak 
authoritatively regarding the present tactics and activities of the Communist Party in the Negro field as 
he was dropped from the Communist Party in 1939. It would appear J ohnson was attempting to prove or 
infer that the present racial unrest is the result of Communist Party policies formulated in the 1920s and 
30s. This premise is not supported by data in Bufiles; however it is observed that the Communist Party, 
at every opportunity, has attempted to capitalize on the situation..J ohnson’s testimony adds nothing to 
our knowledge in this field.” [FBI-HQ 62-105198, serial #8, page 1; SAC Little Rock to J. Edgar Hoover, 
regarding Arkansas Legislative Council Committee; also FBI-Little Rock 44-341]. 


The FBI also pointed out falsehoods in J ohnson’s testimony. In one specific instance, with respect to Manning 
Johnson's derogatory comments regarding the NAACP, the FBI observed that in response to an inquiry by 
the Pittsburgh PA Courier newspaper in April 1957, the Department of J ustice informed the Courier that “the 
Department informed the NAACP that recent statements made by J ohnson attempting to link the NAACP 
with the Communist Party did not reflect the views nor findings of the J ustice Department; that J ohnson 
was not one of its employees as reportedly cited in various newspaper accounts; and that J ohnson in no 
way was connected with the Department nor did he speak for the Department.” [FBI-HQ 62-105198, serial 
#8, page 6; SAC Little Rock to J. Edgar Hoover, regarding Arkansas Legislative Council Committee; also FBI- 
Little Rock 44-341]. 


The Bureau concluded that: 


“Despite the recurring allegations by Southern political leaders that the racial situation is Communist- 
inspired, our investigation of the Communist Party and the over-all racial situation in this country has 
reflected that in practically all instances, with relatively few exceptions, racial incidents in this country 
have not been caused or inspired by Communist Party elements.” [FBI-HQ 62-105198, serial #8, page 5; 
SAC Little Rock to}. Edgar Hoover, regarding Arkansas Legislative Council Committee; also FBI-Little Rock 44- 
341]. 


The Birch Society used African American speakers and writers (like Manning J] ohnson) because they were willing 
to affirm and perpetuate racist arguments about our civil rights movement created by white supremacists 
which were then cheerfully promoted by credulous right-wing extremist groups like the J BS. 


Other J BS comments about NAACP: 


"From it inception to the present, no matter the protestations of Langston Hughes or any other NAACP 
apologist, the organization's officials and its known members, collectively and individually, have 
represented the influential left, the leadership of Communist fronts, and leftwing political and pacifist 
groups, and the most effective of the anti-anti-Communist establishment." 


"The relationship between the NAACP and the Communist Party has been demonstrable through the 
activities of those attorneys who have held office in the NAACP, its branches, or the 'Committee of 100’ 
which supports the NAACP's Legal Defense and Educational Fund." 


The Bureau prepared two comprehensive monographs on the history of "The Communist Party and the Negro". 
In the October 1956 edition, the Bureau concluded: 


"Persons identified with the Communist Party and the NAACP have, in the past, acted jointly and 
frequently engaged in parallel activities. However, it must be kept in mind that the ultimate aims of these 


two groups are entirely distinct. The CP seeks to foster discord and discontent among the Negro race by 
agitation and propaganda...whereas the goal of the NAACP is to achieve full racial integration and equality 
within the present form of government. It is to be noted that the CPUSA, in order to confuse the American 
people, is attempting to make its policies parallel to those of the NAACP on controversial, racial 
issues.... The NAACP held its 47th annual convention in San Francisco CA from J une 26 to J uly 1, 1956. It 
re-affirmed its anti-communist position and at the same time extended its policy of non-cooperation with 
communist-controlled groups to declare communists ineligible for membership in the NAACP." 


The monograph then goes on to discuss attempts by Communists to infiltrate and use NAACP chapters around 
the country and how local NAACP leaders repulsed such attempts. 


Also see 8/ 23/63 FBI monograph “Communist Party USA—Negro Question”, pages 15-17: 


“The CP has at various times during the existence of the NAACP evidenced interest in infiltrating the 
NAACP...In view of the CP’s interest in and attempts to infiltrate the NAACP the FBI had conducted an 
investigation to determine the results of the Party’s efforts.... This investigation, together with our over- 
all coverage and investigation of the CP, has disclosed that some local NAACP chapters have been 
infiltrated by CP members but the CP, on a national level, has not been successful in influencing the 
NAACP or its policies. While some local chapters have been infiltrated, the CP members in such locals do 
not exercise any influence therein. In other areas the local CP’s are not taking any action to infiltrate 
the local chapters. The following are specific examples: 


On March 25, 1963, there was no CP influence in the St. Louis NAACP. 


On April 3, 1963, there was no current CP program to infiltrate or attempt to gain domination of the 
NAACP in Los Angeles. 


On April 4, 1963, the Party in Philadelphia had shown no intention of infiltrating the NAACP.” [HQ 100- 
3-116, #253X] 


Also see Bircher J ulia Brown's 1966 book for confirmation of this point. 


“Many times I have been asked if the NAACP was a Communist front organization. | have been able to say, 
truthfully, that, so far as | could discern, it was not. Indeed the great Walter White, executive secretary 
of the NAACP prior to his death, fought Communism with might and main. Older NAACP leaders have been 
equally fierce in their opposition to the Red conspiracy. But it has only been by dint of great effort on 
the part of these loyal men and women that the Party has been thwarted in its attempts to completely 
dominate the NAACP." ...[J ulia Brown, | Testify: My Years As An FBI Undercover Agent, Western Islands, 1966, 
pages 124-125. 


Notice, too, J ulia’s praise for Walter White versus the opposite conclusion reached by the Birch Society cited 
in the “J BS on NAACP” section above. 


Julia also mentions that the wife of one prominent CPUSA official “hated the NAACP as did all other 
Communists.” (Ibid, page 125] 


And referring to the Communist Party attempt to exploit the murder of 14 year old Emmett Till to its 
advantage, J ulia observed: 


“Greater success might have attended these efforts had the Party not been opposed by the NAACP...The 
CPUSA criticized the NAACP bitterly for not conducting a more militant campaign of protests and 
demonstrations. The NAACP ‘adamantly refused’ to ‘let itself’ be used, and counseled its members to 
avoid any action which would reflect adversely on Negroes.” [Ibid, page 165]. 


In addition, see J ulia's comment in her March 1961 Ebony magazine interview entitled "| Was A Spy For The 
FBI", wherein she stated that Communists had "little or no influence" within the NAACP and she concluded 
that: 


‘I'm 100 percent with the NAACP and | think they are doing a wonderful job. Top government officials 
are aware that the NAACP is legal and is working in the American way for first class citizenship for all 
Americans." 


Incidentally, in a previous 1953 edition of the FBI monograph, the NAACP is discussed at much greater length 
in a section whose caption is: "The Communist Party and Legitimate Negro Protest and Improvement 
Organizations." The report confirms J ulia’s observation about Communist Party contempt for NAACP 
leadership and policies. 


In 1964, J}. Edgar Hoover met with American Legion National Commander Don J ohnson. Hoover discussed his 
feud with Martin Luther King Jr. But in contrast, according to a FBI memo summarizing the meeting, Hoover 
gave this evaluation of NAACP Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins: 


"He also referred to Roy Wilkins. He mentioned that Wilkins was a responsible type individual attempting 
to do a good job." [HQ 94-1-17998, serial #1741 which is an 11/11/64 memo from Assistant Director C.D. 
DeLoach regarding Hoover's meeting on 11/10/64 with American Legion National Commander Don J ohnson, 
page 2] 


In early April 1947, NAACP Executive Secretary Walter White wrote to FBI Director J]. Edgar Hoover to request 
a statement by Hoover on the NAACP which the organization could use ina pamphlet it was preparing. Hoover 
replied with the following statement: 


“Equality, freedom, and tolerance are essential in a democratic government. The NAACP has done much 
to preserve these principles and to perpetuate the desires of our founding fathers. With best wishes and 
kind regards. J. Edgar Hoover.” [FBI-HQ 61-3176, serial #378X; J. Edar Hoover 4/14/47 letter to Walter 
White. ] 


In contrast to the J BS position, the FBI considered both Walter White and Roy Wilkins to be responsible 
moderate anti-Communists and it frequently praised their leadership of the NAACP. Roy Wilkins was one of 
the black leaders whom the FBI thought most desirable to replace Martin Luther King Jr. as the leading 
advocate for African-Americans. 


A 1955 FBI memo summarized data in the Bureau’s file on the NAACP with respect to Communist Party interest 
in the organization: 


Pg 1: “NAACP incorporated in New York City in 1911. Declared aim is to secure full citizenship for 
Negroes. Bureau is in receipt of reports since 1941 re Communist attempts to infiltrate NAACP. CP has 
had measure of success in controlling isolated chapters but unable to dominate the organization on state 
or national level. National Convention of NAACP in 1955 reaffirmed stand taken at 1950 convention to 
oppose Communism...Dominant figures are Roy Wilkins and Thurgood Marshall, executive secretary and 
special counsel, respectively, who have been associated with CP front organizations in 1940’s but now 
appear to be strongly anti-Communist. 


Pg 4: “All Negro Party members have been instructed to join NAACP chapters to exert their influence in 
NAACP programs. Local chapters in some localities, e.g Chicago, have been penetrated to the extent that 
CP members have become officers of these chapters. However, most chapters, as well as the national 
office, are acutely aware of the constant attempt on the part of the CP to dominate these local groups 
and are actively combating the Communists in their efforts.” [HQ 61-3176, serial #1077; 10/21/55 memo 
from A.H. Belmont to L.V. Boardman. ] 


In April 1968, FBI Assistant Director William Sullivan prepared a paper for publication in Religion In Life, a 
journal produced by the University of North Carolina Law School. 


In a section captioned “Gains In Equality”, Sullivan discusses “precedent-establishing Negroes (who) through 
hard work and abundance of ability and talent have become nationally and internationally prominent.” 


Among the persons he cited as deserving of respect and praise and “outstanding recognition” were the 
following individuals whom the Birch Society considered as anything but deserving of respect and praise: 


Thurgood Marshall, U.S. Supreme Court J ustice and former General Counsel of NAACP; Robert C. Weaver, 
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development; Ralph Bunche (who) “has ably served this country at the 
United Nations”; Carl Rowan “who has served his country with distinction”; Roy Wilkins, A. Philip Randolph 
and Whitney Young (who) “have used their great skill and resources to gain so much for their fellow 
Negroes through remedies available under the law.” [William C. Sullivan, Communism and the American 
Negro, Winter 1968 Religion in Life, page 600] 


ipnosi A. PHILIP RANDOLPH......... 
During her 5/25/65 HUAC testimony Lola described A. Phillip Randolph as "anti-Communist". 
In her HUAC testimony Lola described the formation of the Negro American Labor Council in 1960: 


"It was organized by A. Philip Randolph with trade union leaders all over the country. They definitely 
were not Communists. As you know, Mr. Randolph is not a Communist and...most of the national executive 
board members or vice presidents were not Communists." [Communist Activities in The Chicago Illinois 
Area, part 1; Hearings before the House Committee on Un-American Activities; May 25-27 and J une 22, 1965, 
page 372. ] 


By contrast, the J BS characterized Randolph as a fellow-traveler, (or worse). 


After presenting a lengthy litany about Randolph's alleged connections to subversive organizations, the closing 
sentence in the Birch's Society's summary about Randolph provides a classic example of Birch guilt-by- 
innuendo: "Randolph learned his lessons well as he rubbed elbows with Communists over the past three 
decades." [Francis X. Gannon, Biographical Dictionary of the Left, Volume 1, page 488. ] 


The FBI position on Randolph and the NALC: 


“CP members have opposed A. Philip Randolph, President of the NALC since its founding convention, 
primarily because of his opposition to CP infiltration of the organization.” [HQ 100-3-116, serial #253X = 
8/ 23/ 63 FBI monograph “Communist Party USA—Negro Question”, page 20] 


For additional information concerning Lola Belle Holmes and J ulia Brown and the Birch Society's attack on 
NAACP see my August 2008 26-page report on former FBI Special Agent Dan Smoot at: 
http://ernie1241.googlepages.com/smoot 


In early 1965 Lola went to work for the Chicago chapter of the National Urban League. At that time, the 
national leader of the Urban League was Whitney Young Jr. whom the J BS described as "an ultra-liberal 
politician, a socialist ideologue, an affiliate of ultra-leftwingers, and a suave but militant racist agitator." 
[Francis X. Gannon, Biographical Dictionary of the Left, Volume 1, page 611. ] 


Understandably, none of the Birch Society's publicity releases about Lola mentioned her association with, and 
employment by the Urban League! 


“Anarchy U.S.A” is a 76-minute 1966 documentary film produced by the J ohn Birch Society. It may be viewed 
here: https://youtu. be/ T6UAgm3cgls 


It claims that the civil rights movement in the United States is part of a worldwide Communist conspiracy to 
encourage a violent revolution which will result in the creation of a separate “Negro Soviet Republic” in the 
“Black Belt” of the South (the film claims the term “black belt” was created by Communists). 


In reality, “black belt” refers to the cotton belt - which “region derives its name from the black soil which 
is prevalent in contrast to the red clays to the north and south.” [Thomas C. Cochran and Wayne Andrews: 
Concise Dictionary of American History, Scribner’s, 1962, page 99]. The film implies that “black belt” 
refers to a new country based upon skin color. 


According to the J BS, Anarchy USA was put together by J BS staff in the summer of 1965 and it cost $75,000 to 
produce and prints sold for $150 each. 500 prints were in circulation around the U.S. 


Anarchy USA contains shocking photography of the mutilated victims of revolutionary activity in China, Cuba, 
and Algeria and then combines that material with shots of Negro civil rights rallies here at home, and the film 
concludes: 


“We have offered only a brief survey of the material that is available to support the charge that the civil 
rights movement, as we know it today, is simply part of a worldwide movement, organized and directed 
by Communists, to enslave all mankind.” 


Rex Westerfield, Western Director of Public Relations for the Birch Society, described the film as “decidedly 
the most powerful tool we’ve ever had” in presenting the Birch Society’s views on our civil rights 
movement. 


In the August 1966 J BS Bulletin, Robert Welch instructed J BS members: 


“Show the film Anarchy U.S.A. far and wide and often...It will be far more convincing now—as to what can 
happen in this country—than it was before Detroit.” 


Robert Welch and the J BS adopted the core white supremacist argument when the J BS declared in the J une 
1965 issue of the J BS Bulletin sent to all J BS members that: 


“Our task must be simply to make clear that the movement known as ‘civil rights’ is Communist- plotted, 
Communist-controlled, and in fact...serves only Communist purposes." 


Another distortion in the film pertains to a slogan used by Fidel Castro, i.e. “Venceremos!” which, in Spanish, 
means “We will win” but the film suggests that the slogan was translated into English by African American 
Communists and then set to music to become the anthem of our civil rights movement as “We Shall 
Overcome”. Actually, this music originated from an old 19th century Baptist hymn entitled “I’ll Be All Right” 
combined with the text of the 1901 gospel hymn “I'll Overcome Someday” by Methodist preacher Charles 
Albert Tindley. [Jon M. Spencer: Protest and Praise—Sacred Music of Black Religion, Fortress Press, 1991, 
page 84]. 


The film then connects our civil rights movement to Communist revolutions in Algeria, Cuba, and China and 
the film claims that the same strategies used to produce Communist regimes in those places were being used 
in the U.S. ---so it’s all part of a sinister conspiracy to create a Negro Soviet Republic. [for additional 
background, see previous section of this chapter re: the Birch Society’s Negro Soviet Republic argument. ] 


FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover testified in 1960 that the Communist Party USA discarded its “Negro Soviet 
Republic” strategy at its 17th National Convention in 1959. 


"The Negro resolution adopted by the convention discarded the party's historic position advocating 'self- 
determination’ meaning that Negroes should be given the right to form a separate nation in the Southern 
States...The 1959 convention resolution hence represents a party admission that its position concerning 
Negroes is bankrupt. Time itself has shown that the party is not interested in the welfare of the Negro, 
but only in using him as a tool to advance party interests." [|]. Edgar Hoover: An Analysis of the 17th 


National Convention of the Communist Party USA; Statement made to Senate Internal Security 
Subcommittee, 1/17/60, page 7; Also see: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, March 1960 - for same comment. ] 


Further corroboration for this change in Communist Party strategy can be seen in testimony by a former FBI 
informant who later became a JBS member and paid speaker i.e. comments by Lola Belle Holmes (who 
attended the 17th National Convention). 


In addition, the FBI falsified almost every major predicate of J BS ideology concerning our civil rights movement 
and its leadership. 


Not surprisingly, this J BS films was shown at events sponsored by White Citizens Councils and by the Ku Klux 
Klan and by neo-nazi groups. For example, an FBI report about the Ku Klux Klan in Pennsylvania reported that 
the Bucks County chapter of the National Knights of the KKK showed Anarchy USA on J anuary 22, 1974 (8 years 
after Anarchy was first released!). See page 47 at following link: 


https:// archive.org/stream/foia National Knights KKK-26/ National Knights KKK-26#page/ n95 


Anarchy USA also features an interview with a former African American member of the Communist Party USA. 
(Leonard Patterson) https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=01XCkppfHkY 


However, Birchers never bother to perform due diligence to determine whether or not their sources are 
credible and reliable. 


The Birch Society used several African Americans as paid speakers (including Patterson)- usually under the 
auspices of its front group, Truth About Civil Turmoil (TACT). 


Significantly, NONE of the African Americans used by the J BS as paid speakers ever acknowledged or discussed 
the discrimination and oppression that black Americans confronted in their everyday lives—particularly in our 
southern states. 


Instead, those black Birchers focused exclusively in their speeches upon what they claimed was "Communist" 
influence, control, and domination of our civil rights movement or alleged "Communist" involvement in racial 
disturbances. 


For example, let’s briefly consider Bircher Leonard Patterson: 
His J] BS-sponsored speech was entitled “My Moscow Training in Civil Riots” 


On J anuary 27, 1966 Patterson appeared on the Louis Lomax TV program in Los Angeles and he declared that 
the Watts riot in August 1965 was directed by the CPUSA. 


By contrast, FBI investigative files falsify that contention - as did the Intelligence Division of the Los Angeles 
Police Department along with the McCone Commission which investigated the Watts riots. (see previous 
section of this chapter which discusses Gary Allen’s article published by the J BS, “The Plan To Burn Los 
Angeles”. ] 


For more details, see the chapter of my J] BS Report which discusses the J BS and our civil rights movement: 
https:// sites. google.com/ site/ ernie124102/ j bs-3 


On February 28, 1966, Patterson stated in a speech in Attleboro MA that the civil rights movement was part 
of a conspiracy starting in the 1930’s. He told his audience that NAACP, CORE and MLK Jr. were all “under 
the leadership of the American Communist Party”. 


Patterson was an informant for the Immigration and Naturalization Service. His charges against Ralph Bunche 
were unanimously dismissed by the Loyalty Review Board and the Board then requested that the Department 
of J ustice review Patterson's testimony for possible perjury prosecution. 


In 1961, Patterson was contacted by the FBI's Detroit field office to inquire if he would be willing to provide 
information concerning an individual who had attended the Lenin School during 1932 when Patterson also 
attended under the alias, Colton Terry. 


According to a FBI comment on a New York City FBI search slip, Patterson "refused to be interviewed re: 
(name redacted) attendance at Lenin School in Moscow unless he was compensated. " [FBI-NYC 100-144597, 
serial #236, page 2, which is a 3/ 2/ 66 search Slip in J ohn Birch Society file showing all FBI-NYC file references 
to Patterson. Original documentation in FBI-NYC file 100-59645, serials #133, #144, #148. ] 


Patterson and other informants favored by the J BS (like Matt Cvetic) were more interested in the money they 
could get from our government for testifying rather than being scrupulously accurate about their experiences 
within the Communist Party. In other cases. they claimed to have expertise which was severely limited to a 
specific time, place, and scope -- BUT they often did NOT have genuine knowledge about the matters which 
they discussed in their | BS-sponsored speeches OR in their writings -- so they just substituted whatever 


personal opinions their hosts wanted to hear -- in order to receive their compensation. 


After they joined the J BS Speaker's Bureau, some of these former FBI informants (like J ulia Brown. Lola Belle 
Holmes and Delmar Dennis) totally contradicted what they had originally told their FBI case agents during the 
period when they were informants. Why? Because (in Julia Brown’s case for example) she made a very 
lucrative living on the J BS lecture circuit and earned much more from the J BS than she ever did while getting 
compensated by the FBI. The FBI used a derogatory descriptive term for many of these folks, i.e. “professional 
anti-Communists”. 


To continue to Chapter 8 regarding "Right-Wing Critics of the Birch Society" - see: 
https:// sites. google.com/ site/ ernie124102/ j bs-4 


OR -- 


To continue to Chapter 9 which is "Documentary History of the J ohn Birch Society", - see: 
https:// sites. google. com/ site/ ernie1241/ 


MY RESEARCH: hittp://ernie1241.googlepages.com/home EMAIL: erniel241@aol.com 


.....HOw to Debate a JBS member or supporter 


ernie1241@aol.com 


This is the first chapter of a 3-chapter analysis of arguments posted online by John Birch Society members who 
claim (falsely) that the JBS has no connection to racial or religious bigotry. Furthermore, these Birchers 
claim that the JBS has “always” kicked bigots out of the JBS. 


Additional information about the history of JBS hostility toward our civil rights movement is contained in the 
chapter of my JBS Report which covers the JBS campaign against our civil rights movement and all of its leaders- 


which is available here: https://sites.google.com/site/ernie124102/jbs-3 


NINI NI N N NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI N NI NI NI NI N N N 


Part 1 of my discussion of "Racism and the JBS" replies to absurdities and falsehoods posted online by Bircher 
Jim Smith. It appears below. https://[sites.google.com/site/aboutxr/ 


Part 2 of my discussion of "Racism and the JBS” replies to absurdities posted online by Bircher LiveLife98 
(link here:) _https://sites.qgoogle.com/site/aboutxr/home/racism-and-john-birch-society-2 





Part 3 of my discussion of "Racism and the JBS" is now available (it includes a very detailed chronology 
regarding JBS members who were bigots): https://sites.google.com/site/aboutxr/home/jbs-racism3 


NOTE: 

On February 23, 2018 the JBS published an article on the website of its magazine (The New American) which was 
written by Alex Newman--see article link below. That article is entitled "The Federalist Gets It Really Wrong 
on Buckley and the Birch Society". 


https://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/28361-the-federalist-gets-it-really-wrong-on-buckley-and-birch-socie 





There were so many deliberate falsehoods and absurdities contained in Newman's article that I have written 
several critiques of his writings---including the following: 


My rebuttal to Newman’s use of the fraudulent JBS "investigation" by Earl Freeman/Efficiency Research Bureau 
https://sites.google.com/site/aboutxr/home/erb 


My rebuttal to Newman’s article “Neocon Tobin Dupes NY Post & Haaretz Readers on Birch Society”: 


https ://sites.google.com/site/aboutxr/home/jbs-newman 


My rebuttal to Newman’s assertions re: the 1963 California Senate Factfinding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities 
Report: 
https ://sites google.com/site/aboutxr/home/jbs-racism3/jbs-newman-2 


My rebuttal to Newman’s flawed analysis of an article published on the Daily Beast website re: Phyllis Schlafly 
https://sites.google.com/site/aboutxr/newman-3 


In addition, chapter 3 of my Report entitled “Racism and the John Birch Society” was written largely to address, once and for all, the numerous 
falsehoods and misrepresentations made by JBS defenders like Alex Newman 
https://sites .google.com/site/aboutxr/home/jbs-racism3 


What distinguishes this webpage from other types of analyses or commentaries regarding the John Birch Society 
is that I am going to quote extensively from a typical message posted online by a JBS member and then provide 
a detailed critique of it. 


The JBS members who most frequently attack me online are using the following screen names: 


ConPatriot1234 

LindaJJ 

Revamadeus (aka Amadeus Frison) 

Jim Smith 

Charles Thompson 

ThompsonSOS (which may be an alternate name for Charles Thompson) 
James Farmer 


It does not normally matter which JBS member’s comment is chosen as representative of JBS thinking. It also 
doesn’t matter which subject matters are chosen as examples of erroneous JBS analysis or conclusions 
because every JBS member just repeats the indoctrination which they have received from Birch Society 
headquarters or which they absorb from JBS literature. 


In other words, Birchers function like Communist Party members. They are given a specific “Party Line” to 
defend and to circulate and then they all repeat it, almost verbatim, without ever doing any independent 
research or ever engaging their critical faculties. Consequently, one Bircher argument is virtually identical 
to every other Bircher argument. 


For the purposes of this webpage, readers may wish to review some of the extensive debates which I have had 
online with JBS members and JBS sympathizers. I am providing links below to some of the more interesting or 
Significant debates. 


You will notice that many of the same subject matters are brought up each time but, usually, JBS members 
withdraw from the debate after a short time (typically only after they make rude and malicious comments about 
the honesty and integrity of anybody who dares to criticize the JBS). Their withdrawal frequently occurs when 
a critic has presented inculpatory evidence against the JBS which the JBS member has no ability to refute. 


Often, a JBS member will say something like he/she “doesn’t have the time” or the desire to address all the 
alleged “Lies” and “smears” presented against the JBS. However, this is just code language for a 
convenient all-purpose intellectual escape hatch - because most JBS members do not have knowledge regarding 
the more unsavory aspects of JBS history - so they just suddenly leave the battlefield with the odor of their 
supposed victimhood in the air. 


You will also notice some common debate tactics used by Birchers - such as what I list below. Many examples 
of these JBS tactics or these fallacious JBS forms of reasoning will appear below: 


1; Lowest-common-denominator reasoning 
2; Ad hominem slurs 
By Inability to present factual evidence to support their assertions instead of just presenting their 


unsubstantiated personal opinions [Note: It is not always apparent that JBS members even know the 
difference between a FACT versus an OPINION. They seem to use these terms interchangeably] 


4. Unwillingness to accept normal rules of evidence and logic (related to #3) 
5. Use of straw-man arguments 


6. Inability to accurately quote or paraphrase what a critic has said or written or correctly summarize 
what a critic believes (which usually leads to Birchers presenting a straw-man argument instead) 


Ts Inability to make careful distinctions (often resulting in use of false analogies) 
8. Refusal to acknowledge publicly that any JBS critic or perceived opponent might be an intelligent, 


honorable, principled, and patriotic person 


9. Attributing the worst possible motives or qualities to any person who does not share JBS viewpoints 
(even though they are total strangers) 


10. Refusal to candidly admit error OR refusal even to acknowledge that more research is required by 
the JBS member because their current understanding may be incomplete or flawed. 


11. Pretending that some derogatory judgment which the JBS first expressed 20, 30, or 40 or more years 
ago is no longer worth discussing even though the JBS has NEVER retracted its original position and even 
when it still quotes or paraphrases that same position in its contemporary literature 


12. Pretending that there is a moral equivalence between the JBS and other persons whom, in previous 
decades, may have expressed viewpoints which are now discredited—EVEN THOUGH the non-JBS person(s) CHANGED 
their views over time whereas the JBS never did. 





13. Refusing to candidly acknowledge instances when the JBS has previously effusively praised and 
recommended sources of information as indisputably reliable and authoritative IF those same sources can 
now be used to contradict and refute what the JBS prefers to believe. 


14. Pouncing upon the most picayune omission which is not central to whatever point is being made and 
then pretending that small omission completely discredits whatever else has been written by a critic 


One of the most important factors to understand about JBS members is their pervasive sense of victimhood. JBS 
members of all ages and backgrounds genuinely believe that they have been unfairly and maliciously attacked 
for decades. 


As a corollary to this belief, Birchers proceed from the premise that decent, moral, intelligent, and principled 
people who join the Birch Society or who present its views should NEVER have their judgment questioned, or 
their personal opinions criticized, because Birchers think that such skepticism or criticism amounts to 
a personal attack upon their intelligence and their moral character or even their patriotism. In other words, 
in the JBS scheme of things, “good people” cannot possibly be gravely mistaken. 


Birchers believe the JBS is infallible - which explains why the JBS has never acknowledged any major substantive 
error in its entire 60-year history, i.e. it has never retracted any derogatory statement, assertion or 
conclusion which it has made about any person, organization, event, or controversy—even though the JBS considers 
itself to be (and it is incorporated as) an “educational organization”. 


Oddly, however, Birchers have no problem attacking critics of the JBS in the most defamatory and malicious 
fashion imaginable without considering that their own behavior could be interpreted as pertinent evidence of 
some defect in JBS manners or in JBS character. 


One more commonplace attitude among Birchers is deserving of comment: their profound anti-intellectualism. 


Normally, when someone decides to specialize in (or carefully research) a particular subject matter, we refer 
to those folks as “experts” or “scholars” or “analysts” OR perhaps we just use the more generic term 
“researcher”. 


For instance: many of our country’s most prominent award-winning journalists and scholars have devoted very 
long periods of their life to discovering, studying, and analyzing currently available and/or newly discovered 
evidence about all sorts of subject matters. 


It is not uncommon to find out (for example) that a researcher has discovered never-previously-known documentary 
evidence which is archived in some collection of personal papers donated to a college/university or located at 
a state historical society or perhaps the new info was discovered in files or documents obtained through FOIA 
requests to government agencies. It also is not uncommon for a researcher to find a new oral interview 
transcript or recording OR perhaps a researcher will interview somebody with highly pertinent knowledge who 
has never been interviewed previously. 


Consequently, it is not surprising to learn that the author of a publication (i.e. a new book, article, webpage, 
conference paper, doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis) may have spent many months or even many years doing 
research into the subject that interested them - and, during that process, they discover information never 
previously known. 


While most of us celebrate such intellectual curiosity and that kind of persistence and tenacity, Birchers 
come to a totally different conclusion IF that researcher discovers information which Birchers think 
is not favorable to the JBS. Birchers contemptuously dismiss or de-value the endeavors of such researchers as 
an “obsession” or perhaps even as “a vendetta” against the JBS! [Again, this pervasive sense of victimhood is 
paramount within how Birchers perceive their world. ] 


02-23-17 


https: //www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/feb/23/alt-right-ethno-nationalists-tossed-from-cpac-boun/ 


06-16-17 


http://www. stgeorgeutah. com/news/archive/2017/06/16/letter-to-the-editor-kociela-lies-about-the-john-birch-society/#.WlpQlghKuUk 





07-16-17 


https: //www.newsbusters.org/blogs/nb/pj-gladnick/2017/07/16/politico-absurdly-hypes-supposed-resurgence-john-birch-society 


08-12-17 


https: //www.sltrib.com/pb/opinion/letters/2017/08/12/letter-beware-the-koch-influence-on-campus/comments/ 


09-16-17 


https: //bangordailynews .com/2017/09/15/opinion/saturday-sept-16-2017-john-birch-society-smear-time-for-medicare-for-all-defend-ranked-choice- 





voting/comments/ 


09-17-17 


http: //www.nwaonline. com/news/2017/sep/17/fighting-off-a-racist-label-20170917/?opinion 





11-08-17 


https: //www. cnsnews.com/commentary/1-brent-bozell-iii/life-liberty-and-decenc 





06-26-20 


https ://www.heraldandnews.com/members/forum/letters/letter-to-the-editor-john-birch-society/article fa3e0db2-4918-5ad9-987a-76574c8958b4. html 





I also include the following link because it reflects a debate which I had with LEFT-wing critics of the JBS 
who accused me of being “PRO-Birch” because I corrected their errors and defended the JBS against caricatures 
and falsehoods being presented in this comments section 


Q@1-04-13:  https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2013/1/4/1176367/-America-Now-Has-a-Three-Major-Political-Parties 





If you want to produce immediate outrage from a JBS member which then produces immediate strident rebuttals as 
well as vicious personal attacks upon any JBS critic who introduces this topic for discussion -- then just 
post anything online which Birchers interpret as linking the JBS to either racism or anti-semitism. 


Although it is true that, over the past 6 decades, there has repeatedly been unfair, inaccurate, and malicious 
criticism of the JBS, nevertheless the responsibility for those unfair or flawed critiques must be shared by 
the JBS and its members for three reasons: 


(1) The JBS as an organization refuses to allow outside independent researchers to have access to its 
historical records so that a fact-based account of JBS history can be written AND the JBS also refuses to 
permit researchers to select a representative sample of their membership for survey purposes to learn what 
JBS members believe and to arrive at a fact-based profile of the membership. [See note #1 below]. 


(2) JBS members are extremely hostile toward anybody who attempts to survey them to develop an overall 
description of member’s beliefs and background. This is particularly true if the researcher presents any 
information which Birchers interpret as potentially critical about the JBS. [See note #2 below] 


(3) Without exception, JBS members and JBS officials are totally unwilling to candidly 
acknowledge indisputably factual, accurate, and truthful details regarding their own history (even if it 
comes from other JBS members!!)—if such details could be interpreted as adverse information about the 
JBS. In other words, like the Communist Party, the JBS considers “fact” or “truth” and “reality” to consist 
of only that information which reflects favorably upon the JBS as an organization and reflects positive 
qualities about the persons associated with the JBS. 


Note #1: Because Birchers love to pounce upon any small detail which, if omitted, they then claim 
discredits everything a critic writes, I need to point out that in the 1960’s, the JBS did cooperate with Dr. 
John A. Broyles for his doctoral dissertation which was later published as a book by Beacon Press in 1964 with 
the title "The John Birch Society: Anatomy of a Protest”. However, the survey conducted of JBS members at that 
time was not a scientific sample and it was limited to a very small number of members whom the JBS chose. 


Note #2: In 1984, after I received the first 15 sections of the FBI HQ main file on the JBS (62-104401), I 
prepared a summary of what I found in that file. I then sent it to 10@ JBS members (including chapter leaders, 
section leaders, coordinators, and National Council members). Enclosed with my summary was a brief questionnaire 
along with a postpaid return envelope. The questionnaire asked for basic background info (age, how long a 
member, and a checklist to indicate which publications the members considered reliable) and a couple questions 
about the FBI. I also asked for JBS member evaluation of the information shown in the FBI file. Not even one 
member returned my questionnaire. 


DEFINITIONS 


As often is required when debating a JBS member (or any political extremist) we first must define our terms, so 
that we begin with a common understanding. 


So..What is racism and WHOM is best able to recognize it? 


The major problem which Birchers have when discussing this subject is that they do not seem able 
to define what racism is nor are they seemingly able to understand the various forms (direct and indirect 
or overt vs subtle) by which racism can be expressed. 


Generally speaking, Birchers want us to accept only literal, explicit, and overt expressions of racism as 
valid exemplars of what racism means. 


Let me briefly comment here about something which I experienced from one of my LEFT-wing critics (P. Trejo) 
because it illustrates how use of false or inadequate criteria can warp our ability to recognize racism. 


For many years, I have defended the JBS against bogus arguments presented online by P. Trejo and Harry Dean 
(a former JBS member). 


Trejo and Dean claim that JBS members financed and executed a successful plot to murder President John F. 
Kennedy. [Dean claims to have been an eyewitness at meetings where the plot was discussed.] One of the 
alleged plotters (according to Trejo and Dean) was JBS member Maj. General Edwin A. Walker of Dallas Texas. 


Trejo rejected my description of Edwin Walker as being an indisputable "racist". Trejo claimed that Walker 
could not be accurately described as racist because Walker supposedly never used the n-word nor did he ever 
join an overtly racist organization like the Ku Klux Klan. In Trejo's scheme of things, these were the 
only two criteria worthy of consideration for a serious discussion of racism in our country. 


Similarly, Birchers do NOT believe that the intended victims and targets of bigotry and prejudice have the 
capacity to recognize the persons and organizations (and arguments) which are intended to harm the victims. 
The JBS routinely rejects accusations of bigotry directed toward specific persons when those reports 


originate from prominent organizations which historically have done the most to combat bigotry or 
discrimination - such as ACLU, NAACP, Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith, etc. 


Birchers have a hard time answering these types of questions: 

1. are Catholics and their fraternal organizations able to recognize anti-Catholic bigotry? 

2. are Jews and their fraternal organizations able to recognize anti-Jewish bigotry? 

3. are Muslims and their fraternal organizations able to recognize anti-Islamic bigotry? 

4. are African-Americans and their fraternal organizations able to recognize anti-black bigotry? 


5. are Asians or Hispanics and their fraternal organizations able to recognize anti-Asian or anti-Hispanic 
bigotry? 


6. does any rational person in our country believe that the United States has never experienced 
ANY systemic bigotry during our country’s history? 


7. How was that systemic bigotry created and enforced? What arguments were used to defend and perpetuate 
it? 


In fact, according to Robert Welch: 


"In our opinion, for instance -- and we might add, in the opinion of many of the best informed and most 
courageous Jews themselves -- the so-called Anti-Defamation League, which ostensibly was founded to prevent 
or diminish anti-Semitism, has actually done more over the past few decades to promote anti-Semitism than 
all of the Gerald L.K. Smiths and Richard Cottens put together. For the ADL's power and prosperity as an 
organization has depended on an increase rather than a decrease of anti-Jewish feelings. And in subtly 


provoking this increase, they have, of course, mightily helped the Communists which has certainly been the 
purpose of some of those involved." and 


"For many years, the Communists, using the ADL as a front, tried by extremely intensive and expensive 
propaganda to have the American people simply take for granted that the JBS was a racist and anti-Semitic 
organization." [Robert Welch, JBS Bulletin, May 1993 - "If You Want It Straight" which reprints a speech 
made by Welch in 1969. "Promote" italicized in original document for emphasis. ] 

This type of statement by Robert Welch is noteworthy because: 


(a) it reveals a circular argument and 


(b) it reveals a typical snide Birch debate tactic -- i.e. the use of pejorative verbs, adverbs, and 
adjectives to communicate derision, sarcasm, and contempt --- such as "so-called" and "ostensibly" 


A circular argument begins with an unproven (and usually false or grossly misleading) predicate. However, 
it is proposed that all subsequent analysis and discussion and conclusions be based upon the unproven (and 


often false) predicate. 


In the example above, Welch associates "Communists" with civil rights and civil liberties organizations 
(which poisons all subsequent discussion). 


Then, Welch attempts to dismiss, de-value, and de-legitimize ALL evidence of bigotry occurring within the 
JBS if such evidence originates from persons/groups which are critical of the JBS. 


Consequently, the circular argument _is completed: 
(a) nobody should trust reports by civil rights and civil liberties organizations because 
(b) such groups contain Communists and they facilitate Communist purposes and 


(c) therefore, reports by civil rights and civil liberties organizations are unreliable and false because the 
JBS is incapable of any sort of prejudice or bigotry 


EXPLICIT HATRED: 
The most obvious form of racism is the type which is explicit and often deliberately cruel. 


An obvious example (with respect to African-Americans) can be seen in literature published by the KKK, the 
American Nazi Party, the National States Rights Party, and other white hate groups. Also, the behavior of 
their members is relevant. 


There are vicious references in publications of white hate groups to black Americans (hate groups often use 
the n-word or the c-word) and, frequently, the proponents of explicit hatred attempt to justify their 
position by referring to “studies” which “prove” the moral and intellectual inferiority of non-Caucasian 
individuals. Also, hate groups focus upon what they describe as “statistical evidence” of disproportionate 
incidence of crime, drug use, illegitimate children, welfare dependency, AND “subversive” and “un-American” 
associations by African-Americans. 


With respect to_behavior - everyone is probably generally familiar with both the successful and the botched 
crimes (often violent) committed by KKK members or by other explicit racists (such as National States Rights 
Party members). They have bombed churches, committed arson, murdered civil rights workers, participated in 
lynchings and castrations or other bodily mutilations. 


In addition, explicit racists have used their positions in government, in law enforcement, in civic 
organizations and businesses, and in the media and in the clergy and religious institutions to harass, 
demean, denigrate, and intimidate minorities and to prevent minorities from having access to public 
facilities (such as “whites only” parks, swimming pools, playgrounds, public schools, churches, drinking 
fountains, etc.). And, of course, they have done everything possible to prevent African-Americans from 
either registering to vote or actually voting. 


WHAT WAS THE RATIONALE USED BY and WHAT WAS THE ULTIMATE OBJECTIVE OF SEGREGATIONISTS? 


Racial segregation was the practice of restricting people to certain circumscribed areas of residence OR 
restricting them to separate institutions (for example: schools and churches) and facilities (parks, 
playgrounds, restaurants, movie theaters, restrooms) on the basis of their race or alleged race. 


Racial segregation provided a means of maintaining the economic advantages and superior social status of the 
politically dominant group and it was employed primarily by white populations to maintain their ascendancy 
over other groups by means of economic, political, legal, and social color bars. 


"Ascendancy" refers to the laws, customs, and practices which assured that the dominate power and influence 
and control of society and all of its institutions would perpetually remain in the hands of Caucasians. This 


is also known as defending white privilege. 


As one historian has written, the JBS usually was "on the side of white southern segregationists on any issue 
involving race relations at home and decolonization abroad." 


In other words, in every instance where there was a choice, the JBS chose to align itself with the politicians, 
the institutions, the laws, and the customs and practices which assured the ascendancy of the prevailing white 
power structure in our southern states. This occurred EVEN WHEN those persons had indisputable connections to 
overt segregationists and racists who considered black Americans to be intellectually and morally deficient 
beings. 


Typically, a JBS member will refuse to accept ANY evidence which betokens support for white privilege. Instead, 
contemporary Birchers demand to see literal quotations from JBS literature that affirms the idea of the moral 
and intellectual inferiority of African Americans. Anything less (in the Birch scheme of things) amounts 
to "Lies" and "smears" against the JBS and its members. 


SOFT RACISM 


After the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court de-segregation ruling, there was an explosion of new “states? rights” 
organizations in our southern states. They were created under many different names. 


In addition to the national umbrella organizations (such as Citizens Councils of America or the Federation for 
Constitutional Government), there were also state associations (such as Association of Citizens Councils of 
Mississippi and Defenders of State Sovereignty and Individual Liberties in Virginia or the States Rights 
Council of Georgia). These state associations assisted local communities with the formation of local chapters 
at the county and the city level. 


When many of these organizations were created, they sometimes appealed to the more “respectable” elements 
inside their communities. By “respectable” I refer to the better-educated and more prosperous individuals who 
did not want their names or reputations associated with appeals to violent or illegal activities that normally 
were linked to Klans or other white hate groups. However, the ideological premises of the “soft racists” were 
almost identical to those of the Klan albeit sometimes sanitized to eliminate the more objectionable extremist 
aspects. 


It should also be noted that even though these “soft racist” groups may have explicitly rejected Klan tactics, 
the politicians associated with these soft racist groups were almost always endorsed by the Klan as well as by 
all other white supremacist organizations in our country. 


For example: the Klan praised and supported the Governors and the U.S. Senators and the U.S. Congressmen from 
Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, and South Carolina. Examples include: Sen. Strom Thurmond (SC), 
Gov. Lester Maddox (GA), Gov. Ross Barnett (MS), Gov. Marvin Griffin (GA), U.S. Senator James O. Eastland (MS), 
Gov. George Wallace (AL), Gov. Orval Faubus (AR), Cong. John Rarick (LA). 


When prominent racists from these states decided to pursue some local, state, or federal political 
office, OR when they were nominated by third parties (without their knowledge), the Klan and white-hate groups 
often joined with the “soft racist” groups in supporting and promoting those individuals. Examples include the 
nominations or candidacies of Sen. Strom Thurmond, Gov. George Wallace, Gov. Orval Faubus, Gov. Lester Maddox, 
T. Coleman Andrews Sr., Thomas J. Anderson, Cong. John G. Schmitz, John G. Crommelin, John Kasper, J.B. Stoner, 
and Col. William Potter Gale. 


For more specific details regarding the pragmatic alliances between explicit racist and soft racist groups 


-see: 
James Graham Cook: The Segregationists (Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1962) 


George Lewis: The White South and the Red Menace: Segregationists, Anticommunism, and Massive Resistance 
1945-1965 (University Press of Florida, 2004) 


Neil R. McMillen: The Citizens Council: Organized Resistance to the Second Reconstruction 1954-1964, 
(University of Illinois Press, 1971) 


Michael Newton: The National States Rights Party: A History (MacFarland and Company, 2017) 


Stephanie R. Rolph: Resisting Equality: The Citizens’ Council 1954-1989 (Louisiana State University Press, 
June 2018) 


Francis M. Wilhoit: The Politics of Massive Resistance (B. Braziller, 1973) 


Clive Webb: Rabble Rousers: The American Far Right in the Civil Rights Era (University of Georgia Press, 
2010) 


Jeff Woods: Black Struggle, Red Scare: Segregation and Anti-Communism in the South 1948-1968 (Louisiana 
State University Press, 2004) 


One should remember that the primary arguments created by explicitly racist organizations were 
“normalized” and promoted by the “soft racist” groups and their offspring-such as the State Sovereignty 
Commissions - all of which served as clearinghouses for pro-segregation and anti-integration 
propaganda. Soft racists wanted to maintain segregation and Jim Crow laws, customs and practices. Their 
only real objection to Klan-type groups and behavior was their violent and criminal activities. 


For purposes of our discussion we must first introduce ourselves to the underlying principles which Robert 
Welch wanted us to accept so that we could recognize whom should be considered a dangerous, subversive, and 
un-American individual. 


The following quotation by Welch comes from his speech to the first meeting of the JBS National Council in 
January 1960: 


"In the Senate, there are men like Stephen Young of Ohio, and Wayne Morse of Oregon, McNamara of Michigan, 
and Clifford Case of New Jersey and Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota and Estes Kefauver of Tennessee and John 
F. Kennedy of Massachusetts, whom it is utter folly to think of as just liberals. Every one of those men 
is either an actual Communist or so completely a Communist sympathizer or agent that it makes no practical 
difference..." 
So, Welch asks us to believe that there is “no practical difference” between: 

(1) An actual member of the Communist Party versus 


(2) A Communist sympathizer versus 


(3) An “agent” of the Communist Party (also known as an enabler who facilitates accomplishment of the 
objectives of the Communist Party) 


The distinction between a sympathizer and an agent is a very subtle one which probably escapes most 
observers, but I will attempt to explain it below. 


For our discussion, let’s use this EXACT SAME WELCH LOGIC with respect to there being "no practical 
difference" between 


(1) a vicious racist bigot (i.e. someone who believes African Americans are morally and intellectually 
inferior beings who must be kept perpetually separate from, and subordinate to, Caucasians AND 


(2) someone who sympathizes with the explicit racist bigot, but he might never say so publicly OR someone 
who begins their comment with "I am not a member of..." (enter name of noxious racist group here) "BUT" [there 
is always a "but" appended to the rest of their comments which then expresses approval, agreement, or 
Support in some manner.]| AND 


(3) someone who functions as an "agent" of the explicit racist bigot---(also known as someone who acts as 
an enabler of bigotry). 


This can be accomplished by publicly supporting at least some of the same objectives or policy proposals 
of the explicit racist bigot as well as by circulating at least some of the same arguments which the racist 
prefers OR by somebody who recommends some of the same authors and sources of information favored by the 
bigot OR by somebody who provides some type of support to and/or endorsements of racists, BUT the agent 


will insist that he/she is NOT prejudiced and we should just totally ignore all their links to bigots. 


NOTE: In some cases, the “agent” (aka enabler) may even convince himself that he does NOT possess any racial 
animus, but, significantly, he reflexively defends white privilege plus all existing status quo power 
relationships which always keeps African-Americans in their subordinate position. Consequently, the agent 
may verbally criticize “extremists” and criminals such as the Klan but the agent never invalidates or 


seriously works to reverse the laws and customs which keep African Americans impotent. 


More importantly, this person or organization cannot really provide significant compelling AFFIRMATIVE 
evidence to demonstrate how or when they have done anything to bring public awareness to the legitimate 
social or economic or political grievances which minorities experience in their everyday lives nor can they 
provide any compelling evidence of how and when they helped redress those legitimate grievances. In previous 
decades, this person was known as a fellow-traveler, i.e. a person who sympathizes with and often furthers 
the ideals and program of an organization without having membership in the group or without regular 
participation in its activities. 


One more point about enablers which is pertinent. 


In both law and morality, silence is normally considered consent. The operative principle in Latin is: 


"Qui tacet consentire videtur", i.e. he that holds his peace gives his consent. 


Often this is accompanied by "ubi Loqui debuit ac potuit”, which is, "when he ought to have spoken and was 
able to". 


Thus, when confronted with the question of determining whether a person or an organization is honorable, 


fair-minded, principled, and committed to decency, fairness, and truth -- there MUST 
be indisputable evidence that the person/group has a record of candidly acknowledging and then correcting 
its own mistakes as well as accurately identifying social injustices. "Silence" is NOT an option. 


Lastly, there are both tacit and overt enablers. The tacit enabler stays silent when he should have spoken 
out. The overt enabler supports bad behavior or bad ideas or policies by providing material assistance in 
the form of money, approval/praise, employment, publicity, etc. 


Perhaps our best method for understanding this matter comes from Robert Welch himself. During a question- 
and-answer period after his speech in Jackson MS, an audience member asked Welch if United Auto Workers 
President Walter Reuther was a Communist. Welch replied: "It doesn't matter whether he is or not. The 
Communists love him whether he is one of them or not and he is a dangerous left-winger." ["Welch Says Reds 
in Freedom Rides", New Orleans LA State-Times, 11/18/61, page 1; FBI-New Orleans file 105-1499, serial 
#83.]] 


So...let’s now apply Welch's own logic. 


If we use Robert Welch’s “no practical difference” or "it doesn't matter" logic, then we must ask and answer 
the following questions. 


WHY did Robert Welch... 
(a) ask well-known segregationists and white supremacists to join the JBS? AND 


(b) invite prominent segregationists to become JBS National Council members (on paper, the Council is the 
governing body of the JBS) AND 


(c) why did Welch associate with (and praise) prominent racist political figures? 


Note: The white supremacy organization, Citizens’ Council of America, included on its board of advisers, 
Senator James O. Eastland of Mississippi, Cong. John Bell Williams of Mississippi, Senator J. Strom Thurmond 
of South Carolina and Cong. L. Mendel Rivers of South Carolina -- all of whom were praised by Robert Welch 
and the Birch Society. In 1961, Welch went on a country-wide speaking tour to promote the Birch Society's 
views. On several occasions, he was introduced by pro-segregation Congressman John Bell Williams. For 
example, Cong. Williams introduced Welch when Welch spoke at the Heidelberg Hotel in Jackson MS on November 
18, 1961. 


In 1963, Welch asked Sen. Strom Thurmond to consider accepting appointment to the JBS National Council but 
Thurmond declined. Thurmond is perhaps best remembered as the 1948 candidate for President on the States' 
Right Party ticket. Thurmond declared in one of his speeches, that: "I wanna tell you, ladies and gentlemen, 
that there’s not enough troops in the army to force the Southern people to break down segregation and admit 
the Nigra race into our theaters, into our swimming pools, into our homes, and into our churches." 


AND 


(d) accept arguments that were first created by white supremacists and then use the JBS to promote and 
circulate those arguments? AND 


We must also ask and answer the following questions about the John Birch Society 


(a) Why did the Birch Society hire notorious racists as speakers under the auspices of its American 
Opinion Speakers Bureau? 


(b) Why did the Birch Society decide to disparage our entire civil rights movement and claim that it 
“served only Communist purposes”? 


(c) Why did the Birch Society recommend J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI as an authoritative, reliable source 
of factual information about internal security related matters but then NOT tell JBS members that Hoover 
and the FBI rejected and falsified JBS arguments and conclusions about our civil rights movement? 


(d) Why did the Birch Society decide to NOT inform its members about the grave situation which existed 
in our southern states in terms of the systemic bigotry, oppression, intimidation and harassment which 
suffused almost all the institutions which minorities relied upon to protect them? 


(e) Why did the Birch Society exploit and magnify every instance of what it considered evidence of some 
“subversive” or “radical” association by persons connected to our civil rights movement as if only 
villainous and sinister radicals and “outside agitators” could be involved in anti-Jim Crow and anti- 


segregation and anti-racist activities---while, simultaneously, the JBS chose to NOT inform its members 
about the overtly racist background of people whom the JBS paid to be officials of the JBS or to be JBS 
speakers and writers? 


The first example is from Jim Smith here: 


http: //www. journal-advocate.com/sterling-columnists/ci 31587266/honoring-dr-kin 





I am choosing Jim’s message because it contains so many falsehoods and fallacious arguments which are 
typical of the problems with JBS member “reasoning” and behavior. 


Anti-Birch Obsessive Ernie Lazar is wrong (as usual). The newly released FBI documents I referred to 
exposing King's top advisor as a communist are covered here: https://www.thenewamerican...The reason we 
celebrate Dr. King today is because we have been fed a false version of history that concealed the truth 
about King's true words and deeds. Not only did the JBS never side with white supremacists (unless you mean 
in the sense of they like apply pie, we like apple pie, therefore we're the same, which is an elementary 
logical fallacy). In fact, JBS expelled racists and anti-Semites throughout its history, as Ernie knows 
very well. Sometimes even members of Congress were expelled for these issues. Interesting that you mention 
Wallace and that some JBS members supported him (JBS has never endorsed a politician and never will). I 
think what's much more relevant is that for virtually his entire political career, Wallace was a Democrat. 
Ask yourself, why is Ernie obsessed with a few JBS members supporting Wallace, but never mentions that 
Democrats supported Wallace so much that they elected him over and over again? The argument that a white 
supremacist may have distributed JBS literature is also a logical fallacy. JBS distributes the book Tragedy 
and Hope as well as the Communist Manifesto. That does not mean it agrees with Karl Marx or globalist Carol 
Quigley, lol. I'll point out for the record that Ernie knows for a fact that argument he is trying to make 
by insinuation is false. If you google it, you will find massive essays by Ernie proving without a doubt 
that the JBS has always been opposed to racism. Notice also that Ernie did not address the substance of my 
comments, he simply copied and pasted a bunch of logical fallacies having nothing to do with the subject 
at hand. Now that Ernie's dishonesty and logical deficiencies have been exposed, I will leave and let Ernie 
spew some more of his venom uncontested. 


1. First, notice how Jim begins with the insult “Anti-Birch Obsessive Ernie Lazar”. Although Jim 
inserts my name into his message, the reality is that Jim normally would insert the name of ANY Birch 


Society critic because Jim (like all other Birchers) believes that there is no such thing as an honest, 
principled, or intelligent JBS critic. 


Furthermore, Jim never accuses any JBS supporter of being “obsessed” no matter how many pro-JBS comments 
they post online (and several JBS members have posted three or four times as many messages as I do). 
Nor does Jim care about the fact that Robert Welch declared on page 58 of the JBS Blue Book that: "My 
own obsession with this fight..has caused me to give up business career and income and any prospect of 
ever having any peace or leisure again during my lifetime..." 


“Obsession” (in the JBS scheme of things) is an adverse or negative character flaw BUT it is applied 
or limited exclusively to JBS critics or opponents. It never applies to Birchers or their supporters. 


2i Jim claims that “we have been fed a false version of history” re: MLK Jr. and then Jim includes 
a link to a November 6, 2017 article published in the JBS magazine, The New American, about an FBI 
document which was part of the huge release of documents which NARA posted on their JFK-website during 
2017. Those NARA docs may be seen here: https://www.archives.gov/research/jfk/2017-release 


In another message which Jim posted on this subject, Jim began his message with the comment: “Recently 
declassified FBI documents actually prove that King's top advisor Stanley Levison was a known 
communist.” 


This is totally absurd. The declassified documents about Levison were released decades ago. The 
recent NARA release contains nothing new! 


3. As I have previously explained to Jim and to other JBS members who have made the same assertions 
as Jim, they are totally ignorant about this subject. 


The information summarized in the JBS magazine article has been available for over 30 years. As I 
told Jim, I received many of the pertinent FBI documents in the 1980°s and 1990°s through my FOIA 
requests on the CPUSA as well as on MLK Jr and about other related subjects. 


Furthermore, so have other people. The 1981 book by Pulitzer-Prize winning historian Dr. David J. 
Garrow (The FBI and Martin Luther King, Jr.: From "SoLo" to Memphis) contains the same information 
about Stanley Levison and his brother Roy. It also contains the information re: Hunter Pitts Odell and 
Bayard Rustin. In addition, a lot of the derogatory information about King was originally supplied or 
confirmed by Rev. David Abernathy. He was a close associate of King’s in the Southern Christian 
Leadership Conference. For example see this October 1989 article in the Chicago 
Tribune: http://articles .chicagotribune .com/1989-10-20/news/8901230874_1 ralph-david-abernathy-king-poor-people-s-campaign 





4. With respect to Martin Luther King’s other peccadillos (plagiarism, adultery, etc.), those matters 
were also revealed and discussed decades ago. Other award-winning historians have written extensively 
about all these subjects including Taylor Branch in his 2007 book, “Parting the Waters: America in the 
King Years 1954-63” as well as by Dr. Claiborne Carson, the Director of Stanford University's Martin 
Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute. 


5; In summary: the “false version of history” which Jim Smith breathlessly reports and claims to 
be so upset about - is nothing more than Jim Smith’s profound ignorance about the state of MLK Jr. 
scholarship. 


6. Significantly, Jim Smith (and other Birchers) are willing participants in an ongoing campaign to 
spread “a false version of history” with respect to the John Birch Society but that apparently doesn’t 
bother any of them. 

Lastly - when Jim and his fellow Birchers make these sensational claims it is NOT because they want 
to perform any sort of genuine educational function. Instead, they just search for anything which 
they think can be used to slime and diminish and de-value the reputations of the people (or groups) 
whom they do not like. 

Zs Next - Jim pretends that he understands what a “Logical fallacy” is when he writes: 


“Not only did the JBS never side with white supremacists (unless you mean in the sense of, they Like apple 
pie, we Like apple pie, therefore we're the same, which is an elementary Logical fallacy.” 


The first thing we need to do here is examine Jim’s apple pie analogy. 
I know this might seem frivolous, but it reveals a fundamental defect in JBS reasoning which we need to identify 
because Birchers routinely employ this type of fallacious reasoning. This is a prime example of how Birchers 


want us to use lowest-common-denominator (LCD) reasoning to arrive at a conclusion. 


When making comparisons, one must choose some characteristic which is uniquely present in order to make some 
kind of rational and pertinent distinction. Let me illustrate the problem by this example of LCD: 


ALL cats have 4 Legs 
ALL elephants have 4 Legs 


Therefore, all cats must be elephants and vice-versa 


The ultimate logical defect here is that the number of legs which any animal has is NOT a uniquely distinguishing 
feature which enables us to make rational distinctions between and among them. 


For example, we cannot tell from the number of legs, which animal is a domestic animal versus only found in 
the wild. We cannot make rational conclusions about their food preferences simply based upon number of 
legs. Nor can we make any rational conclusions about their temperament or their reproductive behavior or their 
lifespans or their geographical locations or any other subject. That is always the problem when using LCD 
"logic" and THAT is why it is always listed as a type of fallacious reasoning. 


Similarly, food choices are not dispositive evidence of anything. If Charles Manson prefers apple pie and 
most Birchers prefer apple pie, does that mean most Birchers are depraved psychopaths? 


NOW---let’s turn our attention to the REAL subject, i.e. white supremacists. 


What Jim attempted to do is use both mis-direction and LCD to prevent us from making fact-based judgments about 
our_own history. 


White supremacists refers to a unique category of human beings who have a specific prejudice about other human 
beings which they base upon assumed adverse racial characteristics. 


This discussion is NOT about what types of food white supremacists prefer to eat nor is it about their favorite 
TV shows nor is it about what color they prefer when they purchase a vehicle or a coat or shoes. Instead, 
this is about their racial IDEAS, VALUES, and BEHAVIOR and how those affect their conclusions about another 
entire category of human beings. 


I know Jim actually understands this concept because the Birch Society would NEVER apply Jim’s stupid example 
to excuse or diminish the ideas, values, and behavior of any LEFT-WING person or organization. The ONLY reason 
Jim introduced his phony “apple pie” analogy is to preclude us from reaching rational fact-based 
conclusions about the history of the John Birch Society. 


Let’?s now address that history. 


Jim claims that the JBS “never” sided with white supremacists. What does “sided with” mean? It means to 
support, favor, align, or take the same position. 


Once again, if we were discussing a LEFT-WING person or organization, Jim Smith would have NO problem 
understanding what “sided with” means and he would NEVER give a “pass” to ANY left-wing individual or group if 
they seemed to be supportive of, or aligned with, the Communist Party or any other "radical" group. 


For clear and voluminous evidence of this point, see the four-volume “Biographical Dictionary of the Left” 
published by the Birch Society. This is a compilation of assertions by the JBS regarding about 1200 left-wing 
persons and organizations. The JBS presents their case about whom these leftists supposedly “sided with’. 


Here are just a few ways in which a person or organization can “side with” another person or organization or 
movement which is RACIST: 


1; They can reprint articles or speeches made by racists. 

2a They can publish or circulate arguments first created by racists. 

3; They can hire speakers or writers who are racists or recommend their publications. 

4. They can recruit racists as members, endorsers, or as officials for their own organization. 

5; They can promote political figures who are racists (promotion can take many forms including 
friendly interviews, publicizing their public events, selling or recommending their publications, ignoring 
or minimizing bad behavior by those favored persons or groups -- to name just a few forms) 


Significantly, the Birch Society has an extensive record of doing everything listed above. 


Once again, if Jim Smith was presented with evidence about a LEFT-WING person or organization which did 
everything listed above - Jim would NEVER dispute a conclusion that such person(s) or groups were racist. He 
would also NEVER dispute such a conclusion if it could be applied to LEFT-WING individuals and 
organizations which were linked to the CPUSA! 


ONLY when we discuss the Birch Society, does Jim Smith (or any other Bircher) want us to totally ignore or 
excuse bad behavior, or indisputable JBS connections to racists). 


7. The next false assertion by Jim Smith in his message is that the “JBS expelled racists and anti-Semites 
throughout its history.” 


This is partially correct, but it totally omits the more relevant detail. 


Racists and anti-semites were knowingly hired by Robert Welch and by the JBS and they were solicited as members 
and endorsers. The key point here is that as long as they kept their bigoted viewpoints to themselves and 
they did NOT try to hijack their local JBS chapter and they never said or did anything which directly connected 
the Birch Society to their bigotry, then they were welcome to stay in the Society. 


A good example for understanding this point is the internal controversy which culminated in March 2@@6 about 
speeches made by former JBS President, John McManus. Prior to becoming President, McManus was the Public 
Relations Director of the JBS. 


A major internal controversy developed within the JBS when senior JBS leaders discovered that McManus was 
making explicitly anti-Semitic comments during his speeches before traditionalist Catholic organizations. Both 
the current CEO of the JBS (Art Thompson) and the former CEO (G. Vance Smith) recognized that if McManus's 
comments became public knowledge, those comments would be disastrous for the JBS. 


The former Senior Editor of the JBS magazine (the late William Norman Grigg) posted several articles on his 
blog re: this matter. 


http: //jbsrip.blogspot.com/2010/06/mcmanus -credo-dulce-et-decorum-est.html 





Grigg observed: 


“The source of those accusations is a large and enviably well-documented dossier compiled by Art Thompson, who 
had become alarmed over Jack's anti-Jewish agitation no later than 2000. Jack's side career as a Jew-baiter 
made him (and the JBS) vulnerable to blackmail during the 2005 management struggle. 


When an effort was made to blackmail Jack, I resigned my job in disgust and, to an extent, his defense -- not 
because I sympathized with his bigoted views, but because I couldn't countenance the use of criminal means to 
settle a leadership dispute. At the time I knew nothing about Jack's views beyond the clips I had been shown 
by his critics in the previous JBS administration, and the fact that he had used the repellent expression 
‘sLimy New York Jew' in a conversation. After Art Thompson was appointed CEO, Jack asked me to re-join the 
staff. It wasn't until Don Fotheringham used his website to publicize the Art Thompson-created dossier on 
Jack that I learned that he had spent years propagating anti-Semitic nonsense, while pulling down a pretty 
decent salary to be the figurehead president of the JBS. He did so in prolonged, conscious defiance of the 
Birch Society's principles. This is why he was -- at Art Thompson's initiative -- removed from his position as 
JBS president. As the effort to blackmail him in 2005 demonstrates, Jack's actions directly threatened the 
very existence of the organization.” 


THEN, the only Jewish member of the JBS National Council (the late David Eisenberg) contacted McManus to ask 
him to explain his anti-Semitic remarks. 


McManus's first reply did not satisfy Eisenberg. Eisenberg wrote a 7/19/00 letter to McManus in which he asked: 
“How can we say that JBS is not anti-Semitic when the President speaks thus?” 


McManus initially apologized for what he called his "ill-considered outburst" but Eisenberg was skeptical of 
the apology. As Eisenberg pointed out: 


"I suspect that the speech was put down on paper and used by the speaker at the March 24th engagement. If this 
is true, then, the ‘ill-considered outburst’ was a planned event. This bothers me, since the implication is 
that those words represent true feelings with respect to Jews and the Catholic Church as viewed by Mr. McManus." 


“Hoping that no damage has been done to the Society doesn’t solve the problem which has been created. While I 
don’t know for sure, I do suspect that damage has been done, and the results not yet realized. We are responsible 
for our acts (unless our name is Clinton). Mr. McManus is responsible for any damage coming as a result of 
this unfortunate speech..." 


“But, this ‘outburst’ projected from his being, to a gathering of his co-religionists, causes me to feel that 
irrational anti-Jewish thoughts are a part of the man when he addresses attacks against the Catholic Church. 
None of which is a part of The John Birch Society." 


‘What makes this most difficult to accept, is the fact that he is the President of The John Birch Society, and 
no matter where he may speak, he is recognized as a spokesman for the Society. In this position, he has no 
personal statements to make, even if he would first set up some disclaimer." 


“The Letter of July 25th contains no assurance that this ‘ill-considered outburst’ won’t happen again.” 


In another letter to Jack dated August 18, 2000, Eisenberg continued to try and settle his feelings toward 
McManus: 


“You refer to the ‘ill-considered outburst.’ Jack, you composed your speech with those words of associating 
Jews with Masons. I don’t feel that this was an ‘outburst,’ but rather a prepared part of your speech. Was 
it ‘ill-considered’ because of your position with The John Birch Society, or was it ‘ill-considered’ with 
respect to Jews? My feeling is that you claim ‘ill-considered’ reflecting your position with the Society. This 
leaves me to think that your, sometimes irrational, defense of the Catholic Church, is no different from the 
manner in which the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) ‘defends’ Judaism; in a manner less than true...However, I 
cannot understand the ‘outburst’ unless there is some very real anti-semitism within your character." ... 


“If harm comes to the Society as a result of your ‘ill-considered’ comments, I shall be very unhappy. I have 
had to explain to all too many of my coreligionists for too many years, that JBS is not a danger to us, but 
rather a defense against our assured destruction. You, in this speech, have harmed my credibility. If there 
has been mass distribution of this speech, I would be afraid of the results.” 


Ultimately, to keep the internal peace within the JBS, Eisenberg accepted McManus’s “explanation” - but there 
is considerable additional evidence about McManus’s true beliefs which comes from people who had direct personal 
encounters with him. 


In addition, even Robert Welch wrote letters which (when read by persons of the Jewish faith) could easily 
undermine whatever defense someone like Jim Smith might want to make. Here are two examples: 


April 4, 1962 Robert Welch letter to Verne Kaub: 


"Actually, and I am sorry to say, we do not have too many Jews in the JBS. This is partly because a smaller 
percentage of the Jewish people in America as a whole are true conservatives, than of the total population. 
But it is even more because of the greater pressures and dirtier pressures, which are put on them, against 
standing up for what they believe...But when you get into the Zionist picture, I repeat that you cannot think 
any less of the whole government of Israel or of the whole Zionist conspiracy than I do; except that I think 
its relative importance in the total importance in the whole picture has greatly decreased over the past three 
decades. Someday...I should be glad to exchange views with you...as to what has really taken place since around 
1905 when I think the Zionist conspiracy -- and from then on for perhaps two decades --- was practically the 
father of the International Communist Conspiracy. Today I personally think that the relationship is almost 
exactly reversed, and that the child had now so far outgrown the parent in size and strength and importance 
that the parent is in a relatively minor position. But this does not make Golda Meir or Ben-Gurion or any of 
their extremist followers in this country any less culpable..." 


AND: February 10, 1961 Robert Welch letter to Dr. Lawrence A. Lacey of Madison WI: 


“To me it seems likely, Dr. Lacey, that in 1900 or 1905, at the time of the first Russian Revolution which was 
led by Trotsky, or in 1917, or even up to the middle 1920's, the Communist Conspiracy was largely a child or 
at least a ward of the Zionist conspiracy. And for the reason Jews were preponderant in the top levels of the 
Communist hierarchy. But it seems equally clear to me that by 1937 or 1938, when Stalin had finally succeeded 
in taking into his own hands all of the reins of Communist power stretching out all over the world, the child 
had quite largely outgrown the parent as so often happens in the case of organizations as well as individuals. 
There followed a period where the Zionist conspiracy and the Communist conspiracy undoubtedly worked closely 
together, each one hoping and counting on ~using' the other, and coming out on top. But it seems equally clear 
to me today---and that that this has been completely true for at least the past 15 years--- the Communist 
conspiracy has now absorbed into itself so many other leaders and elements, and has so outgrown the Zionist 
conspiracy, that it completely dominates the picture and that the Zionist conspiracy has itself become merely 
one of the tools of the top Communist command." 


Welch asked Verne Kaub (the leader of the American Council of Christian Laymen in Madison WI) to become a JBS 
member. Kaub declined because (he said) there were “too many Jews” in the JBS. Then Welch asked Kaub to become 
an official endorser of the JBS. Even after Kaub made his Jew-hatred very explicit to Welch in multiple 
letters, Welch sent Kaub everything which a JBS member received and Welch engaged in friendly correspondence 
with Kaub. 


8. With respect to Jim’s assertion that the JBS “expelled racists..throughout its history”, there is no 
possible explanation for Jim’s comment other than Jim Smith being deliberately disingenuous. 


Robert Welch grew up in a very small southern community (Edenton, Chowan County, North Carolina) where 
segregation and Jim Crow practices prevailed. As a result, Robert Welch recognized segregation as a natural 
occurrence which is probably why he developed many segregationist friends during his trips around the country 
as an officer of the National Association of Manufacturers plus his trips as Vice President of Sales for his 
brother’s candy company. 


To make this as clear as possible for Jim Smith: ALL segregationists are racists. The very definition of 
segregation includes “separation of access to facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, medical 
care, education, employment, and transportation along racial lines.” 

In our southern communities, there were “whites only” signs posted to limit locations where an African-American 
(or other persons of color) could walk, rest, sit, eat, drink or go to the bathroom. So let’s not pretend that 
Robert Welch and the JBS did not know what segregation meant. 

When Welch created the Birch Society, he asked some of his segregationist friends to become members or officers 
of the JBS. At least four members of the JBS National Council (on paper, its governing body) were life-long 
segregationists: T. Coleman Andrews Sr., A.G. Heinsohn Jr., Thomas J. Anderson and Dr. Thomas Parker. One more 
(Paul H. Talbert was probably a racial bigot--see info below). 

Let’s briefly consider two National Council members: Coleman Andrews and A.G. Heinsohn Jr. 


T. COLEMAN ANDREWS: 


Coleman Andrews was the States Rights Party candidate for President in 1956. He also was endorsed by the 
Constitution Party. His running mate was Thomas Werdel. You may read about that here: 


http://www. ourcampaigns.com/PartyDetail.html?PartyID=45 


As pointed out in every standard history of the States Rights Party (see this quotation from article above): 


"The States' Rights Party broke from the Democratic Party in 1948. The Party opposed racial integration and 
wanted to retain Jim Crow laws and racial segregation. The party slogan was ‘Segregation Forever!' " 


Numerous overtly racist individuals and organizations endorsed the Andrews-Werdel ticket in 1956. Coleman 
Andrews and his son also participated in the formation of the pro-segregation Patrick Henry Group in 
Virginia. Of course, none of this bothered Robert Welch. 


A.G. HEINSOHN JR. 


In order to understand Heinsohn’s beliefs and values, one must become familiar with the organizations he 
associated himself with: 


FEDERATION FOR CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT: 


In June 1955, Heinsohn joined the Tennessee chapter of the Federation for Constitutional Government and he 
served on its Advisory Board. The FCG was an umbrella organization to coordinate anti-integration efforts of 
many of the white supremacy organizations in southern states such as the White Citizens’ Councils along with 
various “state’s rights” groups which were created to defend segregation. 


The Tennessee chapter of FCG was headed by Donald Davidson. 
The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture describes Davidson as follows: 


“Davidson, who considered African Americans racially inferior, defended segregation as a social institution 
developed by white southerners to preserve their culture and identity. In the 195@s he headed the pro- 
segregation Tennessee Federation for Constitutional Government...” 


CONSTITUTION PARTY: 


The Constitution Party was founded in May 1952. Its first Chairman and Co-Chairman were Suzanne Silvercruys 
Stevenson and Percy L. Greaves Jr. but they both resigned in September of that year because of what they 
described as anti-Catholic and anti-Semitic sentiments within the Party [See: Chicago Tribune, 9/1/52, 
“Constitution Party Aides Quit; Race Bias Hit”]|. After their resignations, the CP was taken over by its most 
extreme elements and many of them would later become members of the Birch Society. 


In 1956, Heinsohn became the East Tennessee Chairman of the Constitution Party (CP). An article published in 
the August 17, 1956 issue of the Knoxville TN Journal entitled “Heinsohn ET Chairman of New Party in State” 
quotes an official of the Party stating that the CP believed in “fair and just segregation”. 


Obviously, Welch never “expelled” any of his segregationist buddies from the JBS. 
9. THE WHITE CITIZENS COUNCILS MOVEMENT 


The JBS welcomed members of the White Citizens Councils movement (and similar white supremacist organizations) 
into JBS ranks as members, as chapter and section leaders, and as paid Coordinators. For example, JBS Coordinator 
Medford Evans, along with Louis Hollis, and William J. Simmons were all major officers within the White Citizens 
Council movement. 


Medford Evans was not only the JBS Coordinator in Louisiana and Mississippi, he also simultaneously was the 
editor of the national Citizens Council's magazine (The Citizen). 


Evans was a member of the White Citizens Council chapters in Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, and Tennessee. See: 
2/8/62 Laurel MS Leader-Call, p9, “Educator is Consultant for Citizens Councils". For more details see 
06/10/62 Jackson MS Clarion-Ledger, p3A, "Dr. Evans is Consultant For Citizens Councils" (link below) 


http: //www.mdah.ms.gov/arrec/digital archives/sovcom/result.php?image=images/png/cd08/061031. png&otherstuff=9|11/1/92[1/1/1|60216|# 





In 1959, Evans was also Secretary and Chairman of the Organization & Strategy Committee for the pro-segregation 
States Rights Party of Louisiana. 


Evans was a professor at the Northwest Louisiana College, Natchitoches, Louisiana, but he was fired because of 
“his anti-integration policies” according to comments made by William J. Simmons, the Executive Director of 
Citizens Councils of America to the lead investigator at the Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission (former 
FBI Special Agent, Zach Van Landingham). For details, see: 


http: //www.mdah.ms.gov/arrec/digital archives/sovcom/result.php?image=images/png/cd08/060904. png&otherstuff=9|11|/1|/39|1/1]1]|6ee90 





In April 1961, Evans gave a speech in Lake Charles LA. He observed that: 


"The South, as we know it, depends entirely on the institution of segregation. The enduring vitality of the 
United States of America depends on Legal segregation in the South." [Lake Charles LA American Press, 4/12/61, 
p1, “Race Turmoil Called No. 1 Goal of Reds", FBI-New Orleans 105-1499, serial #37] 


In September 1962, Evans gave a speech in Danville, VA during which he stated that segregation “is as American 
as the Constitution..and even older.” 


In April 1967, Evans cancelled his scheduled speech at Ohio University because he refused to participate if, 
as the University suggested, an African American would be invited to speak after Evans. Evans declared that 
he would "only appear ona segregated platform". [Athens OH Messenger, 04/05/67, p3, “White Racist Speech at 
Ohio University Cancelled". | 


These are the type of people whom Robert Welch and the JBS considered "patriotic Americans" and, obviously, 
Welch never "expelled" these racists from the JBS (as Jim Smith falsely claims). 


10. REV. DELMAR DENNIS 


In March 1964 (before the FBI contacted him about becoming their informant inside the White Knights of the KKK 
of Mississippi) Dennis joined the White Knights. Even before he joined, he attended Klan meetings. When he 
subsequently testified about why he joined, Dennis said: “Mr. Killen explained first of all what a fine 
organization that it was, that it stood for Christianity and American Constitution and that it was for the 
purpose of segregation and preservation of the white race.” 


After a brief period inside the White Knights, Dennis became somewhat disenchanted, so he considered joining 
a different Klan - i.e. the United Klans of America. By March 1965, Dennis’s home was being used for UKA 
obligation ceremonies. On July 28, 1965, Dennis accepted a position within the UKA as Exalted Cyclops. 


The FBI Special Agent in Charge of the Jackson MS field office wrote in a summary memo about Dennis that: 


"Informant is widely known in rural Mississippi as an ardent segregationist...He founded the First Southern 
Methodist Church in Mississippi, which church was founded for the sole intent of maintaining racial 
segregation." 


The wife of JBS National Council member Tom Anderson, also a segregationist, sent a congratulatory letter to 
Dennis in April 1963, when his whites-only church began operating. 


In addition, Dennis was a member of Americans for the Preservation of the White Race. In 1964, he wrote a pro- 
segregation pamphlet entitled “The Unconquerable Land”. 


In that pamphlet, he wrote on page 5: “While the rest of the country looks upon the people of Mississippi as 
being ignorant, I am sure that Mississippians know more about the Bible, constitutional government, and 
individual responsibility than people of any state in the Union. My state has been smeared by the communists 
and comsymps because it reportedly does not hold sacred the negro race..The negro has demanded many things which 
he is not willing to pay for with hard work.” 


Pg 6: “It is regrettable (sic) that anyone should die violently in our state. We do not know, however, who the 
killers are. It may well be that these young men were sacrificed by their own kind for publicity or other 
reasons.” 


The page 6 reference is to the murders of James Chaney, Michael Schwerner, and Andrew Goodman in June 1964 and 
it is typical of how racists in the south always attempted to blame outsiders for any crimes committed by 
racists inside Mississippi AND to suggest that such civil rights activists who were beaten or murdered "had it 
coming" to them. 


Ironically, despite Dennis’s 1964 claims about his state’s supposed superior understanding of the Bible and of 
constitutional government, and of individual responsibility, just a short time later, Dennis told his FBI case 
agent that: 


“I have learned that the Klan uses meetings of the John Birch Society, Masons, and Americans For the Preservation 
of the White Race to solicit members for the Klan. The Auxiliary Police in Neshoba County is a front for Klan 
membership in Neshoba County.” 


AND 


“The Klan in Mississippi has completely infiltrated every phase of the legal, political, social and economic 
system in Mississippi. The membership in the Klan ranges from common laborers and criminals, to judges, 
lawyers, doctors and political leaders. While they may not be active members, they are secret members who use 
their influence to further Klan efforts and aid Klan activities, for example, it is generally known in Klan 
circles that supervisors who pick juries use their influence to get Klan members on the jury panel.” 


Dennis was Chairman of the White Citizens Council in Lauderdale County MS as well as Chairman of the Public 
Affairs Committee of the White Citizens Council chapter in Meridian MS. In November 1965, Dennis attempted to 
organize a pro-segregation group in his community, called the Patrick Henry Society. 


Dennis also served on the Board of Directors of the White Christian Protective and Legal Defense Fund. 


Bill McIlhany is a JBS member who authored the book, KlLandestine, about Dennis’s experiences within the 
Klan. McIlhany sent me the following information in April 2006: 


“1. The Society hired Dennis as a Coordinator in the San Fernando Valley of southern California in the early 
70s. He also lectured about the KKK for the JBS speaker’s bureau. 


2. I was disappointed that [JBS] editor Scott Stanley NEVER reviewed KLandestine in American Opinion. He also 
published an article in AO praising Elmore Greaves, who ran the KKK-fundraising front I described 
in Klandestine, the so-called White Christian Protective and Legal Defense Fund. When I asked Scott about this, 
he said, “You can fight the klan if you want. I’LL fight the Communists.” Which indicated he had not read my 
book. 


3. Medford Evans, father of M. Stanton Evans, wrote many articles and book reviews in AO, many of which were 
excuses for essays he wanted to write rather than real book reviews. He had expertise about Soviet theft of 
the atomic bomb. But he was also heading up the White Citizens Councils in Mississippi, which I thought was 
rather embarrassing. I visited him when I lectured in Jackson, Mississippi, in the early 70s. It was clear 
that he did not like what Delmar did.” 


Evans (like many other white supremacists in the south) thought that Rev. Dennis should never have informed 
against the KKK. 


Furthermore, Rev. Delmar Dennis told his FBI case agent that "numerous members" of the JBS in his local 
Mississippi community resigned from the JBS in protest, after Dennis surfaced as an FBI informant and then 
testified against KKK members. 


This hostility within the JBS in Mississippi toward Dennis was present even though Dennis was a life-long 
segregationist himself! [Note: The JBS Coordinator in Mississippi (J. Vernon Pace) confirmed to the FBI how 
hostile local JBS members were toward Dennis]. 


In January 1968, FBI HQ approved a request by the Special Agent in Charge of the Jackson MS FBI field office 
to pay $4600 of relocation expense for Dennis to move to Albuquerque, New Mexico. The Special Agent in Charge 
of the FBI-Jackson MS field office sent a memo to FBI HQ which argued that: “Dennis, by virtue of his work in 
behalf of the Bureau, will continue to be tempted by organizations such as the John Birch Society who will 
want to selfishly exploit him. By Dennis relocating and furthering his education, it is felt that these 
temptations would be minimized and would assure his future stability.” 


Rev. Dennis acknowledged during newspaper interviews that he continued to be a proud life-long segregationist. 
Why? Because he accepted basic white supremacist ideology that blacks were mentally and morally inferior to 
whites. 


Dennis's objection to the Klan was NOT because of its racist ideology. Instead, Dennis objected to the Klan's 
violent and criminal activities. NEVERTHELESS, the Birch Society hired Dennis as a Coordinator and as a speaker 


-- so that they could use him to continue to defame our entire civil rights movement (a goal shared by ALL 


racists and segregationists AND their enablers---like the JBS!). Needless to say, neither Welch or the JBS 
"expelled" Delmar Dennis despite his unhidden racist viewpoints. 


11.  JBS AFRICAN-AMERICAN SPEAKERS 


The two black JBS members who gave the most JBS-sponsored speeches (usually via the JBS-front group, Truth 
About Civil Turmoil (aka TACT) were Lola Belle Holmes and Julia Brown. 


Both Lola Belle and Julia dramatically changed their views after they became paid speakers for the Birch 
Society. The reason is obvious: Both Lola Belle and Julia made a very lucrative living from parroting JBS 
viewpoints (usually $100 per speech). 


For details regarding the massive difference between what Lola Belle and Julia believed (before and after their 
JBS association) see chapter 6 of my JBS report here: 


https: //sites.google.com/site/ernie124102/ jbs -3 


During a February 1967 appearance before the House Appropriations Committee, J. Edgar Hoover was asked if he 
approved of former FBI informants speaking under the auspices of "extremist groups" such as the JBS-front group 
TACT. 

Hoover accepted the premise that TACT was an extremist group and he then said: 

“It is an improper attempt to capitalize on the name of the FBI.” 

Congressman Andrews then asked: 

“In other words, this certainly does not indicate what it would to the average American, that the ex-FBI 
undercover agents are so frustrated in their work in the Agency that they Leave and sign-up with extremist 
organizations in order to try to protect America?” 


Hoover replied: 


“Nor does it indicate I in any way condone the use of the name ‘ex-FBI-undercover agent' in such endeavors.” [HQ 
62-104401-3135, 5/31/67]. 


Some references to Lola's beliefs AFTER she associated herself with the JBS appear below. Each of her statements 
about our civil rights organizations and our civil rights movement were falsified by the FBI. 


The FBI's evaluation of Lola after she ended her association with the FBI was as follows: 

"After she was discontinued as an informant, she displayed signs of emotional instability and it was necessary 
to admonish her to cease making false statements which were embarrassing to the Bureau." [FBI HQ file 134- 
4473; no serial number, 10/3/66 "Office of the Director" note]. 

AND 


“It has on previous occasions been necessary to admonish Holmes not to make untruthful statements in which she 
involved her association with the FBI." [J. Edgar Hoover memo to FBI-Boston field office on July 23, 1969]. 


Furthermore, despite what JBS publicity releases said, Lola was never an “FBI agent” nor even an "undercover 
agent". She was simply an informant who provided raw information to the FBI. 


Examples of Lola's public statements after her association with the JBS: 


06/05/66 = Lola appeared on the Joe Pyne TV program in Los Angeles. She stated that the civil rights movement 
was “controlled and inspired by the Communists” [Barnard College Bulletin, 10/28/66, p5] 


1/20/67, Phoenix AZ Republic, p 48: “Ex FBI Agent Says Civil Rights Movement Communist Inspired”. Lola told 
“Phoenix audiences..that the American Negro civil rights movement is Communist controlled.” 


BY CONTRAST: J. Edgar Hoover declared that: 


"It would be absurd to suggest that the aspirations of Negroes for equality are communist inspired. This is 
demonstrably not true..”? [J. Edgar Hoover speech, Faith in Freedom, 12/4/63, page 6] 


2/7/67, Tucson AZ Daily Citizen, p 28: “Reds Seen In Control of Civil Rights Work” re: Lola’s speech to Tucson 
Press Club Public Affairs Forum: 


“The civil rights movement in the U.S. is ‘dominated and controlled’ by the Communist Party according to a 
Negro woman who spent 7 years as an undercover agent for the FBI.” 


02/13/67, El Paso TX Herald-Post, pA2: “Commies in Civil Rights Movement Says Former FBI Undercover Agent” 


3/21/67, Pocatello ID State Journal, p2, “Speaker Says Reds Leading Civil Rights Movement” reporting on Lola 
speech: 


“The Communist Negro Commission took over the civil rights movement in this country between 1959 and 1963. ALL 
the major civil rights groups are controlled by Communists. CORE was taken over completely in 1966. The NAACP 
is influenced and controlled by Communists. They have also taken over the Negro American Labor Council.” 


Lola also claimed that Communist strategy was to set up a Negro Soviet Republic in our southern states - but 
J. Edgar Hoover pointed out in 1959 that the CPUSA discarded that position at its 17th Convention. Furthermore, 
one of the FBI's informants inside the CPUSA who brought that information to the FBI's attention was none other 
than LOLA BELLE HOLMES! 


J. Edgar Hoover also declared that: 


“Let me emphasize that the American civil rights movement is not, and has never been, dominated by the 
communists—because the overwhelming majority of civil rights Leaders in this country, both Negro and white, 
have recognized and rejected communism as a menace to the freedoms of all.” [J. Edgar Hoover speech, 12/12/64, 
Our Heritage of Greatness, pg 7 - Hoover speech before Pennsylvania Society and the Society of Pennsylvania 
Women; bold emphasis in original document on “not” and “never” ] 


and 


“In general, Legitimate civil rights organizations have been successful in excluding Communists, although a 
few have received covert counseling from them and have even accepted them as members..The CP is not satisfied 
with this situation and is continually striving to infiltrate the civil rights movement at every Level. “ [J. 
Edgar Hoover, U.S. News and World Report, 11/1/65, page 46] 


and 


“It is no secret that one of the bitterest disappointments to communistic efforts in this Nation has been their 
failure to Lure our Negro citizens into the party. Despite every type of propaganda boomed at our Nation’s 
Negro citizens, they have never succumbed to the party’s saccharine promises of a Communist ‘Utopia’. This 
generation and generations to come for many years owe a tremendous debt to our Negro citizens who have 
consistently refused to surrender their freedoms for the tyranny of communism.” [J. Edgar Hoover testimony 
before U.S. Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, 01/17/60, reprinted in March 1960 FBI Law Enforcement 
Bulletin, page 7] 


@5/30/67 Port Angeles WA Evening News, p2 - Elizabeth Johnson column “A Political Viewpoint”. Johnson reported 
on her attendance at speech by Holmes where Lola made following comments: 


(1) Holmes stated she was “born into poor circumstances, attended segregated schools and Lived in segregated 
neighborhoods. She sees no harm in this and feels it did not hurt her a bit.” 


(2) “She realized in her youth, she said, that the same opportunities were available to her as to anyone and 
set about to better herself.” 


(3) “Miss Holmes feels the Negroes as a race have done more to retard their own progress than the white people. 
She said Communists in the USA have wanted Negroes to go to the streets to demand their rights rather than 
build for themselves. Negroes have been misled into thinking they have no rights, she stated, but they do. 
Being on relief keeps them down.” 


(4) “Asked about civil rights Legislation, she said it isn’t necessary because Negroes already have the same 
Constitutional rights as all American citizens.” 


Significantly, item #3 above from Lola’s Washington speech is virtually identical to the position of all white 
supremacist organizations. With respect to item #4, it should be recalled that J. Edgar Hoover declared in 
November 1964 that: 


"Around Philadelphia Mississippi, law enforcement is practically nil and many times sheriffs and deputies 
participate in crimes." [New York Times, 11/28/64, p34] 


Fellow Birchers like George Schuyler (also an African American) correctly identified the real problem which 
Lola Belle lied about. 


Schuyler's comments appeared in one of our country's oldest and most respected African-American newspapers, - 
-but the Birch Society never told its members about this state of affairs: 


"The White Citizens Council which has branches or cells everywhere, controls by terror such states as Louisiana, 
Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, and to a Lesser extent, Virginia..It has defied and 
disrupted the operation of the Laws of the Land. It has used threats and vicious economic reprisals..It has 
become a Legal arm of Mississippi’s Government.” [4/22/61 Schuyler column in Pittsburgh PA Courier] 


Many JBS members enjoy quoting comments made by JBS African American speakers. But JBS members never think it 
is noteworthy to acknowledge that ALL those black JBS speakers never once discussed the discrimination and 
oppression and intimidation that black Americans confronted in their daily lives (as described by Schuyler 
above). 


Instead, those black Birchers focused exclusively in their speeches upon what they claimed was "Communist" 
influence, control, and domination of our civil rights movement or alleged "Communist" involvement in racial 
disturbances. This is precisely why almost the entire white supremacist movement in our country praised the 
JBS and recommended and used or sold JBS publications! 


Examples of JBS black speaker's adverse comments about our civil rights movement may be seen here: 


5/3/68 Seattle Times, p19: "Communists Blamed for U.S. Rioting" - regarding speech by JBS speaker, Rev. E. 
Freeman Yearling OR speeches by Charles E. Smith whose JBS-sponsored speech was entitled "Civil Rights is a 
Fraud" [also see Winnetka IL Talk, 2/17/72, p3 article on Smith speech entitled “Civil Rights A Red Movement”), 
OR speeches by Leonard Patterson, Alvin D. Smith, Rev. J. L. Ward, Rev. Henry Mitchell, Donald L. Jackson, C. 
Fain Kyle, and George S. Schuyler. 


JBS black speakers never discussed or even acknowledged what Schuyler described as the threats and economic 
reprisals confronted by African Americans in southern states and they certainly did not discuss or even 
acknowledge such situations as the one published in the Petersburg VA Progress newspaper which reported that 
the Chairman of the White Citizens Council of Selma, Alabama (Alston Keith) boasted that thanks to Citizens 
Council pressure, 16 of 29 African Americans who signed a petition favoring de-segregation of public facilities 
in Selma were fired from their jobs. 


Instead, the Birch Society hired a racist bigot like Selma AL Sheriff James A. Clark as a paid JBS speaker to 
present JBS views. It also hired an Alabama KKK-supporter (Rev. Ferrell Griswold) to present its views---see 
more info below. 


Nor did any of the Birch Society's black speakers ever discuss or even acknowledge the massive presence of 
racist bigots and segregationists within the JBS such as White Citizens Councils supporters—including Sheriff 
Clark and Maj. General Edwin A. Walker--as well as senior Citizens Councils officials who were Birchers such 
as Medford Evans, William J. Simmons, Louis W. Hollis. 





THAT is why Robert Welch declared in 1965 that the percentage of JBS members who were African-American amounted 
to only 1/10th of 1% of overall JBS membership. Welch then stated that the JBS had 80,00@-100,000 members in 
1965 so that would mean (at most) that there were 80-100 black JBS members. [Washington Post, Phil Casey: 
“Welch Denies Birch Society Far Right”, 11/5/65, pB2]. 


HOWEVER, based upon the 1964 financial statement by the Birch Society's CPA firm (Spark Mann and Company), the 
JBS received $536,566.35 in member dues in 1964 which would calculate to about 29,809 members using the average 
of $18 per member (men paid $24, and women paid $12 for annual dues, so average dues payment would be $18 per 


member). Consequently, 1/1@th of 1% would mean that the JBS might have had only about 30 black members in 
1964. 


12. OTHER JBS CONNECTIONS TO PROMINENT RACISTS-- INCLUDING JBS MEMBERS WHO WERE NOT EXPELLED: 


[Note: section 3 of "Racism and the John Birch Society" presents much more detailed evidence of the connection 
between the JBS and racist bigots around our country -- and it is now available at the following 
link: https://sites.google.com/site/aboutxr/home/jbs-racism3 


The JBS hired a well-known racist, Sheriff Jim Clark of Selma AL, to give speeches around the country via the 
JBS Speakers Bureau. They also hired another vicious racist who was an aide to Alabama Governor George C. 
Wallace = Rev. Ferrell Griswold. 


In 1963, Griswold contacted the FBI because he wanted the FBI to send him 5@@ copies of an FBI publication 
which he could hand out at his speeches. The FBI memo on the matter makes the following comments: 


"Griswold was interviewed by Agents of the Birmingham office on 99-26-63. During that interview he advised he 
was a member of the local John Birch Society and attends meetings of that group regularly. ...Rev. Griswold 
stated he is a segregationist and is frequently invited to speak on the subject of constitutional rights and 
communism at local meetings of the Klan and other conservative organizations." 


Notice that Griswold described the KKK as a "conservative organization" -- at the very time when the KKK was 
listed on the U.S. Attorney General's List of Subversive Organizations! 


INCITEMENT EFFECT OF GRISWOLD SPEECHES 


On September 15, 1963 white terrorists bombed the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham AL before Sunday 
morning services. This church had a predominantly black congregation that also served as a meeting place for 
civil rights leaders. Four young African American girls were killed and many other people were injured. Klan 
leader, Robert E. Chambliss, and KKK members Thomas Blanton and Bobby Frank Cherry, were finally brought to 
trial. Chambliss was convicted of murder and died in prison in 1985. Blanton was convicted in 2001 and Cherry 
in 2002. A fourth suspect, Herman Frank Cash, died in 1994 before he could be brought to trial 


During the afternoon of September 15th, 1963, two thousand whites met in Midfield AL, a western Birmingham 
suburb, to hear many speakers, including Rev. Ferrell Griswold. Griswold harangued the crowd, after which a 
teenager hanged an effigy of President John F. Kennedy. 


After the rally ended, two 16-year-old white teenagers, Michael Lee Farley and Larry Joe Sims, got in their 
car and cruised west Birmingham until they saw a 13-year old African American boy (Virgil Ware) riding his 
bicycle. They stopped, pulled out a pistol, and murdered Virgil who was not much younger than they were and 
whom they had never seen before and who had done them no harm. At their murder trial, they based their defense 
on WORDS spoken at the rally which had outraged them and which they thought required that they do something to 
preserve their way of life. 


During his JBS-sponsored speech at Glen Burnie MD in December 1965 (Civil Rights or Civil Riots), Griswold 
told a racist joke which resulted in several audience members abruptly leaving. During his speech, Griswold 
stated that the 1965 Voting Rights Bill was "the product of a Communist plot" and he referred to civil rights 
workers in the south as "filth from northern septic tanks” [Baltimore Evening Sun, 12/2/65, pC-5, "Birchites 
Hear Aide to Wallace"; FBI-Baltimore file 100-22382, serial #113 and Baltimore Sun, 1/5/66, page C-8] 


MAJ. GEN. EDWIN A. WALKER 
Walker was another very prominent Bircher whose racist views and behavior never bothered the JBS. 


In an August 4, 1963 speech before the Fifth Annual National Convention of the Christian Crusade in Oklahoma 
City, (which, incidentally, was also attended by Robert Welch) Walker declared that the Communists were behind 
"all racial disorder, all racial riots..." and he then added: "The best thing for niggers for their own good, 
is to be separated.” [Chris Cravens, “Edwin A. Walker and the Right-Wing in Dallas, 1960-1966”, page 137, 
Master’s Thesis, Southwest Texas State University, 1991, 178pp; originally cited in Stan Twardy: “Carnival of 
Hate", published in The Progressive magazine, October 1963, pages 24-26. Mr. Twardy attended the Christian 
Crusade Convention in his capacity as Managing Editor of the Oklahoma Courier, a Catholic newspaper. | 


On November 19, 1964, Walker was main speaker at an event sponsored by the Americans for the Preservation of 
the White Race at Whitworth College in Brookhaven MS. In a June 1965 speech to the American Conservative Club 
in Harrisburg PA, Walker declared that: “I think I can match three good Americans in the KKK for every one in 
the Americans For Democratic Action or the Anti-Defamation League.” 


On July 4, 1965 Walker spoke at a rally in Baton Rouge LA sponsored by “United Conservatives” which actually 
was a front for the Citizens Councils of Louisiana (CCL). Other speakers at this event were John Rarick and 
Ned Touchstone. Touchstone was the editor of the CCL newsletter, “The Councilor”. FBI files describe Touchstone 
as a KKK member and a “rabid segregationist.” [HQ 1805-44536, serial #35]. Rarick was also a KKK member. 


In October 1965, Walker met with United Klans of America Imperial Wizard Robert Shelton in Shreveport LA at 
which time Shelton “offered General Walker the position of Grand Dragon of the UKA for the State of Texas.” [FBI 
HQ 157-370-2, serial #345; also: 157-370-4, serials #328, 340X, 341, 377, 383]. 


“Later General Walker mentioned to someone that he was interested in the Klan position...” [HQ 157-370-4, serial 
#341, 11/1/65 SAC Birmingham to J. Edgar Hoover re: United Klans of America, Inc., Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, 


page 1.] 


Also, in October 1965, Walker was the main speaker at the Pasco County (FL) Federation for Constitutional 
Government - which the FBI described as a front for the United Florida Ku Klux Klan of Dade County FL. [HQ 
116-165494, serial #109] 


The following comment by Walker was published on page 5 of the November 15, 1965 issue of Conde McGinley’s New 
Jersey newspaper, “Common Sense”. The House Committee on Un-American Activities described Conde McGinley’s 


newspaper as “almost exclusively a vehicle for the exploitation of ignorance, prejudice and fear" and as "a 
clearinghouse for hate propaganda throughout the country." 


Walker’s comment: 

"I'll bet you will find more good Americans in the Ku Klux Klan than in the Americans For Democratic Action." 
Note: Walker was the featured speaker at DOZENS of white supremacist events during the 1960's -- but this 
never seemed to bother the JBS and in fact, the Public Relations Director of the JBS (John Rousselot) presented 
Edwin Walker with a plaque in 1963 which described Walker as our "greatest Living American". [Los Angeles 
Times, 4/4/63, page 36] 

Obviously, Walker was never "expelled" from the JBS--as Jim Smith would have us believe. 


KENT AND PHOEBE COURTNEY 


Kent and Phoebe Courtney (both prominent JBS members) are quoted in a New York Times article about 1964 
Presidential election results: 


‘Mrs. Kent Courtney, editor of The Independent American said at her office in a converted frame house in New 
Orleans, ‘We’ve got niggers Living in the next block to us and that’s all right but we’re against the civil 
rights bill because it destroys private property rights and freedom of choice.’” 


Kent Courtney “predicted a new flood of support for the radical right, as well as for the segregationist 
Citizens Councils, if the equal job opportunities section of the law is enforced.” [Donald Janson, “Rightists 
Buoyed by the Election: Open New Drives”, New York Times, 11/23/64, page 1] 


Kent Courtney was a member of the New Orleans White Citizens Council and a candidate for Governor on the pro- 
segregation Louisiana States Rights Party ticket in April 1960. In the November 196@ general election, Courtney 
was a States Rights Party presidential elector. He also was a strong supporter of Louisiana Congressman John 
R. Rarick (a KKK member--see more details below). 


In 1967, Courtney endorsed Ned Touchstone in his race for Louisiana Educational Superintendent. In 1962, the 
FBI described Touchstone as "a member of the KKK. He is a rabid segregationist." [FBI-HQ 1805-44536, serial #37 
= J. Edgar Hoover 7/27/66 reply to inquiry in Citizens Councils of Louisiana file]. 


Courtney was the featured speaker at a 6/5/65 “Conservative Rally” in Natchez MS sponsored by Americans for 
the Preservation of the White Race, Inc. 


SENATOR JAMES O. EASTLAND 


The JBS praised KKK-supported politicians such as Gov. Ross Barnett and Sen. James O. Eastland of Mississippi 
and Gov. George Wallace of Alabama and Governor Lester Maddox of Georgia and Cong. John Rarick of Louisiana. 


The JBS published an annual "Conservative Index" which evaluated the voting behavior of all members of 
Congress. A racist Senator such as Sen. James 0. Eastland received a score of 96 -- which meant that (in the 
JBS scheme of things) Eastland correctly understood our Constitution and he voted "correctly" according to its 
principles and values. 


Eastland sought and received KKK support for his election campaigns—during the time when the KKK was listed on 
the Attorney General's List of Subversive Organizations. The FBI described Eastland in internal memos as “a 
strong advocate of white supremacy”. This never bothered Robert Welch or the JBS. 


The Special Agent in Charge of the Jackson MS FBI field office reported to HQ that Robert Shelton, Imperial 
Wizard of the United Klans of America, met Eastland on 10/31/66 at a motel... 


“.at which time Shelton requested that Eastland help Shelton with his conviction for contempt of Congress in 
return for Shelton throwing the support of the United Klans of America behind Senator Eastland in his race to 
be re-elected Senator. According to Shelton, Senator Eastland was noncommittal on supporting Shelton during 
their face-to-face meeting, however, later that night telephonically contacted Shelton and promised his 
assistance to Shelton in his case for contempt of Congress in return for Shelton’s support in his race to be 
re-elected Senator.” 


In addition, in a letter written by Sheriff Lawrence Rainey addressed “To Whom It May Concern” he stated: 


“I know for a fact that James O. Eastland helped prevent the trial of 16 other men and myself in Philadelphia 
MS. i 


Rainey was referring to the June 1964 murders of civil rights workers James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael 
Schwerner in Neshoba County, Mississippi, also known as the “Mississippi Burning” (MIBURN) murders 


Samuel H. Bowers, Imperial Wizard of the most violent Klan in our country, the White Knights of the KKK of 
Mississippi, told a meeting of his Klan members that he had made a deal with Eastland. The deal was: if 
Bowers and the Klansmen would support Eastland’s re-election, then “Eastland in turn would have the indictments 
dismissed against the 17 Neshoba County defendants.” 


JBS member, Rev. Delmar Dennis, told the FBI that in Klan circles in the Meridian MS area, there was awareness 
that Eastland... 


“has been taking credit for the Federal Government dropping charges against those indicted in the Neshoba 
County slayings” and that Eastland... 


“appeared at a [Klan] rally held in Forest MS and that Eastland had invited Sam Bowers, Imperial Wizard of the 
White Knights of the KKK of Mississippi, (name deleted) Neshoba County Attorney, and himself to occupy the 
speaker’s stand at the rally held in Forest MS. During the rally..Eastland stated that he would help the 17 
defendants in the Neshoba County case and that he has been ‘pulling strings for them’.” 


So-to put this into JBS parlance which Jim Smith can understand, the Birch Society associated itself with a 
powerful politician who was directly linked to a violent, subversive organization which had committed multiple 
felonies including murder BUT the JBS did not think Eastland was undeserving of their support or favorable 
commentary. 


In fact, on July 3, 1962, Robert Welch sent a letter to Senator Eastland which informed the Senator that the 
Birch Society had spent several thousand dollars to include with its July 1962 JBS Bulletin, a copy of 
Eastland's speech entitled "Is The Supreme Court Pro-Communist?" which originally was published by the pro- 
segregation organization, The Patrick Henry Group, of Richmond VA. 


Welch told Eastland that: "...I agreed one hundred percent" with the statements made by Eastland in the 
pamphlet. 


Welch closed his letter to Eastland with: 


"So let's hope that this increased distribution---to the very people throughout the country who will be most 
interested in reading your speech---will bring your great effort an added effectiveness which will make this 
cost seem well worthwhile. With admiration for both your patriotism and your courage, and with all good 
wishes, I am, Sincerely, Robert Welch." 


CONG. JOHN R. RARICK 


A 1966 FBI memo observes: “John R. Rarick has been identified by our informants as a Klan member in 
Louisiana.” [HQ 56-3970]. 


Rarick served as a Louisiana state district court judge from 1961 to 1966. As a judge, Rarick condemned racial 
integration as sacrilegious and blasphemous and "a tool of the Communist conspiracy.” He also described 
integration as a “a torture tactic designed only so ‘some bureaucrat can satisfy himself that he has punished 
the human race by forcing them into an unnatural relationship of racial proportions.” [Spartanburg SC Herald, 
08-04-71, page 1] 


In 1968, Rarick endorsed George Wallace for President. In 1990, Rarick supported Klan member David Duke's 
candidacy for U.S. Senator against the Democrat J. Bennett Johnston, Jr. 


Rarick was a friend of Louisiana State Senator William M. Rainach. Rainach was the Chairman of the Louisiana 
Joint Legislative Committee to Maintain Segregation. Of course, none of this bothered Robert Welch or the 
JBS. 


Rarick was asked to write articles for the JBS newsweekly, Review of the News as well as for their monthly 
“American Opinion” magazine -- and the JBS invited Rarick to speak at least one of their National Council 
meetings. The JBS scored Rarick as 87% on its June 21, 1972 issue of Conservative Index. 

GEORGE WALLACE CAMPAIGN 

Jim Smith claims that only “a few JBS members” supported Wallace. 

Aside from being a preposterous comment, let’s recall that Jim Smith has told us that a mere three people 
supposedly connected to Martin Luther King Jr. was totally unacceptable and deserving of our outrage because 


Jim and the JBS describe those 3 persons as being linked to "Communists". 


Before addressing Jim’s “a few JBS members” comment let’s first address Jim’s assertion that I “never mention” 
that “Democrats supported Wallace”. 


Jim is correct. I never said a single word about the political party affiliations of the individuals who 
supported Wallace EXCEPT to mention that an entirely new third party (American Independent Party) was 
created specifically to promote Wallace’s candidacy AND, furthermore, JBS members and endorsers were the 
primary movers and actors in that new Party and its offshoots. 

Now, let’s briefly address Jim’s “few JBS members”. 


I could easily devote 10-15 pages to summarizing all the JBS members and endorsers who were Wallace supporters 
and officials of his campaigns but due to limited space, let’s just start with the following listings. 


Codes shown in parentheses below: 

AO = JBS American Opinion Bookstore Operator 

CL = JBS chapter leader 

CO = JBS Coordinator 

NC = JBS National Council member 

SL = JBS section leader 

W=Writer or Editor for JBS publications 

WCCK= JBS member who also was involved in White Citizens Council or KKK 


BIRCHERS WHO WERE EITHER A STATE CHAIRMAN OR STATE COORDINATOR OR STATE VICE-CHAIRMAN OR THEY RAN LOCAL WALLACE 
OFFICES 


Larry Abraham - Western Regional Campaign Director 
James Toevs - Eastern Regional Campaign Director 
Harry Hutchinson—CA (Kern County organizer) 

Glenn Parker--CT 


Elmer G. Nicks—FL 


Dr. William C. Douglass Jr.—FL 

L. Allen Greer--FL 

Ben Klassen-FL (AO) 

Joseph Stamp Jr.—ID 

Mark Anderson-ID (CO for Idaho and Utah) 
Mel Jones—IL (CO) 

Laurence Bunker—MA (NC) 

Floyd G. Kitchen-—MO 

Reid Stubbs-NC (WCCK, AO) 

Dr. John H. DeTar—NV 

Gene Sandusky-NV (SL) 

Robert J. Crow—PA 

Bard Logan—TX 

Dr. Robert Thompson—UT 

T. Coleman Andrews Jr.--VA 

BIRCHERS WHO WERE PLEDGED ELECTORS FOR WALLACE (BY STATE) 
CO=W.H. Vickers (SL) 

CO=Rev. James Miller (CL) 


CT=Harold Greene (AO) 


CT=Monroe Sherrow 

CT=Glenn Parker (CL, SL) 
FL=William Focht 

FL=Mary Lee Humphries 

GA=R. Carter Pittman (WCCK) 
IA=Robert H. Buffington (NC) 
IA=Robert Dilley 

IL=Charles Urban 

IL=Patricia Snyders 
IL=Carter Hoffman 

IN=Hubert Hinds (CL) 
KS=Ellen Myers 

LA=Dr. S.R. Abramson 
MA=Thomas DePalo (CL) 
MA=Ruth Wood (husband Wallis Natl Director, JBS TRAIN front group) 
MA=Harold Collins 

MA=Laura Davidson 

MI=William Ushman 


MO=James Kernodle (SL) 


MO=James H. Sutherland (WCCK) 
MT=Robert May (SL) 

NC=Lloyd Bailey 

NJ=Ernest Bradow 

NJ=Dr. Francis Pflum 

NJ=Dr. Forster Ruhl 

NJ=Alan Stang (W) 

NV=John McCoy 

NV=Daniel Hansen 

NY=Dave Syme (WCCK) 

NY=Jack Ross (SL) 

NY=Gerard F. Greene Jr. (WCCK) 
OH=William Shepler 

OK=Billy James Hargis 
PA=Glenn Canfield Jr. 
PA=Bernard Yuzavich 

PA=Robert J. Crow 

PA=Dr. Charles Provan (CO) 


PA=Mary R. Smith (W) 


TX=Edwin A. Walker (WCCK) 
TX=Dan Smoot 


There are HUNDREDS more examples of Birchers who were members of, or local officials within, the American 
Independent Party or the American Party or in other parties created to support George Wallace's Presidential 
campaigns. For a very detailed account of the Birch Society members who participated in the creation of these 
pro-Wallace and pro-segregation political parties, see 


"American Independent: The Conservative Third-Party Movement 1967-1980", which is a 198@ Master's Thesis by 
Darrell Fleming [University of Louisville, 304pp]. Mr. Fleming was directly involved in the creation of the 
American Independent Party. 
OTHER SIGNIFICANT INFO RE BIRCHERS INVOLVED IN GEORGE WALLACE CAMPAIGNS 
January 16, 1967 = JBS member Kent Courtney (LA) and former Sheriff and JBS speaker, Jim Clark (Selma 
AL) and Klansman Asa Carter confer with Wallace in Montgomery AL. They discuss creating Wallace For 
President organizations in every state. Courtney appointed many of the organizers for Wallace in each 


state. [Birmingham AL News, 1/25/67] 


In July 1967, Birchers Kent Courtney and Maj. Gen. Edwin A. Walker manned the Wallace For President booth 
at the 1967 annual New England Rally for God, Family and Country in Boston, MA. 


Bircher Gary Allen was a speechwriter for Wallace 

Birchers who were Foreign Affairs Advisers to Wallace: Dwight Coffman—OH and Hilaire DuBerrier—ND 
- Willard S. Voit-CA) a lifetime JBS member, resigned as Vice-President of Robert Welch, Inc. (publishing 
arm of JBS) to work as unpaid volunteer for Wallace. Voit also resigned from the California GOP State 
Central Committee and from United Republicans of California to re-register in the newly formed American 
Independent Party. 

JBS National Council member Floyd Paxton was a Wallace supporter 


- MAJOR financial contributors include the following Birchers: 


o J.W. Scott-ND ($6000) 


o Dr. Thomas Parker-SC ($4440) - JBS National Council member 
o Samuel J. Agnew-WA ($6000) - JBS National Council member 
o Dan Agnew-WA ($2000) 


THIS IS THE TYPE AND VOLUME OF EVIDENCE WHICH JIM SMITH WANTS TO DISMISS AND DE-VALUE AS JUST “A FEW JBS 
MEMBERS” . 


Imagine what Jim Smith would have written if ALL these people had supported CPUSA leader Gus Hall for President! 





In my Introduction I mentioned that one of the most dishonest debate tactics used by Birchers like Jim Smith 
is their inability to accurately summarize or paraphrase what a perceived critic or opponent believes or has 
written. This is an excellent example. 


There is a reason why Jim Smith and other Birchers never actually QUOTE something I have written (or never 
insert a link to some webpage containing my purported comments). Smith and his fellow Birchers prefer to 
dishonestly attribute some bogus comments or assertions to me. 


It is true that in previous years, I defended the JBS against the charge that it was a racist organization. 
However, I never wrote that the JBS has “always been opposed to racism” because that is ludicrous! 


The distinction which I attempted to make in the past is that many decent, honorable, and principled people 
joined the JBS over the decades so a fair-minded person should not make a broad pejorative generalization about 


the character of the entire JBS organization. 


However, as Jim Smith knows, I have recently changed my mind about this matter and I written several times 
that I will no longer defend the JBS against the charge that it is racist. 


There are 3 reasons why I changed my position: 


(1) The behavior of JBS members like Jim Smith. Deliberately mis-representing what I have written makes 
it painfully obvious that Jim (and other Birchers) are NOT genuinely interested in any amicable or factual 
discussion about anything. And since other JBS members behave exactly the same way as Jim Smith, I no 
longer think it is wise or useful to defend the JBS. 


(2) The Birch Society has NEVER retracted or modified its totally false assertions and conclusions 
about our civil rights movement. Instead, the Birch Society has CHOSEN to present a FALSE narrative for 
6 decades which no mainstream conservative organization or publication believes. Consequently, it seems 


to me that it is time to draw the logical conclusion from their refusal to correct the historical record. 


(3) Birchers like Jim Smith are profoundly ignorant about JBS history - as I have demonstrated 
above. But since they are NEVER willing to admit error, I see no point in defending them any longer. 


Link to chapter 12 = https://sites.google.com/site/aboutxr/home/erb 


Chapter 12 pertains to a fraudulent investigation of the Birch Society by Efficiency Research Bureau 


Racism and John Birch Society-2 


This is the second chapter of a 3-chapter analysis of arguments posted online by John Birch Society members 
who claim (falsely) that the JBS has no connection to racial or religious bigotry. Furthermore, these Birchers 
claim that the JBS has “always” kicked bigots out of the JBS. 


Additional information about the history of JBS hostility toward our civil rights movement is contained in the 
chapter of my JBS Report which covers the JBS campaign against our civil rights movement and all of its leaders- 


which is available here: https://sites.google.com/site/ernie124102/jbs-3 


Part 1 of my discussion of “Racism and the John Birch Society” replied to absurdities and falsehoods posted 
online by Bircher Jim Smith. It appears here: https://sites.google.com/site/aboutxr 


Part 2 of my discussion appears below - in reply to absurdities posted online by JBS member “LiveLife98”. 


Part 3 (the final chapter) of my discussion of “Racism and the John Birch Society” is available here: 


https: //sites.google.com/site/aboutxr/home/jbs-racism3 


Because it is so important to understand the history of how the John Birch Society facilitated and attempted 
to legitimize racist arguments and themes, I have devoted more time and space to this subject than to any 
other. 


For this chapter, I am using (as a starting point) several messages posted online by Bircher “LiveLife98” in 
August 2018. For brevity, I will hereafter refer to LL-98. 


LL-98 posted comments on an article by Jonathan Chait which was published on the National Intelligencer website. 
Chait’s article was entitled: “Ben Shapiro Proudly Declares Conservatism Nearly Kook-Free”. Shapiro’s original 
article was published on the National Review magazine website. Links to both Shapiro’s article and Chait’s 
critique appear below: 


http: //nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2018/08/ben-shapiro-proudly-declares-conservatism-nearly-kook-free.html#comments 





SHAPIRO: 


https: //www. nationalreview. com/2018/08/conservatives-oust-bigotry-left-only-criticizes-them-for-it 





LL-98’s comments 


(A) In typical Bircher fashion, LL-98 initially attacked Ben Shapiro, along with National Review magazine, 
and Weekly Standard magazine. Then, LL-98 defended Donald Trump. 


(B) After I replied with factual information to some of what LL-98 had posted, he decided to attack and defame 
me (also, in typical Bircher fashion). 


(C) LL-98’s five remarks appear in numbered blue font below and my replies appear underneath each one. 


(1) “Shapiro's phony conservative movement is a joke. It does nothing except lose and attack real conservatives 
and doers like Trump who WIN! That is why all the Never Trump-BuckleyTard losers combined could not stop Trump, 
whose dad was big in the John Birch Society and who has been basically running on a JBS platform. The 
"conservative" movement of Shapiro, Weekly Standard, and National Review is dead. It's a laughing stock and 
nobody takes it seriously anymore. The real conservative movement today is Trump-MAGA-Liberty-Infowars-JBS- 
Breitbart-Ron Paul-etc. Join the cool kids and ignore kooks like Shapiro if you want to help Make America Great 
Again!” 


First, it should be pointed out that, historically, Birchers routinely attempt to de-legitimize (and 
demonize) every person, organization, or publication which they interpret as a significant alternative 
competing point of view. In the JBS scheme of things, there is always ONLY ONE possible correct interpretation 
of any matter in dispute and ONLY ONE morally acceptable and legitimate outcome or correct argument for any 
public policy controversy and, “coincidentally” that ONE interpretation and that ONE legitimate and morally 
acceptable argument always conforms to whatever position the JBS favors. 


LL-98 states that Trump’s father (Fred Trump) was “big in the John Birch Society”. Of course LL-98 provides 
not one scintilla of evidence to support that assertion but he probably is referring to a January 2018 interview 
in the JBS magazine (The New American) with Trump friend and adviser Roger Stone. During that interview, Mr. 
Stone declared that Donald Trump's father was a financial contributor to the John Birch Society and he was a 
personal friend of JBS founder Robert Welch. The portion of that TNA article which is pertinent is as follows: 


https: //www. thenewamerican.com/usnews/politics/item/27847-deep-state-plan-c-is-to-kill-trump-advisor-roger-stone-warns 





“People don't know it, but Trump comes from a Long Line of anti-communists,” Stone explained. “His father was 
a quiet funder of the John Birch Society, his father was a personal friend of Billy Graham, a personal friend 
of [JBS founder] Robert Welch, a supporter of Dr. Fred Schwarz's [Christian] Anti-Communism Crusade, and had 
been a major, major fundraiser and donor for Barry Goldwater. He kept his national politics quiet, because of 
course in Queens, all of the zoning and permitting for the Trump residential real-estate business was controlled 
by machine Democrats.” 


There are two problems with this excerpt: 


(a) Like LL-98, Roger Stone does not provide one iota of factual evidence to support his assertions and when 
asked via email_four times over a period of several months for additional information, he refused to reply AND 


(b) The former President of the JBS (John F. McManus) has stated in answer to an inquiry about Stone’s comment 
that: 


"Responding to your inquiry - 

1. We have no record of any funding of the Society by Fred Trump 

2. We have no record of anyone named Fred Trump ever being a member of The John Birch Society. 
- John F. McManus" 


With respect to LL-98’s assertion that the conservative movement represented by National Review magazine 
is “dead” and a “laughing stock” and “nobody takes it seriously anymore” - it should be pointed out that 
Birchers have been making this false claim for decades. 


Significantly, the circulation of the current Birch Society magazine (The New American) is about 17,000 
whereas National Review’s circulation is 90,904. 


Even in 1966 when the JBS was close to its peak strength, the circulation of the JBS magazine at that time 
(American Opinion) was only 35,400 (according to the circulation form 3526 submitted by the JBS to the U.S. 
Postal Service whereas National Review magazine was 86,273 


The advertising rate card for The New American indicates that 82% of its readers are male and 51% are 65 or 
more years old. 47% of their readers are retired. This is NOT the demographic profile one would expect to 


find for ANY magazine which purports to be influential or which should be “taken seriously”. 


https://www. thenewamerican.com/files/TNAAdvertising-Print. pdf 


With respect to The WeekLy Standard, (TWS) it was first published in September 1995 (ten years AFTER the Birch 
Society’s magazine, The New American came into existence in September 1985). 


Nevertheless, TWS circulation was over 100,000 copies per week. Not surprisingly, it has been reported that 
several dozen copies of TWS were purchased and distributed within the White House every week. By contrast, 
nobody has ever reported comparable information concerning any JBS magazine. National Review and TWS attracted 
(and published) the most prominent conservative intellectuals of the 2@*? and 21st centuries whereas most authors 
featured in JBS magazines are totally unknown except perhaps among fringe groups. 


Incidentally, Robert Welch was a major financial contributor to National Review magazine. Welch made two $1,000 
contributions to National Review, one in 1955 and another one in 1957. That is equivalent to about $9000 
for each contribution in 2017 dollars. 


In addition: Both Welch and the JBS recommended National Review to JBS members. Furthermore, the books 
authored by National Review contributing editors were recommended and sold by JBS bookstores. See, for example, 
the last 10 pages of the July 4, 1961 issue of the JBS Bulletin for its section captioned “Initial List of 
Approved Books” along with its list of recommended magazines. 


In January 1960, Robert Welch replied to a dinner invitation to honor Alfred Kohlberg (a JBS National Council 
member) which Kohlberg's Secretary had sent to Welch. Welch accepted the invitation and he also recommended 
the names of other people whom Welch described as his "good friends in New York City who are also friends of 
Mr. Kohlberg (who) would be glad to honor him..." Among the names of his good friends that Welch thought 
should also be invited included: William F. Buckley Jr., along with other conservative authors whose articles 
appeared in National Review magazine. [1/6/60 Robert Welch letter to Miss Anna E. Murray, Secretary to Alfred 
Kohlberg ] 


(2) “ROFL! Shapiro is such a loser, he is not part of the conservative movement in any way. By the way, 
William Buckley who Shapiro looks to for inspiration was a WHITE SUPREMACIST who openly advocated using violence 
to prevent black people from voting. The John Birch Society on the other hand was opposed to racism from the 
day it was founded. If Shapiro doesn't know this, it proves he's a hack with no understanding of conservatism. 
If he does know this, it shows he's a vile liar who should be shunned by everyone who values honesty.” 


It is partially correct to describe William Buckley’s viewpoints (at one time) as “white supremacist”. However, 
Buckley never adopted (or disseminated) arguments that were first created by white supremacist individuals and 
organizations AND, more importantly, Buckley acknowledged his mistaken views and then changed them over time. 


Buckley said it was a mistake for National Review not to have supported the civil rights legislation of 1964- 
1965, and he later supported a national holiday honoring Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., whom he grew to admire. 


By contrast, the Birch Society never stopped spewing hate toward MLK Jr and the JBS has always opposed the 
national holiday honoring MLK Jr. Unlike the JBS, Buckley opposed the Presidential candidacy of pro-segregation 
Gov. George Wallace of Alabama. By contrast, Birchers were the primary moving force within Wallace’s campaign 
and Robert Welch even recommended that Wallace select JBS National Council member John Schmitz as his running 
mate. 


Contrary to what LL-98 wrote, the JBS was NEVER “opposed to racism from the day it was founded” - which is why 
LL-98 cannot provide one iota of verifiable factual evidence for that assertion. 


The actual reality is as follows: 


Robert Welch and the JBS used every means at their disposal to validate and disseminate racist themes and 
arguments. That explains why so many white supremacists not only joined the Birch Society and even became 
officials or speakers for the JBS but it also explains why so many racists used or recommended or sold JBS 
literature and filmstrips which attacked our entire civil rights movement, all of our national civil rights 
leaders, and all of our national civil rights organizations. 


With respect to JBS filmstrips, see 76-minute JBS filmstrip “Anarchy USA-In the Name of Civil Rights”. 


https ://www. filmpreservation. org/sponsored- films/screening-room/anarchy-u-s-a-1966 





Anarchy USA links the U.S. civil rights movement to a worldwide Communist conspiracy. According to the 
JBS, Anarchy USA was put together by JBS staff in the summer of 1965 and it cost $75,00@ to produce and prints 
sold for $150 each. 500 prints were in circulation around the U.S. 


Anarchy USA contained shocking photography of the mutilated victims of revolutionary activity in China, Cuba, 
and Algeria and then combined that material with shots of Negro civil rights rallies here at home, and the 
film concludes: ‘We have offered only a brief survey of the material that is available to support the charge 
that the civil rights movement, as we know it today, is simply part of a worldwide movement, organized and 
directed by Communists, to enslave all mankind.” 


Rex Westerfield, Western Director of Public Relations for the Birch Society, described the film as “decidedly 
the most powerful tool we’ve ever had” in presenting the Birch Society’s views on our civil rights movement. 


In the August 1966 JBS Bulletin, Robert Welch instructed JBS members: 


“Show the film Anarchy U.S.A. far and wide and often..It will be far more convincing now—as to what can happen 
in this country—than it was before Detroit.” 


Robert Welch and the JBS adopted the core white supremacist argument when the JBS declared in the June 1965 
issue of the JBS Bulletin sent to all JBS members that: 


“Our task must be simply to make clear that the movement known as ‘civil rights’ is Communist-plotted, 
Communist-controlled, and in fact...serves only Communist purposes." 


Not surprisingly, this JBS filmstrip was shown at events sponsored by White Citizens Councils and by the Ku 
Klux Klan and by neo-nazi groups. For example, an FBI report about the Ku Klux Klan in Pennsylvania reported 
that the Bucks County chapter of the National Knights of the KKK showed Anarchy USA on January 22, 1974 (8 
years after Anarchy was first released!). For example, see page 47 at: 


https: //archive.org/stream/foia National Knights KKK-26/National Knights KKK-26#page/n95 


Anarchy USA also features an interview with a former African American member of the Communist Party USA. 
(Leonard Patterson) https: //www. youtube. com/watch?v=01XCkppfHkY 


However, Birchers never bother to perform due diligence to determine whether or not their sources are credible 
and reliable. 


The Birch Society used several African Americans as paid speakers (including Patterson)- usually under the 
auspices of its front group, Truth About Civil Turmoil (TACT). 


Significantly, NONE of the African Americans used by the JBS as paid speakers ever discussed the discrimination 
and oppression that black Americans confronted in their everyday lives—particularly in our southern states. 


Instead, those black Birchers focused exclusively in their speeches upon what they claimed was 
"Communist" influence, control, and domination of our civil rights movement or alleged "Communist" involvement 
in racial disturbances. 


For example, let’s briefly consider Bircher Leonard Patterson: 


On January 27, 1966 Patterson appeared on the Louis Lomax TV program in Los Angeles and he declared that the 
Watts riots in August 1965 were directed by the CPUSA. By contrast, FBI investigative files falsify that 
contention - as did the Intelligence Division of the Los Angeles Police Department along with the McCone 
Commission which investigated the Watts riots. For more details, see the chapter of my JBS Report which 
discusses the JBS and our civil rights movement: https://sites.google.com/site/ernie124102/jbs-3 


On February 28, 1966, Patterson stated in his speech at Attleboro MA that the civil rights movement was part 
of a conspiracy starting in the 1930’s. He told his audience that NAACP, CORE and MLK Jr. were all “under the 
leadership of the American Communist Party”. 


Patterson was an informant for the Immigration and Naturalization Service. His charges against Ralph Bunche 
were unanimously dismissed by the Loyalty Review Board and the Board then requested that the Department of 
Justice review Patterson’s testimony for possible perjury prosecution. 


In 1951, Patterson was contacted by the FBI's Detroit field office to inquire if he would be willing to provide 
information concerning an individual who had attended the Lenin School during 1932. According to a FBI comment 
on a New York City FBI search slip, Patterson "refused to be interviewed re: (name redacted) attendance at 
Lenin School in Moscow unless he was compensated." [FBI-NYC 100-144597, serial #236, page 2, which is a 3/2/66 
search slip in John Birch Society file showing all FBI-NYC file references to Patterson. Original documentation 
in FBI-NYC file 100-59645, serials #133, #144, #148. ] 


(3) “Black JBS leaders such as George Schuyler and Julia Brown advocated this too, because they opposed 
communism and supported the Constitution. Now the White Bunny will tell us that blacks are racist also because 
they don't agree with him. That, ladies and gentlemen, is how absurd the logical fallacies used by progressives 
have become. It’s basically agree with me or your (sic) a racist. For normal people this phony line of argument 
quit working years ago. Trump's win proves it!!!” 


It is very odd that LL-98 attempts to use George Schuyler and Julia Brown in support of anything which LL-98 
or the JBS believes because both Schuyler and Brown falsified many of the standard arguments utilized by the 
JBS (as discussed below). BTW--neither Schuyler or Brown were "Leaders" in the JBS. They just gave speeches 
for about $10@ per speech. In fact, there have never been any black "Leaders" in the JBS. No African American 
has ever served on the JBS National Council or its Executive Committee. 


Before George Schuyler associated himself with the Birch Society, he correctly summarized the status of African 
Americans in our southern states. The following comments by Schuyler appear in one of our nation’s oldest and 


most-respected African-American newspapers. 


Compare Leonard Patterson’s comments to those of George S. Schuyler: 


George Schuyler column “Views and Reviews”, in Pittsburgh (PA) Courier, 2/15/47: 


Schuyler _on NAACP: 


“Unlike many other organizations that screamed for justice for Negroes, it had no ulterior motives, no axes to 
grind, foreign or domestic, only a deep desire to further the advancement of colored people, socially, 
politically, and economically.” 


Then referring to the problems of racial discrimination still in existence after World War II came to a close, 
Schuyler observed: 


“These evils have to be combated with skill and intelligence and the NAACP is the only sincere and capable 
organization prepared to do it. Unlike such organizations as the National Negro Congress, it is not connected 
with any foreign ideology or power, and it shies far away from the Communist Party line which is the way to 
group suicide..no one can deny that the NAACP is THE great champion and defender of our rights in this 
Civilization and its long and remarkable record in this connections obligates every libertarian, regardless of 
color or creed, to give it this fullest support year in and year out.” 


George Schuyler on conditions in south faced by African Americans: 


In an 4/22/61 column in the Pittsburgh PA Courier, Schuyler wrote: 


“THE WHITE Citizens Council which has branches or cells everywhere, controls by terror such states as Louisiana, 
Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, and to a lesser extent, Virginia. It has castigated 
the Supreme Court in general and the Chief Justice in particular. It has defied and disrupted the operation of 
the laws of the land. It has used threats and vicious economic reprisals. It is as undemocratic as the John 
Birch Society and it exacts large sums of money from its followers. It has become a legal arm of Mississippi's 
Government. Why no furore to investigate the White Citizens Council?” 


Incidentally, even George Schuyler acknowledged in his column that the Birch Society “..is not organized on a 
democratic basis and Welch is the total boss. Mr. Welch is implacably opposed to the Marshall Plan, the United 
Nations, and racial desegregation in the USA.” 


Let’s also compare Patterson’s comments to those of another JBS member (and former FBI informant inside the 
CPUSA) - Julia Brown. 


In a March 1961 magazine interview, Julia stated that Communists had “little or no influence" within the NAACP 
and she concluded that: 


"I'm 100 percent with the NAACP and I think they are doing a wonderful job. Top government officials are aware 
that the NAACP is legal and is working in the American way for first class citizenship for all 
Americans." [Ebony magazine, "I Was A Spy for The FBI", March 1961, page 102]. 


Julia discussed the murder of Harry Tyson Moore, an NAACP official in Mims FL. She was asked to describe the 
Communist Party’s purpose in going to Florida and attempting to meet with the Governor -- and she replied: 


“To discredit the NAACP..The CP, as a rule, whenever anything happened to the Negro, they always have tried to 
take a front seat in everything; and in order to discredit the NAACP and to barge in on the NAACP’s activities.” 


Also see Julia's discussion about the NAACP, and in particular, her characterization of Walter White in her 
1966 book published by the JBS, I Testify: 


"Many times I have been asked if the NAACP was a Communist front organization. I have been able to say, 
truthfully, that, so far as I could discern, it was not. Indeed the great Walter White, executive secretary of 
the NAACP prior to his death, fought Communism with might and main. Older NAACP leaders have been equally 
fierce in their opposition to the Red conspiracy. But it has only been by dint of great effort on the part of 
these loyal men and women that the Party has been thwarted in its attempts to completely dominate the NAACP." 
[Julia Brown: “I Testify: My Years as An FBI Undercover Agent”, Western Islands, 1966, pages 124-125. ] 


Julia also mentioned that the wife of one prominent CPUSA official "hated the NAACP as did all other 
Communists." (Ibid, page 125] 


And referring to the Communist Party attempt to exploit the murder of 14 year old Emmett Till to its advantage, 
Julia observed: 


"Greater success might have attended these efforts had the Party not been opposed by the NAACP..The CPUSA 
criticized the NAACP bitterly for not conducting a more militant campaign of protests and demonstrations. The 
NAACP adamantly refused to let itself be used, and counseled its members to avoid any action which would 
reflect adversely on Negroes." (Ibid, page 165] 


Incidentally, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover made the following observation about the NAACP in a letter to its 
Executive Secretary, Walter F. White: 


On 4/8/47 White sent Hoover a letter requesting a statement by Hoover concerning the NAACP. Hoover replied 4- 
14-47: 


“Equality, freedom, and tolerance are essential in a democratic government. The NAACP has done much to preserve 
these principles and to perpetuate the desires of our founding fathers.” [FBI-HQ 61-3176, serials #378X thru 
#383, 4/14/47 --> 4/21/47; Walter White correspondence to J. Edgar Hoover and Hoover reply] 


An 1955 FBI internal memo on the NAACP by the FBI Assistant Director in charge of the Domestic Intelligence 
Division observed that: 


“All Negro Party members have been instructed to join NAACP chapters to exert their influence in NAACP programs. 
Local chapters in some localities, e.g Chicago, have been penetrated to the extent that CP members have become 
officers of these chapters. However, most chapters, as well as the national office, are acutely aware of the 
constant attempt on the part of the CP to dominate these local groups and are actively combating the Communists 
in their efforts.” [FBI-HQ 61-3176, serial #1077 which is 10/21/55 memo from FBI Assistant Director Alan H. 
Belmont to L.V. Boardman]. 


Let’s now also review testimony of JBS member (and paid speaker) Lola Belle Holmes - who is another former 
African American FBI informant inside the CPUSA 


Lola Belle Holmes also joined the CPUSA at the request of the FBI. From August 1957 to January 24, 1963, Lola 
worked inside the Communist Party in Chicago and she provided information about Communist Party matters to the 
FBI. She also subsequently became a paid speaker for the Birch Society. 


Lola's NAACP comments parallel those made by Julia Brown (discussed above). Prior to appearing on the Birch 
Society's lecture circuit as a paid speaker Lola (like Julia Brown) characterized CPUSA attempts to infiltrate 


NAACP as unsuccessful due to the anti-Communist leadership of the NAACP. 


Lola discussed CPUSA attempts to infiltrate NAACP and the Negro American Labor Council during her testimony 
before the House Committee on Un-American Activities: 


"I was on the NAACP caucus of the Communist Party from 1957 until 1959. I was nominated as secretary for the 
NAACP against the incumbent, and at that time we lost the election...Subsequently, the national office declared 
the election valid and the Party slate was thrown out. After the Party slate was thrown out, the Party caucus 
had a meeting in 1960 and decided to pull its forces out of the NAACP because they realized they could not 
work in the NAACP effectively." [Communist Activities in The Chicago Illinois Area, part 1; Hearings before 
the House Committee on Un-American Activities; May 25-27 and June 22, 1965, page 372. ] 


HUAC Chairman Edwin Willis then asked Lola: 


"Do I take it that these caucuses in the NAACP were not with the knowledge or approval of the leadership of 
the NAACP?" 


Lola replied: 


"It definitely was not with the knowledge...I want it to be very clear the leadership of either organization 
did not know that the CP had caucuses working in their respective organizations. When they found it out, they 
found out who they were, they immediately dropped them from the membership list." [Ibid] 


(4) “Welch welcomed all people into the society as members, speakers, leaders, etc including many amazing 
blacks such as George Schuyler and Julia Brown provided they agreed on the Constitution and the need for 
individual freedom. Inviting blacks to be speakers and leaders was very taboo in the 5@s and plenty of racists 
were appalled at Welch's progressive views. Welch argued against segregation even before he founded JBS!!! To 
understand just how dishonest Ernie is, note that what he means by "effusively praised life-long white 
supremacists like Sen. James O. Eastland of Mississippi" actually refers to JBS giving him a good score based 
on the constitutionality of his voting record which DID NOT EVEN TAKE RACE INTO ACCOUNT. The fact that the 
Klan managed to takeover a JBS chapter for a time and that this was the subject of an FBI training monograph 
proves it was the exception. As Ernie knows, people who publicly expressed racist or anti-Semitic views were 
expelled from JBS. There were many black JBS chapters in the South too, something that Ernie conveniently 
omits. Ask why Ernie who knows all these things would try to cherry-pick facts like this? It's because he's 
dishonest. Now he will respond with a flurry of verbal diarrhea like he always does but now that you know how 
dishonest he is you can assume that everything else he posts will be similarly dishonest. I for one am out of 
here, back to Birching and saving America!” 


LL-98 deliberately misrepresents the entire history of the JBS. 


The basis for membership in the JBS (by black Americans) was NOT their fidelity to the Constitution or any 
commitment to individual freedom. The ONLY African Americans allowed into the JBS had to accept white 
supremacist arguments which the Birch Society validated and distributed - such as the JBS claim that Martin 
Luther King Jr. “attended a Communist training school” (referring to Highlander Folk School in Monteagle 
TN) AND the JBS argument that our civil rights movement was Communist-created, Communist-dominated, Communist- 
controlled, and “served only Communist purposes”. 


Welch never “argued against segregation even before he founded the JBS” - which is why LL-98 cannot quote 
anything by Welch which made any such arguments. More importantly, one has to consider the BEHAVIOR of Welch 
AFTER he formed the JBS in December 1958. 


LL-98 claims that my reference to an FBI training monograph comment about a JBS chapter composed of Klan 
members was an “exception”. But, again, LL-98 does not have ANY experience with FBI files so he cannot possibly 
know the extent to which the FBI discussed racists who joined the JBS nor does LL-98 know how many Klan members 
were also JBS members. Instead, LL-98 just fabricates any fiction which he thinks can be used to defend the 
JBS. [NOTE: See part 3 of my discussion of “Racism and the John Birch Society” for specific details concerning 
this matter. | 


It is true that (occasionally) the JBS expelled some bigots from its ranks but that actually was the exception. 
Those instances occurred when the JBS could not plausibly dispute the FACT that such bigoted individuals were 
JBS members. 


Very significant numbers of very prominent Birchers were permitted to remain as members despite their well- 
known bigotry. This is confirmed by other JBS members - such as William H. McIlhany who authored the book 
“KLandestine” which pertains to the experiences of Bircher Rev. Delmar Dennis who was an FBI informant inside 
the White Knights of the KKK of Mississippi. 


McIlhany made the following comment in an email to me: 


"I was disappointed that [JBS magazine - American Opinion] editor Scott Stanley NEVER 
reviewed KLandestine in American Opinion. He also published an article in AO praising Elmore Greaves, who ran 
the KKK-fundraising front I described in Klandestine, the so-called White Christian Protective and Legal 
Defense Fund. 


When I asked Scott about this, he said, ‘You can fight the klan if you want. I’LL fight the Communists.’ Which 
indicated he had not read my book. 


Medford Evans, father of M. Stanton Evans, wrote many articles and book reviews in AO, many of which were 
excuses for essays he wanted to write rather than real book reviews. He had expertise about Soviet theft of 
the atomic bomb. But he was also heading up the White Citizens Councils in Mississippi, which I thought was 
rather embarrassing. I visited him when I lectured in Jackson, Mississippi, in the early 7@s. It was clear 
that he did not like what Delmar did. The Mississippi JBS coordinator at that time also said that some JBS 
members did not like what Dennis did." 


With respect to that last sentence, after Delmar Dennis surfaced as an FBI informant, and he testified against 
the Klan, Dennis told the Special Agent in Charge of the FBI-Jackson MS field office that there were "numerous 
resignations by other [JBS] members" in his community in protest of his testimony against the Klan because 
those JBS members were more sympathetic to the Klan than to Rev. Dennis. [11/28/67 memo by Special Agent in 
Charge of Jackson field office to J. Edgar Hoover, Jackson file number redacted, serial #36, page 3]. 


Rev. Dennis was never “expelled” from the JBS despite his public statements that he was a proud life-long 
racist (aka segregationist). Ditto for Maj. Gen. Edwin Walker who was the featured speaker at DOZENS of events 
sponsored by white supremacist groups such as White Citizens Councils and the Ku Klux Klan and Americans for 
the Preservation of the White Race events. 


LL-98’s comment re: Mississippi Senator James O. Eastland is particularly revealing and typical of JBS double- 
speak. 


LL-98 refers to the “constitutionality” of Eastland’s voting record. Keep in mind that Eastland was a co- 
conspirator with Klan officials in their attempts to thwart prosecution of the persons who murdered three civil 
rights workers in Mississippi in 1964. 


Eastland sought and received Klan support for his election campaigns at the time when the Klan was listed on 
the U.S. Attorney General’s List of Subversive Organizations! 


So, apparently, in the JBS scheme of things, life-long white supremacists can assist subversive organizations 
who commit felonies (including murder) and STILL (according to LL-98 and the JBS) be considered praiseworthy 
and patriotic Americans whom the JBS then scored VERY high on its “Conservative Index” (now known as “Freedom 
Index”). Eastland's score was 96. 


Information provided by Rev. Delmar Dennis to his FBI contact at the Jackson MS field office was summarized in 
a 12/12/66 memo. The references below to “confidential source” refer to Rev. Dennis: 


“On 10/20/66, the confidential source advised that Klan circles in the Meridian MS area were abuzz with the 
knowledge that Senator James O Eastland has been taking credit for the Federal Government dropping charges 
against those indicted in the Neshoba County slayings. Eastland, according to the source, had made his efforts 
in behalf of those indicted known to (name deleted) Neshoba County Attorney, and other attorneys for the 
defendants in the Neshoba County case. Source also related that (name deleted) prominent Klan member in the 
Meridian area, advised that all of the defendants are working earnestly in behalf of Senator Eastland’s campaign 
for re-election and (name deleted) felt that if Eastland is re-elected he will keep the MIBURN defendants out 
of jail.” 


“On 10/20/66, confidential source also advised (name deleted) that Senator James O. Eastland recently appeared 
at a political rally held in Forest MS and that Eastland had invited Sam Bowers, Imperial Wizard of the White 
Knights of the Ku Klux Klan of Mississippi, to occupy the speaker’s stand with him. Source also related that 
Eastland stated that he has been ‘pulling strings for them’ and that Eastland ‘has enough seniority to help 
them’.” [Jackson file 197-17905-5, no serial number shown, 12/12/66 SAC Jackson to J. Edgar Hoover] 


It should also be noted that Rev. Dennis told his FBI case agent that: 
“The Klan in Mississippi has completely infiltrated every phase of the legal, political, social and economic 


system in Mississippi. The membership in the Klan ranges from common laborers and criminals, to judges, lawyers, 
doctors and political leaders. While they may not be active members, they are secret members who use their 


influence to further Klan efforts and aid Klan activities, for example, it is generally known in Klan circles 
that supervisors who pick juries use their influence to get Klan members on the jury panel." 


AND 


"I have learned that the Klan uses meetings of the John Birch Society, Masons, and Americans For the Preservation 
of the White Race to solicit members for the Klan. The Auxiliary Police in Neshoba County is a front for Klan 
membership in Neshoba County." 


In July 1962, Robert Welch sent a letter to Senator Eastland in which Welch informed Eastland that the Birch 
Society spent several thousand dollars to include with its July 1962 JBS Bulletin, a copy of Eastland's speech 
entitled "Is The Supreme Court Pro-Communist?" which originally was published by the Virginia white supremacist 
group, The Patrick Henry Group in Richmond VA. 


Welch told Eastland that: "...I agreed one hundred percent" with the statements made by Eastland in the 
pamphlet. Welch closes his letter with: "So let's hope that this increased distribution---to the very people 
throughout the country who will be most interested in reading your speech---will bring your great effort an 
added effectiveness which will make this cost seem well worthwhile. With admiration for both your patriotism 
and your courage, and with all good wishes, I am, Sincerely, Robert Welch." 


So, Robert Welch affirms the “patriotism” of a life-long bigot who did everything in his power to maintain 
segregation and white supremacy in Mississippi. Welch did the same thing with Klan member, Cong. John Rarick 
of Louisiana. Welch invited Rarick to speak at a JBS National Council event AND Rarick was also invited to 
submit articles to the JBS magazine, American Opinion -- which Rarick did write. 


It was this type of BEHAVIOR which correctly convinced white supremacists that Robert Welch and the Birch 
Society was their ally-not their opponent. 


Imagine the response by LL-98 (or Robert Welch) if a left-wing politician was connected to the Communist Party 
and/or that person also worked to support Communist Party objectives! 


(5) © LOL! Ernie doesn't want you to know that JBS hired speakers to travel across America EXPOSING the 
Klan!!!! Ernie knows this but he doesn't think you should, because he is dishonest.” 


I have already addressed this falsehood previously. 


First of all, I have repeatedly written articles and posted messages online which discuss the very subject 
matter which LL-98 falsely claims that I don’t want anybody to know about! This webpage is just another 


example. Also see my previous webpage on “Racism and the John Birch Society” for additional historical 


documentation. https://sites.google.com/site/aboutxr/ 


By contrast, LL-98 has written NOTHING and has never presented ANYTHING to show he has done even rudimentary 
research into historical records about the subjects he pretends to be knowledgeable about. 


The ONLY thing LL-98 does is relentlessly attack and defame ANYBODY who dares to criticize the Birch Society- 
--no matter what accumulation of indisputable FACTUAL evidence is presented --- even when that documentation is 


provided by other JBS members! 


The JBS did not hire “speakers” (plural) to expose the Klan. It hired Rev. Delmar Dennis. Before Dennis 
became an FBI informant inside the White Knights of the KKK of Mississippi, he was heavily involved in several 
white supremacist organizations including his local White Citizens Council as well as the Americans for the 
Preservation of the White Race. In addition, he wrote pro-segregation pamphlets and he formed a whites-only 
church in his small Mississippi community. 


Rev. Dennis was NOT opposed to Klan ideology or white supremacist beliefs. His objection was solely to violent 
and criminal activities endorsed or condoned by or undertaken by the Klan. Nevertheless, the Birch Society 
never expelled him nor dozens of other white supremacists, neo-nazis, and bigots of various stripes. 


HIGHLANDER FOLK SCHOOL AS “A COMMUNIST TRAINING SCHOOL” 


There were two main arguments created and circulated by white supremacists in our country. One started during 
the 1940@’s and one appeared after the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision outlawing segregated public 
schools. Significantly, the Birch Society adopted, validated, and disseminated BOTH arguments. 


Starting during the 1940’s, white supremacists attacked the Highlander Folk School in Monteagle TN as some 
sort of Communist enterprise. 


After the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court desegregation decision, many "state's rights" and pro-segregation groups 
were fond of repeating the assertion that Martin Luther King Jr. had "attended a Communist training school" - 
-- which was meant to be a reference to King's attendance at a 1957 Labor Day weekend seminar at Highlander 
Folk School in Monteagle TN. 


But few people have explained how the description "Communist training school" came about, i.e. whom was its 
originator? 


The Birch Society and its front-group, Truth About Civil Turmoil, (TACT) plastered the country with billboards 
and postcards showing a photo of King "attending a Communist training school". The African-American Birchers 
who became paid speakers for the JBS during the 196@’s repeated this accusation incessantly. 


John Birch Society authors like Gary Allen repeated the accusation in his book, "It's Very Simple: The True 
Story of Civil Rights”. Many Congressmen inserted remarks into the Congressional Record which described 
Highlander in that same fashion. 


Speakers under the auspices of the Birch Society’s American Opinion Speaker’s Bureau criss-crossed the country 
and “revealed” the “subversive” background of Highlander. Legislative hearings in Louisiana resulted in a 
report entitled “Subversion in Racial Unrest” which featured many witnesses who parroted the charges against 
Highlander. 


Recently, the former President of the John Birch Society (John F. McManus) posted an article on the JBS website 
which made a preposterous claim in what was intended to be a rebuttal to an article published in the Boston 
Globe. See McManus article here: 


https: //www. thenewamerican.com/reviews/opinion/item/26903-the-boston-globe-attacks-the-john-birch-society-with-falsities 





In his rebuttal, McManus declared that the Birch Society never labeled MLK Jr. as a Communist but notice his 
reference to King attending “communist training sessions”: 


"The Society never, I repeat never, labeled Martin Luther King a Communist. Its publications did show that he 
hired communists, accepted funding from communists, attended communist training sessions, and frequently 
started demonstrations that turned into communist-led rioting and destructiveness. It was these associations 
that led former Attorney General Robert Kennedy to wiretap King’s phone and take other steps to thwart what 
King was doing. When J. Edgar Hoover labeled King the ‘most notorious Liar’ in America, he had plenty of reason 
to do so." 


This is a typical JBS debate tactic. They use every conceivable linguistic trick to associate and link a 
person with communists and communism but then claim they never called someone a Communist. Interestingly, 
when critics of the JBS refer to associations and links which JBS members and officials have with racists, 
anti-semites or other noxious individuals, the JBS violently objects to that. However, the JBS never is 
concerned about its own comparable behavior. 


With respect to MLK Jr. -- notice that McManus uses a plural when he declares that King “attended communist 
training sessions". However, this is exclusively a reference to one speech by King at a Highlander Labor Day 
event on September 2, 1957. You may read that speech here: 


http: //kingencyclopedia.stanford.edu/encyclopedia/documentsentry/a look to the future hfs.1.html# ftn4 


So how did all this get started? 
Enter the Georgia Commission on Education. 


The Georgia Commission on Education (GCE) was established in 1953 in order to preserve segregated public 
schools in Georgia. From its inception, the Commission was populated by life-long racists who were convinced 
that any integration proposal was evidence of a “Communist plot”. 


In the fall of 1954, the GCE’s Executive Director (Atlanta attorney Durwood T. Pye) lobbied for a state 
Constitutional amendment which would privatize Georgia’s schools in order to keep them segregated. The 
Constitutional amendment speedily passed in November 1954. 


Then, the newly elected segregationist Governor (Marvin Griffin) asked the GCE staff to produce regular reports 
to the legislature on the status of anti-integration efforts in the State. 


Who were the members of the Georgia Education Commission? 


The most prominent Commission members were Governor Marvin Griffin (Chairman), Lt. Gov. Ernest Vandiver (Vice- 
Chairman), Georgia Attorney General Eugene Cook, and Roy V. Harris - all of whom were life-long 
segregationists.In 1957, Governor Griffin asked the Georgia Legislature to give the GCE authority to 
hire “investigators” and to hold hearings and subpoena witnesses and the Legislature promptly did so. One of 
the first GCE publications was “Ten Directors of the NAACP” which sought to establish the “Communist 
affiliations” of prominent NAACP leaders. 


By the end of 1957, the GCE had mailed over 500,000 copies of its pamphlets attacking the civil rights movement 
(and the NAACP) as “subversive”. 


Its most famous publication, however, was its “expose” of Highlander Folk School (HFS) as a vehicle of a 
“Communist conspiracy” 


When the GCE learned that Highlander was planning a 25th anniversary celebration on Labor Day weekend of 1957, 
it assigned “undercover investigator” Edwin Hugo Friend to register at HFS and observe the event and take 


photos. 


What did Edwin Friend think his assignment was? 


Friend’s answer to that question may be found in a deposition he submitted in November 1959 for Tennessee court 
proceedings. Friend said that his assignment as a Georgia “undercover agent” was “to go to Monteagle, Tennessee 
to the Highlander Folk School and find out whether that malignancy of the NAACP and Communism was leaking out 
over Georgia.” [John Edgerton, “The Trial of the Highlander Folk School”, Southern Exposure, Spring 1978, p 
86.] 


Using the “findings” of “investigator” Friend, the GCE published a pamphlet with the title “Highlander FoLk 
School: Communist Training School - Monteagle, Tenn.” 


You may see a copy here: 


http: //www.mdah.ms.gov/arrec/digital archives/sovcom/result.php?image=images/png/cd06/041961. png&otherstuff=3|85|/0]1/1]/1/1]41340 





What was particularly compelling about the GCE pamphlet on Highlander were the photographs provided by 
“investigator” Edwin Friend which showed interracial activities such as square dancing, swimming, and blacks 
and whites eating together. 


Friend also took the famous photograph of “Martin Luther King attending a Communist Training School”. The GCE 
circulated over 250,000 copies of its Highlander “expose” and Governor Marvin Griffin authorized reprints with 
or without credit being given to GCE. 


So who was Edwin H. Friend? 


Aside from being described as a “GCE investigator”, Ed Friend was also described as the “official state 
photographer for Georgia”. 


But Ed had an even more compelling title - he was the official photographer for the Georgia Ku Klux Klan! 


Atlanta FBI file 80-1138, serial #3 is a 9/30/67 SAC Atlanta memo to J. Edgar Hoover which contains the 
following data: 


Pg 1: “Friend was not interviewed in view of his reported close association with Calvin F. Craig, Grand Dragon 
United Klans of America, Realm of GA, and with Robert Shelton, Imperial Wizard UKA. The files of the Atlanta 
office reflect that in 1941 Friend was interviewed for position of photographer with the Bureau. He was not 
offered this position as he was unwilling to travel to Washington for acceptance of such a position. In May 
of 1962, (name deleted) reported that on 5/7/62 Calvin Craig, Robert Shelton, and (name deleted) all of whom 
are Klansmen, Shelton the Imperial Wizard, and Craig the UKA Grand Dragon, Realm of GA, proceeded to the 
Georgia State Capitol where they contacted a photographer named Ed Friend.” 


Pg 2: “Friend then took Craig, Shelton, and (name deleted) into Attorney General Eugene Cook’s office at the 
State Capitol. The conversation that ensued related to the coming elections, the County Unit system, and school 
segregation.” 


“In October 1957, Ed Friend was described as an undercover agent for the Georgia Bureau of Investigation and 
in this capacity had covered an assignment at Monteagle TN Labor Day 1957. Friend..subsequently testified 
before the Georgia Education Commission 10/4/57 regarding inter-racial meetings held at the Highlander Folk 
School, Monteagle TN and also the attendance of certain CP functionaries at this conference.” 


“In March of 1960 (name deleted) reported that Ed Friend was in touch with Calvin F. Craig and asked to borrow 
a Klan robe from him so that the daughter of the Attorney General, Eugene Cook, who was then in attendance at 
a school in Connecticut, could use the Klan robe in conjunction with some school activity.” 


“(Name redacted) reported in April 1960, that according to Calvin Craig, Ed Friend would appear in a park in 
front of his laundry about noon to take some pictures of Negro children going to a Catholic school near the 
park and who were playing with white children. In April of 1960 (name redacted) reported further that Friend 
had made the pictures requested by Craig of the inter-racial children playing together. Craig reported that 
these photos taken by Friend were in the possession of the Governor of the State of Georgia; and the Governor, 
while he wanted this inter-racial activity reported, did not release the pictures to the Klan, as he did not 
want the photographer “State” identified as the individual having taken these pictures.” 


Pg 3: “In September 1960, the Klan proposed a rally at Stone Mountain GA for 9/24/6@ and during the planning 
stages Calvin F. Craig indicated he would have Ed Friend take pictures at this function. In view of the above 
cited close association on the part of Friend with the Ku Klux Klan, Calvin F. Craig, and Robert Shelton, 
leaders in the Klan, it is considered inadvisable to interview Ed Friend, as if the opportunity presents 
itself, he will capitalize on any contacts had with the FBI.” 


When the GCE published its pamphlet on Highlander, accompanied by a picture of a group of individuals seated 
in an auditorium (one of whom was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.) it described the HFS seminar as being "held to 
discuss methods and tactics for precipitating racial strife and disturbances." [HQ 61-7511, serial #206 is 
copy of GCE publication, “Highlander Folk School: Communist Training School—Monteagle TN”). 


https: //archive.org/stream/foia Highlander Folk School-HQ-5/Highlander Folk School-HQ-5#page/n61/mode/2up 


Subsequently, Edwin Friend testified before a Tennessee legislative hearing concerning what he "Learned" during 
his "investigation" of Highlander. The excerpt appearing below, reveals his underlying motivation and the basis 
for him describing Highlander as a "Communist Training School". 


"Q: Mr. Friend, was that a subversive meeting there at that time? 
A: It was subversive, sir, to the way that I have been taught to live in America. 
Q: Explain that to the committee. 


A: I have been taught by southern tradition to keep the races separate. I was taught to go to Sunday school 
and Church. I was taught to respect the other fellow's habitat, and that is what I have always tried to do. Up 
here it seems like all of those things weren't even considered. It is the primary motive of this group to tear 
down the forces that were trying to keep the races separate in the South." [Joint Legislative Investigating 
Committee, State of Tennessee: Investigation of Highlander Folk School, Grundy County Tennessee, 3/4/59, p447. |] 


Friend was asked another question which produced a revealing answer: 


“Q. Do you believe that anyone that espouses the things that you have just said to promote integration for 
that kind of motive, could possibly be a good Tennessean, a good Southerner, or a good American?” 


A. I can guarantee you he is not what I would call a good American, Sir.” [Ibid, p451] 


Friend also testified about one of his photos which revealed another matter at Highlander that greatly disturbed 
him: square dancing! 


“This is a square dance held at night in one of the buildings on this estate of Mr. Horton..The approach to 
this square dance seemed to be very harmless, in that you get a person in the square dance and the caller can 
call it in such a way that the Negro boy will wind up dancing with the white girl..This was called and invariably 
he always wound up with one of the Negro boys dancing with one of the white girls in order to get them familiar, 
and these doctrines were teached [sic] in this school, and in order to break down the resistance to integration 
in that you had to do it anyway that a person really wouldn’t be conscious of it...” [Ibid, page 443. ] 


A July 1963 FBI memo summarizes the FBI file on Highlander Folk School: 


"Due to the interracial character of the School, it has been the subject of numerous allegations that it 
represented the headquarters of communism in east Tennessee. An extensive investigation was conducted in 1941 
and 1942 as a result of the allegations. These allegations have never been substantiated and much of the 
information of a subversive derogatory nature concerning this School was later repudiated by the individuals 
who previously furnished the information...This organization has continuously been involved in the integration 
movement and as a result charges are being continuously made that it is ‘communist’. These charges are based 


mainly on the opinion of the individuals making the charges that being pro-integration is being pro- 
communist." [HQ 64-7511, serial #286, July 26, 1963, F.J. Baumgardner to W.C. Sullivan]. 


The attack upon Highlander Folk School was part of a larger effort to discredit and demonize everyone connected 
to the civil rights movement in the United States -- and in particular to our most prominent national civil 
rights organizations. 

The John Birch Society cheerfully and enthusiastically joined this campaign to discredit our civil rights 
movement and everybody connected to it. In that respect, the Birch Society became an enabler of bigotry and 
the arguments which racists used to discredit our civil rights movement. 


Even in May 2008, the JBS told its members that: 


“Just as the John Birch Society showed in the 1960's that the communists basically ran both the civil rights 
movement and the KKK, the strategy was nothing new."... [JBS Bulletin, May 2008] 


MORE INFORMATION: ernie1241@aol.com MY RESEARCH HOMEPAGE 





INTRODUCTION---part 1: 

This is the third Chapter of a three-part discussion regarding Racism and the John 
Birch Society. All three chapters were written to respond to specific arguments 
made by Birch Society members. 


Chapter 1 of my discussion replied to absurdities and falsehoods posted online by 
JBS member Jim Smith. It appears here: https://sites.google.com/site/aboutxr/ 





Chapter 2 of my discussion replied to absurdities posted online by JBS member 
“LiveLife98” here: https://sites.google.com/site/aboutxr/home/racism-and-john-birch-society-2 


Chapter 3 of my discussion is organized into two sections: 


SECTION ONE focuses upon the primary arguments used by the John Birch Society to influence... 


e the analysis and conclusions which the JBS wants Americans to believe with respect to 
historical evidence regarding the status of African-Americans in our country AND 


e conclusions which the JBS wants Americans to believe with respect to the character of our 
civil rights movement and its leaders 





SECTION TWO 


This is a massive Chronological Chart which summarizes factual evidence (mostly 
from FBI files) regarding how the Birch Society as an organization, advanced bigoted 
themes, arguments, and racial stereotypes. 

NOTE: [As of December 2020, the Chronology is on pages 24 thru 119]. 


The Chronology reveals how individual JBS members, JBS officials, JBS employees, and 
JBS supporters replicated arguments, themes, and positions preferred by white 
supremacists and by other racially and religiously bigoted individuals, organizations 





NOTE: Because of space limitations for Google Sites webpages, | was not able to 
copy the entire Chronology into the webpage below. However, the PDF copy of this 
Report which is attached to the bottom of this webpage contains the entire updated 
and expanded edition as of December 2020 — and future revisions will also appear 
below as a PDF file. 


The updated PDF includes a link to the December 2019 resignation letter by the former 
Research Director of the John Birch Society (Thomas Eddlem) who objected to "nazi 
race propaganda" being published in the JBS magazine, The New American.] 





FIRST THINGS FIRST 
Any discussion of this subject must first begin by recognizing the following facts regarding the 
J ohn Birch Society and its membership and its supporters. 


(a) J BS officials and J] BS members are never willing to candidly acknowledge anything about 
the J ohn Birch Society or its history which they perceive as derogatory information 





(b) Most J BS members and supporters are profoundly ignorant about J BS history, which means 
they cannot (or will not) recognize or candidly acknowledge indisputably factual 
information about that history. [Note: a considerable percentage of current J BS members 
were born 30-50 years ago—which means that they have no contemporaneous personal 
knowledge about J BS history during the 1960's. ] 


— 
~~ 


Because | BS members automatically reject anything which they interpret as criticism of 
the J BS (i.e. they have a cult-like belief that the J BS is infallible), they instead routinely 
resort to ad hominem slurs and insults against anybody who dares to bring critical 
information to public attention AND they describe ALL criticism of the J] BS as nothing more 
than “lies” and “smears” --- EVEN WHEN that information originates from other | BS 
members OR from sources previously recommended by the JBS as indisputably 
knowledgeable, reliable and authoritative. 


(d) It is important to recognize that no serious discussion of this subject matter is possible 
unless the person presenting this type of narrative has very detailed historical knowledge 
about the Birch Society and some of the more recognizable people who joined or endorsed 
the J BS. Unfortunately, most of that factual data is extremely difficult to find - particularly 
since the J BS does NOT permit outside independent scholars or researchers to have access 
to its archives. Consequently, the Birch Society and its sympathizers use the general 
opaqueness surrounding J BS history as a tactic to de-value and dismiss and de-legitimize 
all J BS critics or opponents and their arguments. 


SECOND MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR TO BE RECOGNIZED 
The second factor which must be candidly recognized when discussing the J ohn Birch Society’ s 
interpretation or analysis of race-related subjects concerns the operational structure of the 
Society itself and the background of its senior leadership. 


The Birch Society was created by a wealthy white businessman born in a small segregated rural 
North Carolina county (Robert Welch was born in Chowan County, NC in 1899) who never 
experienced a single moment of discrimination or harassment during his lifetime which was caused 
by, or was the result of, his racial background. 


When Welch created the | BS, he surrounded himself with eleven co-founders who were also 
predominantly wealthy white businessmen—including several life-long southern segregationists! 
There were no African Americans or Asians or Hispanics or women in a senior leadership position 
within the J BS (on its National Council or on its Executive Committee) during the first decades of 
its existence. 


The only official investigation ever conducted into the J] BS was during 1961 by the California Senate 
Factfinding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities. The Subcommittee’s Report was not 
published until 1963. That Report pointed out: 


“Robert Welch is the undisputed authority in this movement, and from his decisions there can 
be no appeal. Operating under him is an Executive Committee and a National Council, but 
these are purely advisory bodies. If Welch makes a decision and both the Executive Committee 
and Council unanimously, vehemently, and implacably disagree, there is no question about 
who will prevail: Welch. Indeed, since he appoints the members of these bodies, he can fire 
them individually or collectively at will.” [California Report, 1963, page 18]. 


Consequently, it should be recognized that the official position of the J BS about anything race- 


related is entirely an expression of the prevailing southern white interpretation about black 
Americans and their presumed place within American society. 


THE QUESTION WHICH |] BS MEMBERS ARE NEVER WILLING TO ADDRESS 


J BS members are never willing to answer this fundamental question: 
WHY did so many white supremacist individuals and organizations in our country consider 
the J BS to be their ALLY and not their opponent? 


EXAMPLE: The Dallas TX Times-Herald newspaper published an article about the Birch 
Society in its March 26, 1961 issue - which made the following observation: 


“Rev. Carey Daniel, key figure in the White Citizens Council of Dallas, a white 
supremacy group, was lavish in his praise of the Birch Society when The Times Herald 
questioned him. ‘God bless all John Birch members’ he said. ‘Please say that the 
White Citizens Council is backing them 100 percent. I am thinking of joining.’ ” 


The answer to the question I just posed is fairly obvious (as I will discuss below) and 
the answer explains why: 


e many white supremacist organizations recommended and sold J BS publications AND/ OR 

e they recommended and showed J BS films AND/ OR 

e they recommended attendance at local events featuring | BS speakers—especially 
about our civil rights movement AND 

e members of those white supremacist organizations often also became members or 
endorsers of the J ohn Birch Society. 


JBS members and supporters understand this (even when they pretend not to 
understand). 


When Birchers are presented with evidence about a LEFT-WING person or organization which 
supposedly had numerous links and associations with persons or organizations or publications that 
the J BS has characterized as “Communist” or “Communist sympathizer” or “subversive” etc. THEN 
Birchers NEVER dispute a conclusion that such person(s) or groups represented a clear and present 


danger to our country. 


ONLY when we discuss the Birch Society, do all Birchers want us to totally ignore, de- 
value, dismiss, or excuse bad behavior OR excuse indisputable J BS connections to 
racists or other bigots while simultaneously de-legitimizing the source(s) of that 
inconvenient adverse information. 


As merely one example - let’s consider how the Birch Society described labor and civil rights 
leader A. Philip Randolph. 


After the Birch Society presented over TWO pages of small-font text which summarizes all the 
alleged "subversive" and "Communist" associations of Randolph did the Birch Society sum it all up 
in the final sentence of their final paragraph: 


“Randolph learned his lessons well as he rubbed elbows with Communists over the past 
three decades." [Francis X. Gannon, Biographical Dictionary of the Left, Volume 1, page 488; 
Western Islands Publishers, 1969] 


This is a fairly typical example of how the Birch Society used sinister innuendo and/ or sarcasm to 
slime the reputation and character of someone they disliked. 


What is particularly striking about this defamatory attack upon Randolph is that (according to the 
FBI's files about Randolph) Communists DESPISED Randolph. They described him as a "traitor" to 
his race. They declared he was a vicious "Red-baiter" and senior Communist Party officials bitterly 
complained (in their secret closed National Executive Committee meetings) that Randolph was 
constantly thwarting Communist efforts at infiltrating labor unions as well as the NAACP and other 
civil rights organizations. 


The Communist Party went to great lengths to DISCREDIT Randolph because they considered him 
to be an all-too-effective MORTAL ENEMY of the Communist Party. For details regarding the 
Communist Party’s attack upon Randolph, see Chapter 6 of my J BS Report: 

https://sites. google.com/site/ernie124102/jbs-3 





Consequently, one could easily make a compelling case that the Birch Society 
performed a flawless PRO-COMMUNIST service (in alliance with the Communist Party) 
by using the J BS to discredit and slime the reputation of anti-Communist A. Philip 
Randolph. 


As readers review the information presented in Parts 1 thru 3 of this Report - keep in mind 
the tactics which the Birch Society itself has utilized when they have used sinister 
innuendo, insinuation, or outright statements to characterize persons (and organizations) 
that they perceive as] BS critics, opponents, and enemies. 


THE BIRCH SOCIETY’S CRITERION FOR RECOGNIZING NOXIOUS PEOPLE 


Readers might want to consider applying an analytical criterion to the Birch Society which 
J BS founder Robert Welch declared was appropriate with respect to evaluating labor 
leader Walter Reuther. After all, turnabout is fair play! 


After giving a speech in J ackson MS, Robert Welch was asked if he believed that United 
Auto Workers President Walter Reuther was a Communist. Welch’s reply was: 


“It doesn’t matter whether he is or not. The Communists love him whether he is one 
of them or not and he is a dangerous left-winger.” [New Orleans LA State-Times, 
11/ 18/61, pl “Welch Says Reds in Freedom Rides”; FBI-New Orleans 105-1499, serial 
#83] 


Consequently, as readers review the extensive chronology which appears below, 
perhaps we should apply Robert Welch’s standard for recognizing whether or not some 
person or organization is harmful or poisonous to our country because of their racial 
or religious or political beliefs. IF bigots love the JBS - then (according to Welch’s 
methodology), the J BS is dangerous to our society. 


Again: keep in mind that if we were discussing a LEFT-wing person or organization, the 
Birch Society would scream bloody murder about the volume and the significance of the 
type of data summarized below. 


However, as previously noted: ONLY when we discuss the Birch Society, do 
all Birchers want us to totally ignore, de-value, dismiss, or mitigate their bad 
behavior OR excuse indisputable J BS connections to bigots. 


The Birch Society's fierce hostility to our civil rights movement during the 1960's and 
afterward arose from three basic predicates of | BS ideology, as follows: 


1. Nothing was very much wrong with conditions faced by African Americans in the 
United States. 

2. Consequently, the protests, demonstrations, sit-ins, marches, and legislation 
(proposed or actually enacted) during the 1960’s and afterward had no 
legitimate basis. 

3. All incidents which revealed white racism or crimes by whites against blacks 
were either contrived, grossly exaggerated, or unworthy of consideration. 


In furtherance of these premises, the Birch Society used African American speakers and writers to 
affirm the J} BS position. 


For example: See the article entitled “For America: Let Negroes Give Thanks”, authored by 
George S. Schuyler which was published in the J BS magazine (American Opinion). In his article, 
Schuyler expresses a viewpoint which must have impressed every white supremacist and traditional 
white southerner who read his remarks: 


“So let us give thanks that we are by world standards better paid, better housed, better fed, 
and better clothed than anybody else; that we can boast more college graduates than all the 
rest of the black world combined.” 


“Let us not be grudging with our thanks for being beneficiaries of the goodwill and 
philanthropy of truly Christian whites since before the time of the birth of the nation.” 


“We ought to always remember those rich who endowed institutions of learning for 
Negroes...Nor should we forget the much-maligned, war-impoverished, under-developed 
Southern states that gave and continue to give with ever-increasing willingness to our public 
education.” [George S. Schuyler, American Opinion magazine, November 1965, page 15] 


Before Schuyler associated himself with the J ohn Birch Society, he presented a much different 
perspective when he wrote the following in his “Views and Reviews” column for one of our nation's 
oldest and most respected African-American newspapers: 


"THE WHITE Citizens Council which has branches or cells everywhere, controls by terror such 
states as Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, and to a lesser 
extent, Virginia. It has castigated the Supreme Court in general and the Chief J ustice in 
particular. It has defied and disrupted the operation of the laws of the land. It has used threats 
and vicious economic reprisals. It is as undemocratic as the J ohn Birch Society and it exacts 
large sums of money from its followers. It has become a legal arm of Mississippi's Government. 
Why no furore to investigate the White Citizens Council?” [George S. Schuyler: “Views and 
Reviews”, New Pittsburgh Courier, National edition; [Pittsburgh PA] 04-22-61, page 8]. 


Another J BS member (Rev. Delmar Dennis) was a white FBI informant inside the most violent Klan 
in our nation’s history (White Knights of the KKK of Mississippi). Rev. Dennis reported the following 
to his FBI case agent in November 1964 - but apparently, he did not share this information with 
the J BS: 


“The Klan in Mississippi has completely infiltrated every phase of the legal, political, social 
and economic system in Mississippi. The membership in the Klan ranges from common 
laborers and criminals, to judges, lawyers, doctors and political leaders. While they may not 
be active members, they are secret members who use their influence to further Klan efforts 
and aid Klan activities, for example, it is generally known in Klan circles that supervisors who 
pick juries use their influence to get Klan members on the jury panel.” 


Another African American whom the Birch Society frequently cites approvingly is Manning J ohnson. 


J ohnson wrote about a fundamental “deep consciousness among Negro Americans. They have, 
in spite of the divisive influences of the Negro intellectual, the same instinctive urge to group 
together as have other racial and national groups.” [Manning J ohnson: Color, Communism, and 
Common Sense; Alliance, Inc., 1958, page 59]. 


“Alliance, Inc.” was a publishing house in New York City operated by Archibald B. Roosevelt (a J BS 
member who was the son of Theodore Roosevelt). This same Archibald Roosevelt wrote a letter to 
Verne Kaub in 1962 which described the political situation in New York. Roosevelt told Kaub that 
“professional do-gooders” planned “to be elected by being extreme pro-negro...By extreme | 
really mean special privileges for the negro, who in most cases is certainly below the average 
white man in intelligence.” [9/20/62 letter from Archibald B. Roosevelt to Verne 

P. Kaub, Madison WI]. 


From the perspective of George Schuyler and Manning J ohnson, African Americans preferred to 
stay in Harlem or Watts or in other black ghetto neighborhoods because they wanted to, rather 
than because they had no alternative. 


So - from the J BS point of view, the “good Negro” had nothing to complain about. That is certainly 
a viewpoint which southern racists loved and understood about the “right-thinking Negro” who 
recognized his place and accepted it without complaint. [For additional details see: I.A. Newby: 
Jim Crow’s Defense: Anti-Negro Thought in America 1900-1939, Louisiana State University 
Press, 1965] 


Another JBS member and prolific author (Alan Stang) presented a comparable argument to 
illustrate this sentiment within the J BS. 


Stang wrote an article about an African American by the name of Silvester Glaze. Glaze and other 
African Americans blocked a civil rights march and Stang quotes Glaze as saying: “I have no 
complaints. | like my job and get good pay. There’s no way in the world it could be better. I’m 
doing fine.” [Alan Stang: Lincolnton - Home of Silvester Glaze; published in the J BS magazine 
American Opinion, December 1965, page 38]. 


JBS Coordinator Medford Evans was also a regular contributor to the J] BS magazine American 
Opinion. In addition, he was the Editor of the national magazine of the segregationist Citizens 
Council movement. Evans recognized what he considered the special paternal obligation of white 
Americans toward black Americans. Evans wrote: 


“In Rhodesia or Virginia, a gentleman recognizes that he has a special obligation towards 
Negroes...Kipling called it ‘the white man’s burden’...” [Medford Evans: “From The South”, 
American Opinion magazine, | anuary 1966, page 60]. [NOTE: The Birch Society openly sided with 
white minority regimes in Rhodesia and South Africa. ] 


) BS founder, Robert Welch, (himself a native southerner from a small community in rural North 
Carolina) shared this attitude toward black Americans. Welch wrote about one of his black 
neighbors: 


“He was a good farmer, a good neighbor, and highly regarded by everybody...The fact that we 
never dreamed of inviting him to supper, or vice versa, bothered him not at all. He had his 
social friends, his church and his school, and we had ours. And he and his friends would have 
been as reluctant to change that arrangement as we and our friends would have been—because 
it is more natural and more comfortable for human beings generally to be with their own kind.” 
[Robert Welch, J ohn Birch Society Bulletin, September 1963, page 76]. Incidentally, in an April 
1961 speech in Shreveport LA, Welch stated that the J BS had two “all Negro chapters, one in the 
deep South, and one in a border state.” [FBl-New Orleans, 105-1499, serial #36 which is article 
entitled “Birch Society Founder Speaks” published 4/20/61 in the New Orleans LA Times- 
Picayune. ] 


In other words, racial separation is the only legitimate policy to follow - and southern Negroes do 
not want integration. 


Even in 1956, Welch echoed the sentiments expressed in 1965 by George Schuyler (quoted above). 
Welch observed: 


“Even under the still-far-from-equal standards that have prevailed, our Negro population has 
been making steady gains in its educational level. The London Economist has pointed out that 
already a larger percentage of American Negroes get college educations than the percentage 
of Englishmen in the British Isles. We believe it could also have pointed out...that the material 
standard of living of the average American Negro is today higher than that of the average 
Englishman.” [Robert Welch: “A Letter to the South on Segregation”, One Man’s Opinion 
magazine, September 1956, section I, page 2]. 


Welch's 1956 argument is identical to the argument published bythe White Citizens Councils. For 
example, in February 1956, Tom Ethridge wrote the following in his monthly column in the 
Councils’ newsletter: 


“The Negro’s progress as a race during the past century is one of the most inspiring chapters 
of American history. It not only is a tribute to the patience and friendship of Southern 
whites...Freely conceding that his social and economic status can be improved, the Southern 
Negro has much to be thankful for as a result of friendship and cooperation by his white 
friends.” 


Robert Welch also claimed that the “easy-going colored man” of the South could be “easily 
misled by agitators,” and “is now being inflamed into a hatred of his white neighbors which he 
never felt before.” Welch also opined that the phrase “civil rights” was a Communist slogan. 
Welch asserted that racial integration “embarrassed” good black Americans. [Robert Welch: “A 
Letter to the South on Segregation”, One Man’s Opinion magazine, September 1956, page 4]. 
NOTE: See rebuttal of Welch’s assertions in December 1954 House Committee on Un-American 
Activities report, “The American Negro in the Communist Party” cited below. ] 


Of course, at no point, does Mr. Welch explain how he arrived at his understanding about what 
the majority of African Americans in the United States believed about their status OR what they 
believed about the degree or nature of the discrimination and oppression they confronted in their 
everyday lives. Presumably, Welch never consulted George Schuyler who wrote in 1961 about “The 
White Citizens Council which has branches or cells everywhere, controls by terror such 
states as Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, and to a lesser 
extent, Virginia.” 


At no point does Robert Welch or the J ohn Birch Society consider the possibility that society at 
large could have some responsibility or some blame for creating an environment which produced 
feelings of despair or impotence within a minority community nor would our society ever bear any 


blame for the limitations it placed upon opportunities available to black Americans or other 
minorities. 


Instead, J}BS writers and speakers chose to de-legitimize and de-humanize black Americans— 
especially if they dared to protest their condition. For example, during racial upheavals such as 
the Watts Riot of 1965, the J BS referred to “the spear concession in Watts”. [Gary Allen and Bill 
Richardson: “Los Angeles: Hell in the City of Angels”, American Opinion magazine, September 
1965, pages 1-14]. Obviously, such comments are welcomed by racists. See additional J BS 
references to blacks as “cannibals” or “savages” or “animals” and “gorillas” in the attached 
Chronology. 


HOW DOES THE |] BS EXPLAIN AWAY WHITE RACISM? 


The idyllic picture presented by the Birch Society cannot be sustained unless unwelcome factual 
data is suppressed or de-valued so it does not disrupt the picture which the J] BS wants Americans 
to believe. 


Here, then, are the five most dominant | BS themes: 


1. FIRST, ANY ANTI-BLACK OR ANTI-CIVIL RIGHTS ATROCITIES HAVE TO BE 
EXPLAINED AWAY. 


For example: In 1965, when Thomas L. Coleman was acquitted of killing an Episcopal seminarian 
(Rev. J onathan Daniels), who was a civil rights activist in Alabama working to register voters, the 
J BS magazine published an article on the matter which noted that “typical” newspapers such as 
the Washington Post had denounced the trial as a “farce” - suggesting that the Post could not 
possibly have any legitimate basis for such a pejorative judgment. 


A grand jury indicted Coleman for manslaughter but the Attorney General of Alabama (Richmond 
Flowers) believed the charge should have been murder. He was overruled by the trial judge. 
Coleman was acquitted of manslaughter charges by an all-white j ury because blacks were excluded 
from jury service. [Jere Real: “Jon Daniels: Product of His Seminary”, American Opinion 
magazine, J anuary 1966, pages 33-40]. NOTE: The Alabama Attorney General described the verdict 
as representing the "democratic process going down the drain of irrationality, bigotry and 
improper law enforcement...now those who feel they have a license to kill, destroy and cripple 
have been issued that license.” [For additional details see: Sara Bullard: “Free At Last: A History 
of the Civil Rights Movement and Those Who Died in the Struggle”, Oxford University Press, 
1994, pages 86-87]. 


Similarly, when Rev. Robert Reeb was murdered in Selma AL, the editor of the J BS magazine (Scott 
Stanley Jr.) implied that quick hospitalization would have saved Rev. Reeb, “But now he is dead; 
and King and SNCC have their martyr.” [Scott Stanley J r.: “Revolution: The Assault on Selma”, 
American Opinion magazine, May 1965, page 9]. 


When Medgar Evers was murdered in 1963, |] BS Coordinator Medford Evans could not resist a 
standard tactic used by racists in the south to belittle the significance of such murders through 
sarcasm or snide remarks. Evans wrote: “We don’t know who shot him by the way. Maybe it was 
Lee Harvey Oswald.” Oddly, |] BS author Alan Stang made the same comment so perhaps it was 
meant to be taken seriously? [Medford Evans: “The Sheriff: Jim Clark of Selma”, American 
Opinion magazine, February 1966, page 3 and Alan Stang: “It’s Very Simple: The True Story of 
Civil Rights”, Western Islands, 1965, p. 207] 


In 1964, when McComb, Mississippi experienced over 16 bombings and arsons of homes, churches, 
and businesses of persons connected to civil rights activities, Medford Evans interpretation was: 


“Never a death; always a headline. To some the classic instance of this sort of thing is the 
Reichstag fire...”. [Medford Evans: “Mississippi—The Long Hot Summer”, American Opinion 
magazine, November 1964, page 15]. 


NOTE: Subsequent investigation by the FBI resulted in the arrest nine white supremacists. Two 
pleaded guilty to three counts of unlawful use of explosives and each received three five-year 
sentences. Four other defendants pleaded guilty to one count and received a five-year sentence. 
Three more pleaded no contest to conspiracy charges and received suspended six-month sentences 
and $500 fines. 





Incidentally, the insinuation that the victims of racial crimes might have been responsible for their 
own bombings and arsons or even murders is a standard trope used by right-wing extremists and 
white supremacists. When Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated, Birchers suggested that “his 
own side” might have been responsible for the crime in order to produce a martyr. 


Also see: “Welch Blames Reds in Killings”, Phoenix AZ Republic, 9/26/65, pA-1 which opens with: 


“Racial killings in the South are perpetrated by Communists to warn Negroes not to oppose 
the civil rights movement, Robert Welch, founder of the John Birch Society, asserted 
yesterday.” 


About a year before this absurd comment by Robert Welch, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover held a 
press conference to discuss a variety of matters. According to news reports, one remark by Hoover 
was: 





“Hoover said ‘all the lynching’s and bombings of homes in the South’ were the work of Klan 
members. He said his agency knows ‘pretty well who they are’.” [FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial 
#2365 which is a copy of an Indianapolis IN Star article, page 1, on 11/19/64. Most U.S. newspapers 
published an article which contained Hoover’s comments based upon AP and UPI wire service 
summaries. ] 


Perhaps the most notorious racial killing of the mid-1960’s was the murder of Schwerner, Chaney 
and Goodman outside Philadelphia, MS in 1964. The local Sheriff was among those accused of 
involvement. Once again, J BS Coordinator (and White Citizens Council official) Medford Evans 
presented his unique interpretation by offering “two alternative hypotheses: one, that the three 
were killed by ‘wet squads’ on their own side; the other, that they were not killed at all.” 


In support of his lunatic idea, after all three bodies had been discovered buried in an earthen dam 
- Evans suggested that identification of the bodies must have been difficult and any “three stiffs 

from the local morgue” could have been buried there. Naturally, the Klan itself could hardly 

produce anything more appealing to a racist. [Medford Evans: “Mississippi—The Long Hot 

Summer”, American Opinion magazine, November 1964, page 14]. 


The quality of Medford Evans' analytical skills might best be revealed by reviewing the following 
information: 


Evans helped organize the Tri-State Citizens Council of Texarkana AR. One FBI serial about that 
Council pointed out that Evans “said the bodies of the three civil rights workers found near 
Philadelphia MS could have been planted there by the U.S. Government.” 

AND 


“Dr. Evans talked of the success of the Citizens Council in Alabama in thwarting the efforts of 
Martin Luther King in registering Negro voters.” 


[FBI-HQ file 105-34237-25, serial #45; 3/1/65 SAC Little Rock to Hoover re: Tri-State Citizens 
Council of Texarkana AR] 


2. THE SECOND THEME EMPLOYED BY THE J BS IS TO VALIDATE DISCRIMINATION. 


According to the J BS, IF there actually are instances of racial discrimination, then they must be 
based upon natural and proper and reasonable distinctions of ability and education. 


For example: The poll tax, which even its supporters acknowledged was a device for preventing 
black Americans from voting, was defended by J BS author James P. Lucier as “a reasonable 
restriction, and in practice, a modest one...If such tests of maturity cut most deeply against 
Negroes, it is merely an objective indication that more individual Negroes have not yet earned 
the stake in the community necessary for responsible citizenship. If the social structure is 
determined by individual choice and cultural patterns, no one’s rights are violated.” [Jim 
Lucier, “Civil Rites: Who Should Vote?”, American Opinion magazine, J une 1965, page 30]. 


Even J BS founder, Robert Welch, agreed during a Boston TV interview that: “I would be inclined 
to agree with our founding fathers in having some limitation on suffrage.” [“Welch Would Curb 
U.S. Voting Rights”, Boston MA Herald, 7/ 28/65, page 18; FBI-Boston 100-32899, serial #350. ] 


For anybody who might think that the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution forbids 
denying the right to vote on the basis of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, J im Lucier 
had a different interpretation: 


“This radical measure is contrary not only to the division of powers in the body of the 
Constitution, but to the intent of the Fourteenth Amendment.” And in his same article, Lucier 
suggests that the Fourteenth Amendment is invalid because of faulty ratification procedures. [Jim 
Lucier, op cit]. 


Lucier’s arguments (shared by the J BS) should not surprise anyone. Lucier worked for two 
segregationist politicians (Sen. Strom Thurmond and J esse Helms) along with the segregationist 
editor of the Richmond VA News-Leader newspaper (J ames]. Kilpatrick) before associating himself 
with the Birch Society. [In 1962, Kilpatrick wrote a book entitled: “The Southern Case for School 
Segregation” | 


Lucier was merely repeating what segregationists had been proposing for decades. For example: 
In 1956, the Mississippians for States Rights was founded. The Chairman of this group was W.B. 
Fontaine of J ackson MS. Fontaine explained the organizing principle of his new group: “There is 
no such thing as an acceptable civil rights program. Civil rights laws are foreign to the concept 
of English law, the basis for our government, and are connected with socialism.” [Laurel MS 
Leader-Call, 5/31/56, pl and 7; “States Rights Group Sets Up Organization’ ]. 


From 1963 to 1966, Lucier wrote 14 articles for American Opinion. In 1963, he warned about the 
spread of socialism among the “cannibals and savages of newly independent African nations.” 
The reason they were becoming socialist according to Lucier, was because it “was easy to 
convince cannibals and savages that socialism will supply abundance without necessitating the 
earning of it.” Lucier also commented that black African leaders had “learned to grasp onlythe 
concept that one eats one’s enemies.” 


NOTE: 
At NO time, did anybody connected with the J ohn Birch Society (including its African American 


speakers) ever bring the attention of J BS members to the actual state of affairs in our southern 
states which is described below. 





Instead, the | BS hired Dallas County, Alabama, Sheriff J im Clark to be a paid speaker for the J BS 
and the J BS chose to heavily publicize lurid accusations of sexual misconduct between black men 
and white women during the Selma March which were made by Alabama GOP Congressman William 
L. Dickinson. The FBI file on the Selma March stated that the FBI found no evidence to support 
those charges. This is just another example of how the Birch Society chose to ally itself with 
the worst racist elements in our country and then parrot their falsehoods about our civil rights 
movement. [Not surprisingly, Dickinson received a score of 84 on the Birch Society's “Conservative 
Index” for 1973.] 





In March 1965, the Birch Society published an article in its magazine (American Opinion) by its 
Editor (Scott Stanley Jr.) which tried to depict Selma, (Dallas County) Alabama as a place where 
there was “deep respect for the law” and, according to Stanley, it had already registered 20% of 
its adult African Americans as of J anuary 1965. [NOTE: Blacks accounted for half of the county's 
30,000 voting-age population. In J anuary 1965 only 335 were registered. For details see: J oel 
Backon: Bull Connor and J im Clark Meet Prince Henry the Navigator, 2010, page 50] 


So, according to Stanley and the J BS, “Selma was not only living up to the laws of the land but 
was honorably going the extra mile—doing everything possible to forestall racial difficulty 
there.” Stanley then added that because of Selma’s exemplary record, it “was the last place on 
earth that one would have expected to see the racist revolutionary, Dr. Martin Luther King. 
But there he was...In the middle of January, Dr. King and his team of agitators arrived in 
Selma...” [Scott Stanley J r.: “Revolution: The Assault on Selma”, American Opinion, May 1965, 
page 1; FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial #2576] 


Of course, at no point does Mr. Stanley provide a footnote to substantiate his assertion about the 
progress made in Dallas County Alabama or in Selma. The reality was starkly different (see below). 


As usual, the Birch Society's article includes a photo of “Martin Luther King at Communist 
Training School” - referring to Highlander Folk School of Monteagle TN. The description of 
Highlander as a “Communist Training School” originated with the official photographer of the 
United Klans of America chapter in Georgia who infiltrated Highlander and took photos of blacks 
and whites working, eating, and dancing together. [For additional information regarding the 
Highlander Folk School controversy, see my detailed online report at link below: 


https://sites. google.com/site/ernie124102/hfs-1 ]. 


Stanley also repeated the false allegations about sexual misconduct by black men with white 
women during the Selma March which originated with the racist Alabama Congressman William L. 
Dickinson. Yet again the Birch Society chose to associate itself with arguments and racial 
stereotypes created by white supremacists (such as black men having excessive sexual desires 
directed toward white women). 


After quoting a misleading statement by FBI Director J]. Edgar Hoover, Stanley closes his diatribe 
with this summation: 


“But, that Communist control of the Negro "Civil-Rights" movement is now a matter of fact, 
or merely a matter of time, should provoke reasonable Americans - white and black - to resolve 
that it is the hour for good men to stop doing nothing, lest evil triumph. It is time for good 
men to become involved in a major effort to free the ‘Civil Rights’ movement of Communist 
influence before it is too late.” [Stanley, op cit, page 10]. 


At no point does Stanley present J BS members with the actual judgment of Hoover and 
the FBI, which was: 


“Let me emphasize that the American civil rights movement is not and has never been 
dominated by the communists--because the overwhelming majority of civil rights leaders in 
this country, both Negro and white, have recognized and rejected communism as a menace to 


the freedoms of all." [J . Edgar Hoover speech, 12/12/64, Our Heritage of Greatness, pg 7 - Hoover 
speech before Pennsylvania Society and the Society of Pennsylvania Women; bold emphasis on "not" 
and "never" in original document]. 


THE ACTUAL SITUATION IN DALLAS COUNTY, ALABAMA 


As of November 1964, three months before the famous Selma March to Montgomery, the following 
statistics were sent by the Special Agent in Charge of the FBI’s Mobile AL field office to FBI Director 
J. Edgar Hoover. These numbers appear in a “Memorandum Opinion, Preliminary Injunction and 
Writ of Injunction in the case entitled ‘HOSEA WILLIAMS; et al, Plaintiffs; UNITED STATES OF 
AMERICA - PLAINTIFF-INTERVENOR vs. HONORABLE GEORGE C. WALLACE as Governor of the 
State of Alabama; ET AL - . DEFENDANTS’,” Civil Action No. 2181-N filed in U.S. District Court 
Middle District of Alabama, Montgomery, Alabama. 


“As reflected in by Appendix ‘A’ to this opinion, the efforts of these Negro citizens to secure 
this right to register to vote in some of these counties, have accomplished very little. For 
instance, in Dallas County, as of November 1964, where Negro citizens of voting age 
outnumber white citizens of voting age, only 2.2% of the Negroes were registered to vote. In 
Perry County as of August 1964, where the Negro citizens of voting age outnumber white 
citizens, only 7% of the Negroes were registered to vote. In Wilcox County as of December 
1963, where the Negro citizens of voting age outnumber white citizens over two to one, 0% 
of the Negro citizens were registered to vote as contrasted with the registration of 100% of 
the white citizens of voting age in this county...The evidence in this case reflects that, 
particularly as to Selma, Dallas County, Alabama, an almost continuous pattern of conduct has 
existed on the part of defendant Sheriff Clark, his deputies, and his auxiliary deputies known 
as ‘possemen’ of harassment, intimidation, coercion, threatening conduct, and, sometimes, 
brutal mistreatment toward these plaintiffs and other members of their class who were 
engaged in their demonstrations for the purpose of encouraging Negroes to attempt to register 
to vote and to protest discriminatory voter registration practices in Alabama. This harassment, 
intimidation and brutal treatment has ranged from mass arrest without just cause to forced 
marches for several miles into the countryside, with the sheriff’s deputies and members of his 
posse herding the Negro demonstrators at rapid pace through the use of electrical shocking 
devices (designed for use on cattle) and night sticks to prod them along. The Alabama State 
Troopers, under the command of the defendant Lingo have, upon several occasions, assisted 
the defendant Sheriff Clark in these activities, and the State Troopers, along with Sheriff Clark 
as an ‘invited guest’, have extended the harassment and intimidating activities into Perry 
County...” [FBIl-HQ 44-28544, serial #346, SAC Mobile to]. Edgar Hoover, page 4. ] 


Many segregationists chose to become J BS members or officials precisely because the Birch Society 
adopted white supremacist talking points and themes and because the J BS reflexively defended 
white privilege. For example, J BS National Council member Thomas J]. Anderson of Nashville TN 
wrote: 


“It is the natural right of man to discriminate...A person who doesn’t discriminate is either a 
slave or a slob. Property rights are the very basis of ‘human rights’ and the right to self- 
determination of associates is what the privacy of the individual is all about. Forced equality 
is not democracy: it is a barnyard just as Orwell said.” [Tom Anderson: “Reflections of a 
Southern Segregationist”, American Opinion magazine, February 1965, pages 21-26]. Later, 
Anderson wrote an article justifying slavery for the racist and pro-Klan Louisiana newsletter, The 
Councilor, entitled “Tom Anderson Says Blacks Should Be Grateful to Whites”. 


Not surprisingly, Anderson and his wife belonged to a whites-only church and they praised fellow 
J BS member, Rev. Delmar Dennis, when Dennis set up his whites-only congregation in Mississippi. 


The FBI Special Agent in Charge of the Jackson MS field office wrote in a summary memo about 
Delmar Dennis that he was “widely known in rural Mississippi as an ardent segregationist...He 
founded the First Southern Methodist Church in Mississippi, which church was founded for the 
sole intent of maintaining racial segregation." [FBI-HQ 170-249, serial #1, page 2; 11/9/64 SAC 
J ackson MS to]. Edgar Hoover. ] 


Delmar Dennis was also: * Chairman, Citizens Council Lauderdale County MS; * Chairman, Citizens 
Council of Meridian and Chairman of its Public Affairs Committee; * On Board of Directors, White 
Christian Protective and Legal Defense Fund (a Ku Klux Klan fundraising group) 


3. THE THIRD J BS POSITION OR THEME IS TO ALWAYS IGNORE DISCRIMINATORY 
SOUTHERN RACIAL LAWS AND PRACTICES. 


Robert Welch and the Birch Society often attempted to claim some moral high ground by stating 
that they had no problem with civil rights but they opposed “forced integration”, i.e. using 
government to compel racial integration. 


However, the JBS never objected to forced segregation, i.e. using government to compel 
separation of whites from people of color (whether blacks, Asians, Hispanics, Indians or anyone 
else). 


For example: the J BS was totally silent when southern states took it upon themselves to legislate 
human relations by passing laws 
e to prevent a white person from marrying a person of color OR 
to prevent a white person and a black person from travelling together on buses, OR 
to prevent them from eating together in restaurants, OR 
to prevent them from using the same waiting rooms, OR 
to prevent them from attending the same public schools, OR 
to prevent them from enjoying the same public parks, swimming pools, and recreational 
facilities. 


But every law which sought to break down racial separation, whether a Federal Civil Rights Act, 
or a state law (such as California's fair housing legislation) was immediately denounced by the J BS 
as an intolerable invasion upon individual choice. 


The Birch Society claims to believe that the less government there is, the better for our society - 
BUT with a strange absence of logic, this standard is never applied to the kinds of laws which 
racists supported and implemented. 


Then there is the matter of discriminatory treatment of African Americans by Southern law 
enforcement officials. One might recall the comment made by J. Edgar Hoover in November 1964: 


“Around Philadelphia Mississippi, law enforcement is practically nil and many times sheriffs 
and deputies participate in crimes” and Hoover also observed that FBI agents investigating civil 
rights cases in the swamp country of Mississippi sometimes found the area filled with "nothing but 
water moccasins, rattlesnakes and red-necked sheriffs, and they are all in the same category 
as far as | am concerned.” [New York Times, 11/ 28/ 64, p34]. 


But the J ohn Birch Society had a different opinion. The segregationist Sheriff Jim Clark of Selma 
AL was singled out by the J BS for special praise. [Medford Evans: “The Sheriff: Jim Clark of Selma”, 
American Opinion magazine, February 1966, page 10]. Clark also became a paid speaker under 
the auspices of the J BS Speakers Bureau. 


In addition, while the ] BS excoriated the U.S. Supreme Court for what the J BS considered the 
Court's too careful consideration of the rights of defendants and the Court’s supposed eagerness 
to hamper police, nevertheless, the | BS has always been totally silent about the record of 
Southern courts when they routinely dismissed cases against whites charged with crimes against 
blacks (or against civil rights workers). The | BS was also silent about criminal defendants being 
found not guilty by all-white juries. Once again, the J BS abandoned its logic in a way calculated 


to appeal to and comfort racists. 
4. THE VIRTUES OF SEGREGATION 


A central point of J BS philosophy is that race is a legitimate category by which to group individuals 
regardless of their other characteristics. Furthermore, the J BS proposes that racial pride is more 
appropriate than any aspiration for equality with whites. Once again, Manning J ohnson is used by 
the J BS to make this point. J ohnson attributed most of the progress made by African Americans 
since slavery to George Washington Carver and Booker T. Washington and then J ohnson wrote: 


“Theirs was a deep and abiding pride of race, a firm belief in the ability of their benighted 
people to rise above their past and eventually stand on an equal plane with all other races. 
Moreover, equality was to them not just a catchword---the prattle of fools---but a living thing 
to be achieved only by demonstrated ability.” [Manning J ohnson, op cit, page 56]. 


This is the same Manning J ohnson who wrote an article in 1952 for a national Catholic monthly 
publication in which J ohnson attempted to explain why some black Americans were seduced by 
the Communist Party. In his article, Manning wrote about “Big Tom” Williams: 


“He was born and reared in Jim Crow surroundings which in time he grew to hate. The 
narrowly circumscribed life based upon race hate and the belief that he had no rights which a 
white man was bound to respect rankled and embittered him...After graduation he married a 
fine and attractive girl and would have settled down, but he could not harden himself to the 
J im Crow surroundings as had so many others of his race. The vivid recollections of a race riot 
in which white hoodlums indiscriminately attacked Negroes, burned their homes, wrecked 
their businesses, and the Roman Holiday atmosphere that prevailed when one of his neighbors 
was dragged from his home and lynched, left a deep impression on him so that no amount of 
persuasion could stop him from moving his family North to ‘freedom’.” [Manning] ohnson: “Big 
Tom, The Red”, The Sign magazine, December 1952] 


Significantly, the Birch Society never informed its members about the type of experience described 
above which was faced by many African Americans. Nor did the J BS ever correctly inform its 
members about the reasons why African Americans (or other racial or religious minorities) became 
interested in radical left organizations, i.e. why radicalism appealed to certain segments of our 
society—including minorities. For relevant background about this matter, see the 309-page 
December 1951 FBI training monograph entitled “Reasons Why People Accept and Reject 
Communism”. In particular, see the section about African American author, Richard Wright (pages 
71-76). 





Thomas Anderson presented a similar argument to what Manning J ohnson wrote but from a white 
supremacist viewpoint: 


“If the Negro were really equal, he wouldn’t force himself on whites; he wouldn’t have to. I’m 
for allowing the Negro the opportunity to develop himself to his fullest capacities, to 
contribute his utmost to mankind and to gain pride of race so that he won’t even want to force 
himself upon those who do not want to associate with him on equal terms.” [Thomas Anderson, 
op cit, page 26] 


During the 1960's, the J BS argument was that contemporary black leaders were not just totally 
wrong in their direction, but they were also out of touch with their own followers. The J BSclaimed 
that “ordinary” blacks were not to be blamed for the protests and demonstrations in the South. 


As Robert Welch explained: 


“So please remember that it was not the ordinary colored people of the South who brought on 
the Supreme Court decision of May 17, 1954. They had nothing to do with it, and certainly 
most of them did not want it, nor the turmoil to which it has led.” [Robert Welch: J BS Bulletin, 
September 1963, page 87]. 


This repeats Welch's sentiment from 1956: 


“Do not put the responsibility where it doesn’t belong. Do not blame your neighbors, the 
colored people of the South. They had nothing to do with the Supreme Court decision, did not 
seek it, and as a class have not been the ones to bring the racial issue to a boil. Most of them 
would be just as embarrassed as you would at forced integration and are just as opposed to 
the whole idea.” [Robert Welch, “A Letter to the South on Segregation”, One’s Man’s Opinion 
magazine, September 1956, page 5]. 


Of course, at no point does Mr. Welch explain what method he used to determine what “ordinary 
colored people of the South” wanted or how he determined what “most of them” (African 
Americans) believed. 


Instead, the J] BS position was that those “ordinary colored people” have been betrayed by their 
own leadership. As Manning J ohnson explained: 


“Betrayal of the Negro people may well come through Communist corruption of the Negro 
intellectual. This is not so difficult since the Communists, the ‘white liberals’ and the ‘white 
progressives’ do the thinking for most of them. The utter bankruptcy of the Negro 
intelligentsia is startingly evident by reason of the absence of any strong and dramatic 
movement for genuine Negro organization, leadership, and thinking. Deep in the swamp of 
inferiority, lack of ability, muddled thought, the Negro intelligentsia looks to the phoney [sic] 
white liberals, politicians and progressive hypocrites for leadership, guidance, and money. 
These ‘whites’ are carriers of ‘isms’ other than Americanism which spreads like an epidemic 
in the ranks of the hapless Negro intellectuals.” [Manning J] ohnson, op cit, page 61] 


Then Manning J ohnson refers to the “disastrous effect of integration”: 


“The Negro bitten by the integration bug is so naive that he thinks that boycotting his own 
race and spending his money in a place where he is unwanted is ‘putting his own best foot 
forward’” [Ibid, page 59] 


Johnson then adopts a standard white racist argument when he declares that civil rights 
organizations built a persecution complex into the Southern Negro that has little to do with reality: 


“The main danger to the Negro is not the Southern school, but the persecution and hate 
complex the N.A.A.C.P. and reds are trying to create.” [Manning J ohnson, op cit, page 50] 


The Birch Society encouraged its paid writers and speakers to heap scorn and abuse upon civil 
rights workers, white or black. George Schuyler, for example, speaks of “roving banditti” and 
“battalions of retardates” as well as “The lunatic grins and cretin cheers of the goggle-eyed 
mob that ‘marched’ to Washington.” [Schuyler, op cit, page 30] 


Schuyler then claims (in a manner reminiscent of literature published by white hate groups) that 
the funding for civil rights groups came from: 


“Well-healed [sic] crypto Communists in high places, lone-wolf Marxists, socialist labor unions, 
senile dowagers, emotionally charged utopians...the hirsute brained...” [Schuyler, op cit, page 
30]. 


Medford Evans, a] BS member who was a self-identified white supremacist inquired: 


“What loyal Southerner can compare in national fame with Hodding Carter or Ralph McGill? It 
would be unfair to compare such scalawags with J udas. J udas was filled with remorse.” 
[Medford Evans, “From the South”, American Opinion magazine, March 1966, page 67]. 


The JBS reprinted parts of Alabama Congressman William L. Dickinson’s lurid charges about 
conduct on the march from Selma to Montgomery which conformed to the south’s racial 
stereotypes: 


“There were many—not just a few—instances of sexual intercourse in public between Negro 
and white...Photographs were taken of this | am told. | have not seen the actual photographs. 
But they are being processed and compiled.” Appended to Dickinson’s remarks was a note by 
American Opinion which added: “We know it is true because our own reporters verify it in 
details.” [see previously cited May 1965 article by Scott Stanley J r., page 9]. The “reporters” are 
not identified but J BS speaker, Sheriff Jim Clark, also made such assertions in his J BS- sponsored 
speeches. 


Manning J ohnson also had his own unique characterization of those interested in black equality: 


“Among them are found Communists, crypto-Communists, fuzzy-headed liberals, eggheads, 
pacifists, idealists, civil disobedience advocates, self-seekers, muddle-headed humanitarians, 
addle-brained intellectuals, and plain meddlers.” [Manning J ohnson, op cit, page 51]. 


By so labeling all civil rights leaders, workers and sympathizers, the Birch Society provided an 
obvious service to white racists. Instead of calling the civil rights advocate a “nigger lover”, the 
overt racist can just adopt Birch Society rhetoric. 


The use of such vicious language separates the J BS rather clearly from the “nice” segregationists, 
or the respectable conservatives, whom the J BS claims to represent. But the J BS rhetorical style 
has more in common with the Ku Klux Klan than with anybody who wants to avoid stirring up racial 
hatreds and avoid validating racist stereotypes. 


In December 1958, Manning J ohnson testified at hearings conducted by the Arkansas Legislative 
Council Committee which was investigating possible links between communism and racial unrest 
in Arkansas. He previously testified in March 1957 at hearings conducted by the Louisiana J oint 
Legislative Committee on Segregation. 


The FBI summary concerning J ohnson’s Arkansas testimony pointed out that “...he is not in a 
position to speak authoritatively regarding the present tactics and activities of the Communist 
Party in the Negro field as he was dropped from the Communist Party in 1939. It would appear 
Johnson was attempting to prove or infer that the present racial unrest is the result of 
Communist Party policies formulated in the 1920s and 30s. This premise is not supported by 
data in Bufiles; however, it is observed that the Communist Party, at every opportunity, has 
attempted to capitalize on the situation... ohnson’s testimony adds nothing to our knowledge 
in this field.” [FBI-HQ 62-105198, serial #8, page 1; SAC Little Rock to]. Edgar Hoover, regarding 
Arkansas Legislative Council Committee; also, FBI-Little Rock 44-341]. 


The FBI also pointed out falsehoods in J ohnson’s testimony. In one specific instance, with respect 
to Manning Johnson's derogatory comments regarding the NAACP, the FBI observed that in 
response to an inquiry by the Pittsburgh PA Courier newspaper in April 1957, the Department of 
J) ustice informed the Courier that “the Department informed the NAACP that recent statements 
made by J ohnson attempting to link the NAACP with the Communist Party did not reflect the 
views nor findings of the J ustice Department; that J ohnson was not one of its employees as 
reportedly cited in various newspaper accounts; and that J ohnson in no way was connected 
with the Department nor did he speak for the Department.” [FBI-HQ 62-105198, serial #8, page 
6; SAC Little Rock to}. Edgar Hoover, regarding Arkansas Legislative Council Committee; also FBI- 
Little Rock 44-341]. 


The Bureau concluded that: 


“Despite the recurring allegations by Southern political leaders that the racial situation is 
Communist-inspired, our investigation of the Communist Party and the over-all racial situation 
in this country has reflected that in practically all instances, with relatively few exceptions, 
racial incidents in this country have not been caused or inspired by Communist Party 
elements.” [FBI-HQ 62-105198, serial #8, page 5; SAC Little Rock to J. Edgar Hoover, regarding 
Arkansas Legislative Council Committee; also, FBI-Little Rock 44-341]. 


The Birch Society used African American speakers and writers (like Manning 
J ohnson) because African Americans like Manning J ohnson were willing to affirm 
and perpetuate racist arguments created by white supremacists about 
Communist influence and control of our civil rights movement and then 
cheerfully promoted by credulous right-wing extremist groups like the J BS. 


5. CIVIL RIGHTS AS A “COMMUNIST PLOT” 


According to Robert Welch and the J BS, the aspirations of our civil rights movement were the 
direct result of Communist policy decisions. 


“The truth is that, if you look far enough, you will find every agitator on this issue being 
pushed from somewhere behind, by a Communist—even though the agitator may not knowhe 
is just a pawn in a dirty game.” [Robert Welch, A Letter to the South on Segregation, One Man’s 
Opinion magazine, September 1956, section Ill, page 7]. The possibility that at least some civil 
rights activity is motivated by something other than Communism is never considered. [NOTE: See 
rebuttal to Welch's claim in December 1954 report by the House Committee on Un-American 
Activities cited below. ] 


In the J une 1965 J BS Bulletin, Mr. Welch observed: 
"Our task must be simply to make clear that the movement known as ‘civil rights’ is 
Communist-plotted, Communist-controlled, and in fact...serves only Communist purposes." 


In August 1965, the J BS ran a full-page ad in many U.S. newspapers entitled “What’s Wrong With 
Civil Rights?” One of the answers provided by the J BS was: 


“For the civil rights movement in the United States with all of its growing agitation and riots 
and bitterness, and insidious steps toward the appearance of civil war, has not been infiltrated 
by the Communists, as you now frequently hear. It has been deliberately and almost wholly 
created by the Communists patiently building up to this present stage for more than thirty 
years.” [FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial #2621, 8/31/65 airtel from SAC Birmingham to J]. Edgar Hoover 
with attachment of ad from Sunday 8/ 29/ 65 Birmingham AL News. ] 


In the November 1965 J BS Bulletin, page 44, Robert Welch declared: 


“We have said many times, and we repeat now, that if you can fully expose the civil rights 
fraud, you will break the back of the Communist conspiracy. But the word ‘fully’ is important 
in that sentence. It calls for bringing a preponderant majority of our fellow citizens really to 
grasp the fact that the ‘civil rights’ program has been designed by Communists, is controlled 
by Communists, and will be used by the Communists as a vital part of their total strategy for 
taking over our country.” 


As Alan Stang warned in his J] BS-published 1965 book: 


“Remember this, the Communist policy toward Negroes would consist of two slogans or 
strategies: first a drive for equal rights for Negroes everywhere in America, and second, at the 
same time a drive for self-determination in the South.” [Alan Stang, It’s Very Simple, page 31] 


In support of its contention regarding the origins of our civil rights movement, Robert Welch 
strongly recommended Alan Stang’s book, because: 


“It gives the whole picture of the ‘civil rights’ development, as a part of Communist strategy, 
more completely and convincingly than anything else available.” [Robert Welch, November 1965 
J) BS Bulletin] 


Again, in May 1966, Mr. Welch used the J BS Bulletin to heap praise upon Stang’s book: 


“This book, because of its thoroughness, its comprehensive coverage of the whole ‘civil rights’ 
story, and its meticulous documentation, is the best single searchlight we have for exposing 
the ‘civil rights’ fraud.” 


In May 1969, Robert Welch sent a financial appeal to J BS members and friends wherein he boasted 
about what he considered to be the major accomplishments of the Society: 


“We have, we believe, done more to show the Communist plans and hands behind the so- 
called civil rights movement than all other groups in America put together. Through books, 
pamphlets, films, filmstrips and speakers we have worked incessantly on this problem since 
the Society was founded.” [Robert Welch: “To Our Members and Friends”, 5/20/69, page 4, 
paragraph 7d] 


Even in the 21* century, the J BS continued to promote its continual and constant denunciation of 
all civil rights activity because of its alleged Communist domination: 


"J ust as the J ohn Birch Society showed in the 1960's that the communists basically ran both 
the civil rights movement and the KKK, the strategy was nothing new. The former was used to 
transfer power to Washington DC in the name of civil rights and the latter provided a pretext 
for transferring power to Washington. You cannot get a really good conflict started unless you 
control both sides of the argument." [J BS Bulletin, May 2008] 


BY CONTRAST: 


In 1965, J]. Edgar Hoover described the civil rights movement as "a great and too long neglected 
cause of human rights" in our country. [FB] Law Enforcement Bulletin, Introduction, April 1965]. 


Hoover observed in a December 1964 speech, that: 


"Let me emphasize that the American civil rights movement is not and has never been 
dominated by the communists--because the overwhelming majority of civil rights leaders in 
this country, both Negro and white, have recognized and rejected communism as a menace to 
the freedoms of all." [). Edgar Hoover speech, 12/12/64, Our Heritage of Greatness, pg 7 - 
Hoover speech before Pennsylvania Society and the Society of Pennsylvania Women; bold emphasis 
on "not" and "never" in original document]. 


In November 1966, Hoover received an inquiry from a self-identified J BS member who saw the 
above quote in a letter-to-the-editor of his local newspaper and the Bircher wanted to know if the 
quote was an accurate reflection of Hoover's judgment both in 1964 and 1966. Hoover replied 
affirmatively and concluded: “This position remains essentially unchanged today.” [FBI-HQ 62- 
104401, serial #3021, 11/15/66 Hoover reply to incoming Bircher inquiry]. 


Also see following Hoover comments: 


“Communist leaders have been complaining bitterly about the turnover of Negro members and 
of the Party’s inability to indoctrinate any large number of Negroes. Information we have 
received follows a regular pattern: Negroes are rejecting Communism.” [J]. Edgar Hoover, 
Masters of Deceit, 1958, page 232] 


“It would be absurd to suggest that the aspirations of Negroes for equality are communist 
inspired. This is demonstrably not true...” [J . Edgar Hoover speech, Faith In Freedom, 12/ 4/ 63, 
page 6]. 


“In general, legitimate civil rights organizations have been successful in excluding 
Communists, although a few have received covert counseling from them and have even 
accepted them as members...The CP is not satisfied with this situation and is continually 
striving to infiltrate the civil rights movement at every level. " [J . Edgar Hoover, U.S. News and 
World Report, 11/1/65, page 46]. 


“It is no secret that one of the bitterest disappointments to communistic efforts in this Nation 
has been their failure to lure our Negro citizens into the party. Despite every type of 
propaganda boomed at our Nation’s Negro citizens, they have never succumbed to the party’s 
saccharine promises of a Communist ‘Utopia’. This generation and generations to come for 
many years owe a tremendous debt to our Negro citizens who have consistently refused to 
surrender their freedoms for the tyranny of communism.” J. Edgar Hoover testimony before 
U.S. Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, 01/17/60, reprinted in March 1960 FBI Law 
Enforcement Bulletin, page 7]. 


Also see the following comment by the House Committee on Un-American Activities: 


“The Communist Party in the United States of America, in its continuing efforts to infiltrate 
and destroy the Constitutional government of this country, has made the minority groups in 
the United States prime targets of attack...The fact that the Communist conspiracy has 
experienced so little success in attracting the American Negro to its cause reflects favorably 
on the loyalty and integrity of the vast majority of the 15,000,000 Negro citizens. To attest to 
this fact we restate the words of Mr. J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation, which appeared in the Congressional Record of J anuary 26, 1953: 


‘We recently reviewed the origins of 5,395 of the leading members of the Communist Party. 
The results were most interesting. Only 411 were Negroes but of the remaining 4,984, we 
found that 4,555, (or 91 % percent) were either of foreign birth or born of foreign 
parents...The fact that only 411 Negroes were found in this select group is strong evidence 
that the American Negro is not hoodwinked by these false messiahs.’ 


“In furtherance of its traitorous design the Communist Party of the United States has exploited 
issues of genuine concern to the American Negro and all Americans.” [Committee on Un- 
American Activities, U.S. House of Representatives, “The American Negro in the Communist 
Party” 12/22/54, page 1] 


And in its “Conclusion”, the Committee observed: 


“From the facts set forth in this report, the committee can only conclude that the vast 
majority of Americans of the Negro race have consistently resisted the blandishments and 
treacherous promises offered them by the Communist conspirators.” [Committee on Un- 
American Activities, U.S. House of Representatives, “The American Negro in the Communist 
Party” 12/22/54, page 13] 


Also see October 1956 FBI monograph used for training its Agents entitled "The Communist Party 
and the Negro, 1953-1956" here: 


https: //archive.org/details/foia_ FBI_monograph-Communist Party-Negro 1953-1956 
In 1961, the California Senate Fact-Finding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities reported that: 


“The Communist Party in this country has, from its inception, endeavored to attract Negroes 
to its ranks. At one stage of its existence the Party even undertook to establish a Negro nation 
in the deep South and through its Southern Conference for Human Welfare made an all-out 
effort to recruit large numbers of the Negro people. This attempt, like the Communist attempt 
to penetrate and control the N.A.A.C.P., resulted in failure.” [Eleventh Report of the 
California Senate Fact-Finding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities, 1961, page 136]. 


During the 1960's, the Birch Society and its front-organization TACT (Truth About Civil Turmoil) 
were responsible for widespread distribution of a postcard showing a photo of Dr. Martin Luther 
King Jr. "attending a Communist training school." 


In addition to postcards, the J BS was also responsible for billboards which contained the photo 
and for hundreds of instances when J BS speakers referred to King's attendance at a "Communist 
training school." The school was identified as Highlander Folk School (HFS) in Monteagle, TN. 


Alan Stang discusses HFS and the photograph in his J BS-published book on civil rights. He described 
Highlander as "this Communist school". [Alan Stang: “It's Very Simple: The True Story of Civil 
Rights”; Western Islands Publishers, 1965, page 114) 


What the Birch Society is very careful to suppress, however, is the story behind whom took the 
picture and the background of the persons responsible for describing HFS as a "Communist training 
school" 


The famous photograph of Dr. King at Highlander was taken by Edwin H. Friend. Mr. Friend of 
Atlanta GA described himself as "an undercover agent" for the Georgia Commission on Education 
(GCE). The GCE was a state agency created in 1953 to preserve segregated public schools in 
Georgia. Mr. Friend was also the official photographer for the United Klans of America chapter in 
Georgia headed by Grand Dragon Calvin F. Craig. For a detailed discussion of Highlander, see my 


online report here: https://sites.google.com/site/ernie124102/hfs-1 


During a February 1967 appearance before the House Appropriations Committee, FBI Director J. 
Edgar Hoover was asked if he approved of former FBI informants speaking under the auspices of 
"extremist groups" such as the J BS-front group TACT (Truth About Civil Turmoil). 


Hoover accepted the premise that TACT was an extremist group and he then said: 
"It is an improper attempt to capitalize on the name of the FBI." 
Congressman Andrews then asked: 


“In other words, this certainly does not indicate what it would to the average American, that 
the ‘ex-FBI undercover agents’ are so frustrated in their work in the Agency that they leave 
and sign-up with extremist organizations in order to try to protect America.” 


Hoover replied: “Nor does it indicate | in any way condone the use of the name ‘ex-FBI- 
undercover agent’ in such endeavors.” [FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial #3135, 5/31/67]. 


Hoover objected to former FBI informants seeking to inflate their credentials to persuade 
audiences that they had some sort of special expertise when, in reality, they simply provided raw 
information, of varying quality, to the Bureau. 


Interestingly, the FBI was very critical of the post-FBI activities of two former African American 
FBI informants who subsequently became paid speakers for the J ohn Birch Society (Julia Brown 
and Lola Belle Holmes). 


With respect to Lola Belle Holmes, the FBI observed: 


"After she was discontinued as an informant, she displayed signs of emotional instability and 
it was necessary to admonish her to cease making false statements which were embarrassing 
to the Bureau." [FBI-HQ 134-4473; no serial number, 10/3/66 "Office of the Director" note]. 


AND 


“It has on previous occasions been necessary to admonish Holmes not to make untruthful 
statements in which she involved her association with the FBI." [J . Edgar Hoover memo to FBI- 
Boston field office on J uly 23, 1969]. 


See chapter 6 of my J BS Report for a detailed discussion of the misrepresentations and lies by 


J ulia Brown and Lola Belle Holmes: https://sites. google.com/site/ernie124102/jbs-3 


Another aspect of the “Communist plot” narrative circulated by the Birch Society concerned the 
purported Communist goal of establishing a “Negro Soviet Republic” in the area comprising our 
southern states. 


According to Robert Welch in “The Time Has Come”, a 1964 J BS pamphlet, the Communist civil 
rights strategy since 1928 was to stir up racial bitterness and rioting while promising “to convert 
the Dixie states into a Negro Soviet Republic...” This theme was echoed in a Birch Society national 
newspaper ad from August 1965 captioned “What’s Wrong With Civil Rights?” and it also was 
repeated by other J BS-recommended sources such as Dan Smoot and Alan Stang. Welch repeated 
this argument in section III-B of a 1967 pamphlet entitled “This Is It” when he discussed “The Two 
Main Planks of Current Communist Strategy”. 


By contrast, J. Edgar Hoover pointed out in his J anuary 1960 testimony before the Senate Internal 
Security Subcommittee that the 17th National Convention of the Communist Party USA held in New 
York City on December 10, 1959 had discarded that Party position: 


"The Negro resolution adopted by the convention discarded the party's historic position 
advocating ‘self-determination’ meaning that Negroes should be given the right to form a 
separate nation in the Southern States...The 1959 convention resolution hence represents a 
party admission that its position concerning Negroes is bankrupt. Time itself has shown that 
the party is not interested in the welfare of the Negro, but only in using him as a tool to 
advance party interests." [}. Edgar Hoover: An Analysis of the 17th National Convention of the 
Communist Party USA; Statement made to Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, 1/17/60, page 
7; Also see: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, March 1960 - for same comment. ] 


In August 1963, the FBI prepared a comprehensive 76-page summary regarding Communist strategy 
with respect to our civil rights movement. Below is the pertinent section regarding the Communist 
strategy regarding “self-determination” 


“By this theory of ‘self-determination’, communists meant that in many counties of the 
southern states Negroes composed a majority of the population and, as a separate race, they 
constituted a nation with the right, if they so desired, to secede from the United States and 
form their own nation and government. This concept was adhered to and developed by the 
CPUSA for nearly 30 years...The policy of ‘self-determination’ was questioned more and more 
in Party circles following Stalin’s death in March 1953. In December 1958, some members 
pointed out that the Party, through its adherence to such a position, was in effect advocating 
the segregation of Negroes from the rest of the population. Members of the Party’s National 
Committee recommended that the policy of ‘self-determination’ be modified or abandoned. 
However, they did not dare make a change without Soviet approval. As a consequence, in 
February 1959, J ames] ackson, a top leader of the CPUSA and a delegate to the 21st Congress 
of the CP of the Soviet Union in Moscow, presented the proposed change to the Soviets for 
their endorsement. Upon his return to this country, J ackson reported to Party leaders that 
the Soviets had approved discontinuing the policy of ‘self-determination’. In December 1959, 
the CPUSA, at its 17th National Convention, adopted a resolution which brought an end to the 
30-year-old policy of ‘self-determination’. The resolution replaced it with a call for equality 
for the Negro throughout the United States in all phases of political, social, and economic life- 
--in other words, full and complete integration.” [FBI-HQ 100-3-116, serial #253X =8/ 23/63 FBI 
monograph “Communist Party USA—Negro Question”, pages 5-6]. 


CONCLUSION: 


The fact that spokespersons for the Birch Society might occasionally have expressed a 
pious concern for black Americans and a desire to reduce racial tensions cannot be given 
too much credibility or weight because many overtly racist politicians such as Alabama 
Governor George Wallace, Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett, Arkansas Governor Orval 
Faubus and Georgia Governor Marvin Griffin said the same things. 


The Birch Society no doubt contained many members who deplored the stirring of racial 
antagonisms and who thought of themselves as unprej udiced, but the J BS chose to provide 
the thinnest of covers for outright racism by distorting facts and indulging in rhetoric 
calculated to appeal to the purveyors of racial hatred. That is precisely why white 
supremacist individuals and organizations regarded the | BS as their ALLY - and not their 


opponent. 


The purpose of the following chronology is to: 


(a) document the voluminous connections and associations which JBS 
officials, JBS writers and speakers, JBS members, and JBS 
endorsers/sympathizers had with bigoted individuals, organizations, political 
parties, publications, and movements. 


AND 


(b) identify JBS members who were involved in, condoned, or advocated 
violent acts and/or who committed crimes. 


In addition, I have provided pertinent historical background information 
about the type of persons whom Robert Welch and the JBS considered to be 
“patriots” as well as reputable and credible individuals. 


This new edition incorporates documentation from the FBI HQ file on the 
assassination of President Kennedy (HQ 62-109060) along with the U.S. Secret 
Service’s file about persons who made threats against the President because 
they contain so many references which illustrate how the JBS brought out 
the absolute worst qualities in people who believed the premises and 
conclusions disseminated through JBS literature. 





Date Comment 
1950s-00 | In April 1961. George Edward Deatherage (Satsuma FL) was identified as a] BS member in an 
article, “Birch Man Calls Rep. Reuss Pro-Soviet” published in the Washington DC Daily News, 
4/13/61, page 11. 





George Deatherage had an extremely colorful history. See details below and in his FBI file 
here: https://archive.org/details/deatheragegeorgeedwardhq97649/mode/2u 


In 1935, Deatherage founded and was the Grand Commander for the racist Knights of White 
Camellia. 


In 1938, he was the President of the American Nationalist Confederation of St. Albans WV. The 
Confederation’s “News Bulletin” of 5/7/38 described itself as “The official organ of the 
fascist party in America”. 


Deatherage collaborated with] ames True and Robert Edward Edmondson to propose formation 
of the American Christian Nationalist Party. The FBI described all three of these individuals as 
“violently anti-Semitic, pro-Fascist, and pro-Nazi”. [FBI-HQ 97-649, serial #39, page 5, 
8/ 8/ 41] 


According to the Party's Platform: 
“The Party seeks to include in its membership all Christian Americans who are opposed to 


the advent of alien communism under the direction of International J ewry---popularly 
called ‘The New Deal’...” 

















For additional info on Deatherage see: 


Volume 2, Investigation of Un-American Propaganda Activities in the U.S. ( Committee on Un- 
American Activities, U.S. House of Representatives, September-October 1938, pages 1174- 
1176, 1231) https:/www.archive.org/stream/investigationoful93802unit#page/1174/mode/2up 





Volume 3, pages 2243-2246 and 2385-2389 of “Investigation of Un-American Propaganda 
Activities in the United States”, Committee on Un-American Activities, U.S. House of 
Representatives (October-November 1938). 


Volume 5, pages 3455-3543 of “Investigation of Un-American Propaganda Activities in the 
United States”, Committee on Un-American Activities, U.S. House of Representatives, May 18, 
22-24, 31 and J une 1, 1939; 


In 1939, Deatherage published a pamphlet entitled “Has Martin Dies Sold Out to the J ewish 
Bankers?” which suggested that the Dies Committee should investigate Communists in 
America instead of Nazis or their publications. 


By the 1950s George Deatherage had moved to Palm Beach, Florida and he worked as a 
researcher for columnists Upton Close and Don Bell. Deatherage was Regional Director of 
America First in Satsuma, FL and he worked with Tyler Kent’s newspaper The Putnam Sun. 
[NOTE: Kent was a cipher clerk at the U.S. Embassy in London during World War II. He was 
arrested in May 1940 and charged with providing secret documents to a pro-German 
organization. He was convicted in November 1940 and sentenced to seven years in prison. 
After he was deported to the U.S., he married a wealthy woman and he published his pro- 
segregation and pro-KKK newspaper in Satsuma FL. ] 


In 1956, Deatherage contributed articles to the racist and anti-semitic Union NJ newspaper, 
Common Sense, published by Conde J. McGinley Sr. [see separate entries regarding McGinley 
and his newspaper]. 


Deatherage was indicted in J anuary 1943 on the charge of conspiracy to undermine the loyalty 
of American troops. Deatherage also used his American Nationalist Confederation to 
recommend publications authored by J oseph Peter Kamp. 


In the Spring of 1951, the Americanism Commission of the Department of IIlinois—American 
Legion published a report on the “subversive activities” of “hate mongers”. J oseph Kamp is 
discussed on page 6 of this report: 


“Early this year, J oseph P. Kamp addressed the Women’s Patriotic Conference on National 
Defence in Washington DC and engaged in an anti-Semitic attack of one of the country’s 
patriotic organizations...Since 1937 Kamp has been running his Constitutional Educational 
League in New York City. We of the American Legion in Illinois have been acquainted with 
Kamp who makes irresponsible charges against responsible and respected groups and 
individuals. Last year Kamp served four months in Federal prison for refusing to tell the 
United States Congress the source of his funds. He is again under Federal indictment for 
Contempt of Congress.” 


A 1955 FBI-New York City memo described J oseph Kamp as “known to the New York Office 
as a pro-Fascist and anti-Semitic publisher.” [FBI-NYC 105-6112, #236]. 


During the 1950's, J BS founder Robert Welch hired J oseph Kamp to provide editorial assistance 
for his manuscript, The Politician. 








1950s-00 





J BS member Merwin K. Hart (New York City) formed the first J BS chapter (#26) in New York 
City. 

















1936 = Hart used information appearing in J ames B. True’s newsletter, “Industrial Control 
Reports”. Hart described Mr. True as “An accurate and fine journalist” and “One of the 
finest men | know” and “A man whom I count as a real friend.” 


The FBI’s characterization of True: 
“True and his organization are strongly anti-semitic.” [FBI-HQ 100-128996, serial #15, page 
12 dated 2/ 19/ 40 on Merwin K. Hart. ] 


James B. True J r. was born 07/ 01/ 1890. He was employed for several years in the advertising 
department of the Chicago Tribune and he then worked as the Washington DC representative 
for several business publications. 


True’s primary claim to fame was his invention of an extra-heavy policeman’s club which he 
described as a “The Kike Killer” - for which he sought a patent in September 1935. 


True told one interviewer that he equipped a very militant organization in the South with his 
club “in order to kill off the J ews.” [The organizational reference is to Knights of the White 
Camellia. True recommended its publication, The White Knight”, to discover the identity of 
prominent | ews who should be assassinated. 


During the 1930's, True told interviewers that: 

“We may have to do something more militant than vote. What | mean is that the thing has 
possibly gone too far for us to save the country by political methods. | had a man in here 
to see me very recently. He has an organization of 1,500—a very secret organization with 
each man sworn to absolute secrecy. These Southern men were ready to kill the J ews and 
the Negroes in order to protect the white women of the South. These Southern white men 
have discovered that rich J ews have hired ‘big buck niggers’ to attack white women. These 
J ews give the niggers plenty of money and tell them to go after the white women. Yes, 
these fellows down there are going to kill every J ew in their section of the South...1 don’t 
see any way out except a pogrom/ We have got to kill the J ews. Ballots don’t mean 
anything to them” [For additional details see interviews of J ames True by Unitarian minister 
Dr. Leon Milton Birkhead who headed the organization, Friends of Democracy. Birkhead’s 
papers are archived at the State Historical Society of Missouri (Kansas City); Also see similar 
interviews of, or articles about, Mr. True published in the New York World Telegram 
newspaper and in the magazine New Masses, 08/18/36, “Pogrom in September” and New 
Masses, 08/ 25/ 36, “Fifteen Leading J ews Marked For Death”. ] 


In February 1950, the conservative magazine, Plain Talk, published an article by Don Levine 
which stated that Hart’s National Economic Council “isin the business of merchandising anti- 
Semitism. And, he wraps his contraband in packages bearing the labels of free enterprise, 
anti-Communism and Christian love.” [Don Levine: “The Strange Case of Merwin K. Hart”, 
Plain Talk, February 1950, pages 1-8] 


Levine also mentioned that Hart’s 12/15/49 “Economic Council Letter” contained an article 
which reported that “the controlling influence in the world” was “Zionists” which Levine 
characterized as part of Hart’s two-year campaign to create the myth of a “Zionist- 
Communist global plot”. Levine pointed out that Hart ignored the fact that Communist Russia 
was the first modern power to outlaw Zionism in 1920 and thousands of Zionists were sent to 
Soviet slave labor camps, many of whom perished. [FBI-HQ 100-128996, serial unrecorded, 
2/8/50 =article by Frederick Woltman in New York World Telegram and Sun, entitled “Red- 
Hater Don Levine Swings At Right, Hits Hart As Anti-Semite” ]. 


One of Hart’s most frequent correspondents (as well as a major financial contributor) was 
George W. Armstrong Sr. of Texas. Armstrong was a virulent racist and anti-semite who used 
his wealth to support almost every prominent bigoted person and organization and movement 
in our country. He made financial contributions to Gerald L.K. Smith, Elizabeth Dilling, A.C. 
Schuler, Robert H. Williams, George Van Horne Moseley, Lyrl Clark van Hyning, Eugene N. 
Sanctuary, Marilyn Allen, Conde J. McGinley Sr., and the KKK. In June 1954, Armstrong 
received a commission in the American Confederate Army (a KKK front group) from KKK leader 
Bill Hendrix. 

















In September 1949, Hart invited Armstrong to participate in a conference of extreme right 
individuals who purported to be “fighting to preserve the American way of life.” 


On 9/13/50, Hart sent a letter to Armstrong thanking him for his recent $250 contribution to 
Hart's organization (National Economic Council of New York). That is equivalent to about 
$2611 in 2018 dollars. 


On 2/18/52, Hart sent a letter to Armstrong which recommended that he read J ohn O. Beaty’s 
1951 book, “Iron Curtain Over America”. 


The oldest Methodist Church periodical in North America (Zion's Herald) described Beaty’s 
book as “the most extensive piece of racist propaganda in the history of the anti-semitic 
movement in America.” 


Hart also suggested that Armstrong finance the distribution of Beaty’s book to every member 
of Congress. Beaty’s book declared that communism could be characterized as a J ewish 
conspiracy. 


In a 1956 letter to Spruille Braden, Merwin K. Hart wrote: 
“Who is shaping America’s foreign policy? Is it solely the do-gooders? Are the Zionists and 
their confederates even in more control than | thought?” 


Four years later both Braden and Hart would become J BS members. Hart created the first | BS 
chapter in New York City (chapter #26). 


04/58 = Hart wrote a letter to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover and he enclosed a copy of the 
March 15, 1958 issue of Hart’s “Economic Council Letter” which is entitled “The J ews In Our 
Midst”. 


Hart's letter complained about the section of Hoover's recently released book, Masters of 
Deceit, which stated on page 257 that some of the most effective opposition to communism 
in the U.S. came from J ewish organizations. 


Letters to the FBI from Hart were either ignored by the FBI or replies were sent over the 
signature of Hoover's long-time secretary, Helen M. Gandy - which was done when the FBI did 
not want itself associated with political extremists or other persons of disrepute. [FBI-HQ 100- 
128996, serial #123 dated 4/ 2/ 9/ 58] 


10/58 = An FBI summary memo about Hart and his organization made the following 
observations. “Bufiles” refers to FBI files aka Bureau files. 


“Bufiles reflect he was the subject of a security type investigation conducted between 
1942 to April 1948, New York origin. This revealed he was pro-Fascist, pro-Franco, and 
was sympathetic to America First Group...Hart has been President of the National Economic 
Council, Inc. since it was founded in 1930...The organization has been described as strongly 
pro-Franco and ‘fascist’. It also has been termed as violently anti-labor and has made 
reckless attacks against the United Nations.” [FBI-HQ 100-128996, serial #127] 


Although Hart always denied allegations that he was an anti-semite, he made the following 
comment before the Buchanan committee (House Select Committee on Lobbying Activities), 
as reported ina 1961 newsletter of Hart’s New York organization, National Economic Council: 


“if there were 6,000,000 Jews within reach of Hitler, which number is widely 
questioned, and if they have all disappeared, where are they?...Is it not likely that many 
of these 6,000,000 claimed to have been killed by Hitler and Eichmann are right here in 
the United States and are now joining in the agitation for more and more support for the 
state of Israel—even if the American Republic goes down?" [“Merwin K. Hart of Birch 
Society", New York Times, 12/2/62, p. 88] 











The Buchanan Committee described Hart’s organization as working “to disparage those who 
oppose its objectives by appeals to religious prejudice often an ill-concealed anti- 
Semitism.” 





1951-12 


In December 1951, J ohn Owen Beaty’s book, “Iron Curtain Over America” was published. 
Beaty was a Professor of English at Southern Methodist University in Texas. In his book, Beaty 
argued that | ews were largely responsible for the success of the Bolshevik Revolution and the 
U.S. was being communized by Democratic Party Khazar J ews who followed orders from their 
headquarters in the Kremlin. 


The oldest Methodist Church periodical in North America (Zion's Herald) described Beaty’s 
book as “the most extensive piece of racist propaganda in the history of the anti-semitic 
movement in America.” 


Many anti-semites in the U.S. were quick to praise Beaty’s book. Some of them became 
members or endorsers of the J ohn Birch Society in later years - such as: Lt. Gen. Edward M. 
Almond (AL) who wrote “This book is a magnificent contribution to those who would 
preserve our American values”; and Merwin K. Hart (NY) who organized the first J BS chapter 
in New York City and Vice Admiral T.G.W. Settle (Washington DC), Col. William Potter Gale 
(CA) and Lt. Col. Gordon Dwight “J ack” Mohr (MS). 


Gordon Mohr was a paid speaker for the J BS for 12 years. Mohr was the founder and 
leader of the Citizens Emergency Defense System, an extreme right paramilitary 
group. He was “National Defense Coordinator” of John Harrell's Christian Patriots 
Defense League - another extremist and anti-Semitic organization based in Illinois. 
Mohr published the Christian Patriot Crusader quarterly newsletter which promoted 
anti-Semitic Christian Identity themes. 


A typical comment by Mohr: 


https://web.archive.org/web/20170224103525/http://israelect.com/reference/] ackMohr/jm006.ht 





m 


"The power of the world J ewry has grown to the place where most pastors are afraid to 
buck it, even though they know the J ews are the enemies of J esus Christ, and thusly of 
God Himself. There is no sphere of human activity where these anti-Christ's have not done 
Satan's propaganda work. They clamor for ‘freedom in a democracy’ so they can tear down 
the Republic. They desire freedom only for themselves so they can destroy every vestige 
of our White Christian Civilization." 








1952-00 





Robert Welch cited a 1952 pamphlet by J] oseph Kamp as source material for Welch’s book, May 
God Forgive Us. 


Later, Welch paid Kamp $100 to check the manuscript of his 1954 book, The Life of J ohn Birch 
for inaccuracies. 


Sections of Welch's infamous 1954 manuscript about President Eisenhower entitled, The 
Politician, appeared to have been taken almost verbatim from the March 15, 1952, issue of 
Kamp’s newsletter “Headlines and What’s Behind Them”. 


https://archive.org/details/foia Kamp J] oseph P.-HQ-EBF636/page/n25 


On page 4 of that March 15, 1952 issue, Kamp wrote an article about Leonard Finder entitled 
“Ike's First Sponsor Acted for Powerful Secret Subversive Group”. Kamp observed that: 


“The ADL, which has become more powerful than its parent body, is internationalist and 
anti-American in its policies. It maintains a lecture bureau that features Communist party- 
line speakers. Its literature is authored by a stable of Communist fronters. It floods the 
newspapers, the magazines, the radio, the schools and colleges, and the churches with its 
propaganda. It maintains its own spy network. It employs the smear to intimidate and 
terrorize pro-Americans.” 

















Welch relied upon anti-semitic propagandists for source material. For example: on pages 66- 
68 of Welch’s 1950 manuscript, “The Politician”, Welch explained how American Communists 
were informed that Dwight Eisenhower was a fellow Communist so that they would promote 
and vote for the “right” man. This is reference to Eisenhower supporter Leonard Finder whom 
Welch declared was “extremely significant to Communists ‘in the know’.” Finder was 
formerly a Vice President of Anti-Defamation League and the Republican editor of the 
Sacramento CA Union newspaper. 


Where did Welch get his info re: Finder? From TWO anti-semitic publishers about five years 
earlier: 


(1) Robert H. Williams, editor and publisher of Williams Intelligence Summary in his J uly 1951 
issue. 

(2) Joseph P. Kamp newsletter “Headlines” of 03/15/52. Conservative Republican U.S. 
Senator Robert A. Taft described himself as “particularly disgusted” with Kamp’s publication 
and other comparable “anti-semitic sheets” which made such charges. 


For Taft quotes see: 

http: //israelite. galileo.usg. edu/israelite/view?docld=bookreader/asi/asil952/asi1952- 
0327.mets.xml#page/1/mode/1up Also see: 6/ 24/52 issue of New York Times, p22 which 
quotes Taft as repudiating “smear” attacks on Eisenhower. Taft added that “this kind of 
slander can only hurt the Republican Party... would extend that to this publication 
‘Headlines’ published by J oseph P. Kamp and to the Gerald Winrod publications.” 


Robert Welch later wrote he had not been aware of Kamp’s background - even though 
Welch was an enthusiastic follower and supporter of Senator Taft and Welch told Verne 
Kaub (and other people) that he subscribed to Robert Williams’ newsletter. 


| OSEPH KAMP BACKGROUND 


From 1933 to 1936 =Kamp was Executive Editor of The Awakener (published twice a month). 
This was set up as a partnership between Kamp and Harold Lord Varney. Varney was Editor 
and Associate Editors were Lawrence Dennis and Demarest Lloyd. See Congressional Report 


about Kamp here: https:/ / tinyurl.com/ rzyqrkn 


Lawrence Dennis 


Lawrence Dennis was the author of “The Coming American Fascism” which argued that 
fascism was the only cure for U.S. economic problems and he frequently condemned 
democracy while extolling the fascist regimes in Italy and Germany. He also was a regular 
contributor to the magazine published by Nazi propagandist Friedrich Auhagen (Today’s 
Challenge). In his 1940 book, Dynamics of War and Revolution, Dennis wrote: “I do not 
believe in democracy or the intelligence of the masses.” (page ix). 


Harold Lord Varney 


Harold Lord Varney was Managing Director of the Italian Historical Society from 1927-1933 
during which time it published 15 publications extolling the fascist leader of Italy, Benito 
Mussolini. In 1932, the Mussolini government gave Varney the honorific of “Order of Cavaliere 
of the Crown of Italy”. Demarest Lloyd was also a pro-Mussolini acolyte. During the 1930’s, 
Varney also was a featured speaker at the Congress of Free Enterprise (CFE) which also 
sponsored speeches by anti-semites like Elizabeth Dilling, Merwin K. Hart, and Gerald L.K. 
Smith. Varney also served on the Board of Governors for the Federation of Conservatives—an 
Allen Zoll organization. Zoll’s group American Patriots Inc. was listed as subversive and fascist 
by the U.S. Attorney General. 


When J BS National Council member Spruille Braden was interviewed about Varney by the FBI 
on March 15, 1961, Braden described Varney as “definitely not a Communist, but he 
approached being a Fascist.” [FBI-NYC 97-1889, serial #18; 3/31/61, page 6.]. During the 

















1960's, Varney became a paid speaker under the auspices of the J BS Speakers Bureau and he 
merged his own organization (Committee for Pan American Policy) into the Birch Society. 


Contributors to The Awakener included J ohn Eoghan Kelly (of the Christian Front) who was 
jailed as an unregistered agent of the Franco government of Spain. 


After Awakener folded in 1936, Kamp then joined the Constitutional Educational League staff 
as Executive Vice-Chairman and later as Chairman. 


10/ 28/ 38 =Kamp was a featured speaker at weekly “Patriotic Luncheons” sponsored by Allen 
Zoll. One FBI memo about Zoll describes him as “one of the promoters of the National Council 
for American Education (who) was the subject of a security investigation in 1940. 
Information was developed indicating a possible violation of the Neutrality Act and his 
association with Bundist and Fascist groups. Zoll has also been active in the organization, 
American Patriots, which has been cited by the Attorney General as Fascist.” [FBI-HQ 123- 
14911, serial #10, page 3, 4/ 24/53] 


People and organizations which recommended and/or sold Kamp publications include: 

e “World Service” =the nazi newsletter published in Erfurt, Germany “to enlighten ill- 
informed Gentiles...” World Service also recommended “Action”, the weekly organ of 
the British Union of Fascists 
William Dudley Pelley (jailed in the 1940's for sedition) 

Robert Edward Edmonson - indicted for sedition in 1940's 

Gerald B. Winrod - indicted for sedition in 1940's 

Eugene Nelson Sanctuary - indicted for sedition in 1940's 

Aryan Book Store (Los Angeles) - the German-American Bund bookstore which 

distributed pro-Hitler publications 

e The American Nationalist Confederation which described itself in 1938 as: “The 
official organ of the fascist party in America” 

e Elizabeth Dilling (Patriotic Research Bureau) 


In 1944, Kamp published an article about columnist and broadcaster Walter Winchell which 
described Winchell as a “Communist kike”. [J oseph Kamp: “With Lotions of Love”, 1944, 
48pp]. 


In January 1944, Kamp was indicted by a Federal Grand J ury for refusing to provide a list of 
officers and contributors as requested by subpoena from a Congressional Committee. On 
4/ 24/ 48 he was sentenced to 4 months imprisonment and a $100 fine. 


In 1946, Kamp published a pamphlet which stated that Communist J ews and other radicals 
were attempting to gain political control of the South through “Operation Dixie”. [J oseph 
Kamp: “Communist Carpetbaggers in Operation Dixie”, 1946, 32pp] 


In 1955, the Special Agent in Charge (SAC) of the New York City FBI field office sent a memo 
to the SAC in Philadelphia which described Kamp as “known to the New York Office as a pro- 
Fascist and anti-Semitic publisher.” [FBI-NYC 105-6112, serial #236, 3/15/55 SAC NYC to SAC 
Philadelphia]. 


In 1956, Kamp published “Behind the Plot to Sovietize the South” which condemned racial 
integration and he accused the Anti-Defamation League of furthering the plot. A year later, 
Kamp wrote “The Lowdown of Little Rock and the Plot to Sovietize the South” which 
declared that organized J ewry was behind the desegregation movement in the south. 


In 1960, Kamp again published a jeremiad against all national J ewish organizations whom he 
accused of inspiring and encouraging acts of anti-semitic vandalism “which they in fact 
created in order to gain publicity and to raise funds to attack patriotic American anti- 
communists in the guise of combatting ‘anti-semitism’” [J oseph Kamp: “The Bigots Behind 
the Swastika Spree”, 1960, 39pp] 











In March 1961, the FBI replied to an inquiry about Kamp which it received from Rev. G.L. 
Halmrast of Mentor MN. The Bureau file copy of its reply has this notation: 


“Joseph Peter Kamp is well known to the Bureau. He has a long record as a professional 
hate monger and his organization, ‘Constitutional Educational League, Inc.’ publishes 
many anti-Semitic, anti-United Nations and anti-administration publications.” [FBI-HQ 61- 
10355, serial #684, 3/2/61] 


In October 1964, the FBI prepared a summary memorandum in reply to a White House inquiry 
concerning Kamp. The summary reported that: 


“Kamp has been described as a professional hatemonger and prolific publisher of 
pamphlets which are anti-Semitic, anti-Negro, and anti-United Nations. He also has been 
described as a professional anti-Communist. He has attacked Government officials, 
Democrats and Republicans alike...Kamp, for a number of years, headed the Constitutional 
Educational League, Inc. of Westport, Connecticut. This was basically a one-man 
organization devoted almost exclusively to the publication of Kamp’s hate pamphlets 
which almost always were filled with distortions and appeals to fear and prejudice...Kamp 
was convicted for contempt of Congress in 1948 for failure to produce records of the 
Constitutional Educational League, Inc., before the House Committee on Campaign 
Expenditures in 1944, He was sentenced to four months imprisonment and a $100 fine. 
The conviction was upheld on appeal and he served the prison term in 1950. He was 
indicted for contempt of Congress in 1950 for failing to answer questions of the House 
Committee on Un-American Activities. He was convicted in 1951, but on appeal a new trial 
was ordered and he was acquitted in 1952.” [FBI-HQ 62-10355, serial #685, 10/5/64] 








1952-02 





It should be noted that Robert Welch and virulent racists often had identical viewpoints. For 
example: 


Cong. John T. Wood of Idaho often wrote articles for Gerald L.K. Smith's newsletter, “The 
Cross and the Flag and Conde J. McGinley’s racist and anti-semitic New J ersey newspaper, 
Common Sense as well as Gerald B. Winrod’s magazine “The Defender”. Wood used those 
publications for his vitriolic attacks upon the United Nations and (as discussed below) the very 
concept of democracy. Wood then inserted his speeches or articles into the Congressional 
Record. 


In February 1952, Gerald L.K. Smith's newsletter, “The Cross and the Flag published an 
article by Wood in which he said: 


“No wonder | shudder every time | hear the word ‘democracy’. It...has an entirely different 
connotation than when Webster wrote his dictionary. Certainly, no American should ever 
now use the term. Iam sure | do not need to remind you that we are not now, and never 
were a democracy; we are a constitutional republic, and have nothing in common with 
that hated term (democracy) which has now become opprobrious to a most extreme 
degree.” 


Robert Welch presented identical sentiments about democracy at the founding meeting of the 
Birch Society in December 1958: 


“And democracy, of course, in government or organization, as the Greeks and Romans 
both found out, and as! believe every man in this room clearly recognizes -- democracy is 
merely a deceptive phrase, a weapon of demagoguery, and a perennial fraud.” [Robert 
Welch: J ohn Birch Society Blue Book, 5‘ printing, 1961, page 159] 


And a footnote for the online edition of the Blue Book, adds this comment: 


“Our Liberal critics would have you believe that this statement, for an American, is 
practically heresy. This is because these same Liberals have been working so long and so 
hard to convert our republic into a democracy, and to make the American people believe 
that it is supposed to be a democracy, nothing could be further from the truth than that 
insidiously planted premise. Our founding fathers knew a great deal about history and 











government, and they had very nearly a clean slate on which to write the blueprint for 
our own. They gave us a republic because they considered it the best of all forms of 
government. They visibly spurned a democracy as probably the worst of all forms of 
government. But our past history and our present danger indicate that they were right in 
both particulars. ” 


With respect to how Noah Webster defined democracy (in the 1828 edition of his 
Dictionary), this was his definition: 


“Government by the people; a form of government, in which the supreme power is lodged 
in the hands of the people collectively, or in which the people exercise the powers of 
legislation.” 


With respect to Robert Welch’s assertions regarding the beliefs of our Founding Fathers: 


Political extremists such as the Birch Society claim that our Founding Fathers distrusted and 
detested democracy but Thomas J efferson and J ames Madison named the political party they 
founded the "Democratic-Republican Party". 


Thomas J efferson wrote a letter to Isaac H. Tiffany in 1816, which certainly contradicts Robert 
Welch's understanding regarding what our Founding Fathers thought. 


With respect to the Greeks, | efferson wrote: 


"They had just ideas of the value of personal liberty, but none at all of the structure of 
government best calculated to preserve it. They knew no medium between a democracy 
(the only pure republic, but impracticable beyond the limits of a town) and an 
abandonment of themselves to an aristocracy or a tyranny independent of the people." 


J efferson also pointed out that: 


"It seems not to have occurred that where the citizens cannot meet to transact their 
business in person, they alone have the right to chuse the agents who shall transact it; 
and that, in this way, a republican, or popular government, of the 2d grade of purity, may 
be exercised over any extent of country. The full experiment of a government 
democratical, but representative, was and is still reserved for us." 


Robert Welch and bigots like Cong. Wood make much of the difference between ademocracy 
and a republic but Thomas J efferson (as shown above) used the terms interchangeably 





1954-00 


In his 1954 book-length manuscript, (aka “private letter”) entitled The Politician, an authority 
cited by Robert Welch was Merwin K. Hart, who had been one of America’s most prolific voices 
of anti-Semitism through almost three decades. Hart had been an active Coughlinite. 


Hart's association with Robert Welch first came to public view in 1958, when he was listed on 
the advisory board of the first Birch Society front group, the “Committee Against Summit 
Entanglements.” Later, Hart became a John Birch Society chapter leader. At least two 
supporters of Hart’s organization (National Economic Council) served as members of the 
National Council of the Birch Society. 


Hart believed that the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion was a credible document. In 
November 1955, Hart travelled to England to give an address to the British organization, 
League of Empire Loyalists, founded by A.K. Chesterton. Chesterton had been a member of 
Oswald Mosley’s British Union of Fascists. 








1954-00 





In his book-length “private letter” entitled The Politician, Robert Welch described Lucille 
Miller of Bethel, VT as “a patriotic but not too cautious Vermont woman.” 


Actually, she was a blatant anti-Semite, and she had been so identified quite publicly. Lucille 
created a newsletter, the Green Mountain Rifleman, which she and her husband, Manuel, 
mailed to alist of about 500 like-minded people across the country. The Millers used the Green 








Mountain Rifleman to hammer away at communism as well as declaring their opposition to 
the United Nations, and the supposed infiltration of the U.S. government by a J ewish 
Communist cabal. 


One issue of the Green Mountain Rifleman contained this observation: 

"Forrestal learned the J ews' plans for betrayal and he warned us...Lewis J ohnson saw the 
J ews about to throw the Korean War and he rebelled against them...One requirement for 
any public office is unceasing solicitude for the wishes and preferences of the ews." [“The 
Lucille Miller Story” in Faith and Freedom magazine, 09/55, p7] 


The FBI Special Agent in Charge of the Albany NY field office (which covered the state of 
Vermont) sent the following memo to Director J. Edgar Hoover: 


“Lucille Miller is the individual who is alleged to have started the newspaper publicity in 
the Randolph-Bethel, Vermont area concerning Communist matters in the summer of 
1950. She is believed to be completely unreliable and is not contacted by Agents of this 
office.” [FBI-HQ 25-382156, serial #X1, dated 1/18/51] 


Lucille Miller wrote a letter to FBI Director Hoover to express her indignation when she learned 
that Hoover was planning to attend the November 23, 1953 meeting of the Anti-Defamation 
League in Washington DC as their guest of honor: 


“No persons have been more scornful of these precious things of ours than the spokesmen, 
the members and the adherents of the ADL of B'nai B'rith because they are J ews and care 
for Jewish things and because so many of them are Europeans who tend to despise 
American things. For many years, the bulk of our people gave the J ews the benefit of all 
possible doubts. But Eisenhower as soon as he was safely entrenched in power began to 
push the ADL objectives openly and shamefully..Now you are joining the President and 
this cabal for what purposes we know not. What do you suppose we think of you? Do you 
care what we think of you? We think you have deserted us for the luxury of the enemy’s 
camp. Goodbye Mr. Hoover. We were the more deceived.” [Lucille Miller letter toDirector 
Hoover, 11/14/53; FBI-HQ 25-382956, serial #10]. 


Lucille was also Director of Action Strategy for the National Patrick Henry Organization, Inc. 
(Columbus GA) which was one of the most vicious racist and anti-semitic organizations in our 
country. 


Many FBI memos describe Lucille as “a crackpot” and most of her letters to Hoover were 
deemed unworthy of reply because of her anti-semitic bigotry. For additional information, see 


the FBI file on Lucille and Manuel Miller which | have uploaded onto Internet Archive website. 
https://archive.org/details/MillerLucilleS. AndManuelGreenMountainRiflemanHQ25382156 











1954-07 





Two months after the May 1954 U.S. Supreme Court de-segregation decision, a group of 14 
prominent citizens met at the home of Mississippi U.S. Senator J ames O. Eastland to consider 
ways to thwart and undermine that decision. 


At that meeting, Robert B. Patterson (Holly Ridge MS) suggested organizing White Citizens 

Councils for the purpose of maintaining segregated institutions, and preserving J im Crow laws, 

customs and practices in the south. Methods to be used included: 

(1) political activity (i.e., enlisting the aid and support of local and state governments, 
creating state sovereignty commissions, and supporting pro-segregation political leaders) 

(2) building a large grass roots membership and then indoctrinate them through speakers and 
publications to believe that any pro-integration efforts were “subversive” activities; in 
addition, stress racial purity, defend the southern way of life, and bring attention to the 
horrors within integrated society 

(3) mobilize public opinion through editorials and columnists and other molders of public 
opinion 

(4) social and economic pressure to discourage black Americans from voting or signing 
petitions or seeking redress of grievances and, when deemed necessary, encourage 











employers to fire “troublemakers” or have businesses deny credit or pursue foreclosures 
while achieving social ostracization for anybody supporting integration or dissent. 


Significantly, many of the most rabid segregationist figures within the white supremacist 
movement were subsequently praised and promoted in J BS publications during the 1950's, 
1960's, 1970’s and 1980’s including such segregationist political figures as: Gov. George 
Wallace (AL), Gov. Lester Maddox (GA), Gov. Ross Barnett (MS), Cong. J ohn Rarick (LA), Cong. 
William L. Dickinson (AL), Cong. L. Mendel Rivers (SC), Sen. Strom Thurmond (SC), Sen. J esse 
Helms (NC), Sheriff J ames G. Clark (Selma AL). 


See J uly 1963 entry below for additional details regarding Thurmond, Rarick and Clark. 


Furthermore, numerous members and officials of the White Citizens Council movement were 
J BS members or J BS officials, including as paid Coordinators and speakers and writers. 


At least four members of the J BS National Council were life-long segregationists =T. Coleman 
Andrews Sr. (VA); A.G. Heinsohn Jr. (TN), Dr. Thomas Parker (SC) and Thomas J. Anderson 
(TN). Dr. Medford Evans was a J BS Coordinator as well as a paid speaker for the J BS while he 
served in various positions within the Citizens Council movement including as Editor of its 
national magazine. 





1956-00 


National Guard Lt. Gen. Sumter L. Lowry (Tampa FL) became a J BS endorser circa 1959. He 
may have also been a J BS member. 


In 1956, Lowry ran on the single issue of preserving school segregation when he was a candidate 
for the Governor of Florida. He was endorsed by the Ku Klux Klan in Florida. [See Tallahassee 
FL Democrat, 02/02/56, page 1, “Sumter Lowry Segregation Backer In Race” | 


During that time, he called desegregation “part and parcel of their [the Communists'] three- 
pronged attack to destroy our national independence through world government; to 
destroy our Christian Church through infiltration; and to destroy our race by mixing it 
with the blood of the Negro race." [Joseph A. Tomberlin: “Florida and the School De- 
Segregation Issue, 1954-1959”; | ournal of Negro Education, Autumn 1974, page 462; Also 
see: Helen L. J acobstein, "The Segregation Factor in the Florida Democratic Gubernatorial 
Primary of 1956"; Unpublished master's thesis, University of Miami, 1964. ] 


In 1962, Lowry ran on a segregationist platform for a newly created 10th Congressional District 
in Tampa FL. 


Lowry was active in pro-segregation groups such as Federation For Constitutional Government 
and Liberty Lobby. The FCG was formed on J anuary 21-22, 1955 in] ackson MS as a 
confederation of organizations from 11 southern states whose objective was to combat all 
forms of racial integration. 








1956-08 





The Louisiana States Rights Party endorsed T. Coleman Andrews Sr. (Richmond VA) for 
President. The Party platform at that time advocated “segregation, interposition” and it 
favored adoption of the principles contained in the anti-integration “Southern Manifesto”. 


Andrews joined the Birch Society in 1959 and served on its National Council starting in 1960. 
[Radford VA News J ournal, 8/20/56, p 6, “Louisiana States Righters Endorse Coleman as 
Nominee” ]. NOTE: The Co-Chairman of the 39-member National Committee of the States’ 
Rights Party was segregationist J ohn U. Barr. He subsequently became an endorser of the J ohn 
Birch Society in 1959. 


Various “states’ rights” parties in the south endorsed Andrews for President. They all were 
pro-segregation. 


In 1956, ) BS founder, Robert Welch, left the Republican Party and campaigned and voted 
for Andrews. 


As pointed out in every standard history of the States Rights Party (see this quotation from 
article whose link is below): 














1956-09 





http:/ / www. ourcampaigns.com/ PartyDetail. html?PartyID=45 





"The States' Rights Party broke from the Democratic Party in 1948. The Party opposed 
racial integration and wanted to retain Jim Crow laws and racial segregation. The party 
slogan was ‘Segregation Forever!' " 


Robert Welch wrote an article in his first magazine, One Man’s Opinion, entitled “A Letter to 
the South on Segregation”. Welch claimed that the “easy-going colored man” of the South 
could be “easily misled by agitators,” and that the phrase “civil rights” was a Communist 
slogan. Welch also asserted that racial integration “embarrassed” good African Americans. 


Welch argued that the May 17, 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision on de-segregation was not 
Constitutional because it revised the 10th and 14th Amendments by fiat and made educational 
policies subject to federal control rather than the intended state control. Furthermore, Welch 
maintained that the Plessy v Ferguson Supreme Court decision validated "separate but equal 
schools or any other public facilities for colored people and white people fulfilled the 
requirements of the Fourteenth Amendment. This was in accordance with legal precedent 
which had already prevailed since the Amendment had been adopted in 1868." 


Then Welch discussed what he considered to be the "Communist sympathies and connections 
of the ‘authorities' on modern psychology to which the Court referred in its decision, and 
on which its action was theoretically based. " 


It is important to understand the underlying principles which Mr. Welch was affirming in his 
article. In effect, Welch was leaving black Americans to the mercy of the states and Welch 
understood that doing so put African Americans in a position of legal inferiority - which is the 
import of the 1896 Plessy decision. 


In Plessy v. Ferguson (163 U.S. 537), the Supreme Court was asked to consider a Louisiana act 
which required “separate but equal” accommodations in transportation facilities (a typical 
Jim Crow law). The Act imposed a penalty for passengers who chose to sit in an area assigned 
to the other race. 


One passenger who had one great-grand-parent who was black, sat in a car reserved for white 
passengers and he was arrested. The Supreme Court held that the Louisiana Act was a 
reasonable exercise of the state’s police power because segregation was not discrimination. 


Welch’s legal argument reduced African Americans to “the condition of a subject race” (to 
quote a comment from J ustice Harlan’s dissent). In Mississippi, for example, it was a crime to 
publish a statement advocating or suggesting social equality of the races. 


It should also be noted that segregation laws (or other laws which took note of a person's race 
or color) during the period which Welch refers to, require statutory or judicial definitions of 
the term “Negro”. All those definitions are made from the standpoint of the white person 
who seeks to avoid contact with any person he deems to be a “Negro”. Consequently, in 
some states, anyone with any trace of Negro blood (no matter how distantly) was classified as 
a “Negro”. This arbitrary standard is what Welch believed was required by American law. BTW, 
in Mississippi, Chinese children were sent to black schools. 


Furthermore, acceptance of Welch’s argument meant adopting a standard which was intended 
as the basis for prohibiting marriage of white persons with persons of color (prohibited in 29 
states) and which required segregation of the races in interstate passenger traffic and in 
hospitals, and penal institutions, and in educational institutions—even when those facilities 
were not “equal”. For example, in 1948-1949, the U.S. Office of Education reported that 
Mississippi spent an average of $123 per white pupil in grade and high schools whereas they 
spent only $27 per black pupil. Most other states spent considerably less per black student. 


See additional comments regarding Welch’s adoption of white supremacist arguments in 
subsequent entries in this chronology. 











More info re: Plessy v. Ferguson: 
https: // www. history. com/ topics/ black-history/ plessy-v-ferguson 





https:// www. britannica.com/ event/ Plessy-v-Ferguson-1896 
https:// supreme. justia. com/ cases/ federal/ us/ 163/ 537/ #ab-opinion- 1917400 








1956-09 





Robert Welch attended, and was a speaker at, the September 14-16, 1956 National 
Conference of States Rights held in Memphis TN. [G. Edward Griffin: “The Life and Words of 
Robert Welch—Founder of the J ohn Birch Society”; American Media, 1975, page 254. Note: 
Mr. Griffin was one of only four people who were authorized to speak officially for the J ohn 
Birch Society. ] 


As one historian correctly observed about this Conference: 


“Generally, individuals within or closely associated with southern white supremacy 
organizations provided the nucleus of leadership for the states’ rights campaign.” 
[Numan V. Bartley, The Rise of Massive Resistance, Louisiana State University Press, 1969, 
page 165]. 


The Conference was organized by J ohn U. Barr, a wealthy New Orleans businessman who was 
a life-long segregationist. 


FEDERATION FOR CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT 


Barr was a co-founder and Chairman of the New Orleans-based Federation For Constitutional 
Government (FCG), a pro-segregation organization which attracted many of the most racist 
bigots in the south. 

[See: J ames Gunter article in Memphis TN Commercial Appeal, 12/29/55 on formation of FCG 
which is in Dallas-FBI file 105-506, serial #5, SAC Memphis to J . Edgar Hoover, dated 1/ 13/56; 
Also see FBI-New Orleans file 105-582 on FCG; Also see: 12/ 30/55, “Segregationists in South 
Set Up Political Unit” in St. Louis Post-Dispatch; Also see: Sarah H. Brown: “The Role of Elite 
Leadership in the Southern Defense of Segregation, 1954-1964”; Journal of Southern 
History, November 2011, pages 827-864]. 


Example of Barr’s beliefs: https://repository.duke.edu/dc/broadsides/bdsla60752 


The three-day Conference was attended by 317 delegates from 25 states, representing over a 
dozen splinter parties - including: 


Constitution Parties of Arkansas, Tennessee, Texas, lowa 

States’ Rights Party of Louisiana 

Mississippians for States Rights 

New Party of New Mexico 

Independent GOP of Connecticut 

Independent Electors of Alabama, Kentucky, South Carolina, and Virginia 
States’ Rights Council of Georgia 

Federation For Constitutional Government 


According to Barr: “All of the parties are committed to the doctrine of powerful individual 
states and a weaker federal government. All believe racial segregation is a matter for 
states to handle. All regard the major parties as socialist carbon copies.” [09/ 17/56, 
Kingsport TN Times, page 8, “John Barr Was Planner of States Rights Meet” | 


The keynote speaker for this event was Clarence Manion of Indiana. He predicted that 
“communism will soon take over this country from the inside and without firing a shot” 
and he condemned both the Democratic and Republican parties for wrecking the U.S. 

















Constitution. He described both parties as “socialistic look-alikes”. [Manion subsequently 
became a founding member of the J ohn Birch Society and he served on its National Council. ] 


To give readers an idea about the type of persons at this 1956 Conference whom Robert Welch 
considered his allies, consider the following persons who were among the delegates and 
officers attending this Conference: 


e Robert C. Chandler of Shreveport LA. Chandler was an attorney who co-founded the States 
Rights Party of Louisiana in 1956 to oppose racial integration of public schools. He served 
as Temporary Chairman of this September Conference. He also served as President ofthe 
Shreveport White Citizens Council 

e Earl Evans Jr. of Canton MS. Evans was the permanent Chairman of this Conference. He 
was a “bitter opponent” of equalizing white and black schools according to the 
Hattiesburg MS American, 5/19/54, page 1. 

e Joseph Beauharnais of Chicago. He founded the racist White Circle League of America. 
Beauharnais was listed as a “racial extremist” by the FBI-Chicago office which described 
him as follows: “...founder and organizer of the White Circle League” and “in 1949 was 
described as ‘psycho’ in connection with his hatred of the Negro race. Since 1952, 
Beauharnais has been in several Midwestern cities to speak before conventions of 
organizations that were and are anti-Negro, anti-Semitic, or both. Beauharnais is an 
associate of known ‘hate’ subjects and/or ‘hate’ organizations in the Chicago area.” 
[FBI HQ file 157-1-9, serial #24, 8/21/59] 

e Sims Crownover of Tennessee. He was an attorney who represented the segregationist 
Federation For Constitutional Government (FCG). In May 1956, Crownover fought against 
a Davidson County TN decision which declared that racial segregation laws in that County 
were invalid [Kingsport TN Times, 5/ 8/56, page 1]. Crownover advocated the doctrine of 
interposition to invalidate the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court de-segregation decision. [See his 
August 1956 American Bar Association J ournal article entitled “The Segregation Cases” 
pages 727-729]. See entry for A.G. Heinsohn for additional info re: the Federation. 

e Ed Worthington of Memphis. Worthington was a member of the Memphis White Citizens 
Council 

e Mrs. Terry Mulhall of Sioux City IA, representing the Constitution Party of lowa. The 
Constitution Party of the 1950’s and 1960’s attracted the most virulent racists and anti- 
semites in the U.S. 

e Edward Reed Fields of lowa represented the Constitution Party. In 1946, while he was in 
high school, Fields joined Emory Burke’s new Atlanta-based organization, The Columbians, 
the first openly neo-nazi organization in postwar America. [The Columbians was listed as 
a subversive fascist organization by the Attorney General of the United States. ] While in 
high school, Fields also created a short-lived pro-nazi group of his own called the Black 
Front. In the early 1950's Fields joined J.B. Stoner’s Christian Anti-) ewish Party (CA) P) 
and he became its Executive Secretary. The CAJ P was created in 1945 by Stoner and 
Emmett O'Neill Morris in Tennessee. Both Stoner and Morris had been pro-nazi during 
World War Il. In 1955, the Texas Attorney General listed Fields as a leader of the U.S. 
Klans, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. In November 1957 the United White Party was 
organized. Its principals included Edward Fields, Emory Burke (The Columbians), Matt 
Koehl, J ohn Kasper (Seaboard White Citizens Council), John G. Crommelin, Millard Grubbs, 
and many other individuals whom the FBI described as “a group of notorious anti- 
semites”. [FBI HQ file 105-66233, serial #11; 1/22/58] 


This States’ Rights Conference endorsed segregationist Democrat T. Coleman Andrews of 
Richmond VA for President and Republican Thomas H. Werdel of Bakersfield CA for Vice 
President. [Andrews later became a founding member of the J ohn Birch Society and he served 
on its National Council. ] 


Many of the participants in, and endorsers of, this Conference later became members or 
endorsers of the J ohn Birch Society - including: J ohn U. Barr, Lt. Gen. Edward M. Almond, Lt. 
Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer, Vice Admiral C.S. Freeman, Merwin K. Hart, and Clarence Manion. 


For additional reporting concerning this Conference see: 











Birmingham AL News, 9/ 16/56 

Chattanooga TN Times, 9/15 and 9/ 16 1956 

Kingsport TN News, 9/ 13/56 

Kingsport TN Times, 9/ 14/56, 9/17/56 

Kingsport TN Times-News, 9/ 16/56 

Memphis TN Commercial-Appeal, 9/ 16/56 

New York Times, 9/16/56, p 73 
https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1956/09/16/121450758. pdf 
Washington DC Evening Star, 9/ 16/ 56 








1956-10 | Dr. Thomas Parker: In October 1956, Dr. Thomas Parker (Greenville SC) became an 
independent elector for the forthcoming Presidential election. The independent electors 
placed an ad in South Carolina newspapers which explained their platform as follows: 

“We believe that the women of South Carolina will recognize that the only hope of 
protecting their children from the evils of integration lies in a sweeping victory of the 
Independent Electors. We believe in the time-honored and cherished traditions and 
customs of the South and are opposed to any legislation, movement, or policy which seeks 
to destroy or impair them. We believe in and demand social and educational separation of 
the races. We are opposed to and will not accept integration, gradual or otherwise. There 
can be no integration without destroying both races.” [Florence SC Morning News, 10/ 7/56, 
p 10]. 


Parker joined the Birch Society in 1959 and was listed on its Committee on Endorsers in 1961. 
He served on its National Council starting in 1965. 

1958-07 | J BS founder Robert Welch sent a reply to a letter received from Bradford Martin (the Editor 

of Willis Carto’s San Francisco newsletter, “Right”). Welch made the following comment in his 

letter about J BS member Mary Dawson Cain: 


“Although I know and have a great admiration for Mary Cain, | do not receive her SUMMIT 
SUN regularly and consequently had not seen her editorial to which you refer.” 


Mary Dawson Cain (Summit MS) was editor/ publisher of the pro-segregation Mississippi weekly 
newspaper, The Summit Sun. She also was a frequent speaker at White Citizens Councils 
events. For many years, she was the leader of the pro-segregation organization, Women for 
Constitutional Government. Also see entry which mentions Cain below under 1965-08. 


In 1956, Mary Cain joined the Mississippians For States Rights founded by J udge M.M. McGowan. 
This group was a re-birth of the 1948 Dixiecrat movement. The Chairman of this new group 
was W.B. Fontaine of J ackson MS. Fontaine explained the organizing principle of his new group: 
“There is no such thing as an acceptable civil rights program. Civil rights laws are foreign 
to the concept of English law, the basis for our government, and are connected with 
socialism.” Cain associated herself with this principle, and she observed: “There is nothing 
for us in either party; nothing to lose but our chains; and nothing to gain but our self- 
respect.” [Laurel MS Leader-Call, 5/31/56, pl and 7; “States Rights Group Sets Up 
Organization” ]. 

1958-07 | | BS founder Robert Welch sent a letter to Bradford Martin in which Welch characterized the 
recent attempt by African American Clennon W. King] r. to attend the University of Mississippi 
as King running “slightly amuck at the University of Mississippi” but Welch declared “King is 
still in my opinion a good man, who means extremely well.” 





Clennon King entered college at 16. He earned a BA degree from Tuskegee Institute and a 
Master's degree in history from Case Western Reserve University. He studied Egyptology and 
read hieroglyphics. 


In 1956, King was head of the History Department at the all-black Alcorn A&M College in 
western Mississippi. In March 1957 hundreds of students boycotted classes at Alcorn demanding 
King's dismissal because he openly supported racial segregation. Alcorn declined to renew his 
contract at the end of the 1958 school year. 




















In 1958 King tried to have one of his children integrate an all-white elementary school in 
Mississippi and King applied to attend graduate school at the all-white Univ of Mississippi to 
pursue an advanced degree. 


The State of Mississippi committed him to a Mississippi State psychiatric hospital (Whitefield 
State Mental Hospital) -- presumably upon the theory that any intelligent black person knew 
that attempting to enroll in the University of MS was evidence of insanity OR as Robert Welch 
put it, because King had run “slightly amuck”. [J une 13, 1958 Robert Welch letter to Willis 
Carto]. 


Welch published an article in his magazine by Clennon King, which advocated the emigration 
of black Americans to Africa. [Clennon King, “Negroes Back to Africa?” American Opinion, 
May 1958, p 21-27]. The reason why Robert Welch decided to publish this article is because 
Clennon King re-inforced Welch’s preferred theme, i.e. that black Americans had nothing 
serious to complain about. As Clennon King put it: “We Negro Americans are one of the most 
fortunate races on earth. Our opportunities are definitely superior to those of any other 
colored race in the world.” 


In his Introduction to Clennon King’s article, Welch wrote: 


“We have stated repeatedly in this magazine our belief that the trouble in the South over 
integration is Communist-contrived; that Communist agents, working largely behind the 
scenes, are using every trick and skill in the Communist repertory to foment bitterness 
between black and white where no bitterness existed before; and that the Communists 
thoroughly intend to fan and coalesce small flames of ‘civil disorder’ into the conflagration 
of civil war if possible.” [Robert Welch: American Opinion magazine, May 1958, page 21, 
Introduction to Clennon King article; FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial unrecorded but j ust after serial 
#3; section one of HQ main file, page 87]. 


In this regard, Welch’s viewpoint was identical to every racist bigot in the south who insisted 
that only “outside agitators” were responsible for any racial discontent in southern states 
OR as Georgia attorney R. Carter Pittman wrote in 1955 “...the South has no racial problem 
and has had none for a half century. Its racial problems were solved by segregation. ”. 
Pittman subsequently became an enthusiastic endorser of the Birch Society because he 
considered Robert Welch and the J BS to be his trustworthy ally in preserving segregation and 
J im Crow laws, customs and practices. 


In 1963, the Birch Society published “The Invasion of Mississippi” by Earl Lively J r., a political 
commentator from Dallas TX which was used by the J] BS to augment the argument made by 
Robert Welch in 1956. Lively contended that the real victims in the south were white 
segregationists because “the segregationist - who never violated anyone’s rights by keeping 
to himself - is denied freedom of association. No man has a right to associate where he is 
not wanted; every man has a right to his privacy.” Furthermore, “If anyone is oppressed 
in the South today, it is the white man. His laws are violated and struck down by edicts of 
a judicial oligarchy, his rights are trampled, and his land is repeatedly invaded by the brute 
force of a tyrannical federal Administration.” [Earl Lively J r., “The Invasion of Mississippi”, 
American Opinion, pages 114-116]. Thus, Lively presents white victimhood as the real issue. 
Once again, the Birch Society revealed its true sentiments. 


In later years, the Birch Society sought to camouflage its history of supporting racists. The 
Society's Public Relations Director (Bill Hahn) claimed in 2010 that the JBS could not 
legitimately be accused of supporting racism because “Determining what’s best for an 
individual based on the color of one’s skin is collectivism at best and racism at its worst. 
Neither of those ‘isms’ we support.” 


However, the J BS still has no explanation for why it invited and welcomed segregationists into 
its ranks as J BS members, officials, speakers and writers. As I wrote in reply to Mr. Hahn: 


“Isn’t being in favor of segregation a form of collectivism? In other words, a pejorative 
judgment is made about an entire category of human beings based not upon their 











individual character and behavior - but solely upon the color of their skin (or assumptions 
about their racial heritage) which is something they have no control over whatsoever and 
then coercion is used through the instrumentalities of government to enforce that 
judgment and those government policies.” 


See numerous entries in this chronology which reflect the segregationists and assorted other 
bigots who joined the J BS and often served in major positions of prominence and authority. 
1958-12 | J BS National Council member A.G. Heinsohn Jr. (Sevierville TN) was a founding member of 
the J BS in December 1958 and he served on its National Council starting in January 1960. 
Heinsohn was President of Cherokee Mills in Tennessee and Spindale Mills in North Carolina. 


In 1955, Heinsohn was on the Advisory Committee of the pro-segregation Federation for 
Constitutional Government. The FCG was organized to coordinate its anti-integration efforts 
with such organizations as the White Citizens’ Councils in southern states. 


10/26/55 Kingsport TN News contains an advertisement captioned “Attention: People of 
Tennessee” on page 10 which begins with: 


“I am in favor on keeping separate schools for whites and Negroes as required by the 
Tennessee Constitution, Section 11, Article 12”. 


That section of the Tennessee Constitution declares: 
“No school aided or established under this section shall allow white and Negro children to 
be received as scholars together in the same school.”. 


This newspaper ad attributes integration efforts to “pressure and threats and agitation of 
the NAACP and its left-wing out-of-state followers” and then solicits members for the 
Tennessee Federation for Constitutional Government whose Chairman from 1955-1959 was 
Donald Davidson of Vanderbilt University and whose “Advisory Board” included A.G. Heinsohn 


Jr. 


The TN Encyclopedia of History and Culture describes Davidson as follows: 
http:/ / tennesseeencyclopedia.net/ entry. php?rec=357 


“Davidson, who considered African Americans racially inferior, defended segregation as a 
social institution developed by white southerners to preserve their culture and identity. 
In the 1950s he headed the pro-segregation Tennessee Federation for Constitutional 
Government, the state's generally ineffective version of a White Citizens Council.” 


01/58 =Heinsohn became State Chairman of a new pro-segregation group known as “Tennessee 
Independents” with headquarters in Memphis. 

1959-00 | Paul H. Talbert (J BS National Council) gave $120 to Gerald L.K. Smith’s Christian Nationalist 
Crusade [FBI-Boston 100-32899, serial #198]. That is equivalent to $1063 in 2020 dollars. 
1959-00 | J BS member Billy J ames Hargis (Oklahoma) stated in 1959 that: 





“The entire problem that confronts America today was bred in the pits of Communist 
debauchery and conspiracy...Segregation is one of nature’s universal laws...No inter- 
mingling or cross-breeding with animals of a widely different characteristic takes places 
except under abnormal or artificial conditions... Ancient Israel achieved a mission and 
accomplished a good which would have been impossible had they abandoned the principle 
of segregation and became integrated with the nations which hemmed them in on all sides, 
centuries ago...It is my conviction that God ordained segregation.” 


“God’s plan is for each race to live to itself, the members segregated to themselves and 
to marry within the bonds of their race in order to keep the blood pure.” [Billy J ames 
Hargis: “The Truth About Segregation”, 1959, 13pp] 


The National Advisory Committee of Hargis’s organization, Christian Crusade, includesracists 
and segregationists such as: Thomas J. Anderson, Mary D. Cain, Lt. Gen. Sumter L. Lowry, 
Revilo P. Oliver - all of whom were JBS members or endorsers. Other bigots connected to 

















Christian Crusade include: Pedro A. del Valle, J oseph Kamp, Vern Kaub, R. Carter Pittman, 
Edwin A. Walker, Opal Tanner White, Allen Zoll. 





1959-04 


J BS Coordinator Medford Evans was the featured speaker at Plain Dealing LA White Citizens 
Council meeting per 4/13/59 Shreveport LA J ournal. Evans was described by the FBI as a 
“strong supporter of segregation” [FBI-New Orleans 105-1499, serial #2 which is SAC New 
Orleans memo to J. Edgar Hoover, 2/9/60, page 2] 


In a 1961 speech, Evans observed: 
“The South, as we know it, depends entirely on the institution of segregation. The enduring 


vitality of the United States of America depends on legal segregation in the South.” [Lake 
Charles LA American Press, 4/12/61; FBI-New Orleans 105-1499, serial #31] 








1959-06 





Willis Allison Carto (San Francisco CA) joined the J ohn Birch Society in J une 1959. Carto then 
moved to JBS headquarters in Belmont MA and he was hired by Robert Welch as a JBS 
Coordinator. 


Carto has always been a major figure within the white nationalist movement. In 1953, Carto 
and Aldrich Blake organized Liberty and Property, Inc., with headquarters in San Francisco. 
The newsletter of this group (first published in October 1955) was entitled “RIGHT : A Monthly 
Bulletin Of, By and For The American Rightwing” 


Robert Welch subscribed to RIGHT and when Carto announced that he was discontinuing it, 
Welch wrote: “I am sorry to learn that RIGHT is discontinuing publication” because “the 
paper has been a source of much useful information (and) has shown a lot of courage...” 
[09/ 19/ 60 Robert Welch letter to Willis Carto] 


“RIGHT” regularly gave favorable publicity to overtly anti-semitic and racist organizations and 
individuals. 


For example: in the October 1955 issue, Carto described the virulent racist and anti-semite 
Lt. Gen. Pedro A. del Valle as a “prominent and respected leader” (page 2) and Carto also 
described Lucille Miller of Vermont as a “fighting Vermont lady patriot” (page 3). Miller was 
a notorious anti-semite. 


Carto’s newsletter praised and publicized the activities of such racist groups and publications 
as: Federation for Constitutional Government, Defenders of the American Constitution, 
Citizens Councils of Mississippi, The Virginia League, “Augusta GA Courier”, Joseph 
Beauharnais (White Circle League of America), “God: The Original Segregationist”, Cong. J ohn 
Bell Williams, Earnest Sevier Cox, Parson “J ack” J ohnston and “The Georgia Tribune”. 


Using the alias of “Willis Allison”, Carto wrote an article for the J une 1954 issue of “The 
White Sentinel” which was the newsletter of the white supremacist National Citizens 
Protective Association of St. Louis MO. The article was captioned “White Race Faces 
Destruction” which discussed the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court de-segregation decision. 


Carto observed: 


“The Supreme Court decision will serve to open the eyes of a lot of people to what is going 
on. Soon there is bound to be a case come before them which challenges the legality of 
laws which forbid miscegenation. The only possible outcome, logically, must be that the 
court will declare such laws unconstitutional. On that date the government will have 
officially placed itself in the position of favoring the destruction of the White Race. This is 
the end of the run, and is what people like you and | have been saying must happen 
eventually as soon as the first line is eliminated. Why is it that people are so blind?” 


Carto made the following comments in a 1960 issue of his newsletter RIGHT: 


“That the U.S. was on the wrong side in the last war is a fact so revolutionary...that is 
automatically denied by most Americans.” AND 

















“The Bolshevik conspiracy was hatched and led by Bronx J ews and financed to a great 
extent by Wall Street J ews.” AND 

“Party-wise RIGHT recommends the National States Rights Party and Lincoln Rockwell’s 
oddly named American Nazi Party.” 


Carto’s bigotry was never hidden from Robert Welch. For example: 


In September 1960, in a letter to Welch, Carto praised the annual Scoreboard issue of the J BS 
magazine, American Opinion. However, Carto told Welch that too much attention was given 
to Africa. Carto paraphrased comments he attributed to German philosopher FriedrichHegel, 
i.e., “Africa has no history and will never have one, because there is no soul, as Europeans 
understand it”. Then Carto remarked that “It is a shame that we have to bother about such 
an inconsequential thing as Africa” because “we must as a consequence forget more, ever 
more about the history, accomplishments and Destiny of the White man.” 


Then Carto observed that “the only country in Africa of any importance or significance to 
history” was the Union of South Africa (the apartheid state). Carto reminded Welch that 
conservative anti-communists should not let “liberals and Communists hopelessly confuse us 
and mire us down in a hopeless, stupid situation with the cannibal tribes of Africa...” 
because the West “should not take sides between two or three hundred feuding groups of 
savages.” Carto concluded by observing that “the J ew-N and the Russians will do all possible 
to divide the continent...” [09/ 26/ 60 letter from Willis Carto to Robert Welch]. 

NOTE: Carto’s reference to “J ew-N” is Carto’s shorthand for J ew-Nigger. See additional Carto 
comments below. 


None of this appears to have bothered Robert Welch. When Welch learned about Carto’s 
financial difficulties, he told Carto not to bother paying J BS member dues because Welch was 
going to place Carto on the Birch Society's “TRB” list “to receive our Bulletins indefinitely 
with our compliments” AND Carto would also receive a complimentary subscription to the 
J BS magazine, American Opinion. [09/ 19/ 60 Robert Welch letter to Carto]. 


Carto’s overt bigotry was well known among all his correspondents. 


In September 1960, Carto wrote a letter of protest to Frank Hanighen, the Editor of the 
conservative newspaper, Human Events, concerning comments by Phillippa Schuyler that were 
published in the 9/ 1/ 60 issue of Human Events. 


Carto declared that he was “shocked to read” that issue because Phillippa was the daughter 
of the conservative African-American author and columnist, George S. Schuyler. According to 
Carto, Human Events violated a precept of conservatism because “all genuine conservatives 
should work to conserve the race which has created the culture and freedom and printing 
presses which we enjoy. We wish to be allowed to pass on unblemished this racial heritage 
of ours, for all except those who have been hopelessly brainwashed by the communist- 
liberal cabal know that it is race which creates and bears civilization and not geography 
or magic...Therefore, if you would explain to your readers that your new writer, Phillippa 
Schuyler, is the hybrid offspring of George Schuyler and his White wife, your readers would 
likely wonder what on earth you are trying to do to them...Mr. Hanighen, | submit to you 
that racial mongrelization is NOT conservative or respectable (or even ‘inevitable’) no 
matter how you slice it and no matter who advocates it...In fact, | am sure that they would 
be as shocked as | am to discover that one of your writers symbolizes the most horrible— 
even though it the most traditional—fate that can overtake a civilization.” [09/ 06/60 Willis 
Carto letter to Frank Hanighen] 


In October 1962, Carto wrote to Verne Kaub (American Council of Christian Laymen—Madison 
WI) about how our State Department “is always able to come up with proper specimens for 
every nigger ‘dignitary’ and Liberty Lobby [Carto’s new group] will try and do the same on 
the occasion of your state visit”. [10/ 19/ 62 Willis Carto letter to Verne Kaub]. 


In February 1962, Carto wrote to Kaub about an article published in the San Francisco Progress 
newspaper which Carto described as “a vile rag which is edited by some lousy Hebrewwith 











1959-10 


a white man’s name” and inJ uly 1961 Carto wrote to Kaub and described U.S. Supreme Court 
J ustice Felix Frankfurter as a “Zionist subversive” [2/10/62 Carto to Kaub and 7/ 22/ 61 Carto 
to Kaub]. 

NOTE: Many Carto letters are contained in the microfilmed papers of Verne Kaub’s 
organization (the American Council of Christian Laymen) which are archived at the Wisconsin 
Historical Society. 

In the October 1959 | BS Bulletin, Robert Welch recommended American Mercury magazine 
during the time when it was owned by Russell Maguire and it was widely considered an anti- 
semitic publication. 


In September 1955, the entire top staff of the Mercury resigned en masse. This included 
Welch's close friend and confidant, J.B. Matthews. 


Frederick Woltman, the investigative reporter who was awarded the 1946 Pulitzer prize for 
his articles in the New York World Telegram and Sun on Communist infiltration of labor unions, 
was personally acquainted with the entire American Mercury staff. Woltman wrote: “The 
editors resigned feeling that attempts were being made to introduce anti-Semitic 
material into the Mercury.” [See Time magazine, 10/3/55, “Blowup At The Mercury.” ] 


In 1958 and 1959, as the Mercury’s articles became more virulently and explicitly anti-semitic, 
prominent conservatives lamented what had happened to the magazine and they dissociated 
themselves from Maguire’s handiwork. 


For example: Senator Styles Bridges of New Hampshire demanded that his name be removed 
from the masthead as a “contributor”. Fulton Lewis Jr, the conservative radio commentator, 
refused to give American Mercury permission to reprint one of his broadcasts. Lewis stated 
that he turned down the request because of the “anti-semitic tendencies” of AM. William 
Buckley Jr., announced to his staff at National Review magazine, that he would not publish 
any articles in National Review which were written by any author whose articles were also 
published in American Mercury. 





1959-1960 


Olive Simes and Hope Gray (of Petersham and Boston MA) both owned at least 2%of stock in 
Robert Welch Inc. Both women were also on the J BS Committee of Endorsers. 


Both Simes and Gray were also major financial contributors to Gerald L.K. Smith’s Christian 
Nationalist Crusade through their “Penthouse Trust”. Simes and Gray were close friends of | BS 
National Council member Laurence Bunker and Bunker often used the Penthouse Trust address 
as his contact info. 


According to Gerald L.K. Smith’s reports to the U.S. House of Representatives, O. Simes 
contributed $140 in 1955, $285 in 1956, $200 in 1957, $160 in 1958, $205 in 1959 and $160 in 
1960, $234 in 1964 [FBI-Boston 100-32899, serial #198. ] 





1960-00 


At least 17 individuals who have been in the leadership of Allen A. Zoll’s various organizations, 
have also been officers or endorsers of the J ohn Birch Society. Zoll’s organization, American 
Patriots, Inc. was listed by the U.S. Attorney General as a subversive fascist group. Zoll 
endorsed the 1953 anti-semitic narrative by J ohn O. Beaty, entitled “The Iron Curtain Over 
America”. Beaty’s book referred to a “Communist-J ewish world conspiracy”. 





1960-00 


W.D. Workman (aka William Douglas Workman J r.) was Editor of The State daily newspaper 
(Columbia SC). Workman endorsed the J BS in his newspaper column published 11/ 28/ 60. 
Workman authored 5 books, all of which argued against racial integration and advocated for 
racial segregation. The Birch Society listed his 1960 book, “The Case for The South” on its 
“Initial List of Approved Books” published in the J uly 1961 J BS Bulletin. 


The J BS also subsequently recommended and sold J ames J. Kilpatrick’s 1962 book, “The 
Southern Case for School Segregation”. 








1960-00 





Thurman Sensing (Nashville TN) was an endorser of the J ohn Birch Society and he may have 
been a member. 


Sensing was the Research Director and then later Executive Vice-President of the Southern 
States Industrial Council (Nashville TN). The SSIC was organized in 1933 by conservative 
southern industrialists to oppose FDR’s economic policies and New Deal legislation. It later 











aligned itself with ultra-conservative critics of liberal welfare programs and labor unions. 
Other SSIC officers were also J BS members or endorsers - including Martin J. Condon Ill, J ohn 
H. Sutherland, and J ohn U. Barr. All of them were also segregationists. 


In February 1958, Sensing was the featured speaker at the second annual convention of the 
Defenders of State Sovereignty and Individual Liberties held in Richmond, VA. The Defenders 
was a white supremacy organization created to preserve segregation and Jim Crow laws and 
customs. The 4/4/58 issue of “Defenders Views” contained an article stating that the 
“purpose of liberals is to bring America and capitalism to an end through brotherhoodism, 
equalitarianism, atheism, mongrelism, globalism, socialism, and totalitarianism.” [FBI- 
Washington field, 100-32567, serial #20; 4/8/58 SAC WFO memo to SAC Richmond]. 





1960-00 


Lemuel Nelson Bell organized the J BS chapter in Asheville NC. Mr. Bell believed in eugenics 
and he founded the pro-segregation Southern Presbyterian J ournal. The J ournal supported 
segregation on both theological and social grounds. Both arguments presupposed white 
supremacy and included fears of miscegenation, (interracial marriage), cohabitation (sexual 
relations). The theological case held that God had ordained and commanded segregation. 
Thus, those who espoused J im Crow upheld divine law, and those who thought otherwise were 
heretical. This perspective echoed 19 century defenses of slavery. 





1960-00 


Rosalind Kress Haley (Savannah GA and Midland TX) was the daughter of the founder of S.H. 
Kress & Company department store chain. She married J. Evetts Haley in 1970, a life-long 
segregationist. She was a J BS chapter leader in Savannah GA. 








1960-01 





J BS founder and leader, Robert Welch asked Verne Kaub (the head of American Council of 
Christian Laymen in Madison WI) to join the J BS - even though Kaub wrote explicit letters to 
Welch describing his J ew-hatred. 


When Kaub declined to become a J BS member, Welch then asked Kaub to become an official 
endorser of the J BS. 


In a May 1958 letter Kaub referred to "our good friend Conde McGinley". 


The House Committee on Un-American Activities described Conde McGinley’s newspaper 
“Common Sense” as "almost exclusively a vehicle for the exploitation of ignorance, 
prejudice and fear" and as "a clearinghouse for hate propagandists throughout the 
country."[“Preliminary Report on Neo-Fascist and Hate Groups”, 12/17/54, House Committee 
on Un-American Activities”, pages 10 and 11.] 


http://debs.indstate.edu/u588n4 1954.pdf 


The FBI description: “‘Common Sense’ is a notorious anti-Semitic hate sheet published by 
the Christian Educational Association.” AND “Common Sense depicts Communism as 
Judaism and devotes its pages almost entirely to attacks on the J ewish and to a lesser 
extent the Negro minorities in the United States. Sympathy for the former Nazi 
Government in Germany is also shown in the paper.” [From “Appendix” to FBI memos which 
discuss Christian Educational Association] 


In May 1959, Kaub wrote: 

“al no longer trust the FBI since its leader, J. Edgar Hoover, declared in his book, Masters 
of Deceit, that the American J ewish Committee, Anti-Defamation League, and B’ nai B’rith 
are fine patriotic organizations, Too, the FBI was implicated in the fiendish Zionist plot to 
pin the bombing of the Atlanta sinagog [sic] unto five completely innocent persons who had 
expressed some anti-Semitic views in public. In still other ways the FBI has proved that it 
is willing to go along with the enemies of the country in persecution of Christian American 
citizens.” [5/5/59 Kaub letter to Mrs. George E. Lyons, Marshall OK]. 


NOTE: With respect to the “five completely innocent persons” referenced by Kaub: 


The 10/ 12/58 bombing of the Atlanta Temple was planned at a 5/5/58 meeting according to 
an Atlanta police informant. That meeting was attended by Wallace Hugh Allen and George 
Michael Bright. Atlanta Police then arrested George Bright, Luther King Corley, Robert A. 
Bowling, Richard Bowling, Kenneth Chester Griffin, and Wallace Hugh Allen. All were indicted 
by the Fulton County Grand J ury except Corley. 











1960-04 


Kenneth Chester Griffin confessed to the crime and he accused George Bright of planning the 
crime and building the bomb. Griffin also told Atlanta detectives that the Chairman of the 
National States Rights Party (J .B. Stoner) supplied the dynamite. Three of the five defendants 
were members of the viciously racist National States Rights Party. The NSRP advocated 
violence against J ews. All five were also members of the Klan group, Knights of the White 
Camelia. Nine of the 12 jurors at the trial of George Bright voted to convict him. Officially, 
the crime remains unsolved. For additional information see: 

the FBI file on Wallace Hugh Allen: 


https:// archive. org/ search. php?query=F OIAYBAY@0AllenY2CY20Wallace 
and the FBI file on George Michael Bright: 


https:// archive. org/ search. php?query=F OIAYBA%@ Bright WC720George220M 

and the FBI-Chicago file on the Atlanta Temple Bombing: 

https:// archive. org/ details/ BombingOfAtlantaT emple1958Chicago981891 

and the following summary re: the National States Rights Party: 

http://jfk.hood.edu/ Collection/ Weisberg%0Subj ect %0Index%#20Files/ N¥20Disk/ National YO0States%20 
Rights%O0Party/ Item%0077. pdf 

and the book by Melissa Faye Greene, The Temple Bombing (Da Capo Press, 2006, 514pp). 





In an October 1958 letter to Patrick Scanlan, the Managing Editor of the Catholic publication, 
The Tablet, Kaub complained about J. Edgar Hoover's recently released book, Masters of 
Deceit, because it included favorable comments about the American J ewish Committee and 
the Anti-Defamation League. 


Kaub then observed: 


"You of course know these organizations support all sorts of Communist-devised subversion 
by way of developing and leading to their own master-plot for world domination and 
destruction of Christian civilization. " 


In a June 1959 letter to the notorious anti-semite Kenneth Goff, Kaub praised Goff for "the 
wonderful work you have been doing" and "we have been promoting the sale of your books, 
but to me that does not seem enough. What else can we do to help?" 


In a January 8, 1960 letter to JBS member Phoebe Courtney (New Orleans), Kaub praised 
Elizabeth Dilling and her book, The Red Network. According to Kaub: "No more valuable work 
on Communist infiltration ever has been published." This is the same Elizabeth Dilling whom 
Robert Welch identified as a virulent anti-semite in the October 1959 J BS Bulletin. 


In February 1960, Kaub wrote to Helen Lasell that he could not join the J BS as a member 
because: 


" was not particularly happy over the fact that Jews are accepted as members of the 
Society..." 


Nevertheless, Robert Welch treated Kaub as a J BS “Home Chapter” member so that Kaub 
would receive all J BS material. 

J BS member Kent Courtney (New Orleans LA) was a member of the New Orleans White Citizens 
Council AND a candidate for Governor on the pro-segregation Louisiana States Rights Party 
ticket in April 1960. In the November 1960 general election, Courtney was an elector for the 
pro-segregation States Rights Party. Courtney also was a strong supporter of Louisiana 
Congressman J ohn R. Rarick (a KKK member). 








1960-04 





In the April 1960 J BS Bulletin, Robert Welch recommended Rev. Carl McIntire (leader of the 
American Council of Christian Churches). Welch gave a “vote of praise emphatically” to 
McIntire’s radio programs. 


This is the same Carl McIntire whose organizational literature declared that: 


“The menace of Roman Catholicism in our land is hardly less than that of Godless 
Communism...The work of the American Council of Christian Churches is designed to 











1960-09 


protect our Protestant heritage and freedom against the threat from Roman Catholicism.” 
[FBI-Boston 100-32899, serial #346; 7/ 4/65 Boston MA Herald, p4] 


In 1951, McIntire wrote: “Rome will sell her secret confessional system for political world 
power” and in J uly 1963 issue of McIntire’s publication, Christian Beacon. McIntire wrote: 
“We are confronted with the leftist and Roman Catholic control of the news media of this 
country.” 

The FBI-Los Angeles field office received an oral report from a Los Angeles informant on 
9/ 21/ 60 concerning comments made by J BS members (including owner Frank X. Ranuzzi) who 
operated the Poor Richard’s Book Shop in Hollywood, CA. Comments were also made by J BS 
member described as working for the Public Service Department of Coast Federal Savings and 
Loan in Los Angeles who gave lectures on free enterprise. This Coast Federal employee was 
described by informant as “very anti-Semitic”. [FBI-Los Angeles 100-59001, serial #56; 
9/ 30/ 60 Special Agent to SAC Los Angeles re: J ohn Birch Society. ] 





1960-10 


In the November 1960 J BS Bulletin, Robert Welch endorsed Merwin K. Hart’s “Economic 
Council Letter” which Welch described as: “This is a newsletter published twice a month by 
he National Economic Council...1t is a compact source of penetrating information and 
incisive opinion presented with complete accuracy but always from the Americanist point 
of view.” 


One FBI summary memo about Hart and his organization made the following observations. 
“Bufiles” refers to FBI files aka Bureau files. 


“Bufiles reflect he was the subject of a security type investigation conducted between 
1942 to April 1948, New York origin. This revealed he was pro-Fascist, pro-Franco, and 
was sympathetic to America First Group...Hart has been President of the National Economic 
Council, Inc. since it was founded in 1930...The organization has been described as strongly 
pro-Franco and ‘fascist’. It also has been termed as violently anti-labor and has made 
reckless attacks against the United Nations.” [FBI-HQ 100-128996, serial #127] 


Among Hart's “penetrating information and incisive opinion presented with complete 
accuracy but always from the Americanist point of view” is this observation: 


“Is it not likely that many of these 6 million claimed to have been killed by Hitler and 
Eichmann, are right here in the U.S. and are joining in the agitation for more and more 
support for the State of Israel--even if the American Republic goes down?” [Boston MA 
Globe, 7/ 4/65, page 4; FBI-Boston 100-32899, serial #346] 


One of Merwin Hart’s newsletters reported that: 
“It is apparent that left-wing J ews, working in close conjunction with Communists, are 
largely responsible for this so-called integration decision of the Supreme Court.” 


See other entries in this chronology re: Hart (especially 1950s-00) and see Congressional 
testimony by Hart: https://tinyurl.com/vppf8y5 Some issues of Hart’s “Economic Council Letter” may 
be seen here: https://archive.org/search.php? query=creator%3A%22Merwin+K.+Hart%22 








1960s-00 





T. Coleman Andrews Sr. (Richmond VA) was a founding member of the J ohn Birch Society and 
he served on its National Council starting in J anuary 1960. 


During the 1950’s, Andrews was a co-founder of Patrick Henry Group (PHG) in Richmond VA. 
The PHG produced and disseminated publications which asserted that Negroes were inferior 
to whites. For example, the PHG distributed Dr. Henry E. Garrett’s booklet, “How Classroom 
Desegregation Will Work” which claimed that de-segregation can’t work because blacksare 
biologically inferior. 


For additional historical background regarding Garrett's bigotry, see: 
Andrew S. Winston, "Science in the Service of the Far Right: Henry E Garrett, the IAAEE, 
and the Liberty Lobby "in Journal of Science Issues, 54, 1 (1998), 179-210 


John J. Synon was the Director of PHG and he was a J BS endorser. Synon was the public 
relations adviser to Coleman Andrews. In 1965, Synon was Director of the Coordinating 











1960s-00 


Committee For Fundamental American Freedoms (which opposed the 1964 civil rights bill). 
Synon was also involved with Citizens Councils of America and he contributed articles to its 
official monthly journal, The Citizen. 


Andrews was the States’ Rights Party candidate for President in 1956. He also was endorsed 
by the Constitution Party. See: 
http:/ / www. ourcampaigns. com/ PartyDetail. html?PartyID=45 





As pointed out in every standard history of the States’ Rights Party (as reported in this 
quotation from article above): 


"The States’ Rights Party broke from the Democratic Party in 1948. The Party opposed 
racial integration and wanted to retain J im Crow laws and racial segregation. The party 
slogan was ‘Segregation Forever!’ “ 


The “National Committee for T. Coleman Andrews and Thomas H. Werdel” as independent 
candidates was composed of numerous racists including men who later became members or 
endorsers of the J BS including J ohn U. Barr (Co-Chairman), A.G. Heinsohn Jr. (Co-Treasurer), 
J. Evetts Haley, and Dan Smoot. 


In California, the Constitution Party endorsed Andrews and Werdel. Many of the members of 
that Party (particularly during the 1950's) were overt racists. 

Rev. James Parker Dees of Statesville NC owned more than 1%of stock in Robert Welch, Inc., 
the publishing arm of the Birch Society. 


Dees was the founder and President of the North Carolina Defenders of States’ Rights, Inc. The 
Defenders was organized to perpetuate segregation and Jim Crow laws in North Carolina. As 
The Defenders pointed out in one of its publications: 


“If you believe in racial segregation, States’ Rights, and Constitutional government, then 
we invite you to become a member of our organization. Unless we are willing to fight to 
preserve our southern and democratic society, then the NAACP and the Communist Party 
and their ‘liberal’ and left-wing adjuncts will bring upon us a mongrel society, neither 
white nor truly colored, along with an authoritarian dictatorship.” 


AND 


“Racial segregation is in accord with the natural law which is product of God’s 
creation..Where racial integration is effected, instances of crime soar, and academic 
standards and school discipline deteriorate, and economic values are destroyed...Reliable 
anthropologists tell us that racial integration is among the major factors contributing to 
the decay and fall of the Egyptian, Greek and Roman civilizations, among others, and has 
resulted in some quarters in a decadent and disease-ridden people.” 


Dees also was a member of his local White Citizens Council and he served on the Editorial 
Board of the national publication of the Citizens Councils of America. 


According to Rev. Dees: “I think Gerald L.K. Smith is the greatest patriot in this country 
today. He is a profound Christian. | know him personally, and | have a deep respect for 
him... feel like there are good J ews and bad J ews; to Mr. Smith they’re all bad. I’ve seen 
a lot of evidence that seems to substantiate his contentions.” 


In the February 1962 issue of Smith’s racist and anti-semitic magazine, The Cross and the 
Flag, Smith described Rev. Dees as “our good friend and loyal supporter”. 








1960s-00 





The Birch Society recommended and sold anti-semitic books by British author Nesta Bevan 
Webster. The Society’s 1969 booklist, listed two titles by Webster: “World Revolution: The 
Plot Against Civilization” and “Secret Societies and Subversive Movements”. 


In World Revolution, Webster traces the conspiratorial role of Jews, as a hidden force, behind 
revolutionary movements from the French to the Bolshevik Revolutions. 

















In Secret Societies and Subversive Movements, Webster expanded upon her recurrent themes 
of Jewish plans for world domination and obliteration of Christianity which she traced to the 
Jewish Talmud. Chapter titles in the book included: The Jewish Cabalists and The Real Jewish 
Peril. 


In 1922, Webster associated herself with Boswell Printing and Publishing Company (London) 
and its new journal, The Patriot. That journal devoted itself to revealing the purported dark, 
sinister forces which allegedly engineered wars and chaos to destroy society. More specifically, 
it focused on a Judeo-Bolshevik plot. Over the years, Webster wrote 30 articles and had 4 books 
published under the auspices of Boswell. 


In the period from 1924-1927, Webster was a member of Britain's first fascist movement, The 
British Fascisti, (later re-named British Fascists, Ltd.) and for two years she served on its Grand 
Council. 


In 1926, Webster authored a pamphlet for the British Fascisti entitled “The Need For Fascism 
in Great Britain” and she gave lectures under the auspices of BF. 
https://archive.org/details/webster-nesta-the-need-for-fascism-in-great-britain- 1926-12 





In January 1965, Revilo P. Oliver, J BS National Council member and Associate Editor of the 
J BS magazine at that time (American Opinion) wrote a highly favorable review of Webster’ s 
book, World Revolution. The book quoted liberally from the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. 
Oliver described the book as follows: 


“World Revolution is simply indispensable in the library of any man who wishes to study 
the extremely intricate, highly ‘controversial’, and sometimes obscure history of the 
clandestine and scotinous conspiracy against humanity that has achieved such great 
triumphs in recent years.” {Revilo Oliver, “Oliver on Books”, American Opinion magazine, 
J anuary 1965, page 48]. 


Oliver described Nesta Webster as “a conscientiously careful scholar” who “was dealing with 
the most difficult and delicate of all historical problems, the secret activities of highly 
intelligent creatures that made every effort to conceal themselves and their activities 
from human sight.” [American Opinion, | anuary 1965, page 47]. 


After World Revolution was reprinted by Owen Publishing Company in Waco, Texas, it was 
advertised in American Opinion. Owen Publishing was owned by Homer L. Owen, the former 
publisher of “The Fighting American” newsletter which reprinted anti-semitic articles during 
the early 1960’s. Then, when Secret Societies was reprinted by Omni Publications of 
Hawthorne, California, it was advertised in the February 1965 issue of American Opinion. 


The Birch Society published articles in its magazine (The New American) which recommended 
Webster's publications. For example, a September 16, 1996 article in TNA by J BS member, 
William Mclilhany, recommended World Revolution (1921) and Secret Societies and Subversive 
Movements (1924). 


An article in the subsequent issue of TNA (9/ 30/96) entitled "Roots of Subversion" refers to 
Nesta Webster lamely as "a British historian" who, in conjunction with J BS founder Robert 
Welch, "overwhelmingly established by both logic and a physical mountain of evidence the 
existence of a ‘Master Conspiracy’.” [NOTE: Nesta Webster was not a “historian”. She had 
no formal training or college/ university degrees in history nor was she recognized within the 
UK as an historian. ] 


However, Mrs. Webster’s writings have been pre-eminent in shaping conspiratorial thinking 
throughout the English-speaking world. 


In the United States, the foremost promoters of Mrs. Webster's books, ideas, and themes, aside 
from the Birch Society, have been: 
e William Dudley Pelley (Silver Shirt Legion of America) and 











e holocaust deniers such as various Willis Carto enterprises including Institute For 
Historical Review and Liberty Lobby 

e Omni/ Christian Book Club of America (which specializes in anti-semitic publications) 

e as well as all the usual disciples of conspiratorial interpretations of history wherein 
J ews play a prominent, malevolent role in the conspiratorial blueprint. 

e In Britain, Webster's promoters have included the predominant fascist organization, 
National Front, and Arnold Leese who founded the Imperial Fascist League. 


Additional info re: Nesta Webster: 


https://archive.org/details/NestaWebsterTheVoiceOfConspirac 


https://archive.org/details/NestaBevanWebsterOxfordDictionaryNationalBiograph 











1960s-00 





Former J BS member Ben Klassen (Lighthouse Point and Pompano Beach FL) operated a J BS 
bookstore and he was a major financial contributor to the J BS. 


He became disillusioned with the JBS because of what he viewed as its tolerant position 
towards J ews. In November 1970, Klassen, along with Austin Davis, created the Nationalist 
White Party. The party's platform declared in its first sentence: "We believe that the White 
Race was created in the Image of the Lord...” 


In 1968, Klassen served as Florida campaign manager for George Wallace on behalf of the 
American Independent Party. He was State Vice Chairman and Broward County FL Chairman. 
In 1970, Klassen attended a meeting of the National Socialist White People’s Party (formerly 
known as American Nazi Party). He became an organizer for the NSWPP. [FBI-Miami 157-3464, 
serial #44]. 


Klassen attended the National States Rights Party National Convention at Newport KY from 
J une 20-21, 1970 and he was a featured speaker. 


According to FBI report 


“Ben Klassen, Pompano Beach FL stated he was a former member of the J ohn Birch 
Society. He had given over thousand dollars to that Society before he learned that Robert 
Welch, its leader, was not telling the members the truth about Jews being in the 
Communist movement. He referred to the J ohn Birch Society as the ‘J ew Birch Society’.” 
During this NSRP Convention, a publication authored by Klassen and Austin Davis entitled 
“50 Phony Arguments Used by Kosher Conservatives to Confuse Gentiles” was distributed. 
It claimed that ‘communism is a Jewish conspiracy created to destroy the white race 
through ‘mongrelization, annihilation, and degeneration’.” (FBI-Miami 157-3464, serial #9 
dated 7/1/70, page 4) and Miami 157-3464, serial #44; 12/ 20/ 71]. 


An FBI summary memo on Klassen observed: 


“He owns and operates an ‘American Opinion Bookstore’ located adjacent to his real 
estate business and through this bookstore he sells all types of right wing 
literature...Klassen feels the white Christians of the U.S. are being victimized by J ews and 
that Jews are behind the Communist, black militants, young revolutionist, and other 
radical groups with the intent of eventually overthrowing the U.S. Government, and 
establishing themselves as leaders of the government. He feels the white Christians are 
apathetic, unorganized, and ignorant to the problem created by the Jews and he is 
attempting to arouse the white Christians in order to save the U.S. He believes Hitlerwas 
avery intelligent person who recognized the problem the J ews presented and his downfall 
was caused by the J ews with the assistance of Christian traitors. Klassen also feels the 
Negroes are inferior to whites and he is opposed to all forms of integration but fears the 
Jews more. Late in 1970, Klassen formed an organization called the Nationalist White 
Party and he intends to use it as a means to alert and arouse the white Christians... Klassen 











has also published one issue of a newsletter called ‘Racial Loyalty’ which is described as 
a publication of the Nationalist White Party.” [FBI-Miami 157-3464, serial #27; 9/21/71 
Special Agent Report]. 


Klassen’s 1973 book, Nature’s Eternal Religion, calls for unification of the white race and 
opposition to J ews as the parasitical destroyers of white civilization. 

1960s-00 | JBS member Frank R. Purinton (New York) organized Suffolk Freedom Fighters and the pro- 

segregation New York Citizens Council. 


His personal papers are at University of Oregon (Eugene OR) as Special Collection #210. The 
finding aid describes Purinton as follows: 


“Frank R. Purinton spent the majority of his lifetime pursuing and attacking evils which 
he believed threatened the United States and Christianity... Purinton was actively involved 
in forming and propagating theories regarding the ‘Communist-Zionist-Satanist’ plot to 
take over the world. In Purinton's world, ‘Jew’ and ‘Communist’ were virtual synonyms. 
To him, ‘Communist J ews’ sought control of the U.S. government, the Federal Reserve 
Board, the media, and African-Americans, as a step toward world domination. Purinton 
strongly objected to efforts by contemporary Christian thinkers to identify Christ as a J ew 
and he put considerable time and energy into a lifelong crusade to discredit the notion.” 

1960s-00 | JBS member George B. Fowler (Holyoke MA) founded the group Massachusetts For America 
(MFA) during the 1950's. 





MFA was part of the 1956 pro-segregation “States Rights” movement. Fowler’s organization 
distributed literature by such well-known bigots as Myron C. Fagan (Cinema Educational Guild), 
Gerald L.K. Smith (Christian Nationalist Crusade), and Robert H. Williams (Williams 
Intelligence Summary newsletter). 


In 1961, Fowler was on Willis Carto’s Liberty Lobby Board of Policy. 


Congressman Lawrence P. McDonald (GA) submitted an affidavit in a lawsuit involving Liberty 
Lobby which described the Lobby as "an organization founded by Willis Carto who seeks to 
use American populist causes as the method to bring about a National Socialist (Nazi) 
regime.” [McDonald became the leader of the J BS after Robert Welch died. ] 


Fowler was also a member of the anti-semitic/ racist “Defenders of the American 
Constitution” (formed by Pedro A. Del Valle in J uly 1953) and he was a financial contributor 
to Gerald L.K. Smith. Del Valle believed that the greatest danger to the U.S. originated from 
a “one-worldist conspiracy” whose leadership was comprised of J ewish financiers in New 
York who controlled international communism. [FBI-HQ 100-74493] 


For an exceptional article on The Defenders organization, see Kevin Coogan’s 

“THE DEFENDERS OF THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTION AND THE LEAGUE OF EMPIRE LOYALISTS: 
THE FIRST POSTWAR ANGLO-AMERICAN REVOLTS AGAINST THE ‘ONE WORLD ORDER’ “- which 
is available online as a Word document. 

1960s-00 | J}BS member Richard A. Evans (Arcadia CA) operated the Patriot Book Shop which sold 
publications authored by Kenneth Goff which included his volume “Confessions of Stalin’s 
Agent” that observed: “The ultimate objective of the Communist movement (is) the 
establishment of a J ewish World State.” 

1960s-00 | JBS member, J. Evetts Haley (Texas), was a life-long segregationist. He was a member of pro- 
segregation organizations such as White Citizens Council, Federation for Constitutional 
Government, and Constitution Party. His 1956 campaign for Governor of Texas included a 
pledge to use the Texas Rangers to defend school segregation. Haley also favored doctrine of 
interposition to overrule Supreme Court decisions. 








Haley asserted that the "breakdown of color lines and mixture of the races --black, white, 
and tan-- is one of the cardinal principles of Red philosophy." 

















Haley was critical of George Wallace in 1963 for not ordering Alabama law enforcement 
officers to fire upon U.S. Marshals who were sent to Alabama to enforce integration at 
University of Alabama. 








1960s-00 





Eric Dudley Butler (Australia) was a paid J BS speaker as well as the Far East Correspondent 
for the J BS magazine American Opinion. 


In his biographical sketch in American Opinion, Butler is described as “National Director of 
the League of Rights, Australia’s most significant anti-Communist organization.” 


Butler founded the League and edited its publication, “New Times”. In the September 26, 
1947 issue, Butler wrote: 


“Ever since their active participating in the crucifixion of Christ, the J ewish leaders have 
worked ceaselessly to undermine and destroy the Christian faith. They have always 
believed and still believe in the Chosen Race idea; that the J ewish leaders are destined to 
rule the world.” 


In the September 12, 1958 issue of New Times, Butler wrote: 


“What is meant by the word gentleman does not exist among] ews. The genuine J ew fails 
in this innate good breeding...” and in 1960 Butler declared that “the constant repetition of 
the statement that the Germans murdered six million J ews is without doubt one of the 
most frightening examples of the successful use of the big lie technique...to exaggerate 
the number of J ews murdered in order to make it easier for the Political Zionists to try 
and justify their own murderous and totalitarian policies.” 


According to Butler, Jews were behind everything from the Spanish Inquisition to Nazism. 
Hitler, Butler declared, was of J ewish descent and the Fuhrer was "a man who helped advance 
J ewish aims". Nazi policies were financed by J ews - with the intention of having J ews arrive 
as refugees all over the world to spread their anti-Christian evil and political subversion. 


In 1941, Butler wrote a pamphlet entitled “The War Behind the War: The Real Nature of 
the Opposing Forces”. Butler’s argument was that Hitler’s National Socialism was “a J ewish 
system for exercising mastery over the world.” That same year, Butler published: “The 
Enemy Within the Empire: A Short History of the Bank of England” which claimed that 
J ewish international financiers controlled the Bank of England. 


Butler first came to the attention of the Australian federal government in 1945 after he served 
as an instructor of officers in the army. It was later revealed that he had been consorting with 
the enemy via the J apanese Chamber of Commerce. 


During World War II, Butler described our war-time ally Russia as “a J ewish slave state... 
controlled by international J ewish financiers in New York”. Butler described the United 
Nations as "merely a cloak for J ewish policies". 


In 1946, Butler published his "seminal" work, a 166-page book entitled "The International 
J ew: The Truth About the Protocols of Zion". [Its original title was “Hitler’s Policy Was a 
J ewish Policy”]. Eric Butler, The International J ew: The Truth About “the Protocols of Zion” 
(Melbourne: New Times Limited, 1946). 


In this publication, Butler argued that J ews installed Bolshevism in Russia and they helped 
establish the League of Nations and then they brought Hitler to power as their agent so that 
he would serve the policies and war aims of J ewish international finance. Butler had been 
penning such forgeries since 1937. The International | ew’s primary contention: that a Zionist 
super government used its wealth to control the governments of the world and J ews were 
portrayed as an existential threat to liberty and personal freedoms, reducing Australia to a 
slave state. The Catholic archdiocese of Sydney, Australia described Butler’s publication as 
“anti-Semitism at its worst” and a “disgraceful and mischievous production which is 
calculated to do harm to its readers” 











In the 1950s Butler denounced the vaccine against polio as a J ewish ruse to kill children. In 
one of his publications, he stated: "Violence to the negro is but a pleasurable excitement. 
Blood rites move him to ecstasy." 


Some examples of books sold by Butler's organization include: Fraudulent Conversion, by 
British National Socialist Movement founder Colin Jordan; The World Conquerors, by 
Hungarian Arrow Cross member Louis Marschalko; Anti-Zion, by William Grimstad, former 
managing editor of the American Nazi Party paper, White Power; Hitler: Born at Versailles, 
by Belgian Waffen SS leader Leon Degrelle; J ewish Ritual Murder, by Imperial Fascist League 
founder Arnold Leese; For Those Who Cannot Speak, by Michael McLaughlin, leader of the 
openly Nazi British Movement; Imperium, by Francis Parker Yockey, which is dedicated to 'the 
hero of the Second World War' - Adolf Hitler. 


Aside from his association with the J ohn Birch Society, Butler also worked with anti-Semites 
such as British fascist Arnold Leese as well as Gerald L.K. Smith in the United States. In J anuary 
19, 1964, Butler was a featured speaker at one of Smith's events in Los Angeles (Citizens’ 
Congressional Committee). Then a few months later, a Smith group published Butler’s speech 
as a 30-page pamphlet. 


In October 1965, the Australian Anglican Church published a report by its Vicar, the Rev. D.J. 
Pope, which stated that an anti-Semitic group was engaged in secret infiltration of Australian 
churches. Vicar Pope also declared that the group was spreading the lie “that the J ews are 
trying to seize control of the world” and the group was “reviving old techniques used 
against the Jews.” Pope identified the infiltrating group as The League of Rights - the 
organization founded and directed by Eric D. Butler. 


Mark Aarons, an expert on Nazis in Australia, said Butler was a "leading fascist, a racist of the 
highest order, most especially he was an anti-semite." 


For additional information concerning Butler’s long record of racism and anti-semitism, see: 
K.D. Gott: “Voices of Hate: A Study of the Australian League of Rights and its Director, 
Eric D. Butler”: (Melbourne, Australia, Dissent Publishing Assn, 1965, 45pp]. 


Also see, pages 190-191 of the 1997 book, “Faces of Hate: Hate Crime in Australia” edited 
by Chris Cunneen, David Fraser, Stephen Tomsen [Sydney, Australia: Hawkins Press, 1997, 
250pp] 

https:// books. google.com/ books?id=R8nmw1wlgeUC&pg=PA213&!pg=PA213&dq=Voices+tof-Hate+by4K. D. +Gott&sour 
ce=bl&ots=GA] wTlUmZa&sig=ACfU3U0KN_ x] nOAZtoHbKWmES| zF- 

9uDFA&hI=en&sa=xX&ved=2ahUKEwj Kn] Cv_4bgAhWHhVQKHWGPBNsQ6AEwBHoECAMQAQ#v=onepage&g=butler&f=fals 
e 














1960s-00 


JBS member Rev. Ferrell Griswold (Birmingham, AL) was a paid speaker under the auspices 
of the Birch Society’s American Opinion Speakers Bureau on the topic “Civil Rights or Civil 
Riots”. 


Griswold frequently was also the featured speaker at Klan meetings in the south because he 
said, the Klan was a “patriotic” and "conservative" organization. [Note: At the time he made 
his Klan speeches, the Klan was listed as a subversive organization on the U.S. Attorney 
General’s List of Subversive Organizations starting November 24, 1947. ] 


Also see: Rev. Ferrell Griswold, “What One Communist Agent Can Do To Endanger Your 
Freedom,” which Griswold wrote for the official monthly publication of the United Klans of 
America, i.e. The Fiery Cross, (May 20, 1964, page 4). 








1960s-00 





Thomas Linton Metzger (Fallbrook and San J acinto CA) became a member of the Birch Society 
in the 1960’s. Metzger was kicked out of the J BS because of his anti-Vietnam War position. 
Metzger described the J] BS as “ostensibly not a racist organization, but the majority of 
people in it were racists.” [Vincent Coppola: Dragons of God—A J ourney Through Far-Right 
America, 1996, page 79] 


During the 1960’s, Metzger supported the Presidential candidacies of Sen. Barry Goldwater 
(1964) and Gov. George C. Wallace (1968). Later he became an ordained minister within the 
racist and anti-Semitic Christian Identity church movement. In the 1970’s, he became an 











adherent of Ku Klux Klansman, David Duke and Duke appointed Metzger to be Grand Wizard of 
the California Knights of the KKK. He later split from Duke and organized the California Knights 
of the Ku Klux Klan. In 1982, Metzger founded his own racist group, White American Political 
Association which was later re-named White Aryan Resistance. 





1960s-00 


1960s-00 


Thomas Arthur Robb (Zinc and Harrison AR) joined the J ohn Birch Society while he was in high 
school. His mother (Elda) was an adherent of the racist and anti-Semitic sentiments of Gerald 
L.K. Smith. Robb studied at Kenneth Goff’s Soldiers of the Cross Bible Institute in Evergreen, 
Colorado and he became a Christian Identity pastor. 


Robb published several racist and anti-Semitic newsletters including “The Message of Old 
Monthly” and “The Torch” and “The White Patriot” and “The Crusader” a 12-page quarterly 
newspaper which describes itself as "The Political Voice of White Christian America!" In its 
final 2016 issue, Robb endorsed Donald Trump for President 


Robb became National Director of the Knights Party (formerly known as Knights of the KKK). 
He also was Pastor of the Christian Revival Center. He has been a major contributor to the 
neo-nazi internet forum, “Stormfront”. . 

J BS member James Z. Oviatt (Los Angeles CA) was closely connected to Rev. Wesley A. Swift 
(a major figure in the California Ku Klux Klan) whose speeches and sermons were filled with 
anti-semitic ideology akin to Christian Identity beliefs today. 


Oviatt owned a clothing store and he distributed The Protocols of the Elders of Zion along 
with Conde McGinley’s racist and anti-semitic Common Sense newspaper to his customers. In 
1952 Oviatt was a candidate for Vice President of the U.S. on Gerald L.K. Smith’s Christian 
Nationalist Party ticket. [FBl-Los Angeles 157-925; also see: “Rightist Mailings Stir Coast 
Clash”, New York Times, 2/9/64, page 48] 








1960’s 
1970's 





Former Congressman J ohn R. Rarick (St. Francisville LA) wrote articles for the Birch Society 
magazines, American Opinion and Review of the News. Rarick also was a featured speaker at 
a Los Angeles dinner of the J BS National Council. 


1961 = Rarick campaigned for J udge of the 20th J udicial District in Louisiana. He vowed to 
support all laws protecting segregation: “I will not hesitate to jail violators of these laws 
whether they be local citizens or outsiders”. [See 08-02-61 letter from Rarick to William M. 
Rainach, the Chairman of the Louisiana J oint Legislative Committee to Maintain Segregation 
in Rainach Papers, Collection 087, at Louisiana State University—Shreveport LA. ] 


1962 = Rarick was on the Board of Directors of the Citizens Councils of Louisiana along with 
other virulent racists such as Ned Touchstone, J ackson G. Ricau, and J ack M. Helm. Helm was 
the United Klans of America Exalted Cyclops for Realm of Louisiana, [See the Papers of William 
M. Rainach at Louisiana State University—Shreveport. Touchstone, Helm, and Rarick were all 
members of the Ku Klux Klan.] The FBI described “The Councilor” as, “the official journal of 
the Citizens Council of Louisiana, Inc.” and described its editor, Ned Touchstone, as “a rabid 
segregationist” and a member of the KKK. [FBI-HQ 105-44536, serial #37, J. Edgar Hoover 
07/ 27/ 66 reply to inquiry about Citizens Councils of Louisiana. ] 


1963 =Rarick joined the Original Knights of the KKK in St. Francisville LA. 


1963 =In a Rarick letter to Willie Rainach, Rarick observed that: 

“The only answer for the Southern and all white people is to have a secret underground 
army prepared to take whatever steps as are necessary to defend ourselves.” [10/27/63 
Rarick letter in William M. Rainach Papers, Collection 087, archived at Louisiana State 
University—Shreveport]. 


1964 =Rarick became Exalted Cyclops of his klavern of the Original Knights of the KKK during 
the time when he still served as a District J udge. This position made him the President of his 
Klan unit. The OKKK subsequently became known in February 1965 as the Anti-Communist 
Christian Association. 

















In 1965, Rarick was a speaker at a rally in Baton Rouge LA sponsored by “United Conservatives” 
which actually was a front for the racist Citizens Councils of Louisiana. [FBI-HQ 105-44536, 
serial #35]. 


1965 =During the time Rarick served as a Circuit J udge, he told African American New Orleans 
civil rights attorney Lolis Edward Ely: “I didn’t know they let coons practice law.” [Los 
Angeles Times, 01/23/68, page 5 =J ack Nelson: “Negro Attorney Claims J udge Harassed 
Him”. ] 


1965 =J ohn Rarick and Selma AL Sheriff James G. Clark were featured guests at the United 
Conservative Rally and Parade in Bogalusa LA which was sponsored by the Anti-Communist 
Christian Association (ACCA). The ACCA was a Klan front group. [For ACCA description, see 
FBI-HQ 157-3676, page 7 which is an Appendix summary on the ACCA which appears in FBI HQ 
file on Klansman J ames Ford Seale. ] 


1965 =At a Bogalusa LA rally, Rarick greeted the audience by saying “Good evening fellow 
racists” and he told the crowd that any Congressman who voted for the Voting Rights Act was 
a traitor. Alvin Cobb was another featured speaker at this rally. Cobb was the primary 
organizer for the Knights of White Christians and he also served as Exalted Cyclops for the 
United Klans of America klavern in New Orleans. Cobb told the audience that: “The white 
race has been and always will be a superior race.” [05/08/65 Baton Rouge LA Morning 
Advocate and FBI HQ 62-102337, serials #8 and #22 and FBI-New Orleans 100-15770. ] 


1965 =Rarick was featured speaker at Natchez MS event sponsored by the Americans for the 
Preservation of the White Race. [See 6/3/65 issue of Mary Cain’s pro-segregation weekly 
Summit MS newspaper, The Summit Sun. Cain was a J ohn Birch Society member. ] 


1965 =Rarick addressed a Labor Day Parade by the Original Knights of the KKK but they used 
name “Anti-Communist Christian Association”. Also: “On 11/9/65 a source of the New 
Orleans office advised that J ohn R. Rarick, a local judge from St. Francisville LA was known 
to have attended a meeting of the Original Knights of the KKK.” [FBI-HQ 94-58099, serial #3 
which is notation on Bureau file copy of 6/1/66 J. Edgar Hoover letter to J BS member Mrs. 
Anna McKinney. ] 


In May 1966, “District J udge J ohn R. Rarick, an outspoken conservative and segregationist 
has announced his resignation to seek the 6 Congressional District seat held by Rep. 
J ames H. Morrison.” [Ruston LA Daily Leader, 5/17/66, p2; “J udge Resigns to Seek Post” ] 


In J uly 1966, Rarick served as the Coordinator for the law enforcement portion of a seminar 
at the annual New England Rally for God, Family and Country which was an event organized 
primarily by J BS members. Speakers included | BS members or endorsers such as: Frank Flick, 
Revilo Oliver, Glenn O. Young, Clarence Manion, Mary Cain, and Ezra Taft Benson. A notation 
on the FBI memo discussing this Rally mentioned that: “On 11/9/65 a source of the New 
Orleans office advised that J ohn R. Rarick, a local judge from St. Francisville LA was known 
to have attended a meeting of the Original Knights of the KKK.” [FBI-HQ 94-58099, serial 
#3] 


“John R. Rarick has been identified by our informants as a Klan member in Louisiana.” 
[FBI-HQ 56-3970, serial #5, 9/ 16/ 66]. 


1966 = Rarick was urged to run for Congress by the KKK and the White Citizens Council in 
Louisiana. [Elizabeth Blum and Arthur Magida: “J ohn R. Rarick—Democratic Representative 
of Louisiana”; Grossman Publishers, 1972, 29pp; Ralph Nader Congress Project. ] 

Also see: https://journals.openedition.org/ejas/14437 


1966 =Rarick’s opponent in the 1966 election for the Louisiana 6th Congressional District seat 
(Jimmie H. Morrison) stated that Rarick joined his local Klan in 1963 and then he became 
Exalted Cyclops in 1964. [Jimmie H. Morrison Papers at Southeastern Louisiana University 
Archives. ] Also: “J ohn R. Rarick has been identified by our informants as a Klan member in 
Louisiana.” [FBI-HQ file 56-3970, serial #5, 9/ 16/66]. 











1967 = Klansman Ned Touchstone’s publication, The Councilor, published an article which 
declared that Rarick and other Klansmen used a secret strategy called “Ingredient Four” to 
defeat the Congress of Racial Equality’s civil rights activities in Bogalusa LA. [The Councilor, 
4/ 4/ 67). 


Rarick was also a member of the Board of Directors for Ned Touchstone’s anti-semitic and 
racist newspaper, The Councilor - which was the official organ of the Citizens Councils of 
Louisiana, Inc. 


1968 =J ohn Birch Society National Council member, Thomas J. Anderson, became Chairman 
of the American Friends of J ohn Rarick which supported Rarick’s re-election campaign for the 
6th Congressional District of Louisiana. Other members of the “Friends” group included J BS 
members/ endorsers: Edwin A. Walker, Pedro del Valle, Curtis Dall, J. Evetts Haley, Richard 
B. Cotten, Richard Moran, George Stratemeyer, Billy] ames Hargis and W. Cleon Skousen. Most 
of these men were segregationists. 


1969 =Rarick helped form the National Youth Alliance which was Willis Carto’s neo-nazi group. 
The FBI's description: “NYA currently is controlled by individuals who militantly promote 
white racism and anti-Zionism and who suggest violent revolution ultimately as the means 
for implementing their racial and political ideas in America.” William Pierce (former Info 
Officer of National Socialist White People’s Party) was the registered agent of the new 
corporation and Editor of NYA publications Attack and Action. 


1970's =Rarick wrote articles for J ohn Birch Society magazines, American Opinion and Review 
of the News (see list below). He also was invited to speak at a J ohn Birch Society National 
Council dinner in Los Angeles in March 1973. 


“The Dollar Bilderberger” 1/12/72, TROTN 
“Stop the Seabed Piracy” 1/8/73, TROTN 
“Subsidizing Politicians” 2/6/74, TROTN 
“Saving Chile”, 3/74, AO 


1970 =J ust prior to the August 1970 primary election in Louisiana for the 6'® Congressional 
District seat, Imperial Wizard Robert M. Shelton of Alabama visited Louisiana “and told a Klan 
rally that the nation needed more men like Rarick and Wallace.” (George Wallace). [Ruston 
LA Daily Leader, 8/17/70, p13]. 


1971 =Rarick used the Congressional Record to enter his article entitled “Anti-Defamation 
League—Supersubversive Group—Gestapo of the Establishment” [Congressional Record, 1* 
session, 1971, pages 44974-44983]. 


1971 =Gerald L.K. Smith described Rarick as “a great statesman and a fearless patriot” 
[12/ 71, The Cross and the Flag, page 15] 


1987-1990 = Cong. John Rarick was a supporter of, and gave opening speeches at rallies by 
Klansman David Duke. [See: Tyler Bridges: “The Rise of David Duke”, University Press of 
Mississippi, 1994, pages 9 and 176. ] 





1960-08 


Doug Heinsohn, the JBS Regional Coordinator for seven states, attended meeting of 
segregationist group, North Carolina Defenders of States’ Rights. [Burlington NC Daily Times, 
page B-1] 





1961-00 


J BS member and chapter leader Harold S. Tuttle (Eagle River WI) was a 1961 contributor to 
Gerald L.K. Smith and then a George Wallace Presidential elector in 1968. 





1961-00 


J BS member Wilma Oswolt (Michigan) was appointed as the official representative of the 
white supremacist National States Rights Party in Michigan in 1961. The FBI described NSRP as 
a virulently racist and anti-semitic organization". [FBI-HQ 105-44536, serial #37] 








1961-02 





J BS founder Robert Welch could not bring himself to condemn bigots like Gerald L.K. Smith 
(GLKS) or Russell Maguire (publisher of American Mercury magazine) or Verne Kaub (the 
President of American Council of Christian Laymen in Madison WI). 

















In a 1960 letter to Verne Kaub regarding GLKS, Welch declared that: 

“I began by feeling that, while | might disagree with him somewhat on some matters, since 
most of us conservatives never quite agree with each other about anything, that 
undoubtedly he had been terribly maligned because of his patriotism. And | held to the 
view that he was undoubtedly a good man, a sincere man, and a good patriot for a long 
time...” [12/1/60 Welch letter to Verne P. Kaub] 


In a subsequent letter to Kaub, Welch wrote: 


“L insisted on remaining on entirely friendly terms with Gerald L.K. Smith, Verne, in our 
exchanges of correspondence which he kept up and carried on, despite all of the smear 
attacks and the way his reputation had been smeared by so many attacks. On his insistent 
request | had even assured him that, in due time and when we were willing to send out a 
few copies of The Politician again - which meant whenever the smears against us based 
on The Politician had receded a little bit into the past - | would send him acopy.” 


Welch also observed: 

“As you know, it is my very deep rooted intention to try to work on just as friendly terms 
as I possibly can with every good patriot in this country who is honestly and truly opposed 
to the Communist advance...despite whatever other characteristic any such person might 
have with which | would not be in sympathy. (Provided, of course, there is nothing 
dishonorable either in the character of the actions to be considered). Which is why | was 
perfectly willing to keep working with Russell Maguire and letting him reprint my 
material...” [2/9/61 Robert Welch letter to Verne Kaub. ] 


Welch's “friendly terms” reference to Gerald L.K. Smith (a notorious racist and anti-semite) 
is instructive. 


Smith’s favorite publications about J ews were “The International Jew” by Henry Ford and 
“The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion”. His favorite publications about blacks were 
“You and Segregation” by Herman E. Talmadge and Wesley C. George’s “The Biology of the 
Race Problem” which argued that blacks were genetically inferior to whites. 


In June 1956, Gerald L.K. Smith wrote an article entitled “Quarantined by the Anti-Christ” 
which described his beliefs: 


“| discovered the most powerful manipulating force behind Communism is the organized 
international J ew. | frustrated myself by keeping my own counsel for some months---in 
fact, almost two years after | became convinced that Communism growing out of the 
philosophy of the J ew Karl Marx is not only related to one J ew personality, but has been 
an instrument of international J ewish intrigue.” Smith then goes on to discuss his contempt 
for Jewish organizations such as Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith in virtually identical 
language as Robert Welch used a few years later. 


Also see GLKS 1963 publication “Confessions”. Smith discusses his relationship with Henry Ford 
and how Ford “brought to the surface” a copy of “the secret minutes of International 
Zionist J ews at a time when they planned world conquest. In referring to these secret 
minutes, known as The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion, Mr. Ford pointed out that 
as early as 1920 at least half of the conspiracy outlined in the Protocols had beencarried 
out. | have reproduced this document.” Smith then goes on to recommend another 
publication that influenced his beliefs, i.e. Martin Luther’s book entitled “The J ews and Their 
Lies” 


In February 1962, GLKS wrote to Welch: 


“You are doing a great work and | would be the last to want to injure you or in any way 
hinder your accomplishments. May God bless you and extend your years and give you 
wisdom and courage as you fight in defense of our Constitutional Republic and our 
Christian civilization and our patriotic traditions.” [Gerald L.K. Smith to Robert Welch 




















2/9/62]. Even in November 1960, Smith told Verne Kaub: “I hold Mr. Welch in high esteem 
and my correspondence with him has been lengthy and cordial”. [11/21/60 Smith letter to 
Verne Kaub] 


Welch’s “friendly terms” continued into April 1962 when Welch wrote a letter to GLKS to 
explain why the Birch Society could not cooperate with Smith whom Welch lamely put into the 
same category as “other anti-Communist groups or leaders”. 


Welch attributed his decision to “a basic disagreement between us as to the main sources 
of the strength of the conspiracy” which Welch believed the J BS was fighting. Welch did not 
believe that the “main source” was (as Smith believed) J ews. 


But Welch then assured Smith that: 


“My conclusions, arrived at from a lot of studying over a long period of time, are not for 
‘political reasons’ but are entirely sincere. | am willing to concede the same sincerity to 
yourself in your views.” 


And Welch concluded: 


“I have been and still am entirely willing to let you fight your battle, without any 
interference from me, while | fight my own...1 have never gone out of my way to condemn, 
or take any ‘cracks’ at, Gerald L.K. Smith and his views, because it simply is not my job 
or my province to do so. | am, as | have said many times, fighting the Communists, and 
nobody else.” [4/24/62 letter from Robert Welch to Gerald L.K. Smith. ] 


Thus, we must conclude that in Robert Welch’s scheme of things, there was nothing 
“dishonorable either in the character or of the actions...” in overt racists or anti-semites 
such as Russell Maguire, Verne Kaub, and Gerald L.K. Smith 


Verne Kaub was an anti-semite and he never hid is J ew-hatred from Welch or any other 
correspondent. Kaub refused to join the J BS as a dues-paying member because (he said) Welch 
allowed “too many J ews” to become members. 


In a 02/22/60 letter to Helen Lasell (J ackson Heights, Long Island, NY) Kaub wrote that he 
attended a J] BS recruitment meeting by Robert Welch in Chicago in August 1959 but Kaub 
noted: 


“| made it very clear at this meeting that | was not particularly happy over the fact that 
J ews are accepted as members of the Society, but that | would go along unless and until 
there was some indication of softness toward Zionism. Welch accepted this with good 
grace. | had an hour conference with him in Chicago...and there was no disagreement on 
any point.” 


Nevertheless, Welch asked Kaub to include his name on the J] BS Committee of Endorsers - and 
Kaub agreed. Welch arranged for Kaub to become a J BS Home Chapter member so he would 
receive all J BS publications. 


Kaub also recommended Elizabeth Dilling’s 1934 book, The Red Network: A Who's Who and 
Handbook of Radicalism for Patriots. Kaub described Dilling as being “persecuted more 
than any other woman | know of” because of the “terrific pressures...brought upon her by 
the cooperating Communist-Zionist forces.” [1/8/60 letter from Verne Kaub to J BS member 
Mrs. Phoebe Courtney - New Orleans LA] 


In February 1966, the Business Manager of the Birch Society's Wholesale Book Division (Donald 
R. Gray) sent a notice to all of the Society’s “American Opinion Bookstores” which warned 
them against stocking or selling publications that “are not of sufficient value in substance 
or scholarship to rise above the level of anti-Semitic invective or propaganda.” Gray then 
listed “most of the books or pamphlets” recommended or published by several individuals - 
including Gerald L.K. Smith! 











1961-02 





Nevertheless, people connected to Gerald L.K. Smith's organizations were accepted as | BS 
members and some were even major financial contributors to GLKS. The following JBS 
members/ endorsers were financial contributors to Gerald L.K. Smith's racist and anti-semitic 
Christian Nationalist Crusade: 


George B. Fowler - Holyoke MA 

Dr. Hugh S. Ramsay - Bloomington IN 

Olive Simes - Boston (and stockholder in Robert Welch Inc.) 

Franklin Farrel J r. - New Haven CT 

Edgar A. Scheubert - Chicago IL 

Paul H. Talbert - Beverly Hills CA (J BS National Council member) 

James Oviatt - Los Angeles CA 

H.S. Tuttle - Eagle River, WI (J BS chapter leader) 

Dr. Lawrence A. Lacey of Madison WI wrote to Robert Welch and suggested that Welch may 
not be familiar with all the indisputable factual evidence about what Lacey considered the 
connections between J ews and communism. 


Welch objected to “your charge of cowardice against me...Since | own and have read 
practically every book on the list on Page 2 of your letter, since | have had, subscribed to, 
or made contributions so as to receive every issue of Conde McGinley’s COMMON SENSE, - 
- | believe - since the day the paper was started; since | had subscribed for years to the 
paper put out by Robert Williams, and bought all his pamphlets; and since | have read and 
studied a great deal of other material along the same lines, your assumption of my 
ignorance on this subject is not too well founded.” 


Conde McGinley and Robert H. Williams were among the most virulent anti-semites and racists 
in our country. See other entries in this chronology for details. 


Welch’s letter to Dr. Lacey then explains: 


“To me it seems likely, Dr. Lacey, that in 1900 or 1905, at the time of the first Russian 
Revolution, which was led by Trotsky, or in 1917, or even up to the middle 1920’s. the 
Communist Conspiracy was largely a child or at least a ward of the Zionist conspiracy. And 
for that reason J ews were preponderant in the top levels of the Communist hierarchy.” 


Welch goes on to explain that he thought the situation changed circa 1937 or 1938 when Stalin 
consolidated his power and, at that time, “the child had quite largely outgrown the 
parent...There followed a period when the Zionist conspiracy and the Communist 
conspiracy undoubtedly worked closely together, each one hoping and counting on ‘using’ 
the other, and coming out on top.” Then (according to Welch) the Communist conspiracy 
outgrew the Zionist conspiracy so “the Zionist conspiracy has itself become merely on of 
the tools of the top Communist command.” 


Welch closes his four-page letter by telling Dr. Lacey that: 


“Frankly, Dr. Lacey, I think that blaming the whole Communist conspiracy today, or during 
the past decade, on the Jews is an extremely dangerous over-simplification of our 
problem, and exactly what the Communists (including those who pose as J ews) want us to 
do. And I simply cannot go along with it.” 


Notice that Welch does not state that the J ew-Communist conspiracy is a falsehood. Instead, 
it is merely an “oversimplification of our problem”. [2/10/61 Robert Welch letter to Dr. 
Lawrence A. Lacey] Note: In April 1962, Welch wrote a similar letter regarding the Zionist 
Conspiracy to Verne Kaub. 


It should also be noted that Robert Welch’ s vicious attack upon President Dwight D. Eisenhower 
(and his Administration) which Welch wrote about in his 1954 manuscript entitled “The 
Politician” is nearly identical to comments which were published in hate sheets like Conde 











McGinley’s newspaper, Common Sense, and Robert H. Williams’ newsletter, “Williams 
Intelligence Summary” and J oseph Kamp’s newsletter, “Headlines and What’s Behind Them”. 


All those hate sheets made comments about an “Invisible Government” operating in the U.S. 
and the “Jew-Marxist-Zionist New Deal” which then used Eisenhower “to break down 
European countries for Communism...” 


In particular, see the March 15, 1952 issue of Kamp’s newsletter, “Headlines” and the 
“Special Eisenhower Edition of the Williams Intelligence Summary” also published in 1952 
and just about every issue of Gerald L.K. Smith’s publication, “The Cross and the Flag” and 
the January 1, 1953 issue of McGinley’s “Common Sense” newspaper for article entitled 
“Baruch Appoints Eisenhower Cabinet”. 


Other racist/ anti-semitic publications which published comparable articles include: 
“Women’s Voice” by Lyrl Clark Van Hyning (Chicago IL) 

“The American Nationalist” by Frank L. Britton (Inglewood CA) 

“The Broom” by C. Leon DeAryan” (San Diego CA) 

“The American Commentator” by Stephen Nenoff (Denton TX) 


Not surprisingly, Robert Welch told Dr. Lawrence Lacey (in 1961) that he subscribed to many 
of these hate sheets and Welch accepted the concept of a Zionist conspiracy which pre-dated 
the Communist conspiracy. Also, not surprisingly, after Welch created the Birch Society, many 
of these hate sheets praised Welch and the J BS. 





1961-02 


J BS endorser (and maybe member) Guy Banister (New Orleans LA) was a former FBI employee. 
During his campaign for New Orleans City Council, Banister declared: 

“| take a positive stand in favor of segregation of the races. There are 15 active 
organizations in New Orleans promoting integration of the races. Ten of these 
organizations are Communist fronts or have submitted to Communist influence and 
direction. As council-man-at large, | can be helpful in nullifying the machinations of these 
Communist agents and help in maintaining peace and harmony in the city.” [New Orleans 
LA Times-Picayune, 2/ 26/61, page 25]. 


Banister also published a pro-segregation newspaper, the West Bank Herald in Gretna LA. In 
March 1957, Banister testified before Louisiana J oint Legislative Committee on Segregation 
whose Chairman was white supremacist William Rainach. All of the witnesses before the 
Committee were opposed to racial integration. 





1961-03 


Rev. Carey Daniel (West Dallas TX), Pastor of the First Baptist Church of West Dallas TX, also 
was Executive Vice President of the White Citizens Council chapter in Dallas TX. Daniel was 
the author of the 1955 pamphlet, “God the Original Segregationist” 


Daniel endorsed the J ohn Birch Society in March 1961 and he suggested that he planned to 
become a member. The Dallas Times Herald article of 03/ 26/ 61 reported that: 


“Rev. Carey Daniel, key figure in the White Citizens Council of Dallas, a 
white supremacy group, was lavish in his praise of the Birch Society when 
The Times Herald questioned him. ‘God bless all J ohn Birch members’ he 
said. ‘Please say that the White Citizens Council is backing them 100 
percent. | am thinking of joining.’” 


Rev. Daniel’s church published a document entitled “The Sacred Pledge of the White 
Citizens Church Council” which declared its belief in “Racial Purity and Segregation as a 
Biblical Doctrine, as opposed to the Communist agitation for race-mixing.” 








1961-03 





J BS member William I. McKendrie (Norfolk VA) was an active member in, and co-founder of, 
the Norfolk chapter of the segregationist organization Defenders of State Sovereignty and 
Individual Liberties. McKendrie was also a supporter of the Tidewater Educational Foundation, 
Inc. which supported a “massive resistance” campaign against integration of public schools 
even through drastic actions such as closing public schools and creating segregated private 
schools. [FBl-Richmond 100-9991, serial #24] 











Also see: “Virginians Launch Organization to Retain Segregated Schools” in Winchester VA 
Evening Star, 10/ 8/54, p2 and Danville VA Bee, 10/27/54, p3 which quoted official of the 
Defenders stating that its purpose was to “preserve public school segregation’. 





1961-04 


FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover sent a lengthy memo about the Birch Society to the Attorney 
General with copies also sent to senior Justice Department officials within the Internal 
Security Division. Included was this comment by Hoover: 


“A confidential source who has furnished reliable information in the past has advised that 
[name deleted for privacy] of Dallas, Texas, who has been identified in the past as being a 
former member of the U.S. Klans, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, recently stated he was a 
member of the J BS and praised the work of the Society.” [FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial number 
illegible; 4/5/61 memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Attorney General]. 





1961-04 


JBS members Frank R. Ford and J oseph A. Hagan (Norfolk VA) were officers in the pro- 


segregation Defenders of State Sovereignty and Individual Liberties. Ford was the State Vice- 
President and Hagan was the President of the Norfolk chapter. 





1961-04 


JBS member Earl Thornton (Dallas TX) was also President of the pro-segregation Oak Cliff 
White Citizens Council. Thornton was also a member of U.S. Klans, Knights of the KKK, Inc. 
The HQ of the Oak Cliff Citizens Council was in Thornton's electric company business office. 
[Laredo TX Times 4/ 2/ 61, p 5, “Semi-Secret J BS Behind Texas Anti-Red Activity” ] 


Per SAC Dallas to J. Edgar Hoover: The Oak Cliff Citizens Council was “still heavily infiltrated 
with members of the U.S. Klans, Knights of the KKK, Inc.” [FBI-HQ 105-34237-12, serial #18; 
Original serial in Dallas 105-484]. 





1961-04 


J BS member Martha L. McKinney (West Palm Beach FL) sent a “Members Monthly Message” 
to | BS HQ dated 09/ 61: 

“I think it would be a good idea if our RIGHT WING ARMED FORCES LEADERS took control 
of our Government out of the hands of the Bolshevik-J ew Communist and ran it with a 
hand of iron until every Communist in the State Department, the White House, and every 
branch of Government is thoroughly cleaned of Bolsheviks, J ews and Communists and their 
brothers. ” 








1961-04 





Before he joined the Birch Society as both a member and paid speaker under the auspices of 
its Speakers Bureau, African-American author and columnist George S. Schuyler wrote the 
following description of the White Citizens Council movement in the United States: 


"THE WHITE Citizens Council which has branches or cells everywhere, controls by terror 
such states as Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, and to a 
lesser extent, Virginia. It has castigated the Supreme Court in general and the Chief J ustice 
in particular. It has defied and disrupted the operation of the laws of the land. It has used 
threats and vicious economic reprisals. It is as undemocratic as the J ohn Birch Society and 
it exacts large sums of money from its followers. It has become a legal arm of Mississippi's 
Government. Why no furore to investigate the White Citizens Council?” [George S. 
Schuyler: “Views and Reviews”, New Pittsburgh Courier, National edition; [Pittsburgh PA] 04- 
22-61, page 8]. 


Nevertheless, the Birch Society welcomed members and officials of the White Citizens Council 
movement into its ranks as JBS members, JBS chapter leaders, JBS section leaders, J BS 
Coordinators, J BS National Council members, as well as paid speakers and writers for the J BS. 


Among the senior leaders of the pro-segregation Citizens Council movement who were also 
J BS members are: 


William J. Simmons (Executive Director, Citizens Councils of America) 

Louis W. Hollis (Executive Director, J ackson MS chapter of Citizens Council and Secretary of 
Citizens Council Forum) 

Medford Evans (editor of Citizens Council national magazine, The Citizen). Evans also served 
as a J BS Coordinator in Louisiana and Texas 


NOTE: J BS National Council member Revilo P. Oliver addressed the 1966 National Convention 
of White Citizens Councils in Chattanooga TN and prominent J BS member Maj. Gen. Edwin A. 








Walker (Dallas) was the featured speaker at DOZENS of White Citizens Council events all over 
the country. 





1961-04 


J BS Coordinator Medford Evans gave a speech in Lake Charles LA: 


“The South, as we know it, depends entirely on the institution of segregation. The 
enduring vitality of the USA depends on legal segregation in the South.” [Lake Charles LA 
American Press, 4/13/61, p1, “Race Turmoil Called No. 1 Goal of Reds”; FBI-New Orleans 
105-1499, serial #37] 





1961-05 


JBS member William T. Clark was a JBS chapter leader in Jackson MS. He told his local 
newspaper (J ackson MS Clarion Ledger) that: 


“Communists have been active behind the scenes in virtually every integration movement. 
Those who promote integration, whether they know it or not, are aiding the Communists” 
[FBI-New Orleans 105-1499, p. 63; “State J ohn Birch Leader Calls Group ‘Ordinary Folks’”, 
Jackson MS Clarion Ledger, 5/ 7/61] 


Clark protested integrated meetings held in his Episcopal Church and he wrote a resolution to 
have the Church Rector fired for allowing bi-racial meetings. The rector (Rev. Edward H. 
Harrison) was removed. 


Then, in April 1964, William T. Clark became a charter member of a new conservative Anglican 
Orthodox congregation called Holy Trinity Church which was formed by former members of 
Episcopal parishes in the J ackson MS area. The new congregation was opposed to any racial 
integration within the church. 





1961-05 


J BS Coordinator David Harmon (Milwaukee WI) was interviewed by the Minneapolis MN Star 
newspaper during a J BS event in Bloomington (a Minneapolis suburb). Harmon declared that 
“even if most J ews are Communists, there are still a lot of good ones.” [Minneapolis MN 
Star, 5/20/61] 





1961-06 


1961-07 


FBI report in J une 1961: 


“On 6/19/61, a confidential source who has furnished reliable information in the past 
advised as follows.” 


Source referred to 6/17/61 speeches by Bill Hendrix and Oren F. Potito. When the Original 
Southern Klans, Inc., went out of existence, Hendrix gathered together the remnants in 
southern Georgia and northern Florida to form an organization of his own. In August 1949, he 
announced the formation of a new Klan group to be called Southern Knights of the Ku Klux 
Klan which he led. 


“Hendrix stated that the United States Supreme Court is a bunch of ‘black buzzards’, the 
J ohn Birch Society is a fine organization doing a laudable job of uncovering Communists in 
America; the Freedom Riders and their ilk are either communists or communist-inspired; 
the majority of the newspapers...radio and TV stations are owned and run by communists; 
the United Nations is being run as Russia desires it run and is a place where the diplomats 
meet to see what they can cheat the U.S. out of..(and) ‘the country is being lost to 
communists’ meaning Americans in high places who secretly are Reds.” ... [FBI-HQ 100- 
356570, serial #366 and Tampa file 157-3]. 

J BS HQ employee (Harold F. McKinney) sent a letter dated 7/ 6/ 61 to the leader of J BS chapter 
507 in southern California. J BS HQ had received a J BS petition (postmarked from Reseda CA) 
on the Impeachment of Earl Warren from a local J BS member who hand-wrote the following 
comment on the top of the envelope: “This is a Republic - Not A J ew Democracy”. 


McKinney told the J BS chapter leader that this comment was in “poor taste” and he asked the 
chapter leader to investigate who was responsible for the comment and tell that person to 
“refrain from doing this in the future” but the bigot did not have his membership terminated. 
[FBI-Los Angeles 100-59001, serial #unrecorded, but in file section 3, page 310]. 








1961-08 





JBS member Kent Courtney (New Orleans LA) sent an inquiry to the FBI in his capacity as 
National Chairman of the Conservative Society of America. Courtney asked FBI Director Hoover 
for comment upon a recent publication by Courtney. 











The FBI file copy of their reply contains this notation: 


“Bufiles reflect Courtney is also publisher of The Independent American 
newspaper...Courtney’s paper indicates he is a rabble rouser and a hate monger.” [FBI-HQ 
105-36811, serial #46]. 





1961-09 


J BS member “Mrs. Neely” (Gulfport MS) sent a “Members Monthly Message” to J BS HQ dated 
09/61 which recommended that J BS recommended reading lists should include Carleton 
Putnam's 1961 book, “Race and Reason: A Yankee View”. Ms. Neely observed that: “I think 
every American should know about this book” because it “is the best documentation of 
Race I have ever read.” 


Putnam, a life-long segregationist, originally wrote Race and Reason as a letter to President 
Eisenhower to protest the end of segregated public schools. Putnam’s book was heavily 
promoted by the Association of Citizens Councils of Mississippi along with other white 
supremacist organizations. 


That same month, Mr. and Mrs. Curtis (Tyler TX) made the same recommendation to J BS 
headquarters: “Race and Reason by Carleton Putnam explodes egalitarian theory...Should 
be read by all.” [Members Monthly Message, 09/ 61] 


Robert B. Patterson, Executive Secretary of the Association of Citizens Councils (Greenwood 
MS) recommended that all Citizens Councils “see that all your local libraries have copies of 
this book available to the public.” [Patterson memo, J uly 1961, addressed to “All Citizens’ 
Council Officers, Members and Friends” ] 


In late October 1961, Putnam was the featured speaker at a fund-raising banquet sponsored 
by the J ackson MS Citizens Council. The Chairman of the Putnam Dinner Committee was the 
segregationist Congressman, J ohn Bell Williams who also introduced J BS founder Robert Welch 
when he was a featured speaker in southern states. 


Putnam spoke at many White Citizens Councils events and also wrote articles for the national 
magazine of the Citizens Council movement. Three of his speeches were reprinted in the 
March 1963 issue of The Citizen - the official publication of the White Citizens Council 
movement. 








1961-09 





J BS founder/ leader Robert Welch recommended Kenneth Hugh DeCourcy’s UK newsletter, 
Intelligence Digest, in the September 1961 issue of the | BS Bulletin and he also cited it 
approvingly in an October 12, 1961 letter to Monsignor Francis]. Lally, Editor of the Boston, 
Massachusetts Catholic publication, The Pilot. 


From 1938 to 1976, Kenneth DeCourcy was the Publisher/ Editor of “Intelligence Digest” 


J BS National Council member Revilo Oliver also recommended DeCourcy’s newsletter in the 
March 1964 issue of the J BS magazine, American Opinion. 


Los Angeles Times columnist, Paul Coates, reported that one issue of Intelligence Digest 
“exposed” numerous individuals of Jewish heritage who worked in the J FK administration. 
Coates observed that the expose published in the Digest appeared to be taken from a bigoted 
Gerald L.K. Smith pamphlet entitled “Jews in Positions of Great Power”. The Smith 
publication lists the names and positions of approximately 75 persons, indicating that they are 
all Jews and insinuating that there was something sinister about them being in positions of 
great authority within the government. [Los Angeles Times, 6/3/66, p3 Robert C. Toth: “Anti- 
Red British Newsletter Backs Yorty”] 


A U.S. State Department report on DeCourcy and his newsletter was sent to the CIA in 
January 1951. It reported that: 


“The Intelligence Digest is the American edition of a British publication which was 
originally the organ of the Imperial Policy Group (IPG), an extreme right-wing conservative 
organization formed in 1934. This group, in the formation of which Kenneth DeCourcy 
played a leading role, has frequently implied that it was connected with the Conservative 











1961-10 


Party, which the latter repeatedly denied. The IPG was opposed to the League of Nations, 
was pro-Mussolini, pro-Franco, and pro-Chamberlain (the Munich Pact was hailed as a 
triumph of diplomacy) ... 


“The American Board of the Digest includes Vice Admiral Freeman (USN, retired) who 
maintains cordial relations with Merwin K. Hart, head of the National Economic Council 
and one of the most vociferous anti-Semites in the country and DeCourcy himself 
addressed a meeting under the auspices of Hart when he was in the U.S. in 1949. Another 
Board member is an active adherent of the Anglo-Saxon Federation of America, whose 
periodical, Destiny, carried material from the Digest...DeCourcy himself, whose mother 
was apparently German and J ewish, is rarely openly anti-Semitic, but is so by implication. 
„in England his stock is extremely low. He is regarded as a charlatan and dangerously 
irresponsible.” [1/2/51 U.S. State Department report sent to Lt. General Walter Bedell Smith, 
Director of Central Intelligence Agency in Washington DC by W. Park Armstrong Jr., Special 
Assistant to the Secretary of State. The Report is captioned “Kenneth DeCourcy and the 
Intelligence Digest”, dated 1/8/51, Department of State, Division of Biographic Information, 
Office of Libraries and Intelligence Acquisition. ] 


In 1963, DeCourcy was convicted in a London courtroom on 11 counts of fraud, forgery, perjury 
and financial manipulation with respect to a multi-million-dollar real estate swindle. He was 
sentenced to 7 years in prison. 


In 1966, California State Controller Alan Cranston described DeCourcy’s newsletter as “one of 
the vilest, anti-Semitic hate sheets in the world.” [California State Controller Alan Cranston, 
“The J ohn Birch Society: A Soiled Slip is Showing: A Report”, | uly 28, 1966] 





JBS member Mary T. Johnson (Arcadia CA) sent a “Members Monthly Message” to J BS HQ 
dated 10/ 61: 


“There seems to be an anti-) ewish movement going around, which could cause a split in 
the ranks. It might be wise to remind the members of our true aims as there should be 
unity in what we are fighting. Dr. Stout and Kenneth Goff seem to be stirring up trouble 

in S. California.” 





1961-11 


In 1961, | BS founder/ leader Robert Welch went on a country-wide speaking tour to promote 
the Birch Society's views. On several occasions, he was introduced by pro-segregation 
Congressman J ohn Bell Williams. For example, Cong. Williams introduced Welch when Welch 
spoke at the Heidelberg Hotel in J] ackson MS on November 18, 1961. 


The white supremacy organization, Citizens’ Council of America, included on its board of 
advisers, Senator James O. Eastland of Mississippi, Cong. J ohn Bell Williams of Mississippi, 
Senator J. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina and Cong. L. Mendel Rivers of South Carolina -- 
all of whom were praised by Robert Welch and the Birch Society. 





1961-11 


J BS member Frank Knox Aycock (Memphis TN) was an attorney in Memphis who also belonged 
to his local White Citizens Council chapter as of November 1961 along with the rightwing 
paramilitary group, Minutemen. [See: FBl-Memphis 62-1187 and FBI-HQ 62-107261 on 
Minutemen which is 12/5/61 SAC Memphis memo to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover on report by 
Memphis Special Agent William H. Lawrence. Also see FBl-Memphis 157-179 on White Citizens 
Council. ] 





1961-11 


J BS member Henry N. Norton (Dobbs Ferry NY) sent a “Members Monthly Message” to J BS HQ 
dated 11/61: 

“Zionism should be outlawed. The extensive study of this evil...of Communism point to one 
root: Jewry. We have to face up to it—evading it, whitewashing it, or ignoring it out of 
fear or cowardice will only aid the enemy. Truth must out! This thing is the anti- 
Christ...Christ was not a J ew. He also told us that the Pharisees (J ews) are ‘Vipers...Sons 
of Satan’ ... we should avoid Satan and not associate with him; that is, keep the J ews out 
of Gov't, Lodges, Nation.” 








1961-12 





JBS member, Maj. Gen. Edwin A. Walker was invited by the pro-segregation “Group of 
Mississippi Friends of Edwin A. Walker” to speak in} ackson MS on 12/ 29/ 61. The segregationist 
Congressman, J ohn Bell Williams of Mississippi, was among the people who greeted Walker at 
the airport. 











1961-12 | JBS member Paul B. Hurley (Minneapolis MN) was a co-founder and incorporator of the 
National Society for the Preservation of the White Race, Inc. He also served as President of 
the Minnesota Minutemen. 


Hurley made arrangements for anti-semitic and racist speakers to appear in Minneapolis such 
as American Nazi Party leader George Lincoln Rockwell, Kenneth Goff, and Gerald L.K. Smith. 


Hurley's organization endorsed (and distributed) the anti-semitic forgery, Protocols of the 
Learned Elders of Zion. 


In December 1961, the Special Agent in Charge of the FBI's Minneapolis field office sent a 
memo to Director |. Edgar Hoover describing Hurley as an “extreme right-wing radical whom 
many people believe to be mentally unbalanced” and a distributor of “anti-Semitic, anti- 
Negro, anti-Catholic and anti-Communist literature.” [FBI-HQ 100-422071 and FBI- 
Minneapolis 100-1246] 
1961-12 | FBI memo from Special Agent in Charge of FBI-Richmond office to SAC Charlotte on 12/ 19/61, 
lists individuals in the Richmond VA territory “who in the past have had Klan connections” 
and who “were interested in the J ohn Birch Society in Charlotte NC.” One of the J BS 
members was also a follower of Gerald L.K. Smith. [Charlotte-FBI 100-9548, serial #86] 
1961-12 | Armond T. Swisher and Parke Yandle (both from Charlotte NC) were J BS supporters. Swisher 
made financial contributions to his local Klan chapter and Yandle was a supporter of Gerald 
L.K. Smith's Christian Nationalist Crusade. [Richmond-FBI, 100-9991, serial #65]. 
1962-00 | JBS member Jonathan Cook McDonald (Houston TX) was reported to the Secret Service 
because of “oral statements in 1962” that the J ohn Birch Society “had $25,000 which was 
available to pay someone to assassinate the President.” [FBl-Houston 62-2215; also in HQ 
105-82555, section 18 and in Warren Commission document #7 - which is report by Houston 
FBI Special Agent Robert Gemberling, page 604. ] 
1962-00 | |BS member Robert A. Benson (El Monte and Hollywood CA) shared a document in the summer 
of 1962 with an acquaintance from Winter Park FL who described Benson as “definitely anti- 
semitic”. The document stated “that the J ews are to take over the world, and that those 
in authority are either J ews or have ‘sold out to them’” [FBI-HQ 62-109060, serial #213, 
page 25; original in FBl-Dallas 89-63; Also see FBI-Tampa 62-455] 
1962-01 | From] anuary 22-28, 1962, | BS member Maj. Gen. Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) stayed at the 
home of a Washington DC-area widow. 














The widow contacted the FBI on J anuary 30' to complain about what she described as “rabid 
right wingers” whom Walker invited to visit him during his stay at her home. 


The widow reported that one of Walker’ s close associates during this time was Cong. J ohn Bell 
Williams of Mississippi. Williams had a long history of supporting racial segregation. In 1948, 
Williams endorsed his fellow segregationist, U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina, 
for President when Thurmond ran his Dixiecrat campaign. In 1956, Williams was a signatory on 
the “Southern Manifesto” which opposed racial integration of public places. In 1964, Williams 
endorsed Sen. Barry Goldwater, the GOP candidate for President. |. Edgar Hoover commented 
about Cong. Williams: “I want no part of him. He is just a rabble rouser.” [FBl- HQ 62-104401, 
no serial number, 1/ 31/62 memo from Assistant Director C.D. DeLoach to M.A. 

Jones re: Edwin A. Walker. ] 

1962-01 | JBS endorser, R. Carter Pittman (Dalton GA), was President of the pro-segregation States’ 
Rights Council of Georgia. Pittman told the Atlanta Constitution in October 1955 that: “...the 
South has no racial problem and has had none for a half century. Its racial problems were 
solved by segregation.” Pittman also served on the Editorial Advisory Board of the national 
magazine of the White Citizens Council, The Citizen. [Atlanta GA Constitution, 6/ 10/ 62] 





In January 1962, Pittman spoke at a meeting of the Christian Crusade’s Anti-Communist 
Leadership School in Tulsa OK led by J BS member Billy | ames Hargis. Pittman referred to the 
“massive evidence of Negro-White differences that demand segregation.” 


He continued: 

















“Individuals are not equal. The Caucasian race is many thousands of years ahead of the 
Negro race in the scale of civilization and white children are several school years ahead 
of black children in educability.” 


Consequently, integration of public schools, according to Pittman, has been “a futile and 
disgraceful experiment” because of “the massive evidence of Negro-white differences that 
demand segregation.” [New York Times, 1/ 30/62, “A Segregationist Advises Rightists” ] 


In 1963, Pittman appeared before the Senate Commerce Committee to testify against a bill to 
eliminate discrimination in public accommodations. At that time, he observed: 


“The welfare program of this Government which encourages Negroes to give birth to 
illegitimate children—and they encourage whites, too --- and the pending measures to 
increase voting by the ignorant dregs of society is ‘the way demagogs proceed’ now as 
they did 3,000 years ago.” [Senate Commerce Committee, Hearings on Civil Rights—Public 
Accommodations, 88" Congress, Part 2, page 902]. 





1962-02 


In February 1962, J BS National Council member Revilo P. Oliver was the keynote speaker at 
a Houston TX event which was held to honor Rev. T. Robert Ingram, the rector of St. Thomas 
Episcopal Church. 


Ingram received a “good citizenship gold medal” from the Paul Carrington chapter of, Texas 
Society, Sons of the American Revolution. The former President of the Carrington chapter was 
J BS member M. Lyle Cushion. Cushion also introduced Robert Welch at his 4/ 18/ 61 speech in 
Houston and Rev. Ingram gave the invocation at Welch’s speech. [FBI-Houston 62-1521, serial 
#74, 4/19/61. “Reds in Top U.S. Echelon, Welch” and 2/ 13/62 Houston TX Chronicle, “Birch 
Official Claims CIA is Russian Arm”. ] 


Rev. Ingram was Editor of the 1955 book entitled “Essays on Segregation” which included his 
article “Why Integration is Un-Christian”. Ingram was the featured speaker at the 8"" annual 
meeting of the J ackson MS White Citizens Council in May 1962. He also authored “Civil Rights 
Proposals Are Anti-Christian” in the monthly magazine of the White Citizens Council 
movement (The Citizen, 11/63, pages 4-5), and “Why Integration is Un-Christian” (The 
Citizen, 06/62, pages 6-16). 


Dees also was a featured speaker at a J une 1964 event honoring J BS founder, Robert Welch, 
held in Birmingham Alabama. 





1962-02 


J BS member Ronald Carnes (Gardena CA, chapter 899) sent a “Members Monthly Message” to 
J BS HQ dated 02/ 62: 

“I am quite concerned over a recent trend in our Chapter. There seem to be several people 
who are very well informed concerning the Zionist question. Unfortunately, this question 
always seems to come up in our meetings...Personally I am afraid to invite many of my 
friends to attend our meetings because of fear that this question will arise—that of 
Zionism. | would not wish to get any one into ‘hot water’ but | know I am expressing the 
Opinion of several of our local members when | ask for a solution.” 








1962-03 





J BS endorser, Pedro Augusto del Valle, was a co-founder and President of Defenders of the 
American Constitution, Inc. In the March 1962 issue of his organization newsletter, “Task 
Force”, del Valle wrote about Robert Welch: “May God give us many like him, before this 
Christian Republic is lost to Godless socialism.” 


After the death of Conde McGinley, Del Valle became President of the anti-semitic and racist 
newspaper “Common Sense” which the FBI described as “a notorious anti-semitic hate sheet 
published by the Christian Educational Association, Union, New J ersey.” [FBI-HQ 105-9621, 
serial #462, 1/21/60]. Also: “Common Sense depicts Communism as J udaism and devotes 
its pages almost entirely to attacks on the Jewish and to a lesser extent the Negro 
minorities in the United States. Sympathy for the former Nazi Government in Germany is 
also shown in the paper.” [From “Appendix” to FBI memos which discuss Christian Educational 
Association in FBI-HQ 105-9621] 


The House Committee on Un-American Activities described “Common Sense” as "almost 
exclusively a vehicle for the exploitation of ignorance, prejudice and fear" and as "a 











1962-03 


clearinghouse for hate propagandists throughout the country." [“Preliminary Report on 
Neo-Fascist and Hate Groups”, 12/17/54, House Committee on Un-American Activities”, pages 


10 and 11.] http://debs.indstate.edu/u588n4 1954. pdf 


In 1942, a Naval Intelligence Report described Del Valle as having the reputation of being pro- 
German and pro-Fascist and anti-semitic. [FBI-HQ 100-74493, serial #1, 2/1/42]. 


Del Valle also was a Vice President of the New York organization led by J] BS member Merwin 
K. Hart, i.e. the National Economic Council. Hart shared del Valle’s anti-semitic sentiments. 


In 1966, Del Valle wrote: “There can be no integration...The races must remain separate.” 
[Task Force, November 1966]. Del Valle frequently referred to “the Zionist international 
financial complex” [Task Force, | anuary 1962) and he quotes approvingly from the Protocols 
of the Learned Elders of Zion. [Task Force, | une 1961] 

J BS Director of Field Activities (Thomas Hill) sent a report to Los Angeles J BS Coordinator 
Harry Browne concerning information received by Hill from Ronald Carnes (Gardena CA) who 
was a member of J BS chapter 899. Mr. Carnes expressed concern over “discussion periods of 
the Zionist question” at his chapter meetings along with circulation of writings by Gerald L.K. 
Smith. 


Mr. Carnes stated that “several people came to this chapter as guests and were quite upset 
to see the material being circulated.” [Tom Hill to Harry Browne, 3/ 2/ 62] 





1962-04 


JBS member Mary Dawson Cain (Summit MS) was a featured speaker at a White Citizens 
Council meeting. The local newspaper reported that: 


“Mrs. Cain, a strong segregationist, spoke at a Citizens Council meeting here.” Cain then 
praised two Laurel MS natives (opera singer Leontyne Price and Ralph Boston) and Cain claimed 
that “all he (the Negro) had accomplished had been done under racial segregation.” (Laurel 
MS Leader-Call, 4/21/62, p5; “Editor Praises State Negroes Attaining Fame” ) 





1962-04 


J) BS founder Robert Welch, wrote the following letter to Verne Kaub in April 1962: 


“For, in the first place, Verne, | am probably as anti-Zionist as you are...n fact, | believe 
you will find right in the Blue Book that among the things on which I disagreed most heartily 
with Bob Taft was his support of aid to Israel by our government. 


| probably do disagree with you somewhat in our attitude toward the J ews in general. For 
| feel that the ordinary J ewish citizen in America has been under more pressure, and more 
bamboozled to go along with the powerful Zionist minority, than have the Methodists, for 
instance, by the forces headed by Bishop Oxnam and his ilk...But with regard to Zionism 
you and | do not differ at all, except possibly in our view as to the importance of the Zionist 
part of the total conspiracy at the present time... 


Actually, and | am sorry to say, we do not have too many J ews in the J BS. This is partly 
because a smaller percentage of the Jewish people in America as a whole are true 
conservatives, than of the total population. But it is even more because of the greater 
pressures and dirtier pressures, which are put on them, against standing up for what they 
believe...But when you get into the Zionist picture, | repeat that you cannot think any less 
of the whole government of Israel or of the whole Zionist conspiracy than | do; except that 
| think its relative importance in the total importance in the whole picture has greatly 
decreased over the past three decades. Someday...I should be glad to exchange views with 
you...as to what has really taken place since around 1905 when | think the Zionist 
conspiracy - and from then on for perhaps two decades - was practically the father of the 
International Communist Conspiracy. Today, | personally think that the relationship is 
almost exactly reversed, and that the child had now so far outgrown the parent in size and 
strength and importance that the parent is in a relatively minor position. But this 
does not make Golda Meier or Ben-Gurion or any of their extremist followers in this 
country any less culpable." [4/ 4/ 62 letter from Robert Welch to Verne Kaub—Madison WI] 








1962-07 





On J uly 3, 1962, J BS founder Robert Welch sent a letter to Mississippi U.S. Senator J ames O. 
Eastland which informed Eastland that the Birch Society spent several thousand dollars to 
include with its J uly 1962 J BS Bulletin, a copy of Eastland's speech entitled "Is The Supreme 











Court Pro-Communist?" which originally was published by a pro-segregation organization in 
Richmond VA, i.e. The Patrick Henry Group. The PHG was organized by J BS National Council 
member T. Coleman Andrews Sr. and his son to defend segregation and J im Crow practices. 


The FBI described Senator Eastland as: “He is strong advocate of white supremacy ...” [FBI- 
HQ 94-4-5130, serial #12; 9/ 3/54 memo from M.A. J ones to Louis Nichols. ] 


In October 1966, FBI informants inside the Mississippi Klan told the FBI that “Sen. Eastland 
had met with the heads of two Klan units in Mississippi (Samuel Holloway Bowers, Imperial 
Wizard, White Knights of the KKK of Mississippi, and Robert M. Shelton, Imperial Wizard 
United Klans of America, Inc.”) and they agreed to support Eastland’s re-election campaign 
in exchange for Eastland’s assistance to prevent prosecution of Klan members who murdered 
civil rights workers and to assist Imperial Wizard Shelton with his contempt citation from 
Congress. A letter written by Sheriff Lawrence Rainey addressed “To Whom It May Concern” 
declared that: “I know for a fact that J ames O. Eastland helped prevent the trial of 16 
other men and myself in Philadelphia MS.” [FBI-] ackson 67-30, serial number illegible, pages 
1-2, 11/17/66 SAC J ackson to J. Edgar Hoover. ] 


One of the FBI informants who provided this information was Rev. Delmar Dennis, a J BS 
member who remained a segregationist after testifying against Klan members. Dennis 
subsequently was hired by the J BS as a Coordinator and paid speaker on the J BS lecture circuit. 


In Welch's letter to Senator Eastland, Welch stated that: 
"| agreed one hundred percent" with the statements made by Eastland in the pamphlet. 
Welch closed his letter with: "So let's hope that this increased distribution---to the very 
people throughout the country who will be most interested in reading your speech---will 
bring your great effort an added effectiveness which will make this cost seem well 
worthwhile. With admiration for both your patriotism and your courage, and with all good 
wishes, | am, Sincerely, Robert Welch." 
1962-09 | J BS member Fred Huntley (Berkeley CA) advertised Protocols of Learned Elders of Zion for 
sale during 9/ 62 recorded messages for his Anti-Communist Amateur Radio Network broadcasts 
AND he also placed ads in San Francisco Chronicle. The Protocols forgery purports to be the 
secret minutes of a plan for world domination by leading J ews of the 19th century. 
1962-09 | JBS member Archibald B. Roosevelt (New York City) wrote a letter in reply to a letter he 
received from Verne Kaub (Madison WI). Roosevelt referred to the political situation in New 
York state and his fear of “racial riots” occurring in the near future. He then described the 
political situation in New York. Roosevelt believed that “professional do-gooders” planned 
“to be elected by being extreme pro-negro...By extreme I really mean special privileges 
for the negro, who in most cases is certainly below the average white man in intelligence. ” 
[9/ 20/ 62 letter from Archibald B. Roosevelt to Verne P. Kaub, Madison WI]. 
1962-10 | J BS member Thomas Arthur Vallee (Chicago IL) was a Marine Corps veteran with a history of 
mental illness while on active duty. The Secret Service considered him an extremist critic of 
President Kennedy. Vallee was arrested by the Secret Service in Chicago on 10/ 30/ 62. A search 
of his vehicle revealed that he had an M-1 rifle, a handgun and three thousand rounds of 
ammunition. [Secret Service memorandum of Nov. 6, 1963 by Special Agent Thomas D. Strong, 
House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (J FK Document 008581) AND also see interview 
of former Chicago Police Officer Lawrence Coffey, Jan. 17, 1978, House Select Committeeon 
Assassinations, p. 1 (J FK Document 004831). Also, in FBI-HQ 62-109060, serial #1575 and FBI- 
Chicago 62-6115, 11/30/65.] 
1962-12 | In a 12/21/62 memo to all J BS Chapter Leaders in the San J ose, California area, J BS Section 
Leader Hugh Fine observed that: 











“In the past few weeks, it has been brought to my attention several times that anti- 
Semitism is being spread to some degree by various individuals connected with the J ohn 
Birch Society.” 


Fine also stated that “The principal device used in spreading this concept of anti- Semitism 
seems to be the distribution of certain literature--The Protocols, Pawns in the Game, and 
so forth.” 

















1962-12 | The New England J BS Coordinator (Philip K. Langan) informed J] BS members about the opening 
of the Joe McCarthy Bookstore in South Boston which he recommended. Langan told J BS 
members that “If you would like to volunteer to work in the store for a few hours every 
week, please let me know at your earliest convenience.” The J BS sent publications to the 
new bookstore for sale. The store was operated by J BS member Speros Lagoulis - a close 


friend of American Nazi Party leader George Lincoln Rockwell. 
1962-12 | J BSmembers/ endorsers involved with the pro-segregation Citizens Council of West Palm Beach 


FL included Mary Davison, J ohn Lanier, Ray McCabe and George McCants [FBI-HQ 105-24237- 
29, serial #25, p3; SAC Miami to Hoover, 12/ 6/62]. Davison was also a supporter of the 
American Nazi Party and KKK. 

1963-00 | |BS founder, Robert Welch, gave a speech entitled “The Neutralizers”, that subsequently was 
published as a pamphlet. In this speech, Welch explained what he claimed was a “Communist 
strategy” that promoted “divisiveness in all of their opposition”. Welch then continued his 
analysis by stating that his speech transcript was intended to “deal with the current 
application of that strategy to the J ohn Birch Society.” [Robert Welch, The Neutralizers, 
1963, page 1). 





According to Welch, the purpose behind his remarks was to describe the “ideological wedges” 
supposedly used by Communists. “The objective for which they are used is to pull members 
right out of the Society onto some one of several narrowly restricted courses for opposing 
the Communist menace; or to get members so pre-occupied with some one approach to 
the problem that, even if they remain in the Society, they become innocuous passengers 
at best and increasingly disruptive disputants at worst.” [The Neutralizers, page 2] 


Welch then discusses what he describes as “seven different ‘philosophies’ or ‘arguments’ 
or ‘programs’ which are used to bring about these various forms of neutralization.” [The 
Neutralizers, page 3]. 


The very first “wedge” (and apparently it is the most significant one since it is the lengthiest 
discussion by Welch) is captioned “Anti-Semitism”. Pages 3 thru 11 are devoted to just this 
one “wedge” or argument or program. 


Welch discusses an anti-semite whom he identified only as “Mr. A” whom Welch described as 
“he was well and widely known in the area as a leading and dedicated member” of the 
J BS who “was a frequent visitor at the meetings of about a dozen chapters” and this | BS 
member had “pulled some twenty to thirty of our hardest working and most determined 
anti-Communists right out of the Society, wrecked our chapter altogether and left a 
couple other chapters in a badly disorganized condition.” [The Neutralizers, page 3] 


One has to wonder just what kind of people those 20 or 30] BS members were to begin with - 
since they found the J BS so appealing but they were so easily lured away from the J BS by an 
anti-semitic pitch? Welch, however, described them as merely “innocent but gullible 
patriots”. 


See entry below regarding J BS member Virginia Shackelford of Tacoma WA. Also see entry 
below for the June 1965 Report by the California Senate Factfinding Subcommittee on Un- 
American Activities. 

1963-01 | J BS member William N. Ohly (Columbus OH) sent out a flyer which advertised a forthcoming 
seminar discussion that featured five members of the J BS National Council. The flyer also 
provides the names of “A Partial List of Committee of Endorsers of the Society” as well as 
a list of “Endorsers of the Seminar”. 





Altogether, there are over 100 names listed. Many of them were racial or religious bigots - 
including: 


T. Coleman Andrews Sr., Thomas J. Anderson, Sumter L. Lowry, Thomas Parker, R. Carter 
Pittman, Hugh S. Ramsay, J ohn U. Barr, Medford Evans, Tullius Brady, Archibald B. Roosevelt, 
Glenn O. Young. 

1963-01 | Medford Evans (a J BS Coordinator and an official of the White Citizens Council movement) 
wrote “A Methodist Declaration of Conscience on Racial Segregation” - which was 




















published in The Citizen, J anuary 1963, pages 10-13. In this document, Evans presented what 
he considered to be the biblically-based argument which prohibited racial integration. His 
argument was adopted as a policy statement by a small pro-segregation Methodist faction in 
Mississippi called the Mississippi Association of Methodist Ministers and Laymen. 

1963-01 | The White Citizens Council of Dallas, TX headed by Charles A. Felker Jr. included several 
members of the J ohn Birch Society. [FBI-HQ 105-34237-12, serial #34, 1/24/63 SAC Dallas to 
J. Edgar Hoover. ] 

1963-02 | JBS member Virginia Shackelford (Tacoma WA) contacted J BS HQ about anti-semitism she 
experienced within her local area J BS chapters. 








2/2/63 =Seattle Times, p25 “Woman Quits Birchers on J ewish Issue”: 

“My membership was revoked by the national headquarters in Belmont MA, Mrs. 
Shackelford said. Three of the five units in Tacoma, representing about 30 members, have 
dissolved within the past two months Mrs. Shackelford declared. Mrs. Shackelford said she 
and the others left the society over the distribution of anti-semitic literature (primarily in 
the Kent area) and the failure of the national organization to order the practice halted.” 


2/ 13/63, Tacoma News-Tribune: “Virginia Shackelford Out of Birch Society”: 


“Mrs. Virginia Shackelford, one of the most outspoken and prominent members of the J BS 
in the Pacific Northwest has been drummed out of the ultra-conservative organization. 
The break she said today results from vigorous objection she raised with national 
headquarters over the distribution of anti-semitic literature by several members in the 
Kent area. Mrs. Shackelford said her dispute with national headquarters started with a 
letter she wrote six months ago to Robert Welch the society’s founder protesting the 
pamphlets and other material of anti-semitic nature. In her letter, she said, Mrs. 
Shackelford requested that the persons in question be asked to resign. Last Friday, she 
said, she received a letter from national headquarters in Belmont MA telling her that her 
membership had been revoked.” [Also see: Seattle WA Times, 2/12/63] 
1963-03 | J BS National Council member, Dr. Thomas Parker (Greenville SC), was an officer of the pro- 
segregation Greenville SC Citizens Council. [FBI-HQ 105-34237-8, serial #31; 3/21/63 re: 
Citizens Council of Greenville SC] 
1963-03 | JBS member Newton Armstrong told Thomas L. Kienholz of San Diego CA circa March 1963 
that President Kennedy should be assassinated. Armstrong was described by FBI as being 
“obsessed by the belief that the United States Government was being taken over by 
Communists.” See: FBI-San Diego 62-1529, report by FBI Special Agent Robert S. Baker on 
11/ 26/ 63 which is also on page 508 of Warren Commission Document #7, which is 12/ 10/ 63 
report by Dallas FBI Special Agent Robert P. Gemberling. Also, in FBI-HQ 62-109060, serial 
#928 which is SAC San Diego report to FBI HQ dated 11/ 22/ 63.] 
1963-04 | Stanley L. Drennan (Los Angeles CA) was a J BS member and a member of neo-nazi, National 
Socialist White People’s Party and the racist National States Rights Party (NSRP). 








The Los Angeles FBI file on Drennan has numerous references regarding the FBI forwarding 
information to the Secret Service office in Los Angeles (starting in April 1963) for their 
investigation of Drennan and his associates as a consequence of FBI informant report that 
Drennan participated in a meeting of JBS members held at Poor Richard’s Bookstore in 
Hollywood (owned/operated by Francis X. Ranuzzi) during which plans were discussed 
regarding the murder of President Kennedy. 


Drennan also was reported to the Secret Service for making statements that he had plans to 
assassinate President J ohn F. Kennedy and Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy along with 
members of Congress. [FBI-Los Angeles 105-14379]. In addition, Drennan told Lt. Col. Robert 
K. Brown in the Spring of 1963 that NSRP members should arrange to murder J FK, his cabinet, 
and members of Americans For Democratic Action. Lt. Col. Brown told Atlanta FBI Special 
Agent Charles P. Rose about this conversation circa 12/2/63 when Brown was stationed at Ft. 
Benning GA. [See FBI-Atlanta 105-3193]. 

1963-07 | OnJuly 12, 1963, James Thornton (California State Organizer for racist National States Rights 
Party) told FBI about an NSRP member (also a J BS member) who invited someone to attend 
monthly meeting of J BS chapter 824 in Fullerton CA. [FBI-Los Angeles 100-59001, serial #784 
which is 7/31/63 report by Special Agent Henry F. Alston on his conversation with J ames 




















Thornton of NSRP.] Thornton stated that platform of NSRP and American Nazi Party “are 
practically identical, the only difference being that the NSRP does not use the Swastika.” 
[FBI-Los Angeles 100-59001, serial #778 which is 06/ 27/ 63 report by Special Agent Henry F. 
Alston re: his contact with Thornton on 5/ 26/ 63]. 





1963-07 


In July 1963, Robert Welch asked South Carolina U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond to accept 
appointment to the J BS National Council. Thurmond declined the offer but praised the J BS. 
The March 1964 cover of the Birch Society’s monthly magazine (American Opinion) had a 
portrait of Senator Thurmond on its front cover. 


Congressman John R. Rarick of Louisiana was invited by Robert Welch to be the featured 
speaker at a] BS National Council meeting. Rarick was a member of the Ku Klux Klan. 


Jim Clark, the pro-segregation Sheriff of Selma County Alabama was a paid speaker under the 
auspices of the J BS Speakers Bureau. Clark started a fight with Annie Lee Cooper, a 54-year- 
old black woman standing in line to register to vote, that ended with Clark's deputies holding 
her down while he beat her with a billy club. Clark and his deputies used cattle prods on black 
youths at a civil rights demonstration to force them to march until some collapsed or vomited 
from exhaustion. Claiming that any attempt to gain voting rights by African Americans was 
part of a plan for "black supremacy," Clark wore a small button reading "Never" as a symbol 
of his opposition to black civil rights. He also filled his “Special Posse” with members of the 
KKK and National States Rights Party] 





1963-07 


Richard Randolph Hodge was a member of the JBS and the rightwing paramilitary group, 
Minutemen. He was brought to the attention of the Secret Service on 07/30/63 because he 
had purchased 11 Browning light assault rifles and 4000 rounds of ammunition and he had 
made comments regarding the Communist takeover of the United States during the 
Administration of President J ohn F. Kennedy. 





1963-07 


J BS member William N. Ohly was brought to the attention of the Secret Service because he 
had written “abusive letters to the President” on 07/ 19/ 63 and again in J uly 1966. 





1963-08 


Three J BS members [J ames F. Rea (Rolling Hills Estates CA) and J acob M. Sacks (Palos Verde 
Peninsula CA) and Robert Cadle (Torrance CA)] were arrested and charged with disturbing the 
peace in Torrance CA for shouting at and heckling speakers at a civil rights meeting on August 
17, 1963. All three pleaded guilty and they received a 10-day suspended sentence, plus a 
$225 fine, and 3 years’ probation. 


See: 11/08/63, Los Angeles CA Times, “3 Birchers Sentenced—Get Tongue Lashing’; 
10/ 31/63 Palos Verdes CA Peninsula News, “Peninsula Birch Members Admit Disturbing 
Peace” and 11/ 09/ 63 San Bernardino CA Daily Sun, pB-7 ="J udge Terms Three Birch Officers 
Adult Delinquents”. 


Mr. Rea was a J BS Section Leader, supervising several | BS chapters. During the 1980's, Mr. 
Rea served as a “World Organizer” for the racist and anti-Semitic Aryan Nations and he was a 
regular contributor to the Aryan Nation’s newsletter, “Calling Our Nation”. See: 
https://covenantpeoplesministry.org/forum/list.php ?category/98-James-F-Rea 


In a 1982 article, Mr. Rea praised the Ku Klux Klan: 
https://covenantpeoplesministry.org/forum/content.php?1204-Idaho-s-Greatest-Son%97A-Klansman 





“The Ku Klux Klan has had in its ranks some of the finest patriots ever produced in 
America. The examples such as Gutzon Borglum should serve as evidence to disprove 
J ewish lies and distortions about this great organization and its members. Vitriolic hatred 
and smears put out by the J ewish-liberal press continually are attempts to destroy 
patriotism and nationalism.” 








1963-08 





In an August 4, 1963 speech before the Fifth Annual National Convention of the Christian 
Crusade in Oklahoma City, (which, incidentally, was also attended by J BS founder Robert 
Welch) J BS member Edwin A. Walker declared that the Communists were behind “all racial 
disorder, all racial riots..." and he then added: "The best thing for niggers for their own 
good, is to be separated." [Chris Cravens, “Edwin A. Walker and the Right-Wing in Dallas, 
1960-1966”, page 137, Master’s Thesis, Southwest Texas State University, 1991 which quotes 
the Managing Editor of Oklahoma Courier, a Catholic newspaper. The Courier journalist 
attended the Hargis Convention meeting. ] 











Note: Walker was the featured speaker at DOZENS of white supremacist events during the 
1960's -- but this never bothered the J BS and in fact, the Public Relations Director of the J BS 
(J ohn Rousselot) presented Edwin Walker with a plaque in 1963 which described Walker as our 
"greatest living American". [Los Angeles Times, 4/ 4/63, p36] 





1963-08 


1963-08 


J BS chapter 824 held its monthly meeting in Anaheim CA. Present at this meeting were a J BS 
Coordinator, and a naturalized Englishman from Garden Grove CA who was “in complete 
sympathy with the American Nazi Party”, a |] BS member who worked at Hughes Aircraft 
Company in Fullerton CA who “is well acquainted with (name redacted) former official of 
the American Nazi Party”. The latter official submitted an application to join the J ohn Birch 
Society. Also attending was, James Thornton, the California State Director of the racist 
National States Rights Party (NSRP. 


During this chapter meeting, there was a discussion about “Folk” magazine (formerly known 
as Northern World) published in England and “dealing mainly with the white man’s viewpoint 
on his superiority”. Distribution of “Folk” was being handled by “a former official of the 
American Nazi Party”. Also discussed was a plan by the former Chaplain of the NSRP to speak 
on 8/ 20/ 63 at the Fullerton CA home of two other NSRP members. 


During this ] BS chapter meeting, the J une-J uly Bulletin published by Charles B. Hudson was 
passed out. Hudson described as “a pro-Nazi sympathizer during the late 1930’s’. [All 
information above from: FBI-Los Angeles 100-59001, serial #787 which is a report by Special 
Agent Henry F. Alston to the Special Agent in Charge of the Los Angeles FBI field office, dated 
9/ 4/ 63 based upon an informant report concerning the 8/ 9/ 63 | BS chapter meeting]. 

J BS member Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) traveled to Massachusetts to attend two events. The 
first was on Saturday, August 17‘ at the home of Countess Rosalind Wood Guardabassi. The 
Countess was a prominent financial contributor to such bigots as Gerald L.K. Smith and the 
racist, anti-semitic National States Rights Party. 


The second meeting was in Dedham MA on Sunday, August 18‘ at the home of J BS members 
Dr. Harold N. and Anna McKinney (265 Walnut Street, Dedham). Mrs. McKinney was a J BS 
chapter leader in Dedham MA. 


250 J BS members attended a reception for Walker “who is seeking financial aid for Southern 
segregationists” [“Birch Society Hears Plea By General Walker”, 8/19/63, Boston MA 
Herald, page 22; FBI-Boston 100-32899, serial #278; Also in Christian Science Monitor, 
8/ 19/63, page 5, “Dedham Reception For Walker” and Boston MA Herald, 08/ 19/ 63, page 
22, “Birch Society Hears Plea By Gen. Walker”; FBI-Boston 100-32899, serials 276-278. ]. 


Robert A. Surrey (an aide to Walker and his business partner) served as a spokesperson for 
Walker during his trip. Surrey (and his wife Mary) were both J BS members and they both were 
officers in the Dallas chapter of the American Nazi Party. 





1963-08 


J BS member and Section Leader George J oseph King Jr. (Long Beach, California) was arrested 
for selling machine guns in August 1963. King was overheard discussing plans with other men 
to assassinate President J ohn F. Kennedy. A Secret Service report CO2-26104 #6419, stated 
"King is extreme right wing, hates J) ews, was arrested by ATF O'Neil for illegal possession 
of firearms. Emotionally unstable. Arrested 2-29-68 again.” 


King was also a member of racist groups such as National Socialist White People’s Party, 
National States’ Rights Party, the American Nazi Party, and Wesley Swift’s Christian Defense 
League. He also belonged to William P. Gale’s California Rangers. [FBI-HQ 89-43, serial #472, 
11/ 22/ 63 SAC Los Angeles to SAC Dallas. ] 








1963-09 





JBS member Rev. Ferrell Griswold (Birmingham AL) was also a paid speaker for the Birch 
Society. His speeches were almost entirely about what he claimed was Communist domination 
and control of our civil rights movement. He also served as a speech writer for the pro- 
segregation Alabama Governor, George C. Wallace. 


In September 1963, Griswold sent a request to the FBI for 500 copies of an FBI publication 
entitled “Communism and the College Student”. A notation on the file copy of the FBI’ s reply 
to Griswold states that: 











“Griswold was interviewed by Agents of the Birmingham office on 09-26-63. During that 
interview he advised he was a member of the local J BS and attends meetings of that group 
regularly...Rev. Griswold stated he is a segregationist and is frequently invited to speak on 
the subject of constitutional rights and communism at local meetings of the Klan and other 
conservative organizations.” [FBI-HQ 61-7558, serial #1060] 


Also in September, Griswold was a speaker at a United Klans of America rally at the National 
Guard armory in Birmingham AL. Griswold, and UKA Imperial Wizard Robert M. Shelton, and a 
third speaker (George Fisher) “alleged that the entire civil rights movement ...is Communist 
inspired (and) the leaders of the various Negro groups active in the integration movement 
are Communists.” [FBI-HQ 157-370-4, serial #106] 





1963-09 


J BS member William J . Simmons was the Executive Director of the white supremacist group, 
Citizens Councils of America. 


FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover to Director of Naval Intelligence in Washington DC in FBI's 
Association of Citizens Councils of Mississippi file] states that Simmons was “the subject of 
investigation by this Bureau in 1942” and “Inquiry revealed Simmons formerly treated as 
psychopathic case and at that time was disgruntled at governments of U.S. and Britain for 
their failure to realize his ability as a potential intelligence officer. Investigation 
discontinued when subject enlisted in U.S. Navy 6-5-42.” ] 


Simmons was discharged from the Navy as a security risk because of his association with nazi 
groups in Europe 

Interview of Simmons in the Summer 1963 issue of The Yale Political, entitled “A View From 
The South” contains the following Q&A: 

Pg 8: Q: “To what extent does the position of the Citizens Councils on separation of the 
races pre-suppose the inferiority of the Negro race? 

A: “It presupposes a difference that is very obvious to people who have lived along them 
all their lives.” 

Pg 20: Q: Do you think that the right to vote is a civil right which should be accorded to 
the Negro? 

A: Well, actually, voting is not a right; it’s a privilege which is earned by qualifying under 
the laws of the state.” 

Pg 22: Simmons was asked to expand on what he meant by “very obvious racial differences”: 
“Well there are differences in mental performance” which he attributed to inherent 
biological differences. He also asserted that Negroes have different morals and are 
promiscuous by nature 





1963-10 


1963-10 


Mrs. R.R. Schroeder of Bakersfield CA wrote a letter to | BS National Council member Revilo 
P. Oliver (with copies to Council members Tom Anderson and Dean Manion) concerning a local 
controversy over anti-semitism in the Bakersfield area J BS chapters. 


According to Mrs. Schroeder, several | BS chapter leaders were relieved of their position and 
there was a specific attack by a J BS Section Leader upon a J BS member in her 70's who was a 
retired school teacher because she distributed literature such as the UK publication, 
Intelligence Digest. 


Mrs. Schroeder claimed that 13 | BS members in the Bakersfield area received letters from 
Thomas N. Hill (J BS Director of Field Activities) which cancelled their J BS membership due to 
anti-semitism. 

J BS member Cora Lacy Fredrickson (Dallas TX) was also a member of the Indignant White 
Citizens Council and the Friends of (Edwin A.) Walker Group. 


On 10/ 24/ 63, Ms. Fredrickson’s anti-UN placard hit Adlai Stevenson’s head after his Dallas 
speech. She was released by the Dallas Police Dept. at Stevenson’s request. She forfeited $25 
bond. [See 5/1/64 report by Detective L.D. Stringfellow of the Dallas Police Dept. Criminal 
Intelligence Section and Dallas TX Morning News, 01/ 15/ 64] 








1963-10 





The Chief of Police of Denton, Texas contacted the U.S. Secret Service to make a report about 
a J BS member (not named) who was also a previous member of the Ku Klux Klan in Arkansas 
along with the racist, anti-Semitic National States Rights Party. The Police Chief decided to 











contact the Secret Service because this J BS member declared that he was planning to cause 
some incident to embarrass President Kennedy during his November visit to Dallas. [Secret 
Service file CO-2-33,95]. Note: 





1963-11 


1963-11 


J BS member Herman Escar Sheffield (Houston TX) acknowledged that he may have made “a 
joke” about the Birch Society hiring someone to kill President J ohn Kennedy. [FBI-Dallas 89- 
43, 12/18/63 report by FBI Special Agent Robert Gemberling, pages 276-277; also in FBI-HQ 
62-109060, section 35, serial #2143 and Warren Commission Exhibit #2096]. According to Mrs. 
M.E. Payne of Houston, Sheffield told her in 1962 that the Birch Society planned “to hire a 


crackpot to kill the President” [HQ 62-109060, serial #2009, pages 11-12; 11/ 25/ 63] 


J ames Milton Parrott (Houston TX) was a member of the J ohn Birch Society and the rightwing 
paramilitary group, Minutemen. George H.W. Bush made a report to the Houston TX FBI office 
which indicated that Parrott had talked about killing President J ohn F. Kennedy. Previously, 
in 1961, the Secret Service received information that Parrott had stated that “he would kill 
President Kennedy if he got near him.” [Dallas-FBI 89-43 and FBI-HQ 62-109060, serial #819, 
11/ 22/ 63]. “During interview 07-29-66, Parrott gave the appearance of an emotionally, 
if not mentally, disturbed person.” [FBI-HQ 62-109060, serial #4154; 08/ 01/ 66] 





1963-11 


The FBI received a letter from an African American living in San Antonio TX. This individual 
identified himself as an ex-waiter at a club in downtown Dallas. | BS member Edwin A. Walker 
was a member of this club. 


This black ex-waiter informed the FBI that “I over hear a plot by Gen. Walker to say we will 
kill Kennedy if he come to Dallas.” The waiter told the FBI that Walker “caught me” listening 
to the conversation and Walker then used the n-word and threatened the waiter “and told me 
to get out Dallas before they put the KKK on me.” The waiter then mentioned that he was 
fired and he left Dallas. [FBI-HQ 62-109060, serial #996, 11/22/63 letter to Hoover] 





1963-11 


J BS member J ames Watson Lassister (Austin TX) reported to the FBI and then to the Secret 
Service because he was overheard to say that “someone should shoot the President and 
Vice-President”. 





1963-11 


Louisiana J BS member, Orville Merle Lange Hovland, was brought to the attention of the 
Secret Service because he made the comment that neither President John Kennedy nor 
President Lyndon J ohnson would finish their terms. 





1963-11 


JBS member J ohn W. J ohnson (Silsbee TX) quoted by co-worker as stating about murder of 
President Kennedy: “Iam sure glad he got killed. That $.0.B. would mow us down if he got 
a chance.” [FBI-HQ 62-109060, serial #236 which is SAC San Antonio to FBI Director 

Hoover, 11/29/63; also see FBI-San Antonio 89-67]. 





1963-11 


1963-11 


J BS member Jack McConnell (Las Vegas NV) was in Rochester MN for medical exams at the 
Mayo Clinic. During his time in Minnesota, McConnell told Roy Addington and J ack J ensen (both 
from lowa) that “If my doctor tells me | am as sick as | know he is going to tell me, | am 
going to shoot a Kennedy and | don’t know which one is the worst, J ack or Bob.” [FBI-HQ 
62-109060, serial #467, 11/29/63 memo regarding 11/ 18/ 63 conversation. ] 

JBS member Robert R. Walker (Garden Grove CA) told his ex-wife during first week of 
November 1963 that “President Kennedy should be shot for treason” and Walker also stated 
that “if he knew he could get away with it, he would shoot President Kennedy himself.” 
[FBI-HQ 62-109060, serial #559, SAC Los Angeles to FBI Director Hoover, 11/27/63; Also, in 
FBI-Los Angeles 89-75]. 





1963-12 


JBS member Mrs. Day Bonderson aka Mrs. J.W. Bonderson (Dallas TX) was a member of her 
local White Citizens Council. She declared on 12/ 2/ 63 that “President Kennedy was a traitor 
and his death was ‘good riddance’ “Copy of FBI memo sent to US Secret Service on 1/ 27/ 64. 
[FBl-Dallas 157-218, serial #61]. 





1964-00 


J BS member, Thurman L. McCormick (St. Louis MO) was a co-founder of Association For 
Segregation and States’ Rights, Inc. in Missouri. 





1964-00 


“One Klan organization has been closely associated with the J ohn Birch Society. The Pine 
Bluff, Arkansas chapter of the Birch Society is controlled by members of the Association 
of Arkansas Klans. This chapter has been led by an active member of the Pine Bluffs klavern 
of this Klan, and most of the male members of the chapter are Klansmen. The 

program of the J ohn Birch Society is furthered by these Klansmen through their duplicate 
membership.” [FBI monograph, “Klan Organizations, Section Ill, 1958-1964”, page 54] 





1964-00 








J BS member Horace Harned was in Mississippi State Legislature for 24 years plus he served on 
the pro-segregation Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission from 1964-1970. Harned also 
served on the pro-segregation Citizens Councils Executive Committee. 











1964-01 


During one interview he commented that: “I was the most informed member of the 
Sovereignty Commission by virtue of being a Birch Society member.” In conjunction with 
Citizens Councils, he helped set up private schools to escape from Supreme Court decisions 
against public school segregation. [J ackson MS Clarion-Ledger 2/25/07 audio interview link 
connected to article on Horace Harned] 

J BS section leader J ames Kernodle (Kansas City, MO) was the incorporator of the Association 
For Freedom of Choice, Inc. The Executive Director of that Association was J BS member 
Thurman L. McCormick who declared that “Negroes as a class are naturally inferior just as 
God made them” and integration activities were “part of the Communist conspiracy.” 
Another J BS member in the group was Theodore J. Lyman [See Kansas City Star, 2/26/64 and 
4/ 16/ 64 and FBI-Kansas City 100-11488, serial #61] 





1964-01 


JBS member Marilyn R. Allen (Salt Lake City UT) wrote to J BS headquarters to express her 
view that only white Christians should have Constitutionally protected rights. [Robert Welch’s 
personal assistant, D.A. Waite, replied to Allen by letter dated 1/ 9/ 64]. 


In 1946, Marilyn Allen published “God Made Me Free” which was about a J ewish-Communist 
conspiracy to rule the world. That same year, she also published “The J ewish Protocols and 
their Application to Present Times” and “Judaic-Communism versus Christian 
Americanism” 


In 1948, Allen published “A Call to Action: We Have Got to Clean House Now” which argued 
that all Communists whether native-born or foreign-born and whether J ew, gentile, or Negro 
should be deported from the United States. That same year she published “Fortify Alaska 
Quickly or Face Sudden Destruction” which warned that Alaska was about to be overrun by 
Asiatic Russian J ew Communists. Another pamphlet she published that year was “Zionist War- 
Mongering in the USA” 


In 1962 Allen published “A Parasite’s Paradise” which declared that only a Communist, a 
Jew, a Negro, an alien or a racketeer could become a big shot in America. A native white 
Christian American was a nobody. 


In 1963, Allen published “The Knife Cuts Both Ways” which blasted racial integration and 
the civil rights movement and the “Kosher-Negro anti-Christian, pro-Communist Guv-mint” 
That same year, Allen also published “Open Letter on the ADL of B’nai B’rith” which claimed 
that ADL served International Zionist Jewry (aka Synagogue of Satan) as a secret police and 
spy network intent upon elimination of Christianity. 





1964-02 


J BS member Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) met with Royal V. Young Sr. at Captain Shreve Hotel 
in Shreveport LA. Young was Imperial Dragon of the Original Knights of the KKK. Dale Forrest 
Carpenter also spoke to Walker that week. Carpenter was a Klan leader in the Louisiana Ku 
Klux Klan. [FBl-Dallas 157-218, serials #76-#77, 2/ 15/64] 





1964-02 


JBS member Rev. Ferrell Griswold (Birmingham AL) was a speaker at a United Klans of 
America banquet at the Dinkler-Tutwiler Hotel, in Birmingham AL which met under the name 
“Alabama Rescue Squad.” 


Other persons attending the event who were speakers included attorney Matt Murphy (whose 
clients were mostly KKK and National States Rights Party members) and UKA Imperial Wizard 
Robert M. Shelton. [FBI-HQ 157-370-4, serial #118; 2/ 9/ 64 SAC Birmingham teletype to] . Edgar 
Hoover]. 


A subsequent FBI-Birmingham report (serial #123 dated 2/19/64, pages 7-8), summarizes 
informant report about Griswold speech: “He claimed the Negro civil rights movement is 
completely dominated by Communists. ” 








1964-02 





J BS magazine, American Opinion, described Steve Foote as “an excellent speaker” available 
through the J BS American Opinion Speakers Bureau. 


In early 1964, the Christian Defense League was incorporated with Steve Foote as its Western 
Regional Director. CDL was a white supremacist organization whose membership pledge 
included: “I believe that J esus is the Christ; | am of the white race” and “I! will uphold, 
defend and perpetuate my faith, my race, and my country...” 











1964-03 


J BS member Delmar Dennis (Meridian, MS) told his local newspaper that he joined the White 
Knights of the KKK of Mississippi in March 1964, less than one month after it was organized. 
He served as its Chaplain and as Province Titan. Dennis declared during his newspaper 
interview: “Il am definitely a segregationist...” [Carthage MS Carthaginian, 12/14/67, p1]. 





1964-04 


JBS member Thurman L. McCormick (Kansas City MO) helped found the Association for 
Segregation and States’ Rights, Inc. 


The April 16, 1964 Kansas City Star quotes McCormick as stating: “Negroes as a class are 
naturally inferior just as God made them” and any attempts toward integration were “part 
of the Communist conspiracy.” 





1965-04 


In furtherance of the J BS goal to discredit our entire civil rights movement and its leadership, 
JBS member, Earl Lively, denounced prominent black leaders as immoral men engaged in 
“sexual perversion” and lewd activities. [Earl Lively, “Phase Out—Disarmament by 
Depreciation”, American Opinion magazine, 05/64, page 23] 





1964-05 


J BS member William Flax (Cincinnati OH) was listed as an attorney for the white supremacy 
organization, National Association for the Advancement of White People on a flyer which 
advertised the Committee of One Million Caucasians to March on Congress. That Committee 
was created by KKK members J ames R. Venable and Wally Butterworth. Flax also was a sponsor 
of a speech in Cincinnati by the former pro-segregation Governor of Mississippi (Ross 

Barnett) in March 1964. Flax was also available as a speaker for the J BS. 





1964-05 


Countess Rosalind Wood Guardabassi (Prides Crossing MA and Palm Beach FL), raised funds 
for J BS member Edwin A. Walker in May 1964. 


The Countess was a financial contributor to Gerald L.K. Smith’s Christian National Crusade 
(she contributed over $10,000) and she also contributed to Pedro del Valle’s Defenders of the 
American Constitution. She supported Gov. George Wallace for President and contributed 
$10,000 to his campaign. She also gave financial support to the National States Rights Party. 
[FBl-Dallas 157-218, serial #94 and Boston MA Herald, 7/ 4/65, p6] 





1964-05 


J BS member and J BS chapter leader Robert E. Hatfield (Dallas TX) went on trial in May 1964 
for spitting on UN Ambassador Adlai Stevenson after his October 24, 1963 UN Day speech in 
Dallas. Hatfield was fined $200. Hatfield subsequently resigned from the J BS but in his letter 
to Robert Welch, Hatfield referred to a “J ewish-UN campaign to put me behind bars”. 
Hatfield was also a member of the racist “Indignant White Citizens Council” in Dallas. 





1964-06 


Joseph McDowell Mitchell became the Mid-Atlantic Field Representative for the pro- 
segregation Citizens Councils of America covering Virginia, Maryland and Washington DC. In 
J uly 1963, he resigned as City Manager of Newburgh NY to accept a Coordinator position with 
the J ohn Birch Society which he subsequently turned down. In 1964, Mitchell supported Gov. 
George Wallace for President and he appeared on a Citizens Council Forum program (weekly 
radio and TV broadcast) to discuss the Wallace campaign in Maryland. 


During his time as a White Citizens Council field organizer, Mitchell declared that “our 
philosophy is the same as that of the J ohn Birch Society, but the Birch Society refuses to 
deal with the race issue.”. [Norman Kilpatrick, “Council Divided Over Birch Society”, 
1965, Southern Regional Council paper. ] 





1964-06 


American Nazi Party leader George Lincoln Rockwell commented about J BS: 
“The Birch Society is sort of a kindergarten for the Nazi Party. In the last year we have 
taken over a majority of Birchers in three cities.” [Seattle WA Post-Intelligencer, 6/ 1/ 64] 








1964-06 





Former | BS member and Coordinator Kent H. Steffgen became the California Field Organizer 
for the pro-segregation Citizens Councils of America. He organized the Greater Los Angeles 
Citizens Council in Pasadena on J une 30, 1964 and he led the organizational meeting for the 
Alameda County (California) Citizens Council on 10/26/64 in Oakland CA. [FBI-HQ file 105- 
34237-47, serial #2X2 which is 10/ 27/ 64 SAC San Francisco to Hoover. Original copy is in FBI- 
San Francisco 157-381. Also see: The Citizen, J une 1964, p 8, “Citizens Councils Expand 
Activities in California!” ] 


Steffgen joined the J BS staff after graduating from University of California-Berkeley. He served 
as a Coordinator for the Los Angeles area and, subsequently, as J BS Coordinator for Missouri, 
Kansas, And Nebraska. His 1966 book, “The Bondage of the Free” was recommended and sold 
by the Birch Society’s American Opinion bookstore chain. 











Another J BS member (and J BS organizer) Clyde G. Reynolds, an insurance broker from San 
Marino CA, was President of the Los Angeles Citizens Council. [See Los Angeles Times articles 
published J une 25, 1964 and J une 30, 1964] 





1964-06 


JBS member Dr. Hardgrove Norris (St. Augustine FL) was a prominent segregationist. During 
1963-1964, when Martin Luther King, Jr. conducted protest demonstrations and a boycott in 
St. Augustine, Norris and J] BS members told motel and restaurant owners that accommodating 
King would mean a victory for communism. The J BS ran an ad claiming that King’s organization 
(Southern Christian Leadership Conference) was substantially under the control of the CPUSA 
[See: St. Augustine FL Record, 06-06-64, pages 6a, 6b] 


Dr. Norris was a close friend of St. Augustine Mayor J oseph Shelley (a doctor) whom, like 
Norris, thought the civil rights movement was Communist-inspired. 


Mayor Shelley observed: 

“I consider myself a segregationist. God segregated the races, as far as | am concerned 
when he made skins a different color. You don’t find bluebirds and redbirds feeding 
together at the same trough and you certainly don’t see them breeding together.” [See: 
05-08-63 article in St. Augustine FL Record, page 1 and 04-02-64 article in J acksonville FL 
Times-Union, page 24 - and interview with Shelley 9-6-77] 





1964-07 


Dr. Donald A. Waite was a personal assistant to J BS founder Robert Welch. In 1964, Dr. Waite 
responded to a letter from a prospective new J BS member by confirming that the J BS regarded 
interracial relationships as a problem. 


“Thank you for sharing your ideas on keeping the White and Negro races from mixing 
sexually. In many quarters this has been a problem, and it is hoped that some solutions 
can be worked out. This goes beyond the aims and purposes of the Society, however...” 
[July 14, 1964 letter from D.A. Waite replying to inquiry in “John Birch Society Records 
Collection” at Brown University’s J ohn Hay Library University Archives and Manuscripts, Call 
number Ms. 2013.003, box 26] 





1964-08 


J BS member Mrs. George R. Klenck (Ontario CA) was also member of the anti-semitic Christian 
Defense League. In August 1964, the CDL distributed a “Christian Buyers Guide” as a method 
to encourage boycotting all but white Christian merchants. 





1964-09 


In furtherance of the routine J BS practice of de-humanizing black Americans, | BS leader Robert 
Welch described riots in ghetto areas as: “The indigenous animals began to riot, loot, bomb 
and burn.” [American Opinion magazine, 09/64, page 49]. 








1964-09 


AJ BS member in Dallas TX told a reporter for the Dallas Morning News that she was planning 
to attend an American Nazi Party function in Dallas on 9/ 30/64. She was associated with other 
Dallas-area J BS members including J oe Grinnan, Edwin Walker, and Robert Surrey. [FBl-Dallas 
157-218, serial #142]. 





1964-09 


J BS member and Section Leader J ohn H. Sutherland (St. Louis MO) created the St. Louis MO 
Area White Citizens Council. 








1964-09 


1964-10 





JBS member Floyd G. Kitchen (Maplewood MO) was Secretary of the St. Louis MO White 
Citizens Council. He also headed the St. Louis Property Association whose organizational 
meeting was addressed by J .B. Stoner and Allen O. Kern who represented the anti-semitic and 
racist National States Rights Party. Stoner was a former Klan organizer and Hitler admirer. 
Floyd Kitchen became Missouri state chairman for the American Independent Party when it 
endorsed the 1968 Presidential candidacy of George Wallace. He also was a Missouri elector 
for Wallace. 

The FBI Special Agent in Charge of the Little Rock AR field office sent a 7-page memo dated 
10/ 13/64 to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover. This memo discussed three klaverns of the 
Association of Arkansas Klans in Little Rock, Texarkana and Pine Bluff. The Pine Bluff klavern 
had a membership of 20-25 persons and it met once a week in different business locations. 


Page 4 of this memo reports that: 


“Members of the klavern were responsible for forming a J ohn Birch Society chapter in Pine 
Bluff, and a klavern member is leader of this chapter. Approximately eight to ten people 
attend the monthly meetings of the J ohn Birch Society chapter; of the men who attend, 
all are klavern members with the exception of one man. Members of the klavern 
completely control and dominate the John Birch Society chapter in Pine Bluff. They, 











however, only conduct J ohn Birch Society business. Likewise, the members of the klavern 
further the J ohn Birch Society program through the klavern.” 





1964-10 


A 10-page article by J BS National Council member A.G. Heinsohn Jr. is published in the 
October issue of the JBS magazine, American Opinion, about the racial situation in St. 
Augustine FL which is entitled “St. Augustine: Rape of the Ancient City”. Heinsohn is 
described only as “a scholar and practical economist”. It is not mentioned that Heinsohn was 
a life-long segregationist. 


On page 3 of his article Heinsohn quotes comments about the racial situation in St. Augustine 
which were made by St. Augustine J BS member and J BS chapter leader Dr. Hardgrove Norris, 
another segregationist. 


According to Dr. Norris: “At no time did the peace of St. Augustine become threatened” 
until after the intervention by Federal Court J udge Bryan Simpson and Florida Governor Farris 
Bryant. 


However, for a more factual account, see book by Dan R. Warren: “If It Takes All Summer: 
Martin Luther King, the Ku Klux Klan, and States Rights in St. Augustine 1964” [University 
of Alabama Press, 2008, 210pp.] Warren was the Florida State Attorney during this time. Also 
see February 1965 Report by the Florida Legislative Investigation Committee entitled “RACIAL 
AND CIVIL DISORDERS IN ST. AUGUSTINE” at 


https://digitalcommons. unf. edu/northeast _fla _books/23/ 


Dr. Norris collaborated with Mayor J oseph H. Shelley and with Sheriff L.O. Davis, and Police 
Chief Virgil Stuart (also segregationists). Stuart was a JBS endorser (and perhaps even a 
member) who believed that our civil rights movement was Communist-inspired. 


Sheriff Davis attended KKK rallies and allowed Klansmen to hold meetings in his County jail. 
[House Committee on Un-American Activities, “Activities of Ku Klux Klan Organizations in 
the United States”, part 5, page 3669. ] 


Prior to his fourth election, Davis bragged: 


“I went out to Elk’s Rest to talk with those niggers. Niggers, that’s what | called them, | 
told them | didn’t want a single nigger vote, because | didn’t want to beholden to them for 
any election.” 


Norris proposed that the city had the right to “interdict” state or federal actions which the 
city did not like. The doctrine of interdiction had its origins in J ohn C. Calhoun’s 1828 Carolina 
Doctrine which proposed that states could secede from the Union in order to nullify laws which 
the southern states opposed. [See FBI-HQ 152-6-63 and J acksonville 105-83 regarding “Racial 
Situation, St. Johns County, Florida” for additional details. Also see: Department of J ustice 
file 144-17M-181 on Racial Situation, St. Augustine FL] 





1964-11 


JBS member Bob Gill aka Robert E. Gill (San Francisco CA) was an organizer of the San 
Francisco chapter of White Citizens Council [FBI-HQ 105-34237-47, serial #2X1; 10/26/64 SAC 
San Francisco to J. Edgar Hoover. ] 





1964-11 


J BS member, Maj. General Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) was the main speaker at an event 
sponsored by the Americans for the Preservation of the White Race at Whitworth College in 
Brookhaven MS. 





1964-11 


J BS chapter leader Bob Weedn (Richardson TX) replied to a letter from Donald F. Folkers from 
JBS HQ in Belmont MA concerning JBS members Mr. and Mrs. Lowry of Dallas TX. Weedn 
described the Lowry’s as “violently anti-Semitic”. Weedn recommended that the Lowry’s 
membership should not be terminated, but, instead, they should be allowed to “phase 
themselves out”. Weedn also told Folkers that he had his “hands full of anti-Semites” inhis 
chapter. (11/64 Weedn reply to 11/16/64 letter from Donald J. Folkers; Box 9, Brown 
University J BS Archives, MS 2013.003] 








1964-11 





J BS members Kent and Phoebe Courtney (New Orleans, LA) are quoted in New York Times 
article about the 1964 Presidential election results: 








“Mrs. Kent Courtney, editor of The Independent American said at her office in a converted 
frame house in New Orleans, ‘We’ve got niggers living in the next block to us and that’s 
all right but we’re against the civil rights bill because it destroys private property rights 
and freedom of choice.’” Kent Courtney “predicted a new flood of support for the radical 
right, as well as for the segregationist Citizens Councils, if the equal job opportunities 
section of the law is enforced.” [Donald J anson, “Rightists Buoyed by the Election: Open 
New Drives”, New York Times, 11/ 23/64, page 1] 

1964-11 | In barely coded language, | Bs member and National Council member, Revilo P. Oliver, wrote 
that “the United States is now engaged in an insane, but terribly effective, effort to 
destroy the American people and western civilization by subsidizing, both at home and 
abroad, the breeding of the intellectually, physically, and morally unfit.” Oliver also 
declared that it was a lie that the Nazis murdered six million J ews. [Revilo Oliver, American 
Opinion magazine, November 1964] 

1964-12 | The FBI received a letter from a self-identified Derry, New Hampshire J BS chapter leader who 
inquired about FBI Assistant Director William Sullivan. Sullivan was scheduled to speak in New 
Hampshire about extremist activities in relation to religious institutions. 





The file copy of the reply sent to this J BS member has the following notation: 


“Bufiles reflect that in 1963 correspondent’s name appeared on the mailing list of the 
Council for Statehood, an organization to eliminate by force, if necessary, all J ewish 
people in Government and business positions and to eliminate all J ewish people who are 
Communists.” [FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial #2404, 12/21/64 incoming letter from J BS chapter 
leader in New Hampshire and 12/ 28/ 64 FBI reply]. 

1964-12 | J BS member Mary M. Davison (West Palm Beach FL) characterized by FBI as: 

“She has been active in Klan-type and racial organizations and secretly is in sympathy with 
the American Nazi Party.” [FBI-HQ 157-758, serial #77] 





Davison was the leader of Council For Statehood which was founded as result of 12/4/62 
meeting in West Palm Beach FL by a group calling themselves “Freemen”. A subsequent 
meeting on 12/11/62 changed the group name to Council For Statehood. The general purpose 
of the organization “is to eliminate, by force if necessary, all J ewish people who hold high 
positions in business and Government and eliminate all J ews who are communists.” [FBI- 
HQ file 157-1232, serial #3, 1/7/64 memo from SAC Miami to J. Edgar Hoover, page 3.] 
1964-12 | The Special Agent in Charge of the Little Rock FBI field office contacted HQ to report that the 
leader of the KKK chapter in Pine Bluff, Billy R. Von Tungelin was also a |] BS member and, “is 
one of the most avid KKK members in Pine Bluff. Bill is more interested in the KKK and 
using the J ohn Birch Society for the benefit of the KKK. As a result, most of the men in 
the Pine Bluff chapter of the J BS are KKK members and the KKK members completely 
operate the J BS chapter.” [FBI-HQ file 157-9-25, serial #17, 12/ 18/ 64] 

1965-00 | J BS member David Syme (New York) organized the first chapter of the pro-segregation White 
Citizens Council in New York state. Syme joined other New York J BS members J ack Ross (J BS 
section leader) and Gerard F. Greene J r. in supporting the campaign of segregationist Alabama 
Governor George Wallace for President. All three were also electors for Wallace. 

1965-00 | In 1965, former JBS columnist Westbrook Pegler began writing a column for The Councilor, the 
racist, anti-Semitic organ: of the Louisiana White Citizens Councils which was published by Ned 
Touchstone, a KKK member 

1965-00 | In 1965, J BS founder Robert Welch recorded a series of his lectures which was edited down 
to 18 hours and then sold as recordings on 12 record albums under the title “One Dozen 
Trumpets”. During one of his speeches, Welch discussed anti-Semitism: 














“In my opinion --- and I don’t know whether l'II leave this is this tape or not --- maybe not 
- because I want to write a book about it --- but the greatest creator of anti-Semitism for 
the last generation has been, of course, the Anti-Defamation League. Done more to create 
anti-Semitism, under the guise of stopping it and preventing it, than all other organizations 
put together. But what’s more important - in my opinion - that’s what it was founded for; 
that was its purpose - was to create anti-Semitism. J ust as so many other things that the 
Communists have had a hand in behind the scenes are created for the exact opposite of 

















what they appear to be created for. And the ADL has done an incredibly good job of 
creating anti-Semitism.” [Robert Welch, “One Dozen Trumpets”, 1965] 

1965-01 | Dr. Donald A. Waite, a J BS HQ official who was personal assistant to Robert Welch, replied to 
correspondence about anti-black and pro-segregation literature (that was being circulated by 
a JBS member) entitled “Racial Facts” published in May 1964 by the White Citizens Council. 
(see link below) 

https: //jacksonfreepress. media. clients. ellingtoncms.com/news/documents/2017/11/15/CC_ Racial 








Facts. pdf 


Waite acknowledged that strong racist sentiments were expressed in “Racial Facts” and he 
implied that those ideas might even be true but Waite chose not to condemn those ideas. Nor 
did he even give direction against disseminating these types of racial assertions. 


“lL also looked over again the ‘Racial Facts’ put out May, 1964...1 feel White Supremacy and 
Negro inferiority is pushed strongly. While some of these statements might be honestly 
debated as to truth or falsity, the question | have is what is the net effect of 
them...However, do what you feel best and proper in this, as in other activity. Best wishes 
to you and keep up your good work!” [J anuary 19, 1965 letter from Dr. Waite to a J BS 
member in “John Birch Society Records” Collection at Brown University’s J ohn Hay Library 
Archives and Manuscripts, Call Number Ms.2013.003, box 26] 

1965-01 | When American Nazi Party leader George Lincoln Rockwell was in Dallas in November 1964, 
“Edwin Walker reportedly made available to him, to act as Rockwell’s secretary while he 
was in town, Beth [Anderson] Rachal who does volunteer work for Walker.” Rachal was a 
member of the White Citizens Council. [FBl-Dallas 157-218, serial #165]. 

1965-01 | An FBI informant reported ona United Klans of America klavern meeting on 1/ 18/65 in Durham 
NC. The report discusses plans by the local UKA to begin a recruitment drive. According to the 
report: “It was also reported that four representatives of the (name deleted) Klavern had 
been to a meeting of a J ohn Birch Society group...lt had been previously announced to the 
Klan that there were some members of the Birch Society that were interested in 
combining with the Klan.” The J BS members rejected joining the Klan because of the “bad 


reputation” of the Klan. [FBl-Charlotte 100-9548, serial #134] 
1965-01 | FBI report about 01/ 20/ 65 United Klans of America meeting in Durham NC stated that: 








“Four representatives of the Klavern had been to a meeting of a John Birch Society 
group...it had been previously announced to the Klan that there were some members of 
the Birch Society that were interested in combining with the Klan.” [FBl-Charlotte 100- 
9548, serial #134]. 

1965-02 | JBS member Mary Dawson Cain (Summit MS) was editor/ publisher of the pro-segregation 
Mississippi weekly newspaper, The Summit Sun. Cain endorsed the Christian Conservative 
Leadership Council in J ackson MS which was organized “to spread its segregationist coalition 
movement throughout the state...” (Hattiesburg MS American, 2/27/65, p14). When Cain ran 
for Governor of Mississippi, she observed: "There’s not a candidate in this race who is not 
an ardent proponent of the theory of segregation. It is not an issue.” 





In 1956, Mary Cain joined the Mississippians For States Rights founded by J udge M.M. McGowan. 
This group was a re-birth of the 1948 Dixiecrat movement. The Chairman of this new group 
was W.B. Fontaine of Jackson MS. Fontaine explained the organizing principle of this new 
group: “There is no such thing as an acceptable civil rights program. Civil rights laws are 
foreign to the concept of English law, the basis for our government, and are connected 
with socialism.” Cain associated herself with this principle, and she observed: “There is 
nothing for us in either party; nothing to lose but our chains; and nothing to gain but our 
self-respect.” [Laurel MS Leader-Call, 5/31/56, p1 and 7; “States Rights Group Sets Up 
Organization’ ]. 

1965-03 | | BS founder and leader Robert Welch gave a speech in Los Angeles during which he presented 
his warped understanding of both our civil rights movement and the current status of African 
Americans in the United States. The quotations below are from the page 1 article in the Los 
Angeles Times which reported on Welch’s speech. 


According to Welch, the entire civil rights movement was part of a Communist blueprint to 
establish a “Negro Soviet Republic in the southeastern United States”. 























Furthermore, “Welch charged that claims of Negro oppression are ‘phony issues’ and that 
only a very small minority of Negroes in the South are denied their voting rights because 
they are Negroes.” Quoting Welch verbatim: “I wouldn’t say that there are no places where 
Negroes are handicapped in voting, but where they are, it is minor.” 


Welch also declared that Martin Luther King Jr. “has been trained by Communists” but “I 
doubt King is a Communist. But | have no way of knowing. He is doing things that support 
the Communist cause.” 


When a reporter asked Welch where King was trained, Welch replied: 


“He was trained at the Monteagle school in Tennessee about eight years ago. The records 
on the people running it are quite clear.” [03/ 09/65, Los Angeles Times, page 1, Paul Beck: 
“Welch Speaks Out: Negroes Raise Phony Issues” | 


NEGRO SOVIET REPUBLIC (NSR): 


According to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, the Communist Party in the United States discarded 
their NSR platform during their 17° National Convention in 1959. This was further confirmed 
by several FBI informants who attended the Convention—including one (Lola Belle Holmes) 
who subsequently became a J BS member and paid speaker. 





Hoover's statement: 


“The Negro resolution adopted by the Convention discarded the party's historic position 
advocating 'self-determination' meaning that Negroes should be given the right to form a 
separate nation in the Southern States...The 1959 convention resolution hence represents 
a party admission that its position concerning Negroes is bankrupt. Time itself has shown 
that the party is not interested in the welfare of the Negro, but only in using him as a tool 
to advance party interests." [J. Edgar Hoover: An Analysis of the 17th National Convention 
of the Communist Party USA; Statement made to Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, 
1/17/60, page 7; Also see: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, March 1960 - for same comment. ] 


MLK JR. “TRAINED” IN MONTEAGLE TN: 


This is a reference to Highlander Folk School (HFS). However, King was at HFS on only one 
occasion (September 2, 1957) and for only about one hour to give a speech. You may read that 
speech here: 

https: //kinginstitute. stanford. edu/king-papers/documents/look-future-address-delivered- 
highlander-folk-schools-twenty-fifth-anniversary 


Welch's understanding regarding HFS comes from an “undercover agent” (Edwin H. Friend) 
employed by the Georgia Commission on Education. The GCE was a state agency whose purpose 
was to assure continued segregation of public schools in Georgia. Friend was the official 
photographer for the United Klans of America chapter in Georgia headed by his friend, Grand 
Dragon Calvin F. Craig. Friend was hired by the GCE to “investigate” the HFS. For further 
details see: FBl-Atlanta file 80-1138, serial #3 which is a 9/30/67 SAC Atlanta memo to J. 
Edgar Hoover regarding Edwin Friend. ] 


According to the FBI's file on HFS: 


“Due to the interracial character of the School, it has been the subject of numerous 
allegations that it represented the headquarters of communism in east Tennessee. An 
extensive investigation was conducted in 1941 and 1942 as a result of the allegations. 
These allegations have never been substantiated and much of the information of a 
subversive derogatory nature concerning this School was later repudiated by the 
individuals who previously furnished the information... This organization has continuously 
been involved in the integration movement and as a result charges are being continuously 
made that it is 'communist'. These charges are based mainly on the opinion of the 
individuals making the charges that being pro-integration is being pro-communist." [FBI- 
HQ 64-7511, serial #286, J uly 26, 1963, F.J. Baumgardner to W.C. Sullivan]. 








For additional history concerning HFS and Edwin Friend and the racist arguments against 
Highlander, see my HFS Report here: 
https://sites.google.com/site/ernie124102/hfs-1 


WELCH’S “LOGIC” 

If we accept the underlying “logic” of Welch’s argument, i.e. he has no idea whether or not 
King was a Communist but, “He is doing things that support the Communist cause” then we 
can apply the exact same principle to Welch and the J BS --- because Welch and the J BS 
parroted the arguments first created and then disseminated widely by white supremacists 
including by KKK-affiliated bigots. Therefore, we should conclude that Welch and the J BS were 
“doing things that support the white supremacist cause”. 








1965-03 


1965-03 





The Birch Society published a glowing biographical sketch of segregationist J ohn Bell Williams 
in the March 1965 issue of its magazine authored by J udge M.M. McGowan of Mississippi. 


J udge McGowan was the founder of Mississippians For States Rights. This group was a re-birth 
of the 1948 Dixiecrat movement. The Chairman of this new group was W.B. Fontaine of | ackson 
Mississippi. Fontaine explained the organizing principle of this new group: “There is no such 
thing as an acceptable civil rights program. Civil rights laws are foreign to the concept of 
English law, the basis for our government, and are connected with socialism.” [Laurel MS 
Leader-Call, 5/31/56, pl and 7; “States Rights Group Sets Up Organization’ ]. 


McGowan described J ohn Bell Williams as a “staunch conservative and defender of the 
Constitution.” 


In 1948, Williams endorsed his fellow segregationist, U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond of South 
Carolina, for President when Thurmond ran his Dixiecrat campaign. In 1956, Williams was a 
signatory on the “Southern Manifesto” which opposed racial integration of public places. In 
1964, Williams endorsed Sen. Barry Goldwater, the GOP candidate for President. |. Edgar 
Hoover commented about Cong. Williams: “Ino part want of him. He is just a rabble rouser.” 
[FBI-HQ 62-104401, no serial number, 1/31/62 memo from Assistant Director C.D. DeLoachto 
M.A. J ones re: Edwin A. Walker. ] 

J BS member and J BS Bookstore operator, Grover L. Bertram (Baltimore MD) was a member of 
the pro-segregation Maryland Petition Committee. MPC’s President (Herbert Mertz) declared 
that: “Those who work for integration, work with Communism”. 


InJ uly 1965, Mr. Bertram described Martin Luther King J r's leadership of the March 1965 voting 
rights campaign in Selma AL as King “leading an army of degenerate trash” and King 
(according to Bircher Bertram) was driving all Americans “straight into the horror of 
Communist hell on earth.” [Baltimore MD Evening Sun, 7/ 30/65, pB-1] 


South Carolina Congressman, L. Mendel Rivers, was an ardent segregationist and he was a 
featured speaker at MPC events. During one of his speeches he observed that: 


“No white child should be forced to sit beside a colored child in school...NAACP is loaded 
with Communists. ” 


Rivers voted against every civil rights bill, and he signed the Southern Manifesto in 1956 to 
express his opposition to racial integration of public places. Rivers attempted to have 
Charleston SC federal judge Waites Waring impeached because Waring ruled that blacks had 
to be allowed to vote in the Democratic primary and segregated schools were unconstitutional. 


Not surprisingly, Cong. Rivers endorsed the Birch Society. 


NOTE 

Mr. Bertram’s description of civil rights workers as “degenerate trash” is a common trope 
used by racists to describe all their perceived opponents. For example, Rev. Ferrell Griswold, 
a paid J BS speaker and an aide to Gov. George Wallace of Alabama, referred to civil rights 
workers as “filth from north septic tanks” during one of his speeches. Griswold also told a 
racist joke during his December 1, 1965 Glen Burnie MD speech and he described the 1965 














voting rights bill as “the product of a Communist plot”. [Baltimore MD Sun, 12/2/65, p. C5, 
“Birchites Hear Aide to Wallace” and Baltimore MD Sun, 1/5/66, p. C8]. See other 
references to Griswold in this chart. 





1965-03 


J BS member Noah Sarvis (Miami FL) was President of the Florida Conservative Club which he 
described as an organization composed of members of the J ohn Birch Society. On March 10, 
1965, Sarvis arranged for Richard Cotten to give a speech in Miami to his Club. Cotten 
frequently was the featured speaker at events sponsored by racist and anti-semitic 
organizations. On 02/25/65, | BS founder Robert Welch sent a memo to all J BS Coordinators, 
J) BS Section Leaders and J BS Chapter Leaders advising them to avoid publicizing or promoting 
Cotten because of Cotten’s extremist viewpoints and his association with highly suspect groups 
such as rightwing paramilitary group Minutemen and anti-semitic group, Paul Revere 
Associated Yeomen (New Orleans). [See: FBI-Los Angeles 157-1132, serial #11, 3/8/65 and 
FBI-Miami 157-1268 on Richard Cotten and Minutemen; Also see: Los Angeles CA Times, 
5/ 18/ 65, page A6 - Column by Paul Coates on Richard Cotten]. 





1965-03 


J BS member Mary Dawson Cain (Summit MS) arranged for former J BS member Richard Cotten 
to speak under the sponsorship of Cain’s organization, Women For Constitutional Government 
(WCG) along with the pro-segregation Forrest County (MS) Citizens Councils. Cain was 
President of the WCG. (Hattiesburg MS American, 3/13/65, p9). 


Cotten was a virulent anti-semite and racist. The FBI’s Los Angeles and Miami field offices 
described Cotten as “very anti-Negro and anti-semitic” and they described his publication, 
“Conservative Viewpoint” as a “hate newspaper”. [FBI-Los Angeles 157-1132, serials #27, 
#41 and #45]. 





1965-03 


1965-03 


JBS member Rev. Delmar Dennis (Meridian MS) used his home for United Klan of America 
obligation ceremonies. On July 28, 1965, Dennis accepted a position within the UKA as its 
Exalted Cyclops. 


The FBI Special Agent in Charge of the J ackson MS field office wrote in a summary memo about 
Dennis that he was “widely known in rural Mississippi as an ardent segregationist...He 
founded the First Southern Methodist Church in Mississippi, which church was founded for 
the sole intent of maintaining racial segregation." 


Dennis was also: 

e Chairman, Citizens Council Lauderdale County MS 

e Chairman, Citizens Council of Meridian and Chairman of its Public Affairs Committee 

e On Board of Directors, White Christian Protective and Legal Defense Fund (a Ku Klux Klan 
fundraising group) 

J BS member and Coordinator Medford Evans was an organizer of the pro-segregation Tri-State 
Citizens Council of Texarkana AR and “Dr. Evans talked of the success of the Citizens Council 
in Alabama in thwarting the efforts of Martin Luther King in registering Negro voters.” 
Evans “said the bodies of the three civil rights workers found near Philadelphia MS could 
have been planted there by the U.S. Government.” [FBI-HQ 105-34237-25, serial #45 3/1/65 
SAC Little Rock to Hoover re: Tri-State Citizens Council of Texarkana AR] 








1965-03 








J BS founder Robert Welch described | BS National Council member Revilo P. Oliver as “an 
authentic genius of the first water, and quite possibly the world’s greatest living scholar.” 
[J BS magazine, American Opinion, 03/ 65]. 


Oliver also served as the primary author for the Birch Society’s annual August “Scoreboard” 
issue of American Opinion which estimated the degree of “Communist influence and control” 
in almost all countries of the world. 


When Oliver ultimately resigned from the J BS in J uly 1966 because of remarks which most 
observers interpreted as anti-semitic, Welch expressed his regret: "...we have accepted his 
resignation from the Council with a considerable and natural reluctance. For he is an 
earnest anti-communist, as well as one of the world’s greatest scholars in the fields of 
classical languages and literature.” An “earnest anti-communist"? 


By contrast, consider this evaluation of Revilo Oliver which was made by former FBI informant 
Herbert Philbrick (of | Led Three Lives fame), based upon Philbrick’s contacts with Oliver in 
1959 and 1960. 








A 1961 FBI HQ memo concerned Oliver's claim that he relied upon information provided to him 
by Philbrick which Oliver included in an article he wrote for American Opinion magazine in 
1959 and Oliver also included in his speeches which discussed alleged communist infiltration 
of the Dept of Health, Education and Welfare: 


"Herbert A. Philbrick...advised this date he has met Dr. Revilo P. Oliver on two occasions 
at Urbana IL in late 1959 or early 1960 when Philbrick delivered lectures there. Oliver has 
written Philbrick on one or two occasions. Philbrick stated he has never given Dr. Oliver 
any information concerning Communist infiltration of DHEW, stating he knows no one in 
this Department and has had no information concerning Communist Party activity in the 
U.S. Government since at least 1944. Philbrick approximately one half year ago heard 
statements attributed to him that DHEW was infiltrated with CP members...He denied 
emphatically that he ever made such statements orally or in writing. He considers Dr. 
Oliver to be an extremist in anti-Communist feelings and violently anti-Semitic." [FBI-HQ 
file 65-45027, serial #29, 2/1/61 memo from F.}. Baumgardner to Assistant Director Alan H. 
Belmont, page 2 which is FBI file on Revilo P. Oliver; also, in] BS HQ file 62-104401, unrecorded 
but just after serial #621] 


How was it possible for Philbrick to determine in 1959-1960 that Oliver was "violently anti- 
semitic" but it was not possible for Mr. Welch to recognize Oliver's racism and anti-semitism 
until 1966? 


As Oliver correctly pointed out to JBS National Council members in a letter he wrote 
concerning the 1966 speech which resulted in his resignation from the J BS: 


“There was no significant statement in that speech that I had not made, months or years 
before, in the pages of American Opinion, without eliciting the slightest objection or 
adverse criticism from Mr. Welch.” 


The November 1964 issue of the J BS magazine American Opinion featured an article by Oliver 
which declared that different races were not equal and the U.S. Government was “engaged 
in an insane, but terribly effective, effort to destroy the American people and Western 
Civilization by subsidizing, both at home and abroad, the breeding of the intellectually, 
physically and morally unfit.” 





1965-04 


FBI reported that the Charlotte NC Police Dept arrested a J BS member who had two rifles, two 
shotguns, and one pistol in his car along with flammable material for fire bombs. This Bircher 
had threatened “to kill all the Communists” 





1965-04 


A May 1965 FBI memo observed that the “White Citizens Council held a meeting in 
Huntsville, Alabama on 4/26/65 with selected members of the J ohn Birch Society.” [FBI- 
HQ 105-34237, serial #25; also, in FBl-Birmingham 105-241] 








1965-05 





Robert Welch frequently recommended Alan Stang's 1965 J BS-published book entitled, It's 
Very Simple: The True Story of Civil Rights: 


"This book, because of its thoroughness, its comprehensive coverage of the whole 'civil 
rights' story, and its meticulous documentation, is the best single searchlight we have for 
exposing the 'civil rights' fraud." [Robert Welch, J BS Bulletin, May 1966] 


According to Alan Stang, the “civil rights movement was not only planned by the 
Communists, but was begun, is staffed, and is conducted by the Communists—and has only 
one real purpose: the destruction and communization of America.” 


In May 1965, the Special Agent in Charge of the Boston FBI Field Office forwarded proof sheets 
of the Stang book to FBI Headquarters, two months before its scheduled publication. An 
evaluation of the book was prepared for Assistant Director W.C. Sullivan by F.J. Baumgardner. 


The concluding "Observations" paragraph states: 

"The details of the book do not support the strong conclusions reached by the author. We 
have had available to us all the material which Stang has plus considerable additional data 
from our investigations and we could not arrive at such conclusions. The impression is 











received that Stang may have well started with his conclusions and then developed the 
information and manner of presentation which he hoped would prove his point. This work 
must be viewed in the light of the author's apparent close connections with Robert Welch 
and the J ohn Birch Society." [FBI-HQ 100-106670, serial #1412, May 28, 1965, and FBI-HQ 
100-106670, serial #1525, J une 24, 1965, both F.J. Baumgardner to W.C. Sullivan]. 

1965-05 | | BS founder Robert Welch was one of the featured speakers at the Congress of Conservatives 
convention at the Sheraton Hotel in Chicago IL. During his speech, Welch again declared that 
“the aim of the civil rights movement is a ‘separate Negro Soviet Republic to be carved 
right out of the United States.’” [FBI-Milwaukee 100-13570, #61; Milwaukee WI Sentinel, 

5/ 1/65, p1 =“Welch Says Nation is Run By the Insane” ]. See “Note #2” in entry for 09-65 
for details regarding Welch’s falsehood re: Negro Soviet Republic. 

1965-06 | Robert Welch cited as a reliable source of information, “the long and prophetically accurate 
December 1956 Special Report of the American Flag Committee.” 





That Special Report supposedly predicted that the year 1965 was the year targeted by 
Communists for agitation for Negro voting rights. Welch devoted 5 pages of the J BS Bulletin 
to this Report. 


The American Flag Committee was organized in August 1950 and run by W. Henry MacFarland 
Jr. of Philadelphia PA. 


In July 1955, J. Edgar Hoover sent a memo to the Special Agent in Charge of the FBI's 
Philadelphia field office which described the American Flag Committee: “The AFC is an anti- 
semitic hate group.” [FBI-HQ 105-11214, serial #77, 7/29/55]. 


MacFarland toured the country with Gerald L.K. Smith. He was a featured speaker at Smith's 
Christian Nationalist Crusade Convention in August 1948. 


MacFarland was also a speaker at events sponsored by the National Blue Star Mothers of 
America (cited as subversive by the U.S. Attorney General). 


MacFarland also cooperated with Conde McGinley’s anti-semitic New Jersey newspaper, 
Common Sense as well as working with the neo-fascist National Renaissance Party run by] ames 
Madole of New York. 


Two of MacFarland’s previous organizations (Nationalist Action League and Committee for 
Nationalist Action) were included on the U.S. Attorney General’s List of Subversive 
Organizations. MacFarland’s bi-monthly publication, National Progress, merged in J une 1949 
with McGinley’s “Common Sense”. 


One FBI report pointed out that: 


“Bufiles reveal that Conde McGinley is a prolific writer of hate-type literature principally 
on anti-Semitic and anti-Negro nature. He is known to be most cooperative with the 
Nationalist Action League which has been cited by the Department of J ustice as a Fascist 
organization.” [FBI-HQ 105-9621, serial #574; 10/2/62 M.A. J ones memo to C.D. DeLoach). 


A report by the Philadelphia field office of the FBI quoted MacFarland stating that the U.S. 
“should ultimately be made a white Christian nation” because “our increasingly 
heterogenous society is approaching the fate of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire 
where the confused medley of nationalities produced nothing but chaos.” [FBI-HQ 105- 
7857, serial #9, page 2; 3/15/50 Philadelphia FBI report]. 

1965-06 | |BS writer James P. Lucier’s employment history includes working for two segregationists (1) 
South Carolina Senator Strom Thurmond and (2) the editor of the Richmond VA News-Leader, 
James]. Kilpatrick. In an article which Lucier wrote for the J BS magazine (American Opinion), 
he observed that: 





“The vote is being pushed into Negro hands which, in some areas, have every reason from 
ignorance to avarice, to destroy the Republic”. Lucier also rejected the idea that “American 
ideals” included “the notion of racial or social equality” because “the best system is 














undemocratic voting”. Constitutional amendments which enfranchised former slaves and 
prohibited poll taxes, Lucier opined, “run counter to the spirit of the body of the document 
and to the Bill of Rights”. [James P. Lucier, American Opinion, 06/65, pages 17-30 in his 
article entitled “Civil Rites: Who Should Vote?” | 


From 1963 to 1966, Lucier wrote 14 articles for American Opinion. In 1963, he warned about 
the spread of socialism among the “cannibals and savages of newly independent African 
nations.” The reason they were becoming socialist according to Lucier, was because it “was 
easy to convince cannibals and savages that socialism will supply abundance without 
necessitating the earning of it.” 


Lucier also commented that black African leaders had “learned to grasp only the concept 
that one eats one’s enemies.” 


See 1966-00 entry for additional | BS reference to “savages” in newly independent African 
nations. This type of racially bigoted rhetoric is another reason why bigoted whites gravitated 
toward the J BS. 





1965-06 


J BS member Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) was the featured speaker at a Klan meeting at Scott's 
Restaurant in Bivins TX, across the Texas state line from Ida, LA. “Gen. Edwin Walker is to 
be the guest speaker at 3pm. In attendance at this meeting will be the head of each Klavern 
and his assistant in the state of Louisiana, east Texas, and Arkansas.” [FBl-Dallas 157-218, 
serial #204] 





1965-06 


The J une 1965 issue of Gerald L.K. Smith's racist and anti-semitic newspaper, The Crossand 
the Flag” declared: 


“Attention J ohn Birch Society members: Remain loyal to your local J ohn Birch Society, 
and even though the J ohn Birch Society may not deal with all the issues in which you are 
interested, they are doing much good and most of the leaders understand the J ewish 
question even though they do not discuss it in their meetings.” 





1965-06 


J BS member Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) gave a J une 1965 speech to the American 
Conservative Club in Harrisburg PA. Walker declared that: “I think | can match three good 
Americans in the KKK for every one in the Americans For Democratic Action or the Anti- 
Defamation League.” 





1965-06 


JBS member, Kent Courtney (New Orleans LA) was the featured speaker at a 6/5/65 
“Conservative Rally” in Natchez MS sponsored by Americans for the Preservation of the White 
Race, Inc. 





1965-06 


J BS speaker Sheriff J im Clark (Selma AL) was the principal speaker at the pro-segregation 
Manatee FL Citizens Council meeting on J une 24, 1965. [FBI-HQ 105-34237, serial #477, SAC 
Tampa to Hoover on 7/ 13/65]. 





1965-06 


In 1965, the California Senate Factfinding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities updated 
its 1963 Report on the J ohn Birch Society. 


“According to reliable sources, we would estimate that the Society has grown so rapidly 
that it has attracted a lunatic fringe that is now assuming serious proportions. We find very 
little anti-Negro sentiment among the members, but we do find a growing incidence of 
anti-Semitism, although the Society as a whole is far from anti-Semitic." [California Senate 
Factfinding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities, 13th Report, J une 18, 1965, page 174; 
Also see: Los Angeles Times, “John Birch Society Hit In New Study”, 06/ 20/65, page B-1] 


Obviously, there cannot be a “dangerous increase" or a "growing incidence" of something 
unless it previously existed and was noticed. 








1965-07 





JBS member Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) spoke at a rally in Baton Rouge LA sponsored by 
“United Conservatives” which actually was a front for the racist Citizens Councils of Louisiana 
(CCL). Other speakers at this event were John Rarick and Ned Touchstone. Touchstone was 
the editor of the CCL newsletter, “The Councilor” FBI files describe Touchstone as a KKK 
member and a “rabid segregationist.” [FBI-HQ 105-44536, serial #35]. 


“J ohn R. Rarick has been identified by our informants as a Klan member in Louisiana. ” 
[FBI-HQ 56-3970, serial #5, 9/ 16/ 66]. 














1965-07 





The J uly-August annual “Scoreboard” issue of the J} BS magazine (American Opinion) estimated 
the degree of “Communist influence and control” in all countries in the world. The analysis 
in this annual issue was written by J BS National Council member Revilo P. Oliver. 


This is also the same Revilo Oliver who described “Mississippi, the state which has the largest 
percentage of Negroes in its population and where relations between the two races were 
conducted on a sensible basis...” [American Opinion, J uly-August 1965, p74] 


In the section of the article which discusses the United States, the estimate of Communist 
influence and control is 60-80% -- which represented an increase from the previous year’s 
estimate of 50-70% One example of such alleged “Communist influence and control” is 
discussed by Oliver with respect to college campuses: 


“On most campuses’ Communist cells, under a dozen names, are multiplying more rapidly 
than fleas on a dog, and at least one college has begun to give academic credit for rioting. 
You have only to drive through any campus to see the zombies—what Mr. Tom Anderson 
has aptly described as an ‘aggregation of unwashed, zoot-suited, bearded, black and 
white beatniks, anarchists, and slobs’ together with their females. And if you step into 
any classroom, the chances are that you can see at work and hear some ‘intellectual’ his 
congested little mind festering with loathing of our country, our race, and our 
civilization.” [American Opinion, July-August 1965, page 71]. An asterisk regarding the 
“academic credit for rioting” comment refers readers to: “As reported in The Councilor, 
March 5, 1965.” 


The Councilor publication which the JBS cites as a reputable source, was the official 
publication of the segregationist organization, Citizens Councils of Louisiana, Inc. The Editor 
of that magazine was Ned O. Touchstone. Touchstone owned and operated several weekly 
newspapers in Texas and Louisiana. He also was Chairman of “Freedom Bus North” a 
Shreveport, Louisiana project which provided one-way bus or train tickets for blacks to be sent 
to northern states. The free transportation was sponsored by the segregationist Louisiana 
Association of Citizens Councils. 


In March 1965, Touchstone declared that the Citizens Councils of Louisiana planned to put up 
800 billboards across the U.S. showing Martin Luther King Jr. attending “communist training 
school” - which is a reference to Highlander Folk School in Monteagle TN. 


In reality, King was at Highlander one time for a one-hour speech and the photo of him at that 
event was taken by Edwin H. Friend. Friend was the official photographer for the United Klans 
of America chapter in Georgia. Friend was hired by the Georgia Commission on Education, a 
state agency whose purpose was to preserve segregated public schools in Georgia. 


On November 23, 1965, Touchstone was the keynote speaker at a Knights of the KKK rally in 
North Biloxi MS. In 1967, when Touchstone ran for State Superintendent of Education in 
Louisiana his campaign literature pointed out that: “Mr. Touchstone will work with George 
Wallace and other segregationists for a peaceful return of good will between the races 
through separate schools.” [Ruston LA Daily Leader, 10/ 27/67, p3] 


In J uly 1966, |. Edgar Hoover responded to an inquiry about the Citizens Council of Louisiana. 
A notation on the FBI file copy of its reply describes Ned Touchstone as a member of the KKK 
and “He is a rabid segregationist who has condemned and tried to embarrass the Federal 
Government whenever he has the opportunity. ‘The Councilor’ has been printed and 
distributed by the National States Rights Party.” [FBI-HQ 105-44536, serial #37; 7/27/66 
Hoover reply to inquiry in Citizens Councils of LA file). 


The FBI characterization of the National States Rights Party was: “...the NSRP is composed of 
past members of klan-type organizations and notorious anti-semites” and its publication, 
The Thunderbolt, “continues to publish articles attacking Negroes and persons of the 
J ewish faith.” [Quoted from “Appendix” which FBI attached to memos and reports on the 
NSRP]. A typical Thunderbolt article: “..racial integration of we White people is a J ewish 
directed scheme of mongrelize the White race, so that the almighty J ew can sit upon a 








throne to rule a world populated by a mass of mullato like zombies.. When we take power, 
we will remove all Negroes, J ews and Orientals form the United States.” [4/62 issue] 


Incidentally, in 1966 Revilo Oliver resigned from the J ohn Birch Society after he made a speech 
which most observers (including Robert Welch) considered objectionable. Welch sent an 
explanation to all J BS National Council members regarding Oliver’s departure: 


“We do not subscribe at all to Dr. Oliver’s ‘racial superiority’ theories, nor to his views 
concerning the degeneracy of the human race...Despite our long and growing disagreement 
with Dr. Oliver over the subject matter of this letter, we have accepted his resignation 
from the Council with a considerable and natural reluctance. For he is an earnest anti- 
communist, as well as one of the world’s greatest scholars in the fields of classical 
languages and literature.” 


Welch had previously described Oliver's writing style as deserving “nothing but praise and 
hunger for the superb style of a Dr. Revilo Oliver, with his striking understatements and 
felicitous turns of phrase which so greatly increase the effectiveness of all he writes." [J BS 
Bulletin, 9/63, page 119] 


Perhaps Welch had the following Oliver observation in mind: 


“Despite the best efforts of Communists in the news services to cover up and confuse, 
most people have learned a little something of what happened when a horde of termites 
from all over the country, led by half crazed ministers and professors, swarmed over the 
small town of Selma, Alabama in typical demonstration of Communist activism (see 
American Opinion, May 1965, pages 1-10).” [American Opinion, J uly-August 1965, page 74. ] 


After Oliver left the JBS, he felt un-constrained by Welch’s approval of “striking 
understatements and felicitous turns of phrase” so he decided to write for an overly neo-nazi 
magazine, Liberty Bell, published by George P. Dietz (a former J BS member) 


"My article on Nigger Superiority in the May issue of Liberty Bell was in print before events 
in Los Angeles gave it an emphatic confirmation. Niggers naturally loot and destroy when 
they see a good opportunity...for tribal festivities." [Liberty Bell magazine, J une 1992] 

In 1990, Oliver wrote: 


“There could be no clearer proof that the J ews’ mystery religion, a spiritual syphilis, has 
rotted the minds of our race and induced paralysis of our will to live.” [Liberty Bell, 11/90, 
“A Cringing Lord” ] 











1965-08 | JBS member Dr. John R. Andrew (Stone Mountain GA) was a J BS chapter leader in Emory GA 
until he resigned that position in 1965 to run for political office. However, the Emory chapter 
still met in his home. On August 23, 1965, Dr. Andrews was the featured speaker at a United 
Klans of America rally in Atlanta. 

1965-08 | J BS member Mary Dawson Cain (Summit MS) Cain joined Association of Christian Conservatives 





(ACC) which was organized and led by Elmore Greaves. (Hattiesburg MS American, 8/ 4/65, 
p1) 


The ACC was a coalition of the leaders from Americans for the Preservation of the White Race, 
the White Citizens Councils, Women for Constitutional Government, and the John Birch 
Society. Their purpose was to oppose voting law changes. 


Greaves was also a member of Americans for the Preservation of the White Race and the White 
Knights of the Ku Klux Klan of Mississippi and he was a J BS endorser. 


In January 1965, Greaves declared: 
“Although | am not a member of the Ku Klux Klan, | am in sympathy with its philosophy as 


| understand it. That is, | believe in the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and the principle 
of white supremacy.” [01/11/65 J ackson MS Daily News, page 2]. 











Greaves lied about his Klan membership and, in fact, Greaves was the co-founder and State 
Chairman of the White Christian Protective and Legal Defense Fund, Inc. (a front group created 
by the White Knights of the KKK of MS). It was formed at a White Knights cabinet meeting on 
01/31/65 and its purpose was to pay for the defense of 18 persons charged with the 1964 
murders of civil rights workers Schwerner, Goodman, and Cheney in Philadelphia MS. Greaves 
reported to Imperial Wizard Samuel H. Bowers. 











1965-09 | JBS member Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) spoke at an event at the Henry Grady Hotel in 
Atlanta. In answer to a question after his speech, Walker declared: “There will be a KKK in 
the USA longer than there will be an LB) ”. 

1965-09 | |BS founder and leader Robert Welch gave a speech in Phoenix AZ, during which he declared 





that: 


“Racial killings in the South are perpetrated by Communists to warn Negroes not to oppose 
the civil rights movement, Robert Welch asserted yesterday...and such racial atrocities will 
continue in order to dramatize a terrific propaganda drive inspired by the Reds in support 
of a Negro Soviet Republic.” [9/20/65 Phoenix AZ Republic, pA4, “Welch Blames Reds in 
Killings”; FBl-Phoenix 62-795, serial #133]. Also see 16-page Welch pamphlet “Two 
Revolutions at Once” published in May 1965. 


NOTE #1: 

There is no way to be polite about this. Robert Welch was an exceptionally well-educated 
man who was born in North Carolina. Nobody but an ignorant fool or a racist could claim 
that southern racial killings were perpetrated by Communists. 


All of the most prominent racial killings in the South were the result of bigoted white 
supremacists - often at the direction of local Klan leaders and sometimes involving local law 
enforcement. 


One example of this was subsequently confirmed by testimony from Rev. Delmar Dennis, a J BS 
member who infiltrated the most violent Klan in our nation’s history - the White Knights of 
the KKK of Mississippi whose Imperial Wizard was Samuel H. Bowers. 


Dennis’s testimony made it possible to convict Byron de la Beckwith for the murder of civil 
rights leader and NAACP official Medger Evers. Dennis said he heard Beckwith brag about the 
killing at a 1965 Klan rally near J ackson, MS. 


SOME OTHER FAMOUS RACE-RELATED MURDERS: 


January 1957 =Willie Edwards J r. (Montgomery AL). Several Klansmen forced Edwards out of 
his supermarket delivery truck whereupon he was tortured and then told (at gunpoint) to jump 
off a bridge over the Alabama River. His body was discovered three months later. Nineteen 
years later, three Klansmen were indicted for the murder. 


May 1963 = William Lewis Moore (Attala AL). The prime suspect in the murder was Floyd L. 
Simpson. Bullets that killed Moore were traced to Simpson’s rifle and Simpson’s car was seen 
in the vicinity of the murder. Simpson refused to take a polygraph exam or tell investigators 
his whereabouts at the time of the murder. Simpson was a member of United Klans of America, 
Klavern 13 (Ft. Payne AL). A Grand J ury of 17 white men and 1 black man refused to indict 
Simpson. 


September 1963 = Addie Mae Collins, Denise McNair, Carole Robinson, Cynthia Wesley 
(Birmingham AL) 


As a result of the 9/15/63 dynamite bombing of the 16" Street Baptist Church in Birmingham 
AL, these four young black girls were killed. Four United Klans of America members were 
convicted of their murder: Robert E. Chambliss, Herman Frank Cash, Thomas Edwin Blanton 
Jr. and Bobby Frank Cherry. 

















May 1964 = Henry H. Dee and Charles E. Moore (Meadville MS). Two members of the most 
violent Klan in U.S. history (White Knights of the KKK of Mississippi) abducted Dee and Moore, 
beat them unconscious and then dumped them into the Mississippi River where they drowned. 
Klansmen J ames Ford Seale and Charles Marcus Edwards were arrested for murder. Edwards 
provided a signed confession. 


J une 1964 =J ames Chaney, Andrew Goodman, Michael Schwerner (Philadelphia MS) 
Klan organizer Edgar Ray Killen was convicted for the 1964 killings -- known as the Mississippi 
Burning murders. Also involved with the Neshoba County Sheriff, Cecil Price. 


July 1964 =Lt. Col. Lemuel Penn (near Athens GA). A carload of Klansmen opened fire at the 
car in which Penn and two other Army Reserve officers were returning to Washington DC. Two 
Klan members were tried on first-degree murder charges (Cecil William Myers, J oseph Howard 
Sims). Later civil rights charges were brought against them along with four other Klansmen. 
Myers and Sims were convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison. 


March 1965 =Viola Gregg Liuzzo murdered in Alabama. Four Klan members were arrested and 
three were convicted of violating her civil rights. 


January 1966 =Vernon Dahmer (Hattiesburg MS). Klan members firebombed Dahmer’s home 
and grocery store. Dahmer died from injuries he received. Three Klan members were convicted 
of murder and sentenced to life in prison. 


J une 1966 = Ben Chester White (Natchez MS). J] ames J ones, Claude Fuller and Ernest Avants 
were members of a faction of the White Knights of the KKK called Cottonmouth Moccasin Gang. 
Fuller shot and killed Mr. White, then Avants fired his shotgun into White’s corpse. J ones 
admitted his role in this crime. 


Members of the extreme right National States Rights Party were often involved in violent 
incidents including murders of blacks in the south. 


For additional info, see: 
https://www.clarionledger.com/ story/j ourneytoj ustice/ 2014/ 07/ 09/ sam-bowers- mississippi-burning- 


christian-identity/ 12394409/ 





NOTE #2: 

For anyone who still doubts the involvement of Klan members in racial violence and murders, 
check out the following 1967 House Committee on Un-American Activities report (use search 
terms “violence” and “murder”) 

https:/ / archive. org/ details/ HouseCcommitteeOnUnAmericanActivitiesThePresentDayKuKluxKlanMoveme 
nt12116776pp 





ALSO: Review the following 1958 FBI training monograph: 
https:// archive. org/ details/ FBIMonographTheKuKluxKlanSectionll19441958 


FOR ADDITIONAL HISTORICAL CONTEXT, see: 


https://crrj.northeastern.edu/home/reading-room 


https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2020/07/19/atlanta-lynching-police-ku-klux- 





https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2020/09/13/maceo-snipes-lynching-vote-all-in- 





stacey-abrams/ 


NOTE #3: 

With respect to Welch's “Negro Soviet Republic” argument in 1965, the CPUSA discarded 
that idea many years earlier. J. Edgar Hoover pointed out in his] anuary 1960 testimony before 
the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee that the 17th National Convention of the 
Communist Party USA held in New York City on December 10, 1959 had discarded that position: 














1965-09 





"The Negro resolution adopted by the convention discarded the party's historic position 
advocating 'self-determination' meaning that Negroes should be given the right to form a 
separate nation in the Southern States...The 1959 convention resolution hence represents 
a party admission that its position concerning Negroes is bankrupt. Time itself has shown 
that the party is not interested in the welfare of the Negro, but only in using him as a tool 
to advance party interests." [J . Edgar Hoover: An Analysis of the 17th National Convention 
of the Communist Party USA; Statement made to Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, 
1/17/60, page 7; Also see: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, March 1960 - for same comment. ] 


Even the KKK newspaper, The Fiery Cross, recognized this change of Communist strategy! 


"With the CPUSA steadily declining in open membership, the official doctrine was changed 
from creating a separate Negro state in the U.S. to one of full integration. (Ben) Davis 
[National Secretary CPUSA] had argued for this change in order to obtainmaximum Negro 
support. The party line change became official in 1959." [The Fiery Cross, "Communist 
Exploitation of the U.S. Racial Crisis", August 1964, page 1] 


Statements made by Robert Welch and the J BS regarding alleged “Communist” strategy and 
objectives along with purported “Communist” involvement in violence and murders 
(particularly in our southern states) conformed to the arguments favored and promoted by 
most white supremacist organizations in the U.S. - which is precisely why those organizations 
(and their leadership) considered Welch and the J BS to be their ALLIES in their fight to preserve 
segregation and Jim Crow laws, customs, and practices. 


Welch and the J BS cheerfully advanced the basic predicates and stereotypes of white hate 
groups who sought to always blame victims of discrimination and bigotry for every problem or 
controversy which arose. 


NOTE #4 

The method utilized by the J BS to camouflage the racist origins and purposes behind J BS 
arguments was to hire African-American speakers to spread J BS mythology about our civil 
rights movement and its leadership. 


The JBS employed a group of African American speakers such as Julia Brown, Lola Belle 
Holmes, Leonard Patterson, Alvin D. Smith, Rev. E. Freeman Yearling, Rev. Henry Mitchell, 
Donald L. Jackson, Gerald W. Kirk, and Rev J.L. Ward. 


Most of the time these folks spoke under the auspices of the J BS front-group, Truth About Civil 
Turmoil (aka TACT). None of these folks devoted any time during their speeches todiscussing 
the actual discrimination or oppression or harassment which black Americans faced in their 
everyday lives. Instead, these folks received $100 per speech to dismiss or de-value all such 
evidence while asserting that our civil rights movement was “a fraud” and everyone working 
within our civil rights movement was essentially advancing “Communist” objectives. [See for 
example advertisement in Lewiston ID Morning Tribune, 3/11/70, p5, “Tonight Hear 
Charles E. Smith Speaking on the Topic: ‘Civil Rights is a Fraud” [FBI-Butte 62-1672, serial 
#173] and “TACT To Sponsor Civil Rights Speaker Nov 12” in Fremont County Chronicle 
News of St. Anthony Idaho, 11/5/70, page 5; FBI-Butte 62-1672, serial #175]. 


For specific details regarding the total dishonesty of J BS speakers J ulia Brown and Lola Belle 
Holmes - see chapter 6 of my J BS Report here: https://sites. google.com/site/ernie124102/jbs-3 


J BS member Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) was the featured speaker at the Pasco County Fair 
Grounds in Dade City FL. The event was sponsored by the Pasco County Supporters of 
Constitutional Government which was described by FBI as “sponsored by United Florida Ku 











Klux Klan” and “served as the recruiting ground of the UFKKK in Pasco County.” [FBI-Dallas 
157-218, serial #217] 





1965-09 


1965-10 


As members of the Church of J esus Christ of Latter-Day Saints prepared for their General 
Conference in October of 1965, rumors swept through northern Utah that busloads of Black 
rioters were on their way to storm Temple Square. The rumors were begun by J BS Coordinator 
Reed Benson. 


Benson sent a letter to Utah J BS chapters dated 9/ 2/ 65, captioned “Memo to Utah Chapters” 
stating that: 


“It is common knowledge that the Civil Rights Movement is Communist-controlled, 
influenced and dominated. Our founder and guide, Mr. Robert Welch, has instructed us 
that when necessary we must adopt the Communist technique in our ever-present battle 
against Godless Communism. It is urged that in the coming weeks the Utah chapters begin 
a whispering campaign to foster rumors that the civil rights groups are going to organize 
demonstrations in Salt Lake City in connections with the forthcoming LDS Conference...A 
few well-placed comments will soon mushroom out of control and before the Conference 
begins there will be such a feeling of unrest and distrust that the populace will hardly 
know who to believe. The news media will play it to the very hilt. No matter what the Civil 
Rights leaders may try to say to deny it the seed will have been sown and against the Civil 
Rights movement will suffer a telling blow.” [Excerpt from Benson’s letter appears at 4:27 
of Radio West Films video program entitled “History Repeats Itself: Riots, Race and Rumors 
in Utah 1965” at: https://films.radiowest. org/ film/ history-repeats-itself-utah-race- riot- 
conspiracy 


For additional details see: 

D. Michael Quinn: “Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts”, in Dialogue: A 
Journal of Mormon Thought, Summer 1993, page 36 

“Race Riots in Utah?" Daily Utah Chronicle, 9/ 28/65, page 5. 

"NAACP Chapter Claims Riot Report 'Malicious'" Ogden UT Standard-Examiner, 9/ 28/65 
page A-6. 

"Rumors of Riot Hit by Area NAACP," Deseret News, 9/28/65, page B-1 

"NAACP Assails Rumors of Protest at LDS Meet," Salt Lake Tribune, 9/ 29/65, page 18 

J BS member General Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) meeting with Robert M. Shelton, Imperial 
Wizard of United Klans of America: 


“During the week of October 18, Robert M. Shelton, was flown to Shreveport, Louisiana 
by James L. Frazier J r. of Tuscaloosa AL in Frazier’s personal airplane. Shelton spent six 
or seven hours in a hotel room with General Edwin Walker and talked to him about the 
United Klans of America and various other topics. Shelton offered General Walker the 
position of Grand Dragon of the United Klans of America for the State of Texas. Later, 
General Walker mentioned to someone that he was interested in the Klan position offered 
by Robert Shelton and that he would contact Shelton.” [FBl-Dallas 157-218, serial #222, 
10/ 25/ 65, page 2] 








1965-10 





JBS member, William J. Story, was a candidate for Governor on the Virginia Conservative 
Party ticket. Story was an Assistant Superintendent of schools in Chesapeake VA. 


During an interview on WTOP-TV program “City Side”, Story was described as follows: 


“Story, an opponent of racial integration, refused to join the two major party candidates 
for Governor...in denouncing the Ku Klux Klan. He explained that he had never attended a 
Klan meeting and added that ‘I don’t know anything about what they’re trying to do. I do 
not intend to sit in judgment on the righteousness of the various organizations in 
Virginia.’” [Washington DC Evening Star, 10/05/65, p C-3, “Story Proud to be in Birch 
Society” | 


In his position as South Norfolk School Superintendent in September 1955, Story proclaimed 
that he would never let the NAACP have use of “any colored school building in South Norfolk 
for any purpose or under any circumstances.” [See: Norfolk J ournal and Guide, 9/24/55 
article “You'll Never Use These Schools South Norfolk Tells NAACP”, FBI-Norfolk 105-236, 











serial #11]. Story permitted use of a white school building for a meeting of the segregationist 
group, Defenders of State Sovereignty and Individual Liberties in September and October. 
1965-10 | JBS member, Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) met with United Klans of America Imperial Wizard 
Robert Shelton in Shreveport LA at which time Shelton “offered General Walker the position 
of Grand Dragon of the UKA for the State of Texas.” [FBI-HQ 157-370-2, serial #345; also: 
157-370-4, serials #328, 340X, 341, 377, 383]. “Later General Walker mentioned to someone 
that he was interested in the Klan position...” [FBI-HQ 157-370-4, serial #341, 11/1/65 SAC 
Birmingham to J. Edgar Hoover re: United Klans of America, Inc., Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, 
page 1.] 

1965-10 | JBS member, Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) was the main speaker at the Pasco County (FL) 
Federation for Constitutional Government - which the FBI described as a front for the United 
Florida Ku Klux Klan of Dade County FL. [FBI-HQ 116-165494, serial #109] 

1965-10 | Eugene Tabbutt was the Chief of the United Klans of America “Bureau of Investigation”. 
“Tabbutt stated that [in October 1965] ...he met in Audubon Nj with 50 leaders from 
various J ohn Birch Society chapters at their request. Tabbutt stated they asked him about 
the United Klans of America...Tabbutt stated the Birch leaders told him they were ‘fed up’ 
with meetings, petitions, and letter writing and wanted action. According to Tabbutt, the 
Birch leaders promised to furnish 750 Birchers for the UKA. They told Tabbutt they were 
going to check him with Robert Shelton, Imperial Wizard of the UKA. Tabbutt told those at 
the meeting on October 16, 1965 that within six months, the UKA will have 10,000 
Birchers joining the UKA.” [FBI-Philadelphia 105-4158, serial #903, 10/22/65 “United Klans 
of America, Inc. - New York Realm”, pages 2-3] 
1965-10 | The October 1965 issue of the J BS magazine “American Opinion” contains an article by Robert 
H. Montgomery entitled “From The North”. This article opens by discussing “successive 
waves of immigration” which arrived in Boston. Montgomery argues that the former European 
migrants (Irish, J ews, Italians, etc.) “did not expect welfare handouts” and were willing to 
work hard and accept responsibility for their destiny. 








Montgomery then uses language (and adopts arguments) which are identical to what can be 
found in overtly racist publications. 


“Now we are experiencing something new. We have an influx of newcomers (let us call 
them Savages to distinguish them from the great majority of respectable and respected 
Negroes) who do not intend to take care of themselves but intend that we shall take care 
of them. Arrogantly they hamstring our police and tell us how to manage our schools and 
what special privileges they should enjoy because of their color. Our initial mistake was 
to establish an insane welfare program which subsidizes idleness and sexual immorality. 
This had great appeal to the lowest sort of Negroes who heard about it in the South. One 
could be idle and breed illegitimate children there too, but in the South one could not 
make of it a lucrative occupation. So Savages came North.” [Robert Montgomery, “From 
the North”, American Opinion magazine, October 1965, pages 69-70]. See other listings in 
this chronology where | BS members use the term “savages” to describe African-Americans. 
1965-10 | Eugene Tabbutt was the Chief of the United Klans of America “Bureau of Investigation”. 





During an October 1965 Klan meeting in New J ersey: 


“It was observed at this meeting that a check in the amount of $7500 from some members 
of the J ohn Birch Society of New J ersey was given to the Klan as an indication of their 
desire for membership in the Klan and their denouncement and proposed renunciation of 
the J ohn Birch Society of New Jersey.” [FBI-Philadelphia 105-4158, serial #1055, page 3, 
12/ 2/65 LHM by Buffalo NY FBI office captioned “United Klans of America, Inc., Knights of 
the Ku Klux Klan”. Same info in FBI- Philadelphia 105-4158, serial #942, 11/3/65 Buffalo LHM 
re: “Ku Klux Klan, New York State”, page 3] 

1965-11 | J BS supporters often claim that the J BS had “numerous black members” - as if that “proves” 
the lack of bigotry within the J BS. There are several points which need to be made about this: 





J BS founder and leader Robert Welch told a Washington Post reporter on 11/5/65 that “1/10 
of 1% of J BS members were Negro” and Welch claimed that the J BS had 80,000-100, 000 

















1965-11 


members which would mean about 80-100 black members. [Washington DC Post, Phil Casey: 
“Welch Denies Birch Society Far Right”, 11/5/65, page B-2]. 


However, based upon J BS membership dues payments at that time, the J BS actually had only 
about 29,800 members in 1965 so if the percentage of black members mentioned by Welch 
was accurate, then the J BS only had about 30 black members. 


The J BS wants us to believe that the J BS could not possibly be described as facilitating racism 
or pandering to racists just because of the number of black Americans who were members of, 
or paid speakers for, the J BS. However, the Communist Party USA had at least 20-30 times as 
many black Party members as the J BS had black J BS members---and even more significant y-- 
-UNLIKE the Birch Society, the Communist Party elevated many black Party members into 
senior positions within the Party. 


NEVERTHELESS, it is very clear that there were MAJ OR arguments within the CPUSA between 
white and black members — particularly between their African-American leaders such as 
Claude Lightfoot, Benjamin Davis Jr., Pettis Perry, and J ames J ackson and white leaders like 
Gus Hall. 


Often, the black CPUSA leaders characterized the white CPUSA leadership as racist in their 
beliefs and practices. Black Party members complained bitterly about “white chauvinism” 
within the Party. Some of the corroboration for this situation within the CPUSA can be found 
in testimony by African Americans who later became J BS members and speakers--such as J ulia 
Brown and Lola Belle Holmes! 


For example, Julia Brown told the FBI that: 

“She has stated that she has found absolutely as much ‘racial prejudice’ and ‘white 
chauvinism’ in the CP as ‘there is in Mississippi’. And that many Negroes who have been 
duped by the CP and who have become ‘tools’ of the Party, need to have ‘their eyes 
opened’. [FBI-Los Angeles 100-54554, serial #489; 2/5/60, in CPUSA-COINTELPRO file re: J ulia 
C. Brown] 


During her J une 4, 1962 testimony before the House Committee on Un-American Activities 
Julia declared she was not allowed to attend her neighborhood Communist club meetings 
“because it was a J im Crow club.” 


So, the assurances by Birchers based merely upon the number or presence of black 
members within the J BS mean absolutely NOTHING! 
Ralph E. Pryor Jr. was the Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan in Delaware. He observed that: 


“Birch Society members make good Klansmen. They’re coming in in droves in this area. | 
predict the Klan will replace the Birchers in 4 years at least in the Hartford-Cecil area.” 
[Baltimore MD Evening Sun, 11/19/65, “The Klan and the Birch Society”; FBI-Baltimore 100- 
22382, serial #111]. 





1965-11 


Sheriff J im Clark of Selma AL (a frequent | BS-sponsored speaker via its Truth About Civil 
Turmoil committees) was the featured speaker at the San Diego White Citizens Council 
meeting on 11/16/65. Clark described civil rights movement as “immoral and Communist- 
inspired”. [FBI-HQ 105-34237-46, serial #7; Original in FBl-San Diego 157-196. ] 








1965-11 





J BS member Edwin A. Walker (Dallas TX) made the following comment which was published 
on page 5 of the November 15, 1965 issue of Conde McGinley’s New Jersey newspaper, 
“Common Sense”. 


"I'll bet you will find more good Americans in the Ku Klux Klan than in the Americans For 
Democratic Action." 


The House Committee on Un-American Activities described Conde McGinley’s newspaper as 
“almost exclusively a vehicle for the exploitation of ignorance, prejudice and fear" and as 
"a clearinghouse for hate propagandists throughout the country." [“Preliminary Report 

on Neo-Fascist and Hate Groups”, 12/17/54, House Committee on Un-American Activities”, 


pages 10 and 11.] http://debs.indstate.edu/u588n4_ 1954. pdf 











The FBI description: “‘Common Sense’ is a notorious anti-Semitic hate sheet published by 
the Christian Educational Association.” AND “Common Sense depicts Communism as 
Judaism and devotes its pages almost entirely to attacks on the J ewish and to a lesser 
extent the Negro minorities in the United States. Sympathy for the former Nazi 
Government in Germany is also shown in the paper.” [In the “Appendix” to FBI memos which 
discuss Christian Educational Association] 

1965-11 | ]BS member Rev. Delmar Dennis was Chairman of the White Citizens Council in Lauderdale 
County MS as well as Chairman of the Public Affairs Committee of the White Citizens Council 
chapter in Meridian MS. In November 1965, Dennis attempted to organize a pro-segregation 
group in his community, called the Patrick Henry Society. 


Dennis also served on the Board of Directors of the White Christian Protective and Legal 
Defense Fund which was a Klan front group that was used to raise funds for the defense of 
Klan members indicted for crimes against civil rights workers. 

1965-11 | | BS founder Robert Welch, wrote in the November 1965 issue of the J BS Bulletin that: “Let’s 
suppose you happen to believe, for instance, that the Anti-Defamation League, always 
under the guise of protecting the J ews from anti-Semitism - and certainly with that 
intention on the part of many of its leaders - has actually done more to cause and promote 
anti-Semitism than any other group or force in America. Suppose you go even further - as 
do some of my Jewish friends - and believe that the ADL was originally designed by 
Communists for that very purpose...then why on earth help them, and the Communists 
behind them, to carry out this nefarious scheme, by yourself reacting in exactly the way 
the Communists have planned and wanted?” 

1965-11 | J BS speaker Sheriff J im Clark of Selma AL was the principal speaker at St. Louis Metro Area 
White Citizens Council meeting. This group was originally created by J BS member John H. 
Sutherland in September 1964. Sutherland also was a J BS section leader for 3 J BS chapters. 
Bircher Floyd G. Kitchen was Secretary. [FBI-HQ 105-34237-42, serial #7, 11/17/65 SAC St. 
Louis to J]. Edgar Hoover, originally in FBI-St. Louis 157-582]. 

1965-12 | On 12/13/65, J BS member Ben Klassen of Pompano Beach FL makes arrangements for J BS 
National Council member Tom Anderson to speak under the auspices of the J BS Speakers 
Bureau before the Fact Finders Forum of Broward County (Ft. Lauderdale FL) on 1/13/66. 
Klassen would later resign from the Society with a very caustic denunciation of Robert Welch 
for his supposed dumbing-down of J BS members so that they did not recognize the "J ewish" 
component of the Master Conspiracy. 











Klassen went on to found the racist and anti-semitic Church of the Creator and the Nationalist 
White Party. In 1970, he co-authored a pamphlet entitled "50 Phony Arguments Used By 
Kosher Conservatives To Confuse Gentiles" in which he declared that "communism is a 
J ewish conspiracy created to destroy the white race through mongrelization, annihilation, 
and degeneration." 
1965-12 | Sheriff_James G. Clark of Selma AL was a prominent segregationist who was a frequent 
speaker under the auspices of the Birch Society’s Speakers Bureau. He often spoke at meetings 
of the |] BS front group TACT (Truth About Civil Turmoil). In November 1965, Robert Welch 
invited Clark to be a featured speaker at a J BS National Council dinner on December 4, 1965. 


In response to a voting rights drive in Dallas County AL, Sheriff Clark recruited Ku Klux Klan 
members and Klan sympathizers who then joined with Alabama Highway Patrolmen toassault 
and threaten civil rights workers. 

1965-12 | An FBI informant reported on the weekly meeting of the Durham NC klavern of United Klans 
of America at the Lucky Diamond Club. 





“Prior to the meeting of the Durham Klavern a representative indicating he represented 
the J ohn Birch Society, driving an out-of-state station wagon, possibly from Maine, talked 
to some of the Klansmen as they arrived at the meeting place. This representative was 
recruiting for the J BS.” [FBl-Charlotte 100-9548, serial #159] 

1965-12 | |BS founder Robert Welch made the following comments about the Anti-Defamation League 
of B'nai B’rith in the December 1965 J BS Bulletin: 

“Let’s suppose you happen to believe, for instance, that the Anti-Defamation League, 
always under the guise of protecting the J ews from anti-Semitism--and certainly with that 




















intention on the part of many of its leaders—has actually done more to cause and promote 
anti-Semitism than any other group in America. Suppose you go even further—as do some 
of my J ewish friends—and suppose that ADL was originally designed by Communists for 
that very purpose...then why on earth help them, to carry out this nefarious scheme, by 
yourself reacting in exactly the way the Communists have planned and wanted?” 





1966-00 


1966-00 


In 1966, |] BS magazine (American Opinion) had cover portrait and OBIT article on J BS speaker, 
Professor Charles Callan Tansill. 


In 1936 Tansill left American University in Washington DC after an outspoken defense of Hitler. 


In 1955, while teaching at Georgetown University, he addressed the local chapter of the pro- 
segregation of the Defenders of State Sovereignty and Individual Liberties and he was 
reportedly a member of that organization. He also is reported to have said that “The Negro 
isa moron.” In 1956, he was terminated from Georgetown University for expressing anti-black 
sentiments. [Mary Anne Raywid, “The Ax-Grinders: Critics of Our Public Schools, Macmillan, 
page 141]. 

J BS magazine, American Opinion, commented that British protectorate Bechuanaland was 
“scheduled to become independent in September 1966. The result, of course, will be what 
always happens in Africa when the savages are turned loose.” 


From CIA World Factbook: 
https://www. cia. gov/ library/ publications/ the-world-factbook/ geos/ bc.html 


“Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name at 
independence in 1966. More than five decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, 
progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most 
stable economies in Africa.” 


AND 


“Until the global recession, Botswana maintained one of the world's highest economic 
growth rates since independence in 1966. Diamond mining fueled much of the economic 
expansion and currently accounts for one-quarter of GDP, approximately 85% of export 
earnings, and about one-third of the government's revenues. Tourism is the secondary 
earner of foreign exchange and many Batswana engage in tourism-related services, 
subsistence farming, and cattle rearing. Through fiscal discipline and sound management, 
Botswana transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to a middle- 
income country with a per capita GDP of approximately $18,100 in 2017. Botswana also 
ranks as one of the least corrupt and best places to do business in sub-Saharan Africa.” 





1966-00 


J BS member Augereau G. Heinsohn Jr. (Sevierville TN) was a founding member of the J BS. 
He served on its National Council starting in January 1960 and he also was a member of the 
J BS Executive Committee. 


Heinsohn asked Robert Welch to publish his commentary “Free Lunch and Boobus Americanus” 
and Welch did so. As can be seen by the following Heinsohn excerpt, as well as from other 
entries in this chronology, racially bigoted language was not considered unacceptable within 
the JBS. Many of the wealthy white southerners who became senior J BS officials routinely 
presented themselves as the only true victims of racial discrimination: 


“Personal freedom is rapidly vanishing in America. A citizen can no longer enjoy the full 
fruits of his own labor and be protected in the possession thereof from the mewling 
bureaucratic thieves who seek to distribute his wealth to spear-toting Bantu three-toed 
Caribs with thumbs on their feet, assortments of Communist gorillas, and every foreign 
thugor domestic indolent who comes begging.” [See other entries regarding similar language 
used by Revilo P. Oliver and J ames P. Lucier. ] 





1966-00 


J BS member and Section Leader J ohn H. Sutherland offered Russell G. Byers (St. Louis) $50,000 
to murder MLK Jr or to arrange the murder. [Memphis TN Commercial-Appeal, 3/22/98, “Ray 
Expected Pay For Killing King, Investigators Conclude” ]. 








1966-00 





“Anarchy U.S.A” is a 76-minute 1966 documentary film produced by the J ohn Birch Society. 
It claims that the civil rights movement in the United States is part of a Communist conspiracy 











to encourage a violent revolution which will result in the creation of a separate “Negro Soviet 


Republic” in the “Black Belt” of the South (a term which the film claims was created by 
Communists). 


In reality, “black belt” refers to the cotton belt - which “region derives its name from the 
black soil which is prevalent in contrast to the red clays to the north and south.” [Thomas 
C. Cochran and Wayne Andrews: Concise Dictionary of American History, Scribner’s, 1962, 
page 99]. The film implies that “black belt” refers to a new country based upon skin color. 


Another distortion in the film pertains to a slogan used by Fidel Castro, i.e. “Venceremos!” 
which, in Spanish, means “We will win” but the film suggests that the slogan was translated 
into English by African American Communists and then set to music to become the anthem of 
our civil rights movement as “We Shall Overcome”. Actually, this music originated from an 
19t century old Baptist hymn entitled “PII Be All Right” combined with the text of the 1901 
gospel hymn “I’ll Overcome Someday” by Methodist preacher Charles Albert Tindley. [J on 
M. Spencer: Protest and Praise—Sacred Music of Black Religion, Fortress Press, 1991, page 
84]. 


The film then connects our civil rights movement to Communist revolutions in Algeria, Cuba, 
and China and the film claims that the same strategies used to produce Communist regimes in 
those places were being used in the U.S. -so it’s all part of a sinister conspiracy to create a 
Negro Soviet Republic. 


However, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover testified in 1960 that the Communist Party USA 
discarded its “Negro Soviet Republic” strategy at its 17" National Convention in 1959. 


"The Negro resolution adopted by the convention discarded the party's historic position 
advocating 'self-determination' meaning that Negroes should be given the right to form a 
separate nation in the Southern States...The 1959 convention resolution hence represents 
a party admission that its position concerning Negroes is bankrupt. Time itself has shown 
that the party is not interested in the welfare of the Negro, but only in using him as a tool 
to advance party interests." [J . Edgar Hoover: An Analysis of the 17th National Convention 
of the Communist Party USA; Statement made to Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, 
1/17/60, page 7; Also see: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, March 1960 - for same comment. ] 


In addition, the FBI falsified almost every major predicate of J BS ideology concerning our civil 
rights movement and its leadership. 





1966-01 


J BS National Council member Revilo P. Oliver (Urbana IL) was the principal speaker at a 
banquet for the 11th Annual Leadership Conference of the pro-segregation Citizens Councils 
of America in Chattanooga TN. Walker was introduced by JBS member Medford Evans. 
[Chattanooga TN News-Free Press, 1/ 3/ 66, p3, “Citizens Council Leadership Parley To Hear 
Dr. Oliver. [FBI- HQ 105-34237, sub 24, serial #39] 


JBS founder Robert Welch expressed regret that Oliver left the Birch Society in July 1966 
because Oliver “is an earnest anti-communist, as well as one of the world’s greatest 
scholars in the fields of classical languages and literature.” 


After Oliver left the |] BS, he revealed his true sentiments when he started writing for the 
overtly neo-nazi magazine (Liberty Bell) published by George P. Dietz (himself a former J BS 
member). 


The J une 1992 issue of Liberty Bell magazine contains an article by” earnest anti-communist” 
Oliver which includes the following observation: 


"My article on Nigger Superiority in the May issue of Liberty Bell was in print before events 
in Los Angeles gave it an emphatic confirmation. Niggers naturally loot and destroy when 
they see a good opportunity...for tribal festivities." 








1966-02 





Floyd G. Kitchen was a member of the J ohn Birch Society as well as being the Executive 
Director of the segregationist St. Louis Metropolitan Citizens Council. Previously, he was 
Secretary of that Council. In 1966, Kitchen also was Chairman of the American Conservative 











Party which supported the Presidential candidacy of segregationist Gov. George C. Wallace of 
Alabama. Kitchen arranged for J .B. Stoner of the racist National States Rights Party to address 
the St. Louis Property Owners Association. 


According to the Report of the House Select Committee on Assassinations - on Martin Luther 
King Jr., Floyd Kitchen directed the activities of Glen Shrum who was active in the pro- 
segregation American Party in St. Louis in late 1967 or early 1968. Shrum was another J BS 
member who was active in his local White Citizens Council. Shrum also was a member of the 
rightwing paramilitary group, Minutemen and he attended meetings of the racist National 
States Rights Party. [See: Volume VII of Report by House Select Committee on Assassinations, 
on Martin Luther King, J r., pages 297 and 302. Also see: FBI-St Louis 157-582 on the St. Louis 
Metropolitan Citizens Council, serial #63, 2/15/66 and FBI-HQ 62-117290, section 16]. 





1966-04 


1966-04 


J BS National Council member, Robert H. Montgomery defended resistance to admitting black 
Americans into white neighborhoods on the grounds that many of them “are the kind of people 
who have made slums of (good) neighborhoods...Slums are made by slum-people not vice 
versa.” [Robert H. Montgomery, “From the North”, American Opinion magazine, 04/66, page 
61]. 

The April 1966 issue of the J BS magazine, American Opinion, lists the following bigots as among 
its Associate Editors or Editorial Advisory Committee: 


George W. Armstrong Jr. 

[Armstrong's father was a virulent anti-semite and racist who used his wealth to support 
virtually every bigoted organization, politician, and movement in the United States. Armstrong 
Jr. ran his father’s businesses along with the J udge Armstrong Foundation which circulated 
numerous anti-semitic and racist publications. ] 


Medford Evans 
[Evans was a J BS Coordinator who was a life-long white supremacist and he also served as an 
official of the White Citizens Council movement. ] 


Revilo P. Oliver 
[J BS founding member and on JBS National Council. Oliver’s bigoted sentiments were so 
blatant that he resigned from the J BS in 1966]. 





1966-04 


J BS National Council member, William J. Grede (Milwaukee WI) became Chairman of a new 
political group called “The 1976 Committee” which sought to influence whom the Republican 
Party selected as its 1968 Presidential and Vice-Presidential candidates. 


This Committee was formed by 30 people, most of whom were J BS members—including its 
Chairman (William |. Grede) and two Vice-Chairmen (Clarence Manion and W.B. McMillan). 


The Committee endorsed Ezra Taft Benson for President and U.S. Sen. Strom Thurmond of 
South Carolina for Vice-President. Both men were white supremacists. [See: “Benson Sought 
for Ticket in ‘68”, New York Times, 5/8/66, page 78 and “Group Seeks Benson For Race in 
‘68”, Salt Lake City Tribune, 5/3/66, page 6]. 


See 1976 Committee brochure’ in the _ following file, page 127: 
https:// archive. org/ details/ NetworkOfPatrioticLetterWritersHQ62105272/ page/ n125/ mode/ 
2up 





Also see related entries below for February and March 1967. 








1966-05 


1966-06 





J BS member Betty Meeker was fired from her Whittier CA teaching position after 13-day public 
hearing. She was accused of instructing her 5th and 6th grade students that (1) Vice President 
Hubert Humphrey was a socialist, (2) Martin Luther King J r. was a Communist and she cited a 
June 12, 1962 article in the Congressional Record inserted by J BS Public Relations Director 
J ohn Rousselot and (3) Negroes were “inferior”. 

In yet another example of | BS leaders who used racist tropes to discredit whatever they did 
not like, J BS National Council member A.G. Heinsohn J r. described U.S. foreign aid programs 
as distributing American wealth to “spear-toting Bantu (and) three-toed Caribs with thumbs 
on their feet.” [A.G. Heinsohn Jr., “Free Lunch and Boobus Americanus”, American Opinion 
magazine, 06/66. Page 85]. 











1966-06 


J BS member Lars J . Been wrote many letters to J BS HQ from J une 1966 to J uly 1969. AJ BS 
official at HQ in Belmont MA noted hat Been was an admirer of American Nazi Party founder 
George Lincoln Rockwell. [6/ 9/ 66 letter by Been with notation; Brown University J BS 
Archives, Box 9, MS 2013.003] 





1966-06 


J BS member Fiammetta Bozzuffi wrote to J BS HQ for two years about J ohn F. and Robert F. 
Kennedy. She declared that they were in a conspiracy with the Pope “to reconquest America” 
[6/ 20/ 66 Bozzuffi letter to | BS HQ, Brown University J BS Archives, Box 1, MS 2013/ 003] 








1966-07 


1966-07 


1966-08 





On J uly 5, 1966 J BS National Council member Thomas Parker (Greenville SC) sent a letter to 
Council member Tom Anderson (Nashville TN) encouraging Anderson to support the re-election 
bid of U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina. Thurmond (like both Parker and 
Anderson), was a well-known segregationist. 

J BS member Revilo P. Oliver (Urbana IL) was a founding member of the J BS and he served on 
its National Council starting in J anuary 1960. He also was the primary editor of the annual J BS 
“Scoreboard” issue of its magazine, American Opinion - which estimated the degree of 
“Communist influence and control” within all countries. 


On July 2, 1966, Oliver gave a speech entitled “Conspiracy or Degeneracy?” at the annual 
Boston MA gathering of the New England Rally for God, Family and Country—which was largely 
a JBS function. In a portion of his speech which discussed Zionist influences within the 
Communist Conspiracy, Oliver contemplated “the beatific vision” of “all the J ews being 
vaporized at dawn tomorrow.” 


“The conspiracy that is destroying us, we are told, is a conspiracy of Communists or of 
Illuminati or of Jews. Now most of the authors who offer us one or another of those three 
identifications expound their view in a manner that is less than cogent. Most of them either 
overstate or oversimplify their case, and some of them, | am sorry to say, give the 
impression that they are no more intelligent than ‘Liberal intellectuals.’ Most of the writers 
on this subject are either so fascinated by their own discoveries or so anxious to convince 
a maximum number of readers that they imply that the conspiracy they identify is the root 
of all evil -- that is if it were abolished, mankind -- all mankind, mind you -- would enter, 
instanter, on a Golden Age of peace and domestic tranquility and happiness. If only by 
some miracle all the Bolsheviks or all of the Illuminati or all the J ews were vaporized at 
dawn tomorrow, we should have nothing more to worry about. The trouble with that 
beatific vision, of course, is that every educated man knows that it just can't be so." [Revilo 
P. Oliver, Conspiracy or Degeneracy, 1966]. 


Because of these remarks, Oliver resigned from the Birch Society. J BS founder Robert Welch 
expressed regret that Oliver left the Birch Society because Welch believed that Oliver “is an 
earnest anti-communist, as well as one of the world’s greatest scholars in the fields of 
classical languages and literature.” 


After Oliver left the J BS, he revealed his true sentiments when he started writing for the 
overtly neo-nazi magazine (Liberty Bell) published by George P. Dietz (himself a former J BS 
member) and Oliver also involved himself with the neo-nazi organization, National Youth 
Alliance later known as National Alliance. 

Thomas J. Davis, Eastern Regional Manager of Public Relations for the J BS (White Plains, NY), 
gave a speech at Wesleyan Methodist Church in San Antonio TX on 08/09/66 entitled “The 
J ewish Community and the J ohn Birch Society”. 


According to Davis, the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith was guilty of promoting bigotry 
and anti-semitism for profit. Quoting Davis: 


“The Anti-Defamation League is a ‘Gestapo-type’ organization that operates a vast 
intelligence network in the U.S. for the purpose of smearing anyone who dares oppose its 
philosophies and goals.” 


“The ADL’s methods are aimed not only at the J ohn Birch Society, but also are alien to 
the system under which the American people live. It seeks to destroy all anti-Communist 
and patriotic effort, together with the free institutions of our society and government.” 











“The ADL is a ‘Himmler’ agency; it spies on other Americans and compiles information 
with which to attack them, if they don’t happen to agree with the ADL.” [San Antonio TX 
Express, 8/10/66, p12-A, “Bircher Scores J ewish League”; FBl-San Antonio 100-9455, #138; 
Similar accusations made by Davis during his Houston speech as reported in 8/ 8/ 66 Houston 
TX Chronicle; FBl-Houston 62-1521, serial #125] 


According to Davis: 

“The Anti-Defamation League is guilty of professionally promoting bigotry, hatred, and 
anti-Semitism for profit.” [Houston TX Post, 8/9/66, “Bircher Says Jewish Group Spreads 
Hate”; FBl-Houston 62-1521, serial #126] 


12/65 | BS Bulletin = Robert Welch stated that ADL “has done more to cause and promote 
anti-semitism than any other group or force in America”. Welch used innuendo to suggest 
that ADL was created by Communists “for that very purpose”. 


BY CONTRAST 


FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover served as member of ADL 50* Anniversary Honorary 
Committee on J anuary 31, 1963 


Page 257 of Hoover’s 1958 book Masters of Deceit: 

“Some of the most effective opposition to communism in the United States has come from 
Jewish organizations such as B’nai B’rith, the American J ewish Committee, the Anti- 
Defamation League, and a host of other J ewish groups.” 


J. Edgar Hoover on ADL to all FBI Field offices [1/17/68 FBI HQ airtel to FBI field offices 


“The Anti-Defamation League, 315 Lexington Avenue, New York City, maintains regional 
offices throughout the United States. As you know, this organization, like the Bureau, is 

opposed to groups and individuals espousing bigotry, prejudice and extremism. It seeks to 
bring the true facts concerning such groups and individuals to light. 


In the furtherance of these worthy objectives, the Anti-Defamation League receives 
considerable information of interest to this Bureau and has been very cooperative in the 
past in referring such data to us. You are immediately to make certain that you have 
established liaison with the head of the Anti-Defamation League regional office. in your 
territory and explain the jurisdiction and interests of this Bureau. For your information, 
there is attached a list of Anti-Defamation League regional offices.” 


ALSO: 
Hoover reply to inquiry about ADL has following notation on file copy: “There is no indication 


that the ADL of B’ nai B’rith is other than a legitimate J ewish fraternal order.” [FBI-HQ 105- 
9621, serial #476 dated 6/17/60. ] 








1966-08 


1966-08 





During a meeting of San Francisco J BS chapter QHOS, one J BS member declared that “13 
Jews control United States policies”. On other occasions, JBS members said that 
“European J ews” were responsible for the 1956 Hungarian revolt and “Niggers are not 
ready for integration”. [California State Controller Alan Cranston, “The J ohn Birch Society: 
A Soiled Slip is Showing: A Report”, J uly 28, 1966] 

J BS National Council member Revilo Oliver sent a letter dated 8/ 23/ 66 to J BS National Council 
members regarding his J uly resignation from J BS. 


In response to claims that his J uly 1966 speech at the New England Rally for God, Family, and 
Country contained “anti-semitic” themes or comments, Oliver pointed out that his speech 
comments were comparable to observations made in a 1950 book by Douglas Reed entitled 
“Somewhere South of Suez” which J BS founder/ leader Robert Welch recommended to J BS 
members. 


The 1968 edition of the J BS catalog listing publications it recommended for sale at J BS 
American Opinion bookstores includes this description of Reed’s book: 











“A powerful analysis of subversive forces that have long been at work in Africa, and a 
frank treatment of the color and social problems of the African nations.” 


Oliver stated that Reed’s book “virtually identifies Soviet Communism with Zionism, with 
special emphasis on the latter as a conspiracy ‘to reduce the Christian area [of the whole 
world] to slave status.’” 


Consequently, Oliver expressed skepticism regarding Welch’s purported concern over 
Oliver’s J uly speech comments. [Also see entries in this Chronology re: Welch's own position 
re: Zionism which were very similar to Oliver’s position. ] 


The essence of Reed's narrative was that Hitler was a Zionist-Communist agent and the world 
faced an existential menace from a conspiracy organized and run by Communists and 
J ews/ Zionists. Reed also was one of the first significant authors to deny that Hitler 
exterminated J ews. George Orwell observed that Reed had dismissed reports about Nazi 
persecution of Jews as nothing but “propaganda”. [The Observer (London), November 7, 
1943]. 


When Reed died in 1976, his obituary article acknowledged “Reed’s virulent anti-Semitism”. 
[London Times, 9/ 23/76, page 16]. 


In 1948 Reed moved to South Africa and became a strong supporter of apartheid. In comments 
reminiscent of Robert Welch’s 1956 essay, A Letter to the South on Segregation, regarding 
the status of black Americans, Douglas Reed wrote that black South Africans were entirely 
satisfied with their lives and they only became “aggrieved” when foreign agitators argued 
that they were badly treated. Welch made comparable statements in his essay regarding the 
status of blacks in our southern states. 


In his 1956 book, The Controversy of Zion, Douglas Reed accepted as legitimate the 
discredited anti-semitic forgery, “The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion”. 


For additional details, see: 

Richard Thurlow: “Anti-Nazi Antisemite: The Case of Douglas Reed” [Patterns of Prejudice, 
01/ 84, pages 23-34] 

David Lafferty: “A Literary-Biographical Approach to the Study of Conspiracy Theory: The 
Development of the “Grand Design” in the Works of Douglas Reed” 

[University of Toronto Quarterly, Fall 2014 (Vol. 83, #4], pages 803-825 








1966-08 





J BS founder Robert Welch sent a letter to J BS officials captioned "To A Number of Friends 
Who Have Written Us About Dr. Oliver's Speech". Welch begins by criticizing press coverage 
of JBS National Council member Revilo Oliver's July 4th speech for "distortions, 
exaggerations, and outright falsehoods as to what he actually said." 


But, then, even Welch acknowledged the problem: 


"Nevertheless, there were parts of the speech which were just as disturbing to us as to 
anybody else." Welch continued: "...we do not subscribe at all to Dr. Oliver's ‘racial 
superiority’ theories, nor to his views concerning the basic degeneracy of the human 
race." 


Welch closed his memo with a remarkable statement. 

Despite Oliver's "racial superiority theories" and his belief in the "basic degeneracy of 
human race”, nevertheless "we have accepted his resignation from the COUNCIL of the 
Society with a considerable and natural reluctance." 


Keep in mind that Welch described the primary purpose of the J BS National Council to be "To 
show the caliber of the men who are supporting and helping to run The J ohn Birch Society" 


Furthermore, membership in the J BS was not just a function of one's anti-communist beliefs. 
Instead, Welch told the founding meeting of the J BS, that members must be “ good patriots, 











who are also men and women of good will and good character and humane conscience..." 
[J BS Blue Book, page 165] . 


Apparently, in Welch's scheme of things, someone who believed in "racial superiority 
theories" and the "basic degeneracy of the human race" was acceptable material not only as 
a member but as a senior official within the J BS -- because it was with "a considerable and 
natural reluctance" that Welch accepted Oliver's resignation. One might add that Oliver was 
a virulent atheist--which he made known to anybody who wanted to know. 


This willingness by Welch to accept outright bigots as members or endorsers of the J BS (as 
long as they kept their bigotry to themselves so it did not embarrass the J BS) is also apparent 
from Welch's considerable cordial correspondence with Verne P. Kaub [who headed American 
Council of Christian Laymen--Madison WI] plus the friendly tone of Welch's correspondence 
with Gerald L.K. Smith. 





It also explains why Welch accepted as members (and even as National Council members or 
paid employees of the JBS), individuals who were life-long segregationists [T. Coleman 
Andrews, A.G. Heinsohn, Dr. Thomas Parker, and Tom Anderson] not to mention the politicians 
or other prominent Americans whom Welch and the J BS effusively praised despite their life- 
long racist beliefs -- such as Sen. J ames O. Eastland (MS), Gov. George Wallace (AL), Gov. Ross 
Barnett (MS) or Gen. Edwin A. Walker (TX), Cong. J ohn Rarick (LA) - and numerous others 
connected to the White Citizens Councils movement or to other white supremacy organizations 
-- such as Dr. Medford Evans, Louis Hollis, W.J. Simmons, Rev. Delmar Dennis, and Rev. Ferrell 
Griswold. 





1966-09 


J BS member and Section Leader, George J oseph King] r. (Long Beach CA), attended meeting 
of American Nazi Party at their southern California headquarters in El Monte CA on 09/ 23/ 66. 
Another JBS member (not named but described as JBS Section Leader) attended ANP 
demonstrations and he helped “take over the Long Beach Young Republican Club” . [FBI-Los 
Angeles 100-59001, serial #1126, 10/21/66 informant report regarding 9/23/66 meeting of 
ANP. Same information in FBI-Los Angeles 157-697 on George King. ] 


George King was also involved in racist, anti-semitic Christian Defense League, American Nazi 
Party, and right-wing paramilitary group, California Rangers. In August 1963, King was arrested 
by ATF for selling 50-caliber machine guns to undercover ATF agent. King was also known to 
advocate assassination of President J ohn F. Kennedy. In October 1964, King and 

former | BS member William Gale, used American Legion Signal Hill Post #490 in Los Angeles 
for “dissemination of anti-J ewish and anti-Negro materials.” 





1966-09 


During a meeting of the KKK in Sophia NC, the J BS film “Anarchy USA” was shown. Per FBI 
memo on the meeting: 


“On 9/26/66 a social gathering of Klansmen and Klanswomen was held at the Sophia Unit 
meeting hall. There were 75 to 100 persons present and the entertainment was the 
showing of film on the Watts Riots: This film had been furnished by the J ohn Birch Society 
and members of Citizens Council from Winston-Salem, NC. brought the film over and 
showed it.” [FBl-Charlotte 100-9548, serial #176]. 








1966-09 





The J] BS front group, Truth About Civil Turmoil (TACT), sponsored speeches around the country 
by segregationist Sheriff ] ames G. Clark of Selma, Dallas County, Alabama. 


The FBI received inquiries about what Clark said during his Arizona speeches. One letter 
received by the FBI stated that Clark declared during his Phoenix speech that “Negroes are 
inferior” and the civil rights movement “is 100% Communist-inspired and dominated.” 


The reply by J. Edgar Hoover contains the following notation on the Bureau file copy: 


“Truth About Civil Turmoil is a nationwide campaign sponsored by the J ohn Birch Society 
to capitalize on white resentment of the Civil Rights Movement. J im Clark is the former 
Sheriff of Dallas County Alabama and he is recognized for his extreme views concerning 
civil rights.” [FBI-HQ 62-111418, serial #X7, 9/19/66 Hoover reply to inquiry re: Clark’s 
speech]. 











In June 1968, Hoover was asked what he thought about other J BS-sponsored speakers, 
including former FBI informants such as J ulia Brown and Lola Belle Holmes, who spoke under 
the auspices of TACT Committees. 


In his reply, Hoover referred to his February 16, 1967 testimony before the House Committee 
on Appropriations. Hoover was asked if he approved of former FBI informants speaking under 
the auspices of “extremist groups" such as the J BS-front group TACT (Truth About Civil 
Turmoil). 


Hoover accepted the premise of the question that TACT was an extremist group and then he 
said: 


"It is an improper attempt to capitalize on the name of the FBI." 

Congressman Andrews then asked Hoover: 

“In other words, this certainly does not indicate what it would to the average American, 
that the ‘ex-FBI undercover agents’ are so frustrated in their work in the Agency that they 
leave and sign-up with extremist organizations in order to try to protect America.” 
Hoover replied: “Nor does it indicate | in any way condone the use of the name ‘ex-FBI- 


undercover agent’ in such endeavors.” [FBI-HQ 62-104401, serial #3135, 5/ 31/67 and FBI- 
HQ 62-111418, serial #12, 6/27/68 Hoover reply to incoming inquiry. ] 





1966-10 


1966-10 


J BS Coordinator George W. Wilson (Charlotte NC) was a segregationist who sponsored anti- 
integration petition by Mecklenburg Grievance Committee - per Charlotte Observer, 

10/ 27/ 66, p16-C, “Integration is Target of Petition.” The Grievance Committee was later 
known as Pupils Protective Association 

At an October 1966 meeting of the United Klans of America Klavern #6 in Ft. Lauderdale, 
Florida, Exalted Cyclops Fred Kuehner declared that he attended a J BS event which showed 
the anti-civil rights film, Anarchy USA which was produced by the J BS. [FBI-Miami 157-1114, 
serial #316, page 2]. Another UKA-Florida Klavern #6 official (Sam McBroom) attempted to 
show Anarchy USA in] une 1967 at the Ft. Lauderdale Armory [FBl-Miami 157-1114, serial #507, 
page 2]. 





1966-11 


J BS member Warren T. Baldwin (Bayport NJ ) was one of 20 people arrested for conspiracy to 
attack three privately owned camps in NY, NJ, CT. Baldwin was former Suffolk County NY 
Coordinator for J BS along with being a member of the right-wing paramilitary group, 
Minutemen, and a member of Peter Fechter Brigade. 





1967-00 


J BS member Kent Courtney (New Orleans LA) endorsed segregationist and KKK member Ned 
Touchstone in his race for Louisiana Educational Superintendent. 





1967-01 


01/ 09/ 67 report by Boston Police Dept sent to FBI-Boston re: 1/ 7/67 meeting of American Nazi 
Party at Mid-Town Motor Inn reported that: 


“Mention made that more good Nazis were coming out of the J ohn Birch Society than any 
other outfit. Also, that a group would be going to the headquarters in Arlington VA in a 
couple weeks.” [FBI-Boston 100-32899, serial #382, dated 1/9/67, section 5, page 121; 
original in FBI-Boston 157-32 on National Socialist White People’s Party]. 





1967-02 


J BS members Earlene and Louise Thomas and Robert and Mary Surrey (Dallas TX) worked 
with J BS member Edwin A Walker. Earlene and Louise contributed $100 per month to Dallas 


chapter of the American Nazi Party. ANP leader George Lincoln Rockwell was in frequent 
contact with Mary Surrey and Earlene Thomas. Robert Surrey processed subscriptions for 
Rockwell’s newsletter, The Rockwell Report and he also sold ANP books. [FBI-Dallas 157-218, 
serial #248]. 





1967-02 


A secret Klan meeting in Amelia VA showed the J BS film “Anarchy USA” [FBI-Richmond 1000- 
9991, serial #95]. 








1967-02 





In a letter about the new political organization called “The 1976 Committee”, J BS leader 
Robert Welch told Mrs. Bert Snyders of LaGrange, IL that he “helped to get it organized and 
started”. [2/17/67 Welch letter to Mrs. Bert Snyders]. See related entries April 1966 and for 
March 1967. 











1967-03 


J BS member (not named, but from Tampa FL) acknowledged during an interview by FBI Special 
Agent Walter B. Granger on 03/ 06/67 that she was a member of the J BS and her local White 
Citizens Council chapter. 


She told interviewing Agent that FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover made “an error” in chapter 19 
of his 1958 book, Masters of Deceit, when he “characterized the Anti-Defamation League 
and B’nai B’rith as good organizations.” The interviewing Agents observed that she “may be 
suffering from some mental aberrations since she appeared to be somewhat incoherent and 
non-specific in her allegations concerning Communist activities...” [See: FBl-Tampa 

file 94-131 (which is also in FBI-HQ file 62-110243) which is 3/6/67 SAC Tampa report to FBI 
Director |]. Edgar Hoover. Also, in FBI-HQ 62-109069, serial #4709]. 





1967-03 


On March 29, 1967, | BS founder Robert Welch sent a memo addressed "To All Members of 
Our Field Staff". 


Welch explained to the J BS field staff that the Birch Society provided gummed mailing labels 
containing all JBS member names/ addresses to a new political group called “The 1976 
Committee.” 


The 1976 Committee was created to launch “a 10-year crusade to assure a conservative 
executive branch of the Federal Government.” Its initial 16-page brochure declared that 
there were “tremendously powerful and solidly entrenched forces at work right here on 
American soil, which are determined to abolish our nation’s independence” and which 
wanted to “make this once great country simply a group of provinces under a one-world 
socialist government” which, it predicted, “at their present rate of progress...they will have 
accomplished their aims completely in 1976.” 


The Committee endorsed Ezra Taft Benson for President and U.S. Senator, Strom Thurmond of 
South Carolina for Vice President in the 1968 election. Both men were white supremacists. 


Of the 34 officers and members of the original Committee, 14 were J BS National Council 
members: Thomas]. Anderson, T. Coleman Andrews Sr., Brown, Bunker, Grede, A.G. Heinsohn 
Jr., Koch, Manion, McGowin, McMillan, Montgomery, Dr. Thomas Parker, Stoddard, and Stone. 
[At least 4 (underlined) were life-long segregationists and they were involved in various white 
supremacist movements and political parties. ] 





In addition, K.G. Bentson, Robert Dresser and Charles Edison were members of 1976 
Committee and they also served on the Editorial Advisory committee for the Birch Society 
magazine, American Opinion. [For additional details see: “The 1976 Committee, The Team 
You Can Trust to Guide America, The Best Team for ‘68” published by the Committee— 
copy below. 


See 1976 Committee brochure in the following file, pages 116-131 
https:// archive. org/ details/ NetworkOfPatrioticLetterWritersHQ62105272/ page/ n125/ mode/ 
2up 








1967-05 


J ames G. Clark was a segregationist who served as Sheriff of Selma County Alabama. He was 
a paid speaker under the auspices of the Birch Society’s American Opinion Speakers Bureau. 
On May 9, 1967 Clark was the main speaker before the pro-segregation Greater Los Angeles 
Citizens Council. 





1967-05 


Donald Poteat (Charleston, SC) was Executive Secretary of Citizens Council of Charleston SC. 
He was the principal segregationist speaker at a 5/ 20/ 67 meeting of American Citizens Council 
in Greensboro NC. Meeting was attended by members of J ohn Birch Society, American Nazi 
Party, and Ku Klux Klan. Also see entry for May 1968. 








1967-08 





In early August, there was a meeting in Houston, TX of their local United Klans of America 
chapter. The chapter members discussed selling books and records every Saturday at a booth 
at an unspecified location. One Saturday, while the Klan booth was being operated “a woman 
who said she was from the J ohn Birch Society stopped by and engaged the Klan members 
in a discussion about literature. She gave them the address of the [J BS] American Opinion 
Library on Hillcroft Street and invited them to come out. This woman said she thought the 
Klan and the J ohn Birch Society should work together.” [FBl-Houston 62-1521, serial #133, 
8/ 11/67 informant report re: local Klan activity which appears in Houston-] ohn Birch Society 











file; serial also appears in FBIl-Houston 157-630 on United Klans of America #3 and FBI-Houston 
157-236 on United Klans of America in Texas. ] 





1967-08 


J BS members George M. Colitto and Martin Mikulik were arrested, along with 3 other men, 
for plotting to kill Herbert Aptheker, director of American Institute of Marxist Studies. The 
group was also planning to bomb an antipoverty group in the Bronx NY called Better 
Organization for the Mid-Bronx. 


Colitto and Mikulik were originally charged with attempted murder, conspiracy to commit 
murder, possession of explosives and weapons law violations. Original charge of attempted 
murder was subsequently reduced to allow each person arrested to plead guilty to lesser 
charges. [New York Times, 08/24/67, pl, “Arsenal Uncovered By Raids in Bronx”, Los 
Angeles CA Times, 08/24/67, page 1, “Arsenal Seized With 4 Men in Terror Bombing’ ]. 





1967-09 


The White Citizens Council in Columbia SC held meeting on 9/17/67 to discuss 1968 
Presidential election and support for segregationist George Wallace. The 17 persons present 
at the meeting represented United Klans of America, the White Citizens Council, the South 
Carolina Independent Party and J ohn Birch Society. [FBl-Columbia 105-33, serial #6] 





1967-10 


J BS member Reid Stubbs (Charlotte NC) operated a J BS bookstore. He attended a 10/17/67 
United Klans of America rally in Concord NC. Stubbs donated 100 phonograph records to the 
Klan containing his song “Wallace 68” and Stubbs stated that “whatever money was received 
for these records could be used for their defense fund”. Stubbs also invited J .R. J ones (the 
Grand Dragon of the United Klans of America in NC) to appear on his radio program on station 
WPEG-FM in Concord NC. J ones did appear on 10/ 8/ 67 at 9pm. [FBI-Charlotte 100-9548, serial 
#205] 





1967-11 


After he surfaced as an FBI informant against the Klan in Mississippi, J BS member Rev. Delmar 
Dennis told the Special Agent in Charge of the Jackson MS field office that there were 
“numerous resignations by other members” of the J ohn Birch Society in the Meridian MS area 
because they were Klan sympathizers! 


Dennis also served on the Board of Directors of the White Christian Protective and Legal 
Defense Fund. JBS member Bill Mcllhany, authored the book, "Klandestine", about the 
experiences of Rev. Dennis, and Mcllhany correctly described the Defense Fund as a "KKK- 
fundraising front". 


According to Mclilhany, the editor of the J BS magazine (American Opinion) never reviewed 
Klandestine in American Opinion but “he published an article in AO praising Elmore Greaves, 
who ran the KKK-fundraising front I described in Klandestine, the so-called White Christian 
Protective and Legal Defense Fund.” 


The late William H. Mcllhany wrote the following email to me in April 2006 about the J ohn 
Birch Society magazine, American Opinion: 


| was disappointed that editor Scott Stanley NEVER reviewed Klandestine in American 
Opinion. He also published an article in AO praising Elmore Greaves, who ran the KKK- 
fundraising front | described in Klandestine, the so-called White Christian Protective and 
Legal Defense Fund. When | asked Scott about this, he said, 'You can fight the klan if you 
want. I'll fight the Communists.' Which indicated he had not read my book. 


"Medford Evans, father of M. Stanton Evans, wrote many articles and book reviews in AO, 
many of which were excuses for essays he wanted to write rather than real book reviews. 
He had expertise about Soviet theft of the atomic bomb. But he was also heading up the 
White Citizens Councils in Mississippi, which | thought was rather embarrassing. | visited 
him when I lectured in J ackson, Mississippi, in the early 70s. It was clear that he did not 
like what Delmar did. The Mississippi J BS coordinator at that time also said that some] BS 
members did not like what Dennis did." | always made a point of telling the truth on these 
matters whenever | had a chance. Bill” [4/5/06 email from William H. Mcllhany] 








1967-12 





In December 1967, the Long Beach Police Department sent a report dated 12/ 19/ 67 to FBI-Los 
Angeles regarding a 12/17/67 meeting in Long Beach by individuals who intended to create a 
new white supremacy organization (unnamed) “for the purpose of fighting the Niggers and 











Jews”. During this meeting the racist newspaper of National States Rights Party (The 
Thunderbolt) was passed out and discussed. 


One woman attending this meeting “said she was a member of the J ohn Birch Society and 
active in the (George) Wallace campaign” and she believed she could recruit new members 
from the J BS. The people at this meeting discussed infiltrating the | BS. [FBl-Los Angeles, 
serial #1187, 1/ 4/ 68 Special Agent report to SAC Los Angeles regarding creation of newwhite 
supremacy organization. Also appears in FBI-Los Angeles 157-697 on George J . King]. 

1968-00 | JBS member Richard W. Friske Sr. (Banks Township, MI) worked on the George Wallace 
campaign for President. Then in 1970 he won the GOP primary for 106" district of Michigan 
state legislature. He served in the legislature from 1970-1972. In 1996, Friske contributed 
$500 to the U.S. Senate campaign of David E. Duke (Louisiana). Duke was former Grand Wizard 
of the Knights of the KKK. In 1999, Friske donated $1000 to the Duke campaign for Congress. 
1968-00 | The J BS publishing house (Western Islands) published a book by Prince Michael Sturdza aka 
Mihail Sturdza aka Zad Rust, entitled “The Suicide of Europe: Memoirs of Prince Michael 
Sturdza”. 








During the 1930’s-1940’s Sturdza was a member of the Romanian Iron Guard movement aka 
Legion of Michael the Archangel. Before World War II, Romania had a population of several 
hundred thousand J ews. More than 400,000 were deported to death camps under the regime 
of the Romanian Iron Guard. In fact, Romania was directly responsible for the murder of more 
J ews than any country other than Germany. 


This movement believed that the problem of poverty in Romania was due to J ews having 
"colonized" Romania, and thereby prevented Christian Romanians from getting ahead 
economically. Their solution to this perceived problem was to drive the J ews out of Romania, 
which the Iron Guard claimed would finally allow Eastern Orthodox Romanians to rise up to 
the middle class. 

1968-00 | John Birch Society National Council member, Thomas]. Anderson, became Chairman of the 
“American Friends of J ohn Rarick” which supported Rarick’s re-election campaign for the 6th 
Congressional District of Louisiana. 





Other members of the “Friends” group included | BS members/ endorsers: Edwin A. Walker, 
Pedro del Valle, Curtis Dall, J. Evetts Haley, Richard B. Cotten, Richard B. Moran, George E. 
Stratemeyer, Billy James Hargis and W. Cleon Skousen. Most of these men were 
segregationists. 


Rarick was often a featured speaker at Klan and White Citizens Council events. 


“On 11/9/65 a source of the New Orleans office advised that John R. Rarick, a local 
judge from St. Francisville LA was known to have attended a meeting of the Original 
Knights of the KKK.” [FBI-HQ 94-58099, serial #3 which is notation on Bureau file copy 
of 6/1/66 J. Edgar Hoover reply to correspondence from JBS member Mrs. Anna McKinney. ] 
1968-00 | James E. Kernodle (Kansas City MO) was a J BS section leader and also leader of local George 
Wallace For President campaign in 1968 (per Kansas City Star, 6/13/69, “Lake Still Off Limits 
to Negroes”). Kernodle was first President of Kansas City MO White Citizens Council. 
1968-00 | J BS member and Section Leader J ohn H. Sutherland (St. Louis MO) was a financial contributor 
to George Wallace’s campaign for President. Sutherland was also active in the pro-segregation 
Southern States Industrial Council and he helped craft SSIC’s annual Declaration of Policy 
which opposed school integration. [FBI-St. Louis 157-582] 
1968-00 | JBS member Frank W. Gaydosh (Uniondale PA) ran for the U.S. Senate seat in Pennsylvania 
on the Constitution Party ticket in both 1968 and 1970. The Constitution Party during this time 
was pro-segregation and it supported Alabama Governor George C. Wallace for President. 
1968-01 | George C. Wallace’s campaign for President began during a meeting held in a Montgomery AL 
Country Club on J anuary 16". Among the leaders who met were J BS members Kent Courtney 
(LA), and Floyd G. Kitchen (St. Louis, MO). The meeting was organized by Wallace speech 
writer Asa E. Carter, the head of the North Alabama Citizens Council and founder of the 
Original Ku Klux Klan of the Confederacy. Assisting Carter was Selma AL Sheriff Jim Clark - a 
paid speaker for the J BS who also spoke at White Citizens Councils events. 


























The next month, Wallace addressed the 12°" Annual Leadership Conference of the Citizens 
Councils of America in New Orleans. 


Another speaker at the Leadership Conference was W. J ones Lane, a member of the Georgia 
House of Representatives. He spoke about “Jew merchants” who controlled the civil rights 
movement. 


A third speaker was Leander Perez Sr., a major leader within the white supremacist movement 
in the U.S. 


Perez asked: “Do you know what the Negro is? Animal right out of the jungle. Passion. 
Welfare. Easy life. That's the Negro.” AND he also declared that the American Civil Rights 
Movement was the work of "all those J ews who were supposed to have been cremated at 
Buchenwald and Dachau but weren't, and Roosevelt allowed two million of them illegal 
entry into our country." 


Perez was ex-communicated by the Catholic Church in 1962 for his anti-black screeds and for 
his statement that “The Catholic Church is being used as a front for clever J ews.” 


In 1960, Perez was quoted as saying: “They are the most dangerous people in this country— 
the Zionist J ews”. [New Orleans LA Times-Picayune, 08/ 60] 


When Perez died in 1969, the American Nazi Party newspaper, White Power, published an 
article entitled “White Power Salutes Leander Perez Sr.” This article stated that Perez gave 
“generous aid to the Party and congratulated it for daring to do what big-mouthed, but 
cowardly, conservatives shudder to even think about.” 


The Wallace candidacy was, to a large extent, organized by J BS members and J BS endorsers. 
For details of the connections of | BS members to the Wallace campaign, see the end of part 
one of my online report “Racism and the J ohn Birch Society” here: 


https://sites. google.com/site/aboutxr/ 





1968-04 


On April 16, 1968, }BS member and former Bernalillo County, New Mexico, Deputy Sheriff 
William R. “Tiny” Fellion blew off his right hand while attempting to place dynamite at the 
Albuquerque headquarters of Alianza Federal de Mercedes. 


The Birch Society published an article in October 1967 in its magazine (American Opinion) by 
Alan Stang which described the founder and President of the Alianza (Reies Lopez Tijerina) as 
a “Marxist” and “a guerilla leader” and Stang then compared the Alianza to the Vietcong 
and to “standard Communist operating procedure”. [FBI-HQ 100-448154. See especially 11- 
15-67 J. Edgar Hoover memo to SAC Albuquerque and 06-07-68 SAC Oklahoma City to J. Edgar 
Hoover re: |] BS member threats to life of Tijerina and 06-08-68 Hoover teletype to President 
Johnson, and to Dept of the Army, Dept of Air Force, and Secret Service. ] 





1968-04 


J BS member George Boyle attended United Klans of America rally 4/ 27/68 in Rising Sun MD. 
[FBI-Philadelphia 105-4158, serial #1811, 5/1/68 memo which is copy of 4/29/68 report by 
Detective from Baltimore County Police Bureau Intelligence Unit. ] 





1968-04 


JBS member Robert Surrey (Dallas TX) was also an officer of the National Socialist White 
People’s Party in Dallas. Surrey attended an organizational meeting for Assembly of Racist 
Movements (ARM) in Lexington KY on April 18, 1968 sponsored by White Party of America 
(headed by neo-nazi Karl R. Allen Jr.). 


After the ARM conference, Surrey established their Speakers Bureau and he contacted 
influential, wealthy contributors in Dallas to secure funding for the WPA and the ARM coalition. 
J BS financial contributor H.L. Hunt made a $150 contribution to Karl Allen and asked him to 
come to Dallas to make a presentation regarding his new movement. 








1968-05 


1968-06 





A United Klans of America klavern in Highland Springs VA (unit #77) led by Richard Matthew 
Burton showed the J BS film, “Anarchy USA” on 5/ 11/ 68. [FBI-Richmond 100-9991, serial #96] 
Most of the fourteen Massachusetts Presidential electors pledged to support the Presidential 
candidacy of the racist Governor of Alabama (George Wallace) were JBS members or 
endorsers. 











JBS members/ endorsers who were Wallace electors included: Laurence E. Bunker (JBS 
National Council), J ohn Robertson, George B. Fowler, Dr. Thomas DePalo, Ruth Wood, Harold 
Collins, Laura Davidson. George B. Fowler was also a financial supporter of the virulent bigot, 
Gerald L.K. Smith and his Christian Nationalist Crusade. [Boston MA Globe, 06/25/68, page 

1, “Wallace’s Bay State Electors Mostly Birch Society Members”, FBI-Boston 100-32899, 
serial #401A]. 





1968-06 


During Robert Welch’s speech at Liberty Amendment National Convention held at Disneyland 
Hotel, in Anaheim CA on 6/ 24/ 68, Welch declared that segregationist Alabama Governor and 
Presidential candidate George Wallace should pick J BS member and California State Senator 
John G. Schmitz as his Vice-Presidential running mate. 


Numerous white supremacists supported Wallace’s Presidential campaign including Imperial 
Wizard Robert M. Shelton (United Klans of America) and Imperial Wizard Samuel H. Bowers 
(White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan of Mississippi) along with J BS members Edwin A. Walker, 
and JBS National Council member Laurence Bunker. Scores of other JBS members and 
endorsers supported and became organizers, electors, and financial contributors for the 
Wallace campaign - as revealed in numerous entries of this Chronology. 





1968-07 


Four J BS members were featured speakers at a rally by the Confederate Knights of the KKK held 
near Wadesboro NC (Anson County NC). George Dorsett (local Klan leader), Farrell Ostwalt, 
Frank Rossess and Reid Stubbs. [FBl-Charlotte 100-9548, serials 220 and 224] 





1968-07 


1968-09 


The pro-Hitler National Renaissance Party (NRP) chapter in Staten Island NY was comprised of 
7 current or former members of the J BS. [FBI-NYC 100-144597, serial #317, 7/ 25/ 68]. 


FBI characterization of NRP: 


“, the NRP is an anti-Semitic, anti-Christian, anti-Negro and neo-Fascist organization...The 
Un-American Activities Committee of the United States House of Representatives in a 
Preliminary Report dated December 17, 1954, stated ‘National Renaissance Party 
activities and propaganda are clearly subversive and un-American.’” [In “Appendix” to 
FBI memos which discuss the NRP] 

JBS member Bard Logan (San Antonio TX) was the Texas State Chairman of the American 
Independent Party. The AIP supported Alabama Gov. George Wallace for President. Logan 
estimated that 15 of the 31 members of the AIP Executive Committee in Texas were JBS 
members. [New York Times, 9/22/68, p56, “Birchers in Texas Head Wallace Bid”] 





1968-10 


J BS member Bard Logan (San Antonio TX) was the Texas State Chairman for the 1968 George 
Wallace for President campaign. Wallace ran as the American Independent Party (AIP) 
candidate. In his capacity as State AIP Chairman, Logan selected Vance J. Beaudreau as the 
District Chairman of the AIP in the Rio Grande Valley area of Texas. Beaudreau also was one 
of three members of the AIP Credentials Committee as well as a member of the Texas AIP 
Executive Committee. 


Beaudreau was active in the Texas chapter of the American Nazi Party (ANP) in 1965-1966 and 
he was arrested in March 1965 in University Park TX for circulating Nazi hate literature in 
support of Gene A. Guinn for Dallas City Council. Guinn’s candidacy was endorsed by the Ku 
Klux Klan and the American Nazi Party. 


Beaudreau also was a bodyguard for ANP founder/leader George Lincoln Rockwell when 
Rockwell visited Dallas. 





1968-11 


A Wallace for President meeting in J] ohnston County NC quotes comments made by J .R. J ones, 
the Grand Dragon of United Klans of America-North Carolina as follows: 

“J ones stated that the UKA throughout the state of North Carolina...plans to unite with the 
J ohn Birch Society and with the White Citizens Councils to actively nominate and promote 
candidates for all offices in future elections so that it will eventually promote the interests 
of the American Independent Party if there is any future hope of electing George Wallace 
for President in 1972.” [FBl-Charlotte 100-9548, serial #225] 








1968-12 





J BS lifetime member, Lloyd W. Bailey (Rocky Mount NC) cast his electoral college vote for the 
racist Gov. George C. Wallace of Alabama who ran as the American Independent Party 
candidate for President even though Bailey was pledged as a Republican elector. 











1968-12 


Clinton and Elizabeth Wheat (Los Angeles CA) were J Bs members. However, ultimately, they 
left the J BS because they concluded it “was dominated by J ews” 


G. Clinton Wheat acknowledged to a KLAC-radio reporter that he was a KKK member. [See 
transcript of KLAC-Radio 90-minute documentary on the California KKK entitled “Hotbed of 
Hatred” ] 


Mr. and Mrs. Wheat often held meetings at their Los Angeles home (233 S. Lafayette Park 
Place) which included notorious racists and anti-semites like Wesley Swift and William P. Gale. 
The Wheats also hosted meetings in their home for racist and anti-semitic groups like American 
Nazi Party, National States Rights Party, Christian Defense League, and Church of J esus- Christ 
Christian. 


Clinton Wheat headed the California chapter of "The Committee of One Million Caucasians To 
March on Washington in 1964" which was formed in February 1962 by J ames R. Venable and 
Herbert Butterworth. Venable was the leader of the National Knights of the KKK in Georgia. 
Butterworth was the Public Relations Director for United Klans of America. 


When Clinton Wheat was interviewed by FBI Agents in February 1965, he told them that he 
had moved to Oregon because “he was tired of the Niggers and J ews in Los Angeles.” [FBI- 
HQ 157-1727, serial #3; 2/23/65 SAC Portland to J. Edgar Hoover. ] 


Clinton Wheat was an ex-convict who served time in a Louisiana prison for armed robbery and 
murder. He subsequently received pardons in the state of Texas for robbery. He also received 
a commutation of a life sentence for a Los Angeles burglary and for a Los Angeles murder. See 
FBI-HQ files 157-1727 and FBI-HQ 157-1586 and FBI-Atlanta 157-664 and FBI-Los Angeles file 
157-843. ] 








1969-00 





Robert Welch announced the appointment of retired Brig. General Clyde J. Watts of Oklahoma 
City to the J BS National Council. Watts was the attorney who represented J BS member Edwin 
A. Walker in various legal matters and Watts represented the Birch Society during the historic 
precedent-setting defamation lawsuit brought against the publishing arm of the Society by 
Chicago lawyer Elmer Gertz. The J BS lost that lawsuit. 


Watts also served on the J BS Speakers Bureau. The subjects of his J BS-sponsored speeches 
were: “False Public Images” and “4th Dimensional Warfare”. 


In December 1966, Watts was named as Secretary and General Counsel for the Defenders of 
the American Constitution (DAC) which was co-founded and headed by retired Marine Corps 
Lt. Gen. Pedro A. Del Valle. 


In May 1964, J. Edgar Hoover sent a memo to the Special-Agent-in-Charge of the FBI's 
Washington field office and he characterized DAC as follows: 


“Del Valle is President of Defenders of the American Constitution, an extreme right-wing 
organization that was founded in 1959.” [FBI-Baltimore field office file 100-21392, serial 
#18, 5/14/64 Hoover memo to SAC, FBl-Washington field]. 


In 1950, Del Valle wrote a complimentary statement for the cover page of Robert H. Williams’ 
anti-semitic pamphlet, Know Your Enemy. The FBI file on Williams described his writings as 
follows: 


“A review of all publications of Williams indicates he is violently anti-Semitic in that he 
operates on the premises that since some J ewish people are Communists, all J ews are 
Communists.” [FBI-HQ file 105-10091, serial #78; 7/11/52 memo from Assistant Director L.B. 
Nichols to J. Edgar Hoover.] A 1951 report by the Americanism Commission of the American 
Legion (Illinois Department) described Williams as “an independent dispenser of vitriolic un- 
American anti-Semitism hate literature...” 











Del Valle was a shareholder in, and President of, Conde McGinley’s mis-named “Christian 
Educational Association”. The CEA published a newspaper entitled, Common Sense. For 
details concerning Common Sense, see the following House Committee on Un-American 
Activities report entitled “Preliminary Report on Neo-Fascist and Hate Groups”. 


http: in i n4 1954.pdf 
The following description of Common Sense appears on page 10: 


“Common Sense represents itself as “the Nation’s anti-Communist paper.” Subscriptions 
are sought from ‘loyal and patriotic Americans’ in order to ‘help save our Republic.’ Such 
patriotic claims provide poor disguise, however, for some of the most vitriolic hate 
propaganda ever to come to the attention of the committee. Common Sense defines 
communism as ‘J udaism’ and devotes its pages almost exclusively to attacks on the J ewish 
and to a lesser extent the Negro minorities in our Nation. Sympathy for the former Nazi 
regime in Germany also is injected into this propaganda...” 


For a detailed discussion of Del Valle and his beliefs and associations, see Kevin Coogan’s article, 
The Defenders Of The American Constitution and the League Of Empire Loyalists: The First! 
Postwar Anglo-American Revolts Against The ‘One World Order” here: 

h : ialhistory.org/si fault/fil n. 





1969-00 


J BS founder Robert Welch made the following comments in his 1969 pamphlet “If You Want 
It Straight” which was subsequently reprinted in the May 1993 J BS Bulletin: 

“In our opinion, for instance -- and we might add, in the opinion of many of the best 
informed and most courageous J ews themselves -- the so-called Anti-Defamation League, 
which ostensibly was founded to prevent or diminish anti-Semitism, has actually done 
more over the past few decades to promote anti-Semitism than all of the Gerald L.K. 
Smiths and Richard Cottens put together. For the ADL's power and prosperity as an 
organization has depended on an increase rather than a decrease of anti-] ewish feelings. 
And in subtly provoking this increase, they have, of course, mightily helped the 
Communists which has certainly been the purpose of some of those involved." and 


"For many years, the Communists, using the ADL as a front, tried by extremely intensive 
and expensive propaganda to have the American people simply take for granted that the 
J) BS was a racist and anti-Semitic organization." [Robert Welch, J BS Bulletin, May 1993 - "If 
You Want It Straight" which reprints a speech made by Welch in 1969. "Promote" italicized in 
original document for emphasis. ] 





1969-06 


J BS Coordinator and J BS speaker Medford B. Evans was also an official of the national White 
Citizens Council movement. He also was the Editor of the WCC national magazine. Evans 
endorsed the “Racial Studies Committee” which argued that black Americans had a low IQ. 
[See: article “Group Claims Negro IQ Low” in San Antonio TX Light, 6/ 30/ 69; Also contained 
in the CIA file on Medford Evans. ] 








1969-08 





JBS leader, Robert Welch, recommended Edward L. Delaney’s privately printed memoir 
entitled “Five Decades to Dawn”. Welch advised his members that Delaney’s book was 
available for purchase at J BS bookstores around the country as well as directly from J BS HQ in 
Belmont MA and its satellite office in San Marino, CA. 


Welch described Delaney’s book as an “informal but comprehensive and truthful history by 
a man who not only reported it and wrote it, but lived it, on four continents for fifty 
years.” Welch declared that only a few old-timers like himself knew who Delaney was, but 
“here isa man who, but for his unwavering dedication to the truth, would have been justly 
famous as one of the greatest foreign correspondents of all time.” [Robert Welch, | BS 
Bulletin, August 1969, page 30. ] 


Welch “forgot” to mention a few relevant facts concerning Delaney. Also Welch’s comments 
present a major dilemma for the J BS conception of a political spectrum (see details below). 











Edward Leopold Delaney was born in Olney, IL on December 12, 1885. In his early adult life he 
worked as an actor including in Australia. By the 1920's he returned to the U.S. During the 
early 1930's he worked in various European countries. 


As a result of his involvement with ultra-rightists in the U.S. (including followers of Rev. 
Charles E. Coughlin), Delaney was recruited in 1940 by the German national agency known as 
Reich-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft (RRG). RRG was nationalized by the Nazi Government in 1933 
under the leadership of the Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda headed by J oseph 
Goebbels. 


During 1940 and 1941, while in Berlin, Delaney started making pro-Nazi short-wave radio 
broadcasts under the alias of E.D. Ward. He also used the alias of Charles Flicksteger. Delaney 
also made pro-Nazi broadcasts from Prague, Czechoslovakia and other German-occupied 
territories. He was arrested in Prague on May 20, 1945 and later returned to the U.S. where 
he was arrested by the FBI on August 8, 1947. On July 26, 1943, Delaney was indicted for 
treason in absentia by a Washington DC Grand Jury because of his pro-Nazi broadcasts. 
However, on October 27, 1947, the charges were dropped due to lack of evidence. 


For additional background info, see the following column by World War II correspondent, 
William L. Shirer: 





A former Time magazine employee in Europe told the FBI that he saw Delaney at a party given 
by an official of the German Foreign Office during 1941 and he described Delaney as “an 
ardent Nazi sympathizer and was much opposed to J ews and to President Roosevelt.” [FBI- 
NYC 61-597, serial #37, page 31] which is a Summary Report about Delaney which was written 
by Baltimore FBI Special Agent Edward G. Gough [FBI-Baltimore file 61-59, dated J uly 10, 
1945]. 


Another person interviewed by the FBI about Delaney “advised that the subject was a 
frustrated man, always trying to make money and not quite doing it and always blaming it 
on the J ews. He stated that everything he said had something to do with the J ews and 
that he heads his letters from New York City as ‘Jew York’ and speaks of Rosenveldt and 
his Jewish cohorts.” [FBI-NYC 61-597, serial #37, page 33; Also see page 36 for another 
example of Delaney’s virulent anti-semitism]. 


Robert Welch’s recommendation of Delaney’s book presents a serious epistemological problem 
for the Birch Society because the J BSis on record declaring numerous times that Nazis properly 
belong on the LEFT-side of a political spectrum along with socialists and Communists and, 
consequently, assorted Nazis and Hitler-admirers or other national socialists have absolutely 
nothing in common with the Birch Society because the J BS is anti-statist and anti-collectivism 
and opposes all forms of bigotry. 


Nevertheless, Delaney is another example of a Nazi sympathizer whose viewpoints were 
harmonious with ultra-conservative right-wing individuals and organizations in the U.S. 
including rabid anti-semites like Charles E. Coughlin. After World War II, Delaney was an ultra- 
conservative lecturer and author in southern California and even Robert Welch thought 
Delaney was a relevant source of reliable anti-Communist information! 








1969-09 





Robert Welch urged his members to send letters and telegrams to Washington to urge 
confirmation of J udge Clement Haynsworth as a U.S. Supreme Court J ustice. During the 1952 
election cycle, Haynsworth supported an independent elector slate in South Carolina. The 
leadership of the independent electors was self-avowedly segregationist. They described the 
NAACP and Americans for Democratic Action as “un-American organizations”. When 
Haynsworth was nominated by President Nixon to become an Associate Justice on the U.S. 
Supreme Court, the U.S. Senate’s only African American Republican member reviewed 
Haynsworth’s record and concluded that it “convinces me that his treatment of civil rights 
issues is not in keeping with the historic movement toward equal justice for every 
American citizen.” 








Haynsworth’s most consequential opinions as a Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals j udge involved 
interpretation of the 1954 Supreme Court de-segregation decision in Brown v. Board of 
Education. Haynsworth’s decision in the Prince Edward County, VA case continued racial 
separation in local schools. The following year, the US Supreme Court reversed the Fourth 
Circuit Court's decision. 

1969-10 | An informant contacted the Hyattsville MD FBI office on 10/8/69 to report that he was 
approached by individuals who were JBS members in Charles County, Maryland and he 
characterized them as “a white racist group.” 





The Special Agent in Charge of the FBI-Baltimore field office described this informant as 
someone who “formerly had furnished information of excellent value to the FBI...” 


The informant reported that this group was “in possession of 24 M2 carbines, 2 M3 machine 
guns, 2 Maxum heavy machine guns, one rocket launcher and approximately 20,000 
rounds of various type ammunition.” 


The informant reported that the group “has discussed killing black power leaders” and 
others. Per the FBI memo: “The group has expressed vehement opposition to anything 
which they consider un-American, including black power advocates, communists, and 
other radical type organizations. They are opposed to Negroes as a group.” [FBI- 
Washington DC field office, WFO 100-38767, serials #107 and #108; Same info in FBI-HQ file 
157-15382]. 

1970s-00 | Kevin Alfred Strom (Anchorage AK and later, Earlysville, Virginia) joined the John Birch 
Society while in high school but he left because he believed the J BS would not permit members 
to candidly discuss issues of race. In the 1980's Strom associated himself with the neo-nazi 
William Pierce and his racist, anti-Semitic organization, National Alliance. After high school, 
Strom started working for Pierce. (Pierce had also been a J BS member). 





In 1985, Strom created and hosted the National Alliance radio show ("American Dissident 
Voices") and he also edited its publication (National Vanguard). After Pierce died, there was 
an internal dispute within the Alliance. Strom then founded his own website, National 
Vanguard which became defunct in 2007. 
1970-02 | J BS member Omar C. Miller (Lutz FL) whom fellow J BS member Ben Klassen described as “a 
strong nazi supporter” hosted nazi meeting in his home in February 1970. 
1970-02 | FBI-Los Angeles received a report from an informant which referred to a J BS member who was 
described as “strongly anti-) ewish and Negro”. This J BS member was about 50yo and a bank 
guard for a Beverly Hills CA bank and a member of Air Force Reserve. He believed that a “pitch 
battle with Negroes” was coming and “any white not well armed...will be slaughtered”. 
[FBI-Los Angeles 100-59001, serial #1219, 2/5/70 Special Agent to SAC Los Angeles. ] 
1970-03 | J BSleader, Robert Welch described the Black Panthers movement as “...being used by agents 
of the Insiders far above them, to beat their breasts and make loud noises, like the gorillas 
whom they so much resemble...” [Robert Welch, J BS Bulletin, 03/ 70, page 13]. This is merely 
one of numerous examples which reveal how leaders within the Birch Society sought to de- 
humanize black Americans as “savages”, “animals”, “gorillas” or other derogatory 
references which certainly would appeal to the most vicious racial bigots in our country. [See 
other examples at 1964-05, 1964-09, 1966-04, 1965-06, 1966-06]. 
1970-10 | John Birch Society member Betty]. Travnick, letter to editor, Stockton CA Record, 10/ 16/ 70: 
“A segment of black, brown and white trash is joining together which do not represent 
that vast decent majority of the Negro, Mexican and white citizens. They represent only 
one-half of one percent of the ones who have vowed to overthrow the U.S. government 
by 1972.” 














1971-01 | JBS member Rev. Ferrell Griswold (Birmingham AL) served on the National Advisory Board of 
the National Youth Alliance (NYA). The NYA was originally formed out of the pro-segregation 
Youth For Wallace movement which promoted George Wallace’s 1968 campaign for President. 


The National Advisory Board of NYA also included such virulent racists and anti-semites as: 
Louis T. Byers, Richard B. Cotten, J ohn G. Crommelin, Pedro A. Del Valle, and Revilo P. Oliver. 

















From 1965-1968, Louis Byers was the J ohn Birch Society Coordinator for Western Pennsylvania 
and New York (Pittsburgh and Buffalo areas). He also organized Pennsylvania for the 1968 
George Wallace Presidential campaign. 


Revilo Oliver was a founding member of the J ohn Birch Society and he served for 6 years on 
its National Council. He also was the primary editor of the annual August “Scoreboard” issue 
of the J BS magazine, American Opinion which purported to estimate the extent of “Communist 
influence and control” in all nations of the world. Richard Cotten was also a former | BS 
member. 


The FBI file on the NYA is categorized as “Racial Matters—White Hate Group”. The FBI 
described NYA as follows: 


“NYA is currently controlled by individuals who militantly promote white racialism and 
anti-Zionism and who suggest violent revolution ultimately as the means for implementing 
their racial and political ideas in America.” [FBI-NYC 157-3447, #127; same information 
appears in FBI files, Washington Field 157-2278 and HQ 157-12589] 


NYA members were adherents of the ideas of Francis Parker Yockey. Yockey authored the 1948 
book, “Imperium: The Philosophy of History and Politics”. Yockey’s book “extolled the 
virtues of northern European civilization and warned against its adulteration by J ews, 
Negroes, Orientals, and other culture distorters.” [FBI-NYC 157-3447, serial #103 which is a 
3/ 31/70 Summary Report by the FBI-Washington Field Office. The original is in FBI-WFO 157- 
2278] 


In October 1970 the NYA was re-organized and chartered in the State of Virginia with William 
L. Pierce (former Information Officer of the National Socialist White People’s Party (formerly 
known as American Nazi Party) as the registered agent and Director of the corporation. He 
also was Editor in Chief of NYA’s newsletter, “Attack!”. 


Other Directors included Robert Allison Lloyd Ill (the former Executive Officer of the National 
Socialist White People’s Party) who became NYA’s National Organizer and Louis T. Byers who 
was a co-founder of NYA and originally its National Organizer but he subsequently became 
President of the NYA National Advisory Board. 


Charles R. Muncaster was the Alabama Chairman of NYA. His father Robert G. Muncaster, was 
a] BS member. Robert received a sentence of three years when he was convicted on the charge 
of interfering with draft laws and his son, Charles, was found guilty in 1970 of draft 
evasion. 





1971-03 


J BS member Mrs. Eleanor Kramer (Largo FL) was appointed Group Leader of White Power 
Group #1 of Nationalist White Party. 





1972-00 


Ardie McBrearty (Gentry AR) was a J BS member who left to form the United States Taxpayers 
Association (USTA) in 1974. He was also associated with the racist and anti-semitic Aryan 
Nations (aka Christian Identity movement). 


The USTA was dedicated to repealing the 16th amendment, OSHA laws, consumer protection 
statutes, gun control laws, and other “unconstitutional” legislation. Other members of USTA 
included Francis Gillings, a California Posse Comitatus member. [USTA activities were 
chronicled in Tax Strike News published in southern California by A.J. Lowery and edited by 
his wife Anita Kerns]. 


In the early 1980's McBrearty became a Christian Identity movement adherent and he was 
recruited by Robert J]. Mathews to set up the security system for The Order. On 4/ 12/85, 
McBrearty and 23 other Order members were indicted by Federal Grand J ury in Seattle on 
charges of racketeering and conspiracy. McBrearty testified against his co-defendants. He 
was sentenced to 40 years in prison. He also was indicted on charges of sedition (Ft. Smith AR 
trial) but acquitted in 1988. 








1972-05 





The J BS published or recommended books which contained themes that originated with bigots. 
For example, when the J BS went all-out to promote and distribute Gary Allen's classic, None 
Dare Call it Conspiracy, William Loeb, the ultra-conservative publisher of the Manchester NH 











Union-Leader newspaper ran an editorial on 5/5/72 describing Gary's book as "anti-semitic 
nonsense" because Allen's book suggested that all of our troubles were due to a conspiracy of 
international bankers—and most of those named in the book were J ewish. 


The Loeb editorial produced numerous hostile replies. 


One of those replies was from a New Hampshire J] BS member who denied that the J BS was 
anti-semitic but then she declared that "to deny that the Conspiracy is being directed by 
international bankers--] ews mainly...is being naive in the extreme, as well as totally 
ignorant of the depth and extent of the REAL conspiracy." [Marguerite M. Woodman letter 
to editor, published in 6/ 29/ 72 issue of Manchester NH Union-Leader]. 


The prominent Washington DC conservative newspaper, Human Events, also refused to run an 
ad for Allen’s book because they considered it to be promoting anti-semitic themes. 


Other conservative critics included Edgar Bundy, Father Daniel Lyons (National Catholic 
Register) and the conservative newspaper, Human Events. 





1972-07 


Thomas J. Anderson (Nashville TN) was a founding member of the Birch Society and he served 
on its National Council starting in J anuary 1960. In 1972 he wrote: 


“The Blacks never have thanked the Whites for buying them into slavery. Except for that 
they’d still be in the Congo. And almost anybody will admit that even Chicago is better 
than Lusambo. 


What stable and civilized republic in all history was predominantly or even substantially 
Negro? None. What high culture have Negroes anytime, anywhere produced themselves? 
None. What high culture, once achieved, ever remained a high culture once it became 
substantially mixed with Negro bloodlines? None. What Negro Republic or free civilization 
now or ever has shown the necessary attributes of character, self-control, self-reliance, 
self-responsibility, and self-help to build and maintain a great civilization? None.” [Thomas 
J. Anderson, “Tom Anderson Says Blacks Should Be Grateful to Whites”, The Councilor, 
7/21/72, page 1]. 


The Councilor was the official publication of the racist Citizens Council of Louisiana. Ned 
Touchstone was its Editor. Touchstone was described by FBI as a KKK member and as a “rabid 
segregationist” [FBI-HQ 105-44536, serial #37 dated 7/ 27/ 66]. In November 1965, Touchstone 
was the keynote speaker at Mississippi Knights of the KKK rally in North Biloxi MS. He sold 
racist and anti-semitic publications through his National Biographic Society 








1973-07 


1973-10 





George Lee Kindred (Livonia MI) was a member of the J ohn Birch Society, American Nazi 
Party, the Posse Comitatus, and the right-wing paramilitary organization, Minutemen. 


During a J uly 1973 phone interview with the FBI, Kindred stated that “he believed that the 
FBI was being used by a ‘J ewish-Zionist cabal’ to destroy the United States...Kindred 
advised that he and his friends wish to establish the ‘Kingdom of J esus Christ in the U.S.’ 
and that they do not want a ‘bunch of kikes’ running the country.” [FBl-Detroit 157-1657, 
serial #175; 11/ 30/ 73 Detroit memo re: Kindred. ] 


During a speech before Americans for Constitutional Government and Law, “Kindred stated 
that they don’t let J ews or niggers into the Sherriff’s Posse Comitatus”. [FBl-Detroit 157- 
10687, serial #9 which is a 2/ 18/ 75 memo from SAC Little Rock to SAC Cincinnati re: Sheriff's 
Posse Comitatus and Americans for Constitutional Government and Law. ] 

JBS member Dean Kennedy (Eugene OR) was Chairman of Citizens Law Enforcement and 
Research Committee. He was a Hitler admirer who dropped out of the J BS complaining that it 
was “infiltrated by the Illuminati” [“The Posse Rides’, Eugene OR Register-Guard, 2/22/76, 
pp 1D and 3D]. 


In a letter to the County Sheriff, Kennedy wrote: 

“The toadies that grovel at the feet of the parasitical banking fraternity occupy the seats 
of power in the land; in government, industry, and the academy...They and their masters 
are PARASITES and must have a host to live upon...s it possible that we, men of the West, 











1974-02 


members of the only race that has had the intelligence and discipline to master the many 
powers of nature [are] too stupid to preserve our race and civilization?” 


Kennedy also headed his local chapter of National Association to Keep and Bear Arms (NAKBA) 
which embraced the Posse Comitatus movement. Kennedy contributed articles to NAKBA 
newsletter, Armed Citizens News. 

Two weekly meetings of Unit 27 of the United Klans of America klavern near Matoaca VA 
discussed the Birch Society. The second meeting on 2/ 13/ 74 opened “with a discussion of the 
meetings to be held in Richmond VA by the J ohn Birch Society and also meetings to be 
held at the home of Reggie Mann of Chesterfield County, Virginia by the same group.” [FBI- 
Richmond 100-9991, serials #108 and #109] 





1974-03 


J ohn Fall, aj BS HQ official in Belmont MA, wrote a letter to another J BS staff member (Dave) 
which discussed the sentiments expressed by a JBS member whom Fall described as 
“somewhat anti-Semitic” but who was discreet enough to be considered “an asset to her 
chapter”. 


Fall’s comments to Dave reveal a greater tolerance for anti-semites within the J BSthan official 
J BS statements claimed. This tolerance was based upon the underlying principle that anti- 
semitism was a personal prejudice which was more of a public relations problem rather than 
an adverse moral matter. 


“On this matter of anti-Semitism, Dave, there is a further distinction to be made. There is 
a fine line between personal prejudices, which everyone has the right to form, and open 
advocacy which could in effect neutralize other members and create a false impression of 
where the Society stands. We would not necessarily bar a person from membership merely 
because that person disliked a particular group of people... On the other hand an individual 
who goes around identifying himself as a Bircher and then launches into an anti-Semitic 
tirade creates a false impression of the Society...” 





1975-12 


J BS founder Robert Welch sent a memo to all J BS National Council members praising Lt. Col. 


Gordon D. (J ack) Mohr. 


“This happens to be the exact anniversary of the founding of the J ohn Birch Society on 
Tuesday, December 9, 1958. So, I had much rather be writing you gentleman about our 
specific accomplishments and general progress during 1975. Such as Lt. Col. Mohr’s 
speaking tour this fall in the northwestern states. Not only did he visibly and materially 
strengthen popular resistance to all gun control legislation but he helped to bring some 
parts of a formerly press into a favorable attitude toward the Society.” [12/9/75 Robert 
Welch “To All Members of Our Council”, page 1]. 


Gordon Mohr was a paid speaker for the J BS for 12 years. Mohr was the founder and leader of 
the Citizens Emergency Defense System, an extreme right paramilitary group. He was 
“National Defense Coordinator” of J ohn Harrell's Christian Patriots Defense League - another 
extremist and anti-Semitic organization based in Illinois. Mohr published the Christian Patriot 
Crusader quarterly newsletter which promoted anti-Semitic Christian Identity doctrines. 





1976-06 


J BS National Council members Dr. Thomas Parker (SC) and Thomas J. Anderson (TN) were 
officers in the American Party. Parker was Vice-Chairman of the South Carolina state party 
and Anderson was the National Chairman of the Party. Both men were delegates to the national 
Party Convention held in Salt Lake City in J une 1976. The official platform of the 

American Party included U.S. recognition of the apartheid regime of Rhodesia 








1980s-00 





J BS member David E. Lane (Denver CO) joined the KKK in 1979. He organized the Denver unit 
of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. In late 1981, Lane became Colorado State Organizer for the 
anti-semitic and racist organization Aryan Nations. 


Lane opposed racial integration which he saw as part of a Zionist conspiracy aimed at 
exterminating the Aryan race. Lane was also involved with the Christian Identity movement, 
and he was a proponent of Wotanism which is similar to Odinism. 


Lane met Robert Mathews in J uly 1983 at the Aryan Nations World Congress. On September 
22, 1983 Lane was among the 9 founding members of The Order aka Bruder Schweigen which 











dedicated itself to delivering “our people from the J ew and bring total victory to the Aryan 
race.” 


The Order was responsible for stealing over $4.1 million in armored car robberies and it killed 
two people plus detonated bombs, counterfeited money, and organized paramilitary training 
camps. 


Lane was convicted for racketeering, conspiracy and violating the civil rights of radio talk show 
host Alan Berg who was murdered on J une 18, 1984. Lane was also among 14 men prosecuted 
for sedition in Ft. Smith AR but was acquitted. 


Lane died in the Federal Correction Complex in Terre Haute IN while serving a 190-year prison 
term for his part in the 1984 murder of Alan Berg. 





1980s-00 


J BS member Robert J ay Mathews (Phoenix Arizona) joined the J ohn Birch Society at age 11. 
After dropping out of high school in his senior year, Mathews formed the Sons of Liberty, an 
anti-communist militia dominated by survivalists and fellow Mormons. Sons of Liberty had at 
its peak approximately 25 members. 


In 1980, Mathews joined the National Alliance, a white-supremacist group founded by William 
Luther Pierce (1933-2002), a former Oregon State University physics professor and officer in 
the American Nazi Party. Mathews read two books, published by the National Alliance, which 
had profound effects upon his life: Which Way Western Man? by William Gayley Simpson 
which told of an insidious plot by the J ews to destroy the "white Christian race," and The 
Turner Diaries by William L. Pierce, a novel about the supposed violent takeover of America 
by white supremacists who then form an elite paramilitary underground, called The Order, 
and take control of the whole world, eradicating all J ews and non-whites. 


In February 1982, Mathews began attending services at the Church of J esus Christ Christian 
inside the Aryan Nations compound in Hayden Lake, Idaho. The founder of the church and the 
leader of the Aryan Nations was Richard Girnt Butler (1918-2004), whose message combined 
an interpretation of Christianity with Nazism and the dream of a whites-only homeland 
centered in North Idaho. 


Shortly thereafter, Mathews founded the White American Bastion, a splinter group organized 
to attract white Christian families to the Northwest. In September 1983, he gave a short speech 
at a National Alliance convention in Arlington, VA reporting on his efforts to recruit farmers 
and ranchers into the "white racialist movement." 


While at the convention, Mathews renewed acquaintance with Robert Allan Martinez, a former 
Ku Klux Klansman from Philadelphia. 


In late September 1983, Mathews invited eight men, whom he felt held beliefs similar to his 
own, to his property in Metaline Falls Idaho: Kenneth Loft, his neighbor and best friend; David 
Eden Lane, a former Ku Klux Klansman from Denver, CO and also a J BS member; Daniel R. 
Bauer, Denver Daw Parmenter II, Randolph George Duey, and Bruce Carroll Pierce from the 
Aryan Nations, and Richard Harold Kemp and William Soderquist, recent recruits from the 
National Alliance. 


The group Mathews founded that night became known variously as The Order, The Silent 
Brotherhood, and the White American Bastion. The Turner Diaries became their bible. The 
Order's fundamental aim was violent overthrow of the "Zionist Occupation Government," or 
"ZOG” a euphemism for the United States government, which they believed was controlled by 
a J ewish cabal. 








1986-07 





Thomas Vincent Posey (Decatur AL) was a J BS member and KKK member who founded and 
was National Director of the paramilitary Civilian Military Assistance (later known as Civilian 
Material Assistance). 


CMA was an anti-Communist group that supported the Contras in Nicaragua but later turned 
into a white supremacist group. [New York Times, 7/11/86, page A-8, “Anti-Communism 
Called the Thread Binding Group That Captured Aliens” by Dudley Cleninden. Also see New 











York Times, 7/ 8/ 86 page A-15; Also see Posey interview, “Don’t Shoot Them as Individuals, 
Shoot Them as Communists” in Washington DC Post, 09/ 23/84, page 77] 





1989-08 


Walter Komorowski (Ft. Lucie FL) became a J BS member in 1963. He also belonged to Tom 
Metzger’s racist organization, White Aryan Resistance. In August 1989, Walter was arrested 
and charged with making written threats against government officials in Ft. Lucie FL. 
[Southern Changes, Volume 11, #4, 1989, pages 16-18] 





1990s-00 


J BS member George "Irish" Matousek (Michigan) was a long-time white supremacist and militia 
enthusiast according to the Bay City (MI) Times. Matousek was an adherent of the theology of 
Christian Identity, which identified J ews as the spawn of Satan and people of color as muds”. 


Matousek was also a close friend of the rabid Identity preacher J ames Wickstrom. As a well- 
known member of the Michigan Militia in the 1990s, Matousek led a failed effort to pass an 
anti-gay referendum. When former militia member Scott Woodring murdered a state trooper, 

Matousek told a reporter that if the authorities kept "playing games" with his supporters, "it's 
going to cost them their lives." 





2002-00 


JBS member J ames Kelso (Grand Forks ND) was a moderator in 2002 for neo-nazi website 
Stormfront. In 2003 he joined neo-nazi group National Alliance and in 2004 Kelso was an 
assistant to KKK official David Duke. Kelso lived with Duke for 2 years. In 2009. Kelso helped 
create “White News Now” 





2005-11 


Former J BS CEO G. Vance Smith letter to all J BS National Council members: 


"During the 14% years that | served as CEO, (J BS President) J ack McManus lived in his 
Wakefield, Massachusetts home. He did some speaking and some writing using the title of 
“President,” but he was never involved in the business side of the organization. That went 
okay until the year 2000 


But then Jack started speaking at religious conferences where he was both video-and 
audio-taped. His message on conspiracy and the books he promoted sounded very much 
like those given at Birch functions. (He was even introduced as president of the Society 
and publisher of [J BS magazine] The New American at some of these events.) Except he 
concluded for these audiences that the real enemies were the Masons and the J ews behind 
them. J ack is very proud of everything he has ever written, and I’m certain he would 
happily send you copies of ‘Know Thine Enemy' and other speeches he gave on those 
subjects. 


When the Society’s officers and Executive Committee learned of J ack’s newly expressed 
views and agenda, they became very concerned that the Society’s fundamental principles 
would be compromised, and that individuals like Morris Dees could possibly attack the 
Society and cause it irreparable damage. Attempts to persuade J ack to modify his non- 
religious conclusions and cease such public activity were only mildly successful. So with 
his concurrence we took steps to ‘wind down’ his role within the Society.” [11/07/05 G. 
Vance Smith letter to all J BS National Council members. ] 








2007-00 





Former J BS member Jason T. Ready aka J.T. Ready (Gilbert, AZ) was the founder of the 
Minuteman Civil Defense Corps as well as the founder of a nativist organization called 
Americans First. 


The late William Norman Grigg (the former senior Editor of the J BS magazine) wrote very 
insightful blog posts about Ready which reveals why the J BS attracts bigots like J.T. Ready: 


http:// jbsrip. blogspot. com/ 2007/ 09/ 
http:// jbsrip. blogspot. com/ 2009/ 10/ 
http:// jbsrip. blogspot. com/ 2008/ 08/ 
http:// jbsrip. blogspot. com/ 2010/ 06/ 











Ready founded a private organization in June 2010 called the U.S. Border Guard and he 
believed that deadly force was justifiable to prevent illegal border crossings. 


Ready was the featured speaker at a September 2007 rally in Omaha NE sponsored by the neo- 
nazi National Socialist Movement. 











In December 2007, Ready posted a message on the New Saxon website using his moniker 
“Viking Son” which stated: 


"The truth is that negroids screw monkeys and rape babies in afreaka. Then stupid white 
man who licks kosher jew rear lets negroids in. ... Stop Negroid immigration and integration 
now!!! Nature will take care of the rest." 


In May 2010, Ready posted this message on the New Saxon website: 
“The jew itself knows it is a parasite. | have had them admit as much to me and laugh in 
my face... But a parasite cannot carry on in its parasitic nature if it is exposed for what it 
really is. Their whole house of cards comes tumbling down for all to see. Like in 1933 
Germany. J ust because it has two legs, does not change its nature any less than a six- 
legged parasite stops sucking blood. There have been many pogroms when the host people 
stops being victims of these vampires. Another pogrom is approaching.” 
2010-06 | William Norman Grigg, the former Senior Editor of the J BS magazine (The New American) 
wrote a scathing article for his personal blog which reported upon the controversy within the 
Birch Society over the anti-semitic remarks by its former President, John F. McManus. Grigg 
described McManus as having “spent decades promiscuously violating the J BS's standards 
and principles regarding anti-J ewish bigotry.” 


Grigg used his blog to explain how the controversy over McManus developed (below). 


Note: Art Thompson is the current CEO of the J ohn Birch Society. Both he and the former CEO 


(G. Vance Smith) agreed that J ack’s comments were anti-semitic in tone and content. 


“The source of those accusations is a large and enviably well-documented dossier compiled 
by Art Thompson, who had become alarmed over J ack's anti-) ewish agitation no later than 
2000. J ack's side career as a J ew-baiter made him (and the J BS) vulnerable to blackmail 
during the 2005 management struggle. When an effort was made to blackmail J ack, | 
resigned my job in disgust and, to an extent, his defense -- not because | sympathized with 
his bigoted views, but because | couldn't countenance the use of criminal means to settle 
a leadership dispute. At the time | knew nothing about J ack's views beyond the clips I had 
been shown by his critics in the previous J BS administration, and the fact that he had used 
the repellent expression "slimy New York J ew" in a conversation. After Art Thompson was 
appointed CEO, J ack asked me to re-join the staff.” 


“It wasn't until [J BS member] Don Fotheringham used his website to publicize the Art 
Thompson-created dossier on J ack that | learned that he had spent years propagating anti- 
Semitic nonsense, while pulling down a pretty decent salary to be the figurehead president 
of the J BS. He did so in prolonged, conscious defiance of the Birch Society's principles. 
This is why he was -- at Art Thompson's initiative -- removed from his position as J BS 
president.” 


“Jack is committed, as a matter of covenant, to a minuscule and deeply authoritarian 
schismatic para-Catholic cult founded by unabashed anti-Semite Leonard Feeney. In 1959, 
Feeney -- a defrocked priest still referred to as ‘Father’ by his followers -- insisted that ‘the 
Jews, as an organized force, are the implacable, declared enemies of Christianity — of 
its tenets, its traditions, its moral code, its very culture. We think it is vital, too, for 
American Catholics to realize that the Church has always known this fact about the J ews, 
and, to the extent of her influence, has counseled and decreed regulations for curbing 
their malice.’ “ 


More commentary by William N. Grigg on J ohn McManus: 


http://jbsrip. blogspot. com/ 2009/ 12/ 


“Prior to his ‘promotion’ to the J BS Council several years ago -- an arrangement in which 
he resigned as President and took a pay cut in order to minimize the damage he was doing 
to the Society -- Jack had been urged to discontinue his involvement with the Saint 

















2017-08 


Benedictine Center in Richmond, New Hampshire, where he (and other speakers) had 
unbosomed themselves of anti-) ewish sentiments. 


What is genuinely amazing here is this: Jack has never stopped attending programs 
sponsored by that group. In fact, he was a featured speaker at an SBC function just weeks 
ago. This isn't surprising, once one understands the fact that J ack's religious obligations to 
the SBC are more important to him than his professional obligations to the J BS. Art 
Thompson pointed out as much in 2000: This is J ack's religion -- and the anti-] ewish 
nonsense is a central tenet therein.” 


The transcript of two audio recordings by Art Thompson, the current CEO of the Birch Society 
appear below: 


First Art Thompson voice mail message to former J BS CEO, G. Vance Smith: 


“Vance, this is not simply an aberration. This is [J] ack McManus’] religion to be anti-Semitic 
and anti-Mason. That’s all there is to it — through and through, up and down, sideways. 
[Art stammers for a second or two and then says]: [My daughter] says that [J ack’s church 
has] a website called St. Benedictine something or other and she’s downloaded some stuff 
called ‘Neutralizers’. It’s basically: everybody but a Moslem is a neutralizer and a liberal 
and out of salvation because they are not Catholic. And it’s all Masonic and Jewish 
control.... So you know it’s amazing the more you dig the more widespread you realize all 
this is, and it’s been probably a problem for us for years and we didn’t even know it." 


Second Art Thompson voice mail message: 


“Vance, I’m having a full set of that meeting at St. Benedictines sent to me by Hal 
[Shurtleff]. The disturbing aspect of it is that he is getting them from Mangieri. Apparently, 
somebody in Mangieri’s area went to [the conference] and got a full set of the tapes and 
uh gave them or two full sets of the tapes and gave them to Mangieri. And so Hal was 
already one step ahead of us and already asked Mangieri to get those. So he’s going to send 
them to me and | left you out of the loop uh just uh because. And then as soon as | get 
them I'll forward them to you. And uh even Hal is thinking uh. He says I’m trying to do these 
things without making it look like I’m uh you know uh sending up any red flags to J ack 
[McManus] as to what’s going on. So, Hal realizes the gravity of all this. He’s suddenly come 
to realize that there is a serious problem there. At any rate, the disturbing aspect is that 
this stuff is just going out all over the place and uh to our staff to our members you 

name it. Uh so, that’s the gist of it.” 

J BS endorser, Heather Scott (Blanchard, ID) is an Idaho State Representative in District 1. 
After the incident in Charlottesville VA, Scott wrote on her Facebook webpage that: 


“The way the media has set this up, the mention of white nationalist, which is no more 
than a Caucasian who (sic) for the Constitution and making America great again, and 
confusing it with term, ‘white supremacist’ which is extreme racism. Therefore, if one is 
‘guilty’ of being white, one is clearly racist. And if one is white AND loves America, they 
are a white supremacist capable of carrying out violent acts against nonwhites.” 


For details see: 
https:/www.spokesman.com/stories/2017/aug/15/north-idaho-rep-heather-scott-defends-white-nation/ 





In May 2020, Heather spoke at an event sponsored by the J ohn Birch Society in Bonners Ferry 
Idaho. https://bonnersferryherald.com/news/2020/jul/02/state-rep-scott-to-conduct-civics-class-11/ 











2018-05 





J BS member, J ames Farmer (Merrill OR) responded to factual evidence concerning J BS history 
by posting the following message on the Klamath Falls OR Herald and News website (see link 


here: https://tinyurl.com/ y8dbv7I5 ) 


James Farmer 


http ://jewonstormfront.blogspot.com/ 
Ernie Lazar. Would you mind responding to this which exposes who you are? 











2019-11 


| responded to Mr. Farmer as follows: 


"J ames Farmer - You want me to respond to a website created by a neo-nazi? THAT isthe 
quality of information which YOU respect and think deserves serious consideration? Shame 
on you J ames Farmer. What kind of human being are you?" 


Notice the portion of the link provided by Mr. Farmer which refers to "Stormfront" 

Here is a brief description of Stormfront from the Conservapedia website: 

"Stormfront is a white supremacist online community initially founded by Ku Klux Klan 
members in 1995. It also has strong links with the Christian Identity hate movement. It has 
long advocated the need for a Race War in the United States and has even encouraged its 


members to enlist in the US military to receive training in readiness of such a war." 


In June 2020, Mr. Farmer repeated this same disgusting tactic in another message which he 
posted online: https://tinyurl.com/ ybsdp8xb 





Consequently, the ONLY possible conclusion about Mr. Farmer is that he refers readers to neo- 
nazi bigots -- because THAT reflects Mr. Farmer's personal opinions and values. THAT is 
everything you need to know about the quality of Farmer's personal morality and sense of 
decency. 

JBS member, Rev. J esse Lee Peterson appeared on a neo-nazi Daily Stormer podcast hosted 
by Robert Warren Ray and praised the activities of neo-nazis and their influence on young 
white men. According to Peterson, black Americans lived better under J im Crow laws than 
they do today. 








2019-12 


Various 





J BS lifetime member, Thomas Eddlem, was the Research Director for the J BS from 1991-2000. 
On December 27, 2019, Mr. Eddlem posted a public resignation letter on his website to protest 
the Birch Society’s publication of racist arguments in its magazine, The New American, by 
several authors and, in particular, articles which Eddlem described as “Nazi race propaganda” 
by Selwyn Duke. 


See: 
https://teddlem.blogspot.com/2019/12/resignation-letter-to-john-birch-society.html? showC omment=1577478029170 
RACISTS ON J BS COMMITTEE OF ENDORSERS 





John U. Barr 
Olive Simes 
Sumter L. Lowry 
Tullius Brady 


OTHER J BS RACISTS: 


James L. Harrison - Palmetto FL =in White Citizens Council and American Independent Party 
L. Allen Greer - Sarasota FL =Vice-Chairman of American Independent Party in 1969 

Claude Boring - Florida =Florida State Coordinator for J BS. Boring stated that “Insiders” are 
all J ews. 


The following J BS members/ endorsers were financial contributors to Gerald L.K. Smith's 
racist and anti-semitic Christian Nationalist Crusade: 


George B. Fowler - Holyoke MA 

Dr. Hugh S. Ramsay - Bloomington IN 

Olive Simes - Boston (and stockholder in Robert Welch Inc) 

Franklin Farrel Jr. - New Haven CT [Also a contributor to National States Rights Party in 1963] 
Edgar A. Scheubert - Chicago IL 

Paul H. Talbert - Beverly Hills CA (J BS National Council member)